Results for 'Christopher Lee Stephens'

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  1.  29
    A Bayesian Approach to Absent Evidence Reasoning.Christopher Lee Stephens - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (1):56-65.
    Normal 0 0 1 85 487 UBC 4 1 598 11.773 0 0 0 Under what conditions is the failure to have evidence that p evidence that p is false? Absent evidence reasoning is common in many sciences, including astronomy, archeology, biology and medicine. An often-repeated epistemological motto is that “the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.” Analysis of absent evidence reasoning usually takes place in a deductive or frequentist hypothesis-testing framework. Instead, I develop a Bayesian analysis of (...)
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  2. The Quest for Excellence: Liberal Arts, Sciences, and Core Texts. Selected Proceedings From the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Association for Core Texts and Courses.Dustin Gish, Christopher Constas & J. Scott Lee (eds.) - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield.
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  3.  87
    Selection, Drift, and the “Forces” of Evolution.Christopher Stephens - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):550-570.
    Recently, several philosophers have challenged the view that evolutionary theory is usefully understood by way of an analogy with Newtonian mechanics. Instead, they argue that evolutionary theory is merely a statistical theory. According to this alternate approach, natural selection and random genetic drift are not even causes, much less forces. I argue that, properly understood, the Newtonian analogy is unproblematic and illuminating. I defend the view that selection and drift are causes in part by attending to a pair of important (...)
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  4.  14
    The Gettier Intuition From South America to Asia.Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniūnas, Emma E. Buchtel, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In-Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Florian Cova, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles Eraña Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour, Maurice Grinberg, Ivar Hannikainen, Takaaki Hashimoto, Amir Horowitz, Evgeniya Hristova, Yasmina Jraissati, Veselina Kadreva, Kaori Karasawa, Hackjin Kim, Yeonjeong Kim, Minwoo Lee, Carlos Mauro, Masaharu Mizumoto, Sebastiano Moruzzi, Christopher Y. Olivola, Jorge Ornelas, Barbara Osimani, Carlos Romero, Alejandro Rosas Lopez, Massimo Sangoi, Andrea Sereni, Sarah Songhorian, Paulo Sousa, Noel Struchiner, Vera Tripodi, Naoki Usui, Alejandro Vázquez del Mercado, Giorgio Volpe, Hrag Abraham Vosgerichian, Xueyi Zhang & Jing Zhu - 2017 - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research 34 (3):517-541.
    This article examines whether people share the Gettier intuition (viz. that someone who has a true justified belief that p may nonetheless fail to know that p) in 24 sites, located in 23 countries (counting Hong Kong as a distinct country) and across 17 languages. We also consider the possible influence of gender and personality on this intuition with a very large sample size. Finally, we examine whether the Gettier intuition varies across people as a function of their disposition to (...)
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  5.  64
    Nothing at Stake in Knowledge.David Rose, Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniūnas, Emma E. Buchtel, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In‐Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Florian Cova, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles Eraña Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour, Maurice Grinberg, Ivar Hannikainen, Takaaki Hashimoto, Amir Horowitz, Evgeniya Hristova, Yasmina Jraissati, Veselina Kadreva, Kaori Karasawa, Hackjin Kim, Yeonjeong Kim, Minwoo Lee, Carlos Mauro, Masaharu Mizumoto, Sebastiano Moruzzi, Christopher Y. Olivola, Jorge Ornelas, Barbara Osimani, Carlos Romero, Alejandro Rosas Lopez, Massimo Sangoi, Andrea Sereni, Sarah Songhorian, Paulo Sousa, Noel Struchiner, Vera Tripodi, Naoki Usui, Alejandro Vázquez del Mercado, Giorgio Volpe, Hrag Abraham Vosgerichian, Xueyi Zhang & Jing Zhu - forthcoming - Noûs.
    In the remainder of this article, we will disarm an important motivation for epistemic contextualism and interest-relative invariantism. We will accomplish this by presenting a stringent test of whether there is a stakes effect on ordinary knowledge ascription. Having shown that, even on a stringent way of testing, stakes fail to impact ordinary knowledge ascription, we will conclude that we should take another look at classical invariantism. Here is how we will proceed. Section 1 lays out some limitations of previous (...)
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  6.  34
    De Pulchritudine Non Est Disputandum? A Cross‐Cultural Investigation of the Alleged Intersubjective Validity of Aesthetic Judgment.Florian Cova, Christopher Y. Olivola, Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniūnas, Emma E. Buchtel, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In-Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles E. Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour, Maurice Grinberg, Ivar Hannikainen, Takaaki Hashimoto, Amir Horowitz, Evgeniya Hristova, Yasmina Jraissati, Veselina Kadreva, Kaori Karasawa, Hackjin Kim, Yeonjeong Kim, Minwoo Lee, Carlos Mauro, Masaharu Mizumoto, Sebastiano Moruzzi, Jorge Ornelas, Barbara Osimani, Carlos Romero, Alejandro Rosas, Massimo Sangoi, Andrea Sereni, Sarah Songhorian, Paulo Sousa, Noel Struchiner, Vera Tripodi, Naoki Usui, Alejandro V. del Mercado, Giorgio Volpe, Hrag A. Vosgerichian, Xueyi Zhang & Jing Zhu - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    Since at least Hume and Kant, philosophers working on the nature of aesthetic judgment have generally agreed that common sense does not treat aesthetic judgments in the same way as typical expressions of subjective preferences—rather, it endows them with intersubjective validity, the property of being right or wrong regardless of disagreement. Moreover, this apparent intersubjective validity has been taken to constitute one of the main explananda for philosophical accounts of aesthetic judgment. But is it really the case that most people (...)
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  7.  40
    The Ontological Status of Embryos: A Reply to Jason Morris.Patrick Lee, Christopher Tollefsen & Robert P. George - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (5):483-504.
    In various places we have defended the position that a new human organism, that is, an individual member of the human species, comes to be at fertilization, the union of the spermatozoon and the oocyte. This individual organism, during the ordinary course of embryological development, remains the same individual and does not undergo any further substantial change, unless monozygotic twinning, or some form of chimerism occurs. Recently, in this Journal Jason Morris has challenged our position, claiming that recent findings in (...)
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  8.  54
    When is It Selectively Advantageous to Have True Beliefs? Sandwiching the Better Safe Than Sorry Argument.Christopher L. Stephens - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 105 (2):161-189.
    Several philosophers have argued that natural selection will favor reliable belief formation; others have been more skeptical. These traditional approaches to the evolution of rationality have been either too sketchy or else have assumed that phenotypic plasticity can be equated with having a mind. Here I develop a new model to explore the functional utility of belief and desire formation mechanisms, and defend the claim that natural selection favors reliable inference methods in a broad, but not universal, range of circumstances.
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  9.  34
    Forces and Causes in Evolutionary Theory.Christopher Stephens - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):716-727.
  10.  12
    The Sensory-Motor Theory of Rhythm and Beat Induction 20 Years On: A New Synthesis and Future Perspectives.Neil P. M. Todd & Christopher S. Lee - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11.  8
    Source Analysis of Electrophysiological Correlates of Beat Induction as Sensory-Guided Action.Neil P. M. Todd & Christopher S. Lee - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  12.  30
    How Not to Detect Design: Critical Notice of The Design Inference by William A. Dembski. [REVIEW]Brandon Fitelson, Christopher Stephens & Elliott Sober - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):472-488.
  13. Modelling Reciprocal Altruism.Christopher Stephens - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):533-551.
    Biologists rely extensively on the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma game to model reciprocal altruism. After examining the informal conditions necessary for reciprocal altruism, I argue that formal games besides the standard iterated Prisoner's Dilemma meet these conditions. One alternate representation, the modified Prisoner's Dilemma game, removes a standard but unnecessary condition; the other game is what I call a Cook's Dilemma. We should explore these new models of reciprocal altruism because they predict different stability characteristics for various strategies; for instance, I (...)
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  14.  51
    A Community Model of Group Therapy for the Older Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Pilot Study.Jean Woo, Wayne Chan, Fai Yeung, Wai M. Chan, Elsie Hui, Christopher M. Lum, Kevin H. Or, David S. C. Hui & Diana T. F. Lee - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (5):523-531.
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  15.  1
    Morphine Attenuates fNIRS Signal Associated With Painful Stimuli in the Medial Frontopolar Cortex.Ke Peng, Meryem A. Yücel, Sarah C. Steele, Edward A. Bittner, Christopher M. Aasted, Mark A. Hoeft, Arielle Lee, Edward E. George, David A. Boas, Lino Becerra & David Borsook - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  16.  34
    Elsevier Handbook in Philosophy of Biology.Christopher Stephens & Mohan Matthen (eds.) - 2004 - Elsevier.
    This collection of 25 essays by leading researchers provides an overview of the state of the field.
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  17.  8
    A Model of Brain and Symbol.Charles D. Laughlin, John Mcmanus & Christopher D. Stephens - 1981 - Semiotica 33 (3-4).
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  18. How Not to Detect DesignThe Design Inference. William A. Dembski.Branden Fitelson, Christopher Stephens & Elliott Sober - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):472-488.
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  19.  29
    The Moral Community and Moral Consideration : A Pragmatic Approach.Christopher Stephens - unknown
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  20.  19
    What Can Evolutionary Theory Teach Us About Human Nature?Christopher Stephens - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (1):221-232.
  21.  21
    Strong Reciprocity and the Comparative Method.Christopher Stephens - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):97-105.
    Ernst Fehr and his collaborators have argued that traditional explanations of human cooperation cannot account for strong reciprocity. They provide substantial empirical evidence that strong reciprocity is an important phenomenon that cannot be explained by the traditional models of kin selection or reciprocal altruism. In this note, however, I argue that it will be di cult to test speci c adaptive explanations of strong reciprocity because it is apparently unique to humans. Consequently, it is di cult to employ the comparative (...)
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  22.  20
    Mary Kate Mcgowan/Privileging Properties 1–23 Crawford L. Elder/the Problem of Harmonizing Laws 25–41 Gary Ebbs/is Skepticism About Self-Knowledge Coherent? 43–58 David Braun/Russellianism and Prediction 59–105. [REVIEW]Christopher L. Stephens, Janine Jones & What Could Turn Out - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 105:309-310.
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  23.  7
    Between Reification and Mystification: Rethinking the Economy of Principles.Christopher P. Long & Richard A. Lee - 2001 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2001 (120):95-111.
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  24.  1
    Operationalizing Heedful Interrelating: How Attending, Responding, and Feeling Comprise Coordinating and Predict Performance in Self-Managing Teams.John Paul Stephens & Christopher J. Lyddy - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  25.  1
    The Ethics of the Stoic EpictetusEpictetus: Discourses Book 1.Christopher Gill, A. F. Bonhoffer, W. O. Stephens & R. Dobbin - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:170.
  26. Nous and Logos in Aristotle.Richard Lee & Christopher Long - 2007 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 54 (3):348-367.
     
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  27.  30
    Awe and Humility: Intrinsic Value in Nature. Beyond an Earthbound Environmental Ethics: Keekok Lee.Keekok Lee - 1994 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 36:89-101.
    This paper will argue for a conception of intrinsic value which, it is hoped, will do justice to the following issues: that Nature need not and should not be understood to refer only to what exists on this planet, Earth; that an environmental ethics informed by features unique to Earth may be misleading and prove inadequate as technology increasingly threatens to invade and colonize other planets in the solar system; that a comprehensive environmental ethics must encompass not only our attitude (...)
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  28. The Works of Francis Bacon [Collected by R. Stephens and J. Locker, Publ. By T. Birch].Francis Bacon, Thomas Birch & Robert Stephens - 1765
     
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  29.  66
    Lee's Rejoinder to Mercier's Reply.Patrick Lee - 2008 - The Monist 91 (3-4):442-445.
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  30.  23
    Wittgenstein 1929–1931: H. D. P. Lee.H. D. P. Lee - 1979 - Philosophy 54 (208):211-220.
    The following brief memoir of Wittgenstein needs a few preliminary words of explanation. Among those who attended his lectures and discussions in the years it covers was D. G. James, who later became Professor of English at Bristol University and then Vice-Chancellor of Southampton University. I met him both in Bristol and Southampton, and on one occasion suggested to him that some of us who had known Wittgenstein, but who had not become professional philosophers, might write down our recollections of (...)
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  31.  30
    Ling and Lee's Open Letter.Laura Ling & Euna Lee - 2010 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 25 (1):72-76.
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  32. Helen Lee: The Gift.Elizabeth Lee - 2010 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 14 (2 & 3):345-346.
     
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  33.  4
    Lynn Stephens, Review of Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory by Ian Hacking. [REVIEW]Lynn Stephens - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (1):185-187.
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  34. By William O. Stephens.William Stephens - manuscript
    More than 2,200 years have passed since a group of sober people gathered in a covered colonnade, or stoa, in the marketplace of Athens to discuss the good life – a life of virtue and honor. They became known as Stoics, and their ancient creed is enjoying a renaissance today in, of all things, popular culture.
     
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  35.  20
    Ethics and Moral Science, Tr. By E. Lee.Lucien Lévy-Bruhl & Elizabeth Lee - 1905
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  36.  10
    Misconceptions Inherent in the Substance Ontology Approach to Assigning Moral Status: A Reply to Patrick Lee, Christopher Tollefsen, and Robert George.Jason Z. Morris - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (2):159-186.
    I have argued that substance ontology cannot be used to determine the moral status of embryos. Patrick Lee, Christopher Tollefsen, and Robert George wrote a Reply to those arguments in this Journal. In that Reply, Lee, Tollefsen, and George defended and clarified their position that their substance ontology arguments prove that the zygote and the adult into which it develops are the same entity that share the same essence. Here, I show the following: Even using the substance ontology framework (...)
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  37. Pt. 1. Thomistic Foundations : Natural Law Theory, Synderesis and Practical Reason. Human Nature and its Limits / Christopher Tollefsen ; Synderesis, Law, and Virtue / Angela McKay ; Human Nature and Moral Goodness / Patrick Lee ; Natural Law for Teaching Ethics : An Essential Tool and Not a Seamless Web. [REVIEW]Jack Green Musselman - 2009 - In Mark J. Cherry (ed.), The Normativity of the Natural: Human Goods, Human Virtues, and Human Flourishing. Springer.
     
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  38.  23
    Reading the Bible in the Strange World of Medicine. By Allen Verhay; Theological Bioethics: Participation, Justice, Change. By Lisa Sowle Cahill; Jesuit Health Sciences & the Promotion of Justice: An Invitation to a Discussion. By Jos. V. M. Welie & Judith Lee Kissell Eds. And AIDS: Meeting the chAllenge: Data, Facts, Background. By Sonja Weinreich and Christopher Benn. [REVIEW]Gerard Magill - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (1):146–148.
  39.  9
    Reseña de "Philosophy of Biology (Handbook of the Philosophy of Science)" de Mohan Poulose Matthen y Christopher Stephens, Eds.Daniel Blanco - 2010 - Enfoques 22 (2):103-108.
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  40.  16
    Mohan Matthen and Christopher Stephens:Handbook of the Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Biology,:Handbook of the Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Biology.Gregory J. Morgan - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):246-249.
  41.  5
    What's New in Philosophy of Biology? Philosophy of Biology. (2007) Edited by Mohan Matthen and Christopher Stephens. Elsevier, Amsterdam. 603 Pp. ISBN: 0‐444‐51543‐7. [REVIEW]Massimo Pigliucci - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (11):1171-1172.
  42.  1
    Mohan Matthen and Christopher Stephens: Handbook of the Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW]Gregory Morgan - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):246-249.
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  43. Mohan Matthen and Christopher Stephens, Handbook of the Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Biology. Amsterdam: North‐Holland , 618 Pp., $165. [REVIEW]Gregory J. Morgan - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):246-249.
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  44.  4
    Margot Lee Shetterly. Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race. Xviii + 346 Pp., Bibl., Index. New York: HarperCollins, 2016. $27.99. [REVIEW]Christopher J. Phillips - 2018 - Isis 109 (2):435-436.
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  45.  12
    Taste: An Essay in Critical Imagination. By Christopher B. Garnett, Jr.Lee C. Rice - 1969 - Modern Schoolman 46 (4):395-396.
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  46.  19
    Handedness and the Fringe of Consciousness: Strong Handers Ruminate While Mixed Handers Self-Reflect.Christopher Lee Niebauer - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):730-745.
    Previous research found that mixed handers were more likely than strong handers to update their beliefs . It was assumed that this was due to greater degrees of communication between the two cerebral hemispheres in mixed handers. Niebauer and Garvey made connections between this model of updating beliefs and metacognitive processing. The current work proposes that variations in interhemispheric interaction contribute to differences in consciousness, specifically when consciousness is used in rumination versus the metacognitive task of self-reflection. Using the Rumination–Reflection (...)
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  47.  1
    Type C.Christopher Lee Bennett - 2015 - Medical Humanities 41 (1):e13-e13.
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  48. The Sense of Sound.Rey Chow & James Steintrager - 2011 - Duke University Press.
    Sound has given rise to many rich theoretical reflections, but when compared to the study of images, the study of sound continues to be marginalized. How is the “sense” of sound constituted and elaborated linguistically, textually, technologically, phenomenologically, and geologically, as well as acoustically? How is sound grasped as an object? Considering sound both within and beyond the scope of the human senses, contributors from literature, film, music, philosophy, anthropology, media and communication, and science and technology studies address topics that (...)
     
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  49.  70
    All's Fair in Love and War? Machiavelli and Ang Lee's "Ride With the Devil".James Edwin Mahon - 2013 - In Robert Arp, Adam Barkman & Nancy King (eds.), The Philosophy of Ang Lee. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 265-290.
    In this chapter I argue that Machiavelli does not hold that all deception is permissible in war. While Machiavelli claims that "deceit... in the conduct of war is laudable and honorable," he insists that such deceit, or ruses of war, is not to be confounded with perfidy. Any Lee's U.S. Civil War film, "Ride With the Devil," illustrates this difference. The film also illustrates the difference between lying as part of romance, which is permitted, and lying at the moment of (...)
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  50. An Early Critic of Locke: The Anti-Scepticism of Henry Lee.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - 2011 - Locke Studies 11:17-47.
    Although Henry Lee is often recognized to be an important early critic of Locke's 'way of ideas', his Anti-Scepticism (1702) has hardly received the scholarly attention it deserves. This paper seeks to fill that lacuna. It argues that Lee's criticism of Locke's alleged representationalism was original, and that it was quite different from the more familiar kind of criticism that was launched against Locke's theory of ideas by such thinkers as John Sergeant and Thomas Reid. In addition, the paper offers (...)
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