Results for 'Fany Yuval'

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  1.  37
    Sophisticated Voting Under the Sequential Voting by Veto.Fany Yuval - 2002 - Theory and Decision 53 (4):343-369.
    The research reported here was the first empirical examination of strategic voting under the Sequential Voting by Veto (SVV) voting procedure, proposed by Mueller (1978). According to this procedure, a sequence of n voters must select s out of s+m alternatives (m=n=2; s>0). Hence, the number of alternatives exceeds the number of participants by one (n+1). When the ith voter casts her vote, she vetoes the alternative against which a veto has not yet been cast, and the s remaining non-vetoed (...)
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  2.  3
    Perceptual and Memorial Constructs in Children's Judgments of Quantity: A Law of Across-Representation Invariance.Yuval Wolf & Daniel Algom - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 116 (4):381-397.
  3. Dreaming and the Brain: From Phenomenology to Neurophysiology.Yuval Nir & Giulio Tononi - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):88-100.
    Dreams are a remarkable experiment in psychology and neuroscience, conducted every night in every sleeping person. They show that the human brain, disconnected from the environment, can generate an entire world of conscious experiences by itself. Content analysis and developmental studies have promoted understanding of dream phenomenology. In parallel, brain lesion studies, functional imaging and neurophysiology have advanced current knowledge of the neural basis of dreaming. It is now possible to start integrating these two strands of research to address fundamental (...)
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  4. Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the 'Ticking Bomb' Justification for Torture.Yuval Ginbar - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This book addresses a dilemma at the heart of counter-terrorism: Is it ever justifiable to torture terrorists when innocent lives are at stake? The book analyses the moral arguments and presents a passionate defence of prohibition. It also examines current State practice and the models of legalising torture suggested in Israel and the US.
     
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  5.  1
    Intersectionality and Feminist Politics.Nira Yuval-Davis - 2006 - European Journal of Women's Studies 13 (3):193-209.
    This article explores various analytical issues involved in conceptualizing the interrelationships of gender, class, race and ethnicity and other social divisions. It compares the debate on these issues that took place in Britain in the 1980s and around the 2001 UN World Conference Against Racism. It examines issues such as the relative helpfulness of additive or mutually constitutive models of intersectional social divisions; the different analytical levels at which social divisions need to be studied, their ontological base and their relations (...)
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  6.  22
    Front and Rear: The Sexual Division of Labor in the Israeli Army.Nira Yuval-Davis - 1985 - Feminist Studies 11 (3):649.
  7.  17
    Time and Realism: Metaphysical and Antimetaphysical Perspectives.Yuval Dolev - 2007 - MIT Press.
    Dolev's ambitious project is to show that the traditional debate in the philosophy of time between the so-called ‘tensed’ and ‘tenseless’ theorists is not a sustainable one. The key to the negative portion argument is that both the tensed and tenseless view of time can be understood only from within their respective ontological frameworks. Moreover, that there is only really an appearance of understanding within these frameworks, since neither framework furnishes us with the wherewithal to genuinely understand temporal language. Moving (...)
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  8. The Role of Contradictions in Spinoza's Philosophy: The God-Intoxicated Heretic.Yuval Jobani - 2016 - Routledge.
    Spinoza is commonly perceived as the great metaphysician of coherence. The Euclidean manner in which he presented his philosophy in the _Ethics _has led readers to assume they are facing a strict and consistent philosophical system that necessarily follows from itself. As opposed to the prevailing understanding of Spinoza and his work, _The Role of Contradictions in Spinoza's Philosophy_ explores an array of profound and pervasive contradictions in Spinoza’s system and argues they are deliberate and constitutive of his philosophical thinking (...)
     
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  9.  20
    Games, Rules, and Practices.Yuval Eylon & Amir Horowitz - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (3):241-254.
    We present and defend a view labeled “practiceism” which provides a solution to the incompatibility problems. The classic incompatibility problem is inconsistency of:1. Someone who intentionally violates the rules of a game is not playing the game.2. In many cases, players intentionally violate the rules as part of playing the game.The problem has a normative counterpart:1’. In normal cases, it is wrong for a player to intentionally violate the rules of the game.2’. In many normal cases, it is not wrong (...)
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  10.  70
    How Irrelevant Influences Bias Belief.Yuval Avnur & Dion Scott-Kakures - 2015 - Philosophical Perspectives 29 (1):7-39.
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  11.  19
    Unpacking, Repacking, and Anchoring: Advances in Support Theory.Yuval Rottenstreich & Amos Tversky - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (2):406-415.
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  12.  35
    Physics’ Silence on Time.Yuval Dolev - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):455-469.
    In this paper I argue that physics is, always was, and probably always will be voiceless with respect to tense and passage, and that, therefore, if, as I believe, tense and passage are the essence of time, physics’ contribution to our understanding of time can only be limited. The argument, in a nutshell, is that if "physics has no possibility of expression for the Now", to quote Einstein, then it cannot add anything to the study of tense and passage, and (...)
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  13.  1
    Contextualizing Feminism — Gender, Ethnic and Class Divisions.Nira Yuval-Davis & Floya Anthias - 1983 - Feminist Review 15 (1):62-75.
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  14.  83
    Closure Reconsidered.Yuval Avnur - 2012 - Philosophers' Imprint 12.
    Most solutions to the skeptical paradox about justified belief assume closure for justification, since the rejection of closure is widely regarded as a non-starter. I argue that the rejection of closure is not a non-starter, and that its problems are no greater than the problems associated with the more standard anti-skeptical strategies. I do this by sketching a simple version of the unpopular strategy and rebutting the three best objections to it. The general upshot for theories of justification is that (...)
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  15. Tracking the Meaning of Life: A Philosophical Journey.Yuval Lurie - 2006 - University of Missouri.
    What intelligent person has never pondered the meaning of life? For Yuval Lurie, this is more than a puzzling philosophical question; it is a journey, and in this book he takes readers on a search that ranges from ancient quests for the purpose of life to the ruminations of postmodern thinkers on meaning. He shows that the question about the meaning of life expresses philosophical puzzlement regarding life in general as well as personal concern about one’s own life in (...)
     
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  16.  98
    Excuses for Hume's Skepticism.Yuval Avnur - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (2):264-306.
  17. In Defense of Secular Belief.Yuval Avnur - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 4.
  18.  11
    The Theory of Value and the Value of Theory: Appeals to Practical Value by Conflicting Approaches in Economics, 1918-1939.Yuval P. Yonay - 1997 - Social Science Information 36 (2):311-342.
    A popular explanation of the success of scientific theories is their contribution to practical needs of “society” in general, or of powerful groups within society. This article challenges this common explanation by showing how the practical contribution itself is socially constructed by competing scientists. The article describes the struggle of neoclassical economists and institutionalists in interwar America and shows how both groups attempted to demonstrate their larger capacity to solve contemporary economic problems. Arguments about the practical value of competing research (...)
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  19. No Closure On Skepticism.Yuval Avnur, Anthony Brueckner & Christopher Buford - 2011 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (4):439-447.
    This article is a response to an important objection that Sherrilyn Roush has made to the standard closure-based argument for skepticism, an argument that has been studied over the past couple of decades. If Roush's objection is on the mark, then this would be a quite significant finding. We argue that her objection fails.
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  20.  64
    On an Irrelevant Regress.Yuval Avnur - 2016 - Theoria 82 (1):81-88.
    In a recent article, Wilson argues that Cartesian Scepticism leads to a vicious regress that can only be stopped by rejecting Cartesian Scepticism. If she is right, Wilson has solved one of philosophy's enduring problems. However, her regress is irrelevant to Cartesian Scepticism. This is evident once the proposition that we should have doubts, the person who has doubts, and the person who thinks that we should have doubts are carefully distinguished.
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  21.  16
    Jews as a Metaphysical Species.Yuval Lurie - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):323 - 347.
    There are certain remarks in Culture and Value in which Wittgenstein writes about Jews and about what he describes as their ‘Jewish mind’. In these remarks he appears to be trying to make a distinction between two different spiritual forces which operate in Western culture and which give rise to two different types of artists and works of art. On one side of the divide are Jews and works of art imbued with Jewish spirit. On the other side are men (...)
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  22.  18
    Inner Moral Judgments.Yuval Lurie & Alan Zaitchik - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):61-72.
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  23.  12
    The Paradox of Conservative Bioethics.Yuval Levin - forthcoming - Bulletin of Medical Ethics.
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  24.  23
    Curbing Misconduct in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Insights From Behavioral Ethics and the Behavioral Approach to Law.Yuval Feldman, Rebecca Gauthier & Troy Schuler - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):620-628.
    Two insights of psychology on which we would like to draw are that people react to law in more complex ways than rational-choice models assume and that good people sometimes do bad things. With that starting point, this article provides a behavioral perspective on some of the factors that policymakers seeking to reduce the level of misconduct in the pharmaceutical industry should consider. Effective regulation and enforcement need to address the following questions: Who are the regulation's targeted actors — researchers (...)
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  25.  6
    Curbing Misconduct in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Insights From Behavioral Ethics and the Behavioral Approach to Law.Yuval Feldman, Rebecca Gauthier & Troy Schuler - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):620-628.
    To sell a new drug, pharmaceutical companies must discover a compound, run clinical trials to test its efficacy and safety, get it approved by regulatory bodies, produce the drug, and market it. As this process brings the drug through so many hands, there are risks of many kinds of corruption. The pharmaceutical industry has recently gone from being one of the most admired industries to being described by the majority of Americans as “dishonest, unethical, and more concerned with profits than (...)
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  26. Intersectionality, Citizenship and Contemporary Politics of Belonging.Nira Yuval-Davis - 2007 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (4):561-574.
  27. An Old Problem for the New Rationalism.Yuval Avnur - 2011 - Synthese 183 (2):175-185.
    A well known skeptical paradox rests on the claim that we lack warrant to believe that we are not brains in a vat. The argument for that claim is the apparent impossibility of any evidence or argument that we are not BIVs. Many contemporary philosophers resist this argument by insisting that we have a sort of warrant for believing that we are not BIVs that does not require having any evidence or argument. I call this view ‘New Rationalism’. I argue (...)
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  28.  29
    Is Ontology the Key to Understanding Tense?Yuval Dolev - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1741-1749.
    In this paper I claim that as bitter as the eternalist/presentist rivalry is, as far as both camps are concerned, a third position—which I defend—is more disturbing. The reason is that what eternalists and presentists agree on is more fundamental than what they disagree about. They agree that time carves, to use Orilia’s term, “ontological inventories.” This in a way answers the “fundamental question”—what is time? They disagree about the contents of the inventories, but that, I suggest, is a secondary (...)
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  29.  3
    Wittgenstein on the Human Spirit.Yuval Lurie (ed.) - 2012 - Editions Rodopi.
    Wittgenstein on the Human Spirit provides a new understanding of Wittgenstein’s discourse as an insightful philosophy of culture, pursued through self-reflection. It offers an edifying perspective on the conceptual underpinnings of culture as a shared expressive spiritual form of life. The ideas investigated in it are highly relevant for discussions in philosophy, aesthetics, anthropology, and cultural studies. The book embraces three studies: The Spirit of Jews, The Spirits of Culture and Civilization, and The Common Spirit of Human Beings. The first (...)
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  30. Hawthorne on the Deeply Contingent A Priori1.Yuval Avnur - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (1):174-183.
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  31.  7
    Three Faces of Global Citizenship Education: IB Schools’ Self-Representations in Four Local Contexts.Yuval Dvir, Robin Shields & Miri Yemini - 2018 - British Journal of Educational Studies 66 (4):455-475.
  32.  42
    Dummett's Antirealism and Time.Yuval Dolev - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):253–276.
  33.  20
    Ethical Considerations When Employing Fake Identities in Online Social Networks for Research.Yuval Elovici, Michael Fire, Amir Herzberg & Haya Shulman - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1027-1043.
    Online social networks have rapidly become a prominent and widely used service, offering a wealth of personal and sensitive information with significant security and privacy implications. Hence, OSNs are also an important—and popular—subject for research. To perform research based on real-life evidence, however, researchers may need to access OSN data, such as texts and files uploaded by users and connections among users. This raises significant ethical problems. Currently, there are no clear ethical guidelines, and researchers may end up performing ethically (...)
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  34.  1
    Standpoint Theory, Situated Knowledge and the Situated Imagination.Nira Yuval-Davis & Marcel Stoetzler - 2002 - Feminist Theory 3 (3):315-333.
    The aim of the article is to further assess and develop feminist standpoint theory by introducing the notion of the `situated imagination' as constituting an important part of this theory as well as that of `situated knowledge'. The article argues that the faculty of the imagination constructs as well as transforms, challenges and supersedes both existing knowledge and social reality. However, like knowledge, it is crucial to theorize the imagination as situated, that is, as shaped and conditioned by social positioning.
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  35.  41
    Wittgenstein on Culture and Civilization.Yuval Lurie - 1989 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 32 (4):375 – 397.
    Wittgenstein's remarks on the nature of culture presuppose a view according to which there is an important difference between culture and civilization. This view aligns his thinking to that of the Romantic tradition in philosophy. It also leads him to perceive ?the disappearance of a culture? in our time. In many of his remarks on art and certain artists he expresses this view by attempting to clarify the different ways in which the spirit of man is manifested in modern times (...)
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  36.  18
    Compensating Outside Directors with Stock: The Impact on Non-Primary Stakeholders. [REVIEW]Yuval Deutsch & Mike Valente - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):67-85.
    Two obvious trends in corporate governance include broadening board accountability beyond shareholders’ interests and paying outside directors with equity compensation (stock and stock options). By integrating common agency and instrumental stakeholder theories, we examine the effect of stock compensation on secondary stakeholders and a firm’s participation in social issues, two areas where interests are less aligned with shareholder value. Consistent with our predictions, we found that while stock compensation may be an effective way to align directors’ goals to those of (...)
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  37.  30
    Integration of Stimulus Dimensions in Perception and Memory: Composition Rules and Psychophysical Relations.Daniel Algom, Yuval Wolf & Bina Bergman - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (4):451-471.
  38.  6
    Time and Realism: Metaphysical and Antimetaphysical Perspectives. [REVIEW]Yuval Dolev - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):372-374.
    Dolev's ambitious project is to show that the traditional debate in the philosophy of time between the so-called ‘tensed’ and ‘tenseless’ theorists is not a sustainable one. The key to the negative portion argument is that both the tensed and tenseless view of time can be understood only from within their respective ontological frameworks. Moreover, that there is only really an appearance of understanding within these frameworks, since neither framework furnishes us with the wherewithal to genuinely understand temporal language. Moving (...)
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  39. Mere Faith and Entitlement.Yuval Avnur - 2012 - Synthese 189 (2):297-315.
    The scandal to philosophy and human reason, wrote Kant, is that we must take the existence of material objects on mere faith . In contrast, the skeptical paradox that has scandalized recent philosophy is not formulated in terms of faith, but rather in terms of justification, warrant, and entitlement. I argue that most contemporary approaches to the paradox (both dogmatist/liberal and default/conservative) do not address the traditional problem that scandalized Kant, and that the status of having a warrant (or justification) (...)
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  40.  16
    Necessary Beings.Yuval Steinitz - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (2):177 - 182.
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  41.  54
    On the Nature of Benevolence.Yuval Livnat - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (2):304–317.
  42.  37
    Benevolence and Justice.Yuval Livnat - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):507-515.
  43.  1
    An Autochthonic Scent of Memory?Nira Yuval-Davis - 2012 - Feminist Review 100 (1):154-160.
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  44.  49
    The Tenseless Theory of Time: Insights and Limitations.Yuval Dolev - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):259 - 288.
    THE TENSELESS THEORY OF TIME has enjoyed a great revival in the twentieth century. Prominent philosophers such as Russell, Ayer, Goodman, Quine, and Smart and, more recently, Mellor and Parfit, have turned their philosophical efforts and talents to its defense. It is proper to refer to their work as a “revival,” for under different names, the view has been at the center of the philosophical preoccupation with time for centuries. A version of the view can be found in Augustine’s Confessions, (...)
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  45.  66
    Consciousness-Body-Time: How Do People Think Lacking Their Body? [REVIEW]Yochai Ataria & Yuval Neria - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (2):159-178.
    War captivity is an extreme traumatic experience typically involving exposure to repeated stressors, including torture, isolation, and humiliation. Captives are flung from their previous known world into an unfamiliar reality in which their state of consciousness may undergo significant change. In the present study extensive interviews were conducted with fifteen Israeli former prisoners of war who fell captive during the 1973 Yom Kippur war with the goal of examining the architecture of human thought in subjects lacking a sense of body (...)
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  46. The Ultimate Experience: Battlefield Revelations and the Making of Modern War Culture, 1450-2000.Yuval N. Harari - 2008 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    For millennia, war was viewed as a supreme test. In the period 1750-1850 war became much more than a test: it became a secular revelation. This new understanding of war as revelation completely transformed Western war culture, revolutionizing politics, the personal experience of war, the status of common soldiers, and the tenets of military theory.
     
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  47.  9
    Privacy in New Media in Israel.Yuval Karniel & Amit Lavie‐Dinur - 2012 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 10 (4):288-304.
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  48.  25
    Civic Republicanism and Education: Democracy and Social Justice in School.Itay Snir & Yuval Eylon - 2017 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 36 (5):585-600.
    The republican political tradition, which originated in Ancient Rome and picked up by several early-modern thinkers, has been revived in the last couple of decades following the seminal works of historian Quentin Skinner and political theorist Philip Pettit. Although educational questions do not normally occupy the center stage in republican theory, various theorists working within this framework have already highlighted the significance of education for any functioning republic. Looking at educational questions through the lens of freedom as non-domination has already (...)
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  49. Brains in a Vat: Different Perspectives.Yuval Steinitz - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):213-222.
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  50.  20
    Just Threats.Yuval Eylon - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (1):94-108.
    The paper argues that Rawls's account of the obligation to keep promises entails that inasmuch as we are obliged to keep promises, we are also obliged to carry out threats. On the basis of the principle of fairness, Rawls claimed that a social practice creates a moral obligation if it is just, and one has benefited from it or entered it voluntarily. A practice of threats meets Rawls's first principle of justice. We may reasonably assume that immoral threats, just like (...)
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