Results for 'Arun K. Rai'

999 found
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  1.  96
    Ego, Egoism and the Impact of Religion on Ethical Experience: What a Paradoxical Consequence of Buddhist Culture Tells Us About Moral Psychology.Jay L. Garfield, Shaun Nichols, Arun K. Rai & Nina Strohminger - 2015 - The Journal of Ethics 19 (3-4):293-304.
    We discuss the structure of Buddhist theory, showing that it is a kind of moral phenomenology directed to the elimination of egoism through the elimination of a sense of self. We then ask whether being raised in a Buddhist culture in which the values of selflessness and the sense of non-self are so deeply embedded transforms one’s sense of who one is, one’s ethical attitudes and one’s attitude towards death, and in particular whether those transformations are consistent with the predictions (...)
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  2.  71
    Death and the Self.Shaun Nichols, Nina Strohminger, Arun Rai & Jay Garfield - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):314-332.
    It is an old philosophical idea that if the future self is literally different from the current self, one should be less concerned with the death of the future self. This paper examines the relation between attitudes about death and the self among Hindus, Westerners, and three Buddhist populations. Compared with other groups, monastic Tibetans gave particularly strong denials of the continuity of self, across several measures. We predicted that the denial of self would be associated with a lower fear (...)
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  3.  10
    Word Sense Disambiguation Using the Hopfield Model of Neural Networks.M. Sreenivasa Rao & Arun K. Pujari - 1999 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 9 (3-4):219-258.
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  4.  2
    Assessing Customers' Moral Disengagement from Reciprocity Concerns in Participative Pricing.Preeti Narwal, J. K. Nayak & Shivam Rai - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    Participative pricing demonstrates the basic idea of allowing customer participation in price-setting process. Nottingham Playhouse, IBIS Singapore, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Wiener Deewan, Girl Talk, 8k, Zest consulting, Radiohead band and many more have successfully implemented pay-what-you-want, the most innovative form of participative pricing. Based on the degree of participation, PWYW is the highest form that allows buyers to select any price they want to pay for a product/service, including zero. The present study examines how customers lower their motivation to (...)
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  5.  28
    Shrinking Digital Gap Through Automatic Generation of WordNet for Indian Languages.Amita Jain, Devendra K. Tayal & Sunny Rai - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (2):215-222.
  6.  26
    Paksatā in Navya-Nyāya.A. K. Rai - 1995 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 23 (1):1-8.
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  7.  7
    Paksat? In Navya-Ny?Ya.A. K. Rai - 1995 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 23 (1):1-8.
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  8.  36
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  9.  16
    Locating Gene Patents Within the Patent System.Arti K. Rai - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):18 – 19.
  10.  28
    Pharmacogenetic Interventions, Orphan Drugs, and Distributive Justice: The Role of Cost-Benefit Analysis.Arti K. Rai - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):246-270.
    With the human genome mapped, and with the mapping of more than one hundred animal genomes in progress, the amount of genetic data available is increasing exponentially. This exponential increase in data is having an immediate impact on the process of drug development. By using techniques of information technology to manipulate data regarding the genes, proteins, and biochemical pathways associated with various diseases, scientists are beginning to be able to design drugs in a systematic fashion. In the context of any (...)
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  11.  69
    Multisemiosis and Incommensurability.S. K. Arun Murthi & Sundar Sarukkai - 2009 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):297-311.
    Central to Kuhn's notion of incommensurability are the ideas of meaning variance and lexicon, and the impossibility of translation of terms across different theories. Such a notion of incommensurability is based on a particular understanding of what a scientific language is. In this paper we first attempt to understand this notion of scientific language in the context of incommensurability. We consider the consequences of the essential multisemiotic character of scientific theories and show how this leads to even a single theory (...)
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  12.  1
    Can Changes in Education Alter Future Population Ageing in Asia and Europe?Arun Balachandran, K. S. James, Leo van Wissen, K. C. Samir & Fanny Janssen - forthcoming - Journal of Biosocial Science:1-13.
    While population ageing is rising, the educational composition of the elderly remains rather heterogeneous. This study assesses the educational differences in future population ageing in Asia and Europe, and how future population ageing in Asia and Europe would change if the educational composition of its populations changed. A comparative population ageing measure was used, which recalculates old-age thresholds after accounting for differences in life expectancy, and the likelihood of adults surviving to higher ages. Combined data from projected age- and sex-specific (...)
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  13.  13
    Siby K. George. Heidegger and Development in the Global South.Arun Iyer - 2019 - Environmental Philosophy 16 (1):226-229.
  14.  56
    The Mūlāvidyā Controversy Among Advaita Vedāntins: Was Śaṅkara Himself Responsible? [REVIEW]S. K. Arun Murthi - 2009 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 37 (2):149-177.
    The concept of avidyā or ignorance is central to the Advaita Vedāntic position of Śȧnkara. The post-Śaṅkara Advaitins wrote sub-commentaries on the original texts of Śaṅkara with the intention of strengthening his views. Over the passage of time the views of these sub-commentators of Śaṅkara came to be regarded as representing the doctrine of Advaita particularly with regard to the concept of avidyā. Swami Satchidanandendra Saraswati, a scholar-monk of Holenarsipur, challenged the accepted tradition through the publication of his work Mūlāvidyānirāsaḥ, (...)
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  15.  9
    Lala Lajpat Rai’s Classification of Nationalism: Can It Help Us to Understand Contemporary Nationalist Movements?Nalini Bhushan & Jay L. Garfield - 2018 - Sophia 57 (3):363-374.
    India has been independent for 70 years now, and it is a good time to reflect on the political philosophy that underwrote the movement that gained that independence. When we do so, we discover the origins of a political vocabulary that is still in use today, although sadly not used with the same rigor and precision with which it was used then. We also find that those who recur to Indian political thought from the pre-independence period tend to return to (...)
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  16. The Uncompleted Argument: Du Bois and the Illusion of Race.Anthony Appiah - 1985 - Critical Inquiry 12 (1):21-37.
    Contemporary biologists are not agreed on the question of whether there are any human races, despite the widespread scientific consensus on the underlying genetics. For most purposes, however, we can reasonably treat this issue as terminological. What most people in most cultures ordinarily believe about the significance of “racial” difference is quite remote, I think, from what the biologists are agreed on. Every reputable biologist will agree that human genetic variability between the populations of Africa or Europe or Asia is (...)
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  17.  36
    Moral Psychology is Relationship Regulation: Moral Motives for Unity, Hierarchy, Equality, and Proportionality.Tage Shakti Rai & Alan Page Fiske - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):57-75.
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  18.  19
    Hermeneutics of Technological Culture.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (2):137-148.
  19. Environmentality: Technologies of Government and the Making of Subjects.Arun Agrawal & Joanne Bauer - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3).
    Agrawal's carefully constructed arguments create a framework for environmental policy analysis. One only wishes the message were in a language and form that would draw in policy and advocacy readers, not just scholars.
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  20.  6
    The Need for Healthcare Reforms: Is No-Fault Liability the Solution to Medical Malpractice?Shivkrit Rai & Vishwas H. Devaiah - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (1):81-93.
    Healthcare reforms in India have been a much-debated issue in the recent past. While the debate has focused mainly on the right to healthcare, another by-product that has evolved out of the debate was the current problem of medical malpractice and the healthcare law. The last decade has seen an increase in the healthcare facilities in the country. This, however, has come with a bulk of medical error cases which the courts have entertained. According to reports, there has been an (...)
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  21.  49
    Moral Principles or Consumer Preferences? Alternative Framings of the Trolley Problem.Tage S. Rai & Keith J. Holyoak - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (2):311-321.
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  22. Universalism and Ethical Values for the Environment.Jasdev Singh Rai, Celia Thorheim, Amarbayasgalan Dorjderem & Darryl Macer - 2010 - UNESCO Bangkok.
    This book discusses a variety of world views that we can find to describe human relationships with the environment, and the underlying values in them. It reviews existing international legal instruments discussing some of the ethical values that have been agreed among member states of the United Nations.
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  23.  42
    Postphenomenological Investigations of Technological Experience.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (2):199-205.
  24.  24
    Culture of Sedimentation in the Human–Technology Interaction.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (2):233-242.
  25.  49
    Ethics and Aesthetics of Technologies.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (1):5-9.
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  26.  38
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Farmer Suicides: A Case for Benign Paternalism?Arun A. Iyer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):429-443.
    Although arguments are a good way of exploring the limitations and complexities of a concept or a theory we may find ourselves faced with a real phenomenon that challenges the existing formulations of a concept or a theory so strongly and reveals its limitations to us so starkly that we are forced to break away from the current discussion and start anew. Such is the challenge posed by the phenomenon of farmer suicides on our existing theories of corporate social responsibility. (...)
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  27.  40
    The Missing Dynamic: Corporations, Individuals and Contracts.Arun A. Iyer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (4):393-406.
    There are two opposing views on the nature of corporations in contemporary debates on corporate social responsibility. Opponents of corporate personhood hold that a corporation is nothing but a group of individuals coming together to achieve certain goals. On the other hand, the advocates of corporate personhood believe that corporations are persons in their own right existing over and above the individuals who comprise them. They talk of corporate decision-making structures that help translate individual decisions and actions into corporate decisions (...)
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  28.  2
    Leader–Member Exchange, Work Engagement, and Psychological Withdrawal Behavior: The Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment.Arun Aggarwal, Pawan Kumar Chand, Deepika Jhamb & Amit Mittal - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  29.  23
    Erratum To: Culture of Sedimentation in the Human–Technology Interaction.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (2):243-244.
  30.  32
    Rational Hypocrisy: A Bayesian Analysis Based on Informal Argumentation and Slippery Slopes.Tage S. Rai & Keith J. Holyoak - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (7):1456-1467.
    Moral hypocrisy is typically viewed as an ethical accusation: Someone is applying different moral standards to essentially identical cases, dishonestly claiming that one action is acceptable while otherwise equivalent actions are not. We suggest that in some instances the apparent logical inconsistency stems from different evaluations of a weak argument, rather than dishonesty per se. Extending Corner, Hahn, and Oaksford's (2006) analysis of slippery slope arguments, we develop a Bayesian framework in which accusations of hypocrisy depend on inferences of shared (...)
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  31.  17
    Stable Edge Dislocations in Finite Crystals.Arun Kumar & Anandh Subramaniam - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (23):2947-2956.
  32.  14
    Explaining Strange Parallels: The Case of Quantum Mechanics and Mādhyamika Buddhism.Arun Balasubramaniam - 1992 - International Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2):205-223.
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  33.  35
    The LSD-Event: Badiou Not on Acid.Arun Saldanha - 2007 - Theory and Event 10 (4).
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  34. A Product Life Cycle Ontology for Additive Manufacturing.Munira Mohd Ali, Rahul Rai, J. Neil Otte & Barry Smith - 2019 - Computers in Industry 105:191-203.
    The manufacturing industry is evolving rapidly, becoming more complex, more interconnected, and more geographically distributed. Competitive pressure and diversity of consumer demand are driving manufacturing companies to rely more and more on improved knowledge management practices. As a result, multiple software systems are being created to support the integration of data across the product life cycle. Unfortunately, these systems manifest a low degree of interoperability, and this creates problems, for instance when different enterprises or different branches of an enterprise interact. (...)
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  35.  40
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Islamic Financial Institutions : Management Perceptions From IFIs in Bahrain.Zakaria Ali Aribi & Thankom Arun - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4):785-794.
    Islamic finance is gaining greater attention in the finance industry, and this paper analyses how Islamic financial institutions are responding to the welfare needs of society. Using interview data with managers and content analysis of the disclosures, this study attempts to understand management perceptions of corporate social responsibility in IFIs. A thorough understanding of CSR by managers, as evident in the interviews, has not been translated fully into practice. The partial use of IFIs’ potential role in social welfare would add (...)
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  36.  15
    Narrative Worlds of Frugal Consumers: Unmasking Romanticized Spirituality to Reveal Responsibilization and De-Politicization.Srinath Jagannathan, Anupam Bawa & Rajnish Rai - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1):149-168.
    Extant literature romanticizes frugality as a lifestyle trait that helps in the spiritual evolution of consumers, which in turn enables them in overcoming the negative consequences of materialism and over-consumption. Extant studies have not paid attention to cultural contexts, such as caste and gender, which could outline the non-volitional enactment of frugality in societies such as India. We draw from the work of the political philosopher Alain Badiou to argue that frugality embodies non-volitional subjectivities and is linked to processes of (...)
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  37. Development of a Manufacturing Ontology for Functionally Graded Materials.Francesco Furini, Rahul Rai, Barry Smith, Georgio Colombo & Venkat Krovi - 2016 - In Proceedings of International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE).
    The development of manufacturing technologies for new materials involves the generation of a large and continually evolving volume of information. The analysis, integration and management of such large volumes of data, typically stored in multiple independently developed databases, creates significant challenges for practitioners. There is a critical need especially for open-sharing of data pertaining to engineering design which together with effective decision support tools can enable innovation. We believe that ontology applied to engineering (OE) represents a viable strategy for the (...)
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  38.  23
    11 Market Values and Libertarian Socialist Values.Milan Rai - 2005 - In James A. McGilvray (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky. Cambridge University Press. pp. 225.
  39.  38
    Assessing the Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Care Among Married Adolescent Women: Evidence From India.Lucky Singh, Rajesh Kumar Rai & Prashant Kumar Singh - 2012 - Journal of Biosocial Science 44 (1):1.
  40.  14
    The Physician as a Health Care Proxy.Arti Rai, Mark Siegler & John Lantos - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (5):14-19.
  41.  20
    Just a Minute Meditation: Rapid Voluntary Conscious State Shifts in Long Term Meditators.Ajay Kumar Nair, Arun Sasidharan, John P. John, Seema Mehrotra & Bindu M. Kutty - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:176-184.
  42.  15
    k.L. N. & K. I. - manuscript
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  43.  1
    Narrative Worlds of Frugal Consumers: Unmasking Romanticized Spirituality to Reveal Responsibilization and De-politicization.Srinath Jagannathan, Anupam Bawa & Rajnish Rai - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1):149-168.
    Extant literature romanticizes frugality as a lifestyle trait that helps in the spiritual evolution of consumers, which in turn enables them in overcoming the negative consequences of materialism and over-consumption. Extant studies have not paid attention to cultural contexts, such as caste and gender, which could outline the non-volitional enactment of frugality in societies such as India. We draw from the work of the political philosopher Alain Badiou to argue that frugality embodies non-volitional subjectivities and is linked to processes of (...)
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  44.  1
    Collective Action, Property Rights, and Decentralization in Resource Use in India and Nepal.Elinor Ostrom & Arun Agrawal - 2001 - Politics and Society 29 (4):485-514.
    National governments in almost all developing countries have begun to decentralize policies and decision making related to development, public services, and the environment. Existing research on the subject has enhanced our understanding of the effects of decentralization and thereby has been an effective instrument in the advocacy of decentralization. But most analyses, especially where environmental resources are concerned, have been less attentive to the political coalitions that prompt decentralization and the role of property rights in facilitating the implementation of decentralized (...)
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  45. An Ontological Approach to Representing the Product Life Cycle.J. Neil Otte, Dimitris Kiritsi, Munira Mohd Ali, Ruoyu Yang, Binbin Zhang, Ron Rudnicki, Rahul Rai & Barry Smith - 2019 - Applied Ontology 14 (2):1-19.
    The ability to access and share data is key to optimizing and streamlining any industrial production process. Unfortunately, the manufacturing industry is stymied by a lack of interoperability among the systems by which data are produced and managed, and this is true both within and across organizations. In this paper, we describe our work to address this problem through the creation of a suite of modular ontologies representing the product life cycle and its successive phases, from design to end of (...)
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  46.  13
    Image Forces on Edge Dislocations: A Revisit of the Fundamental Concept with Special Regard to Nanocrystals.Prasenjit Khanikar, Arun Kumar & Anandh Subramaniam - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (5):730-750.
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  47.  24
    Re-Enchanting the World: The Role of Imagination in Perception: K. Lennon.K. Lennon - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (3):375-389.
    This paper defends what the philosopher Merleau Ponty coins ‘the imaginary texture of the real’. It is suggested that the imagination is at work in the everyday world which we perceive, the world as it is for us. In defending this view a concept of the imagination is invoked which has both similarities with and differences from, our everyday notion. The everyday notion contrasts the imaginary and the real. The imaginary is tied to the fictional or the illusory. Here it (...)
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  48. Is the Historicity of the Scientific Object a Threat to its Ideality? Foucault Complements Husserl.Arun A. Iyer - 2010 - Philosophy Today 54 (2):165-178.
    Are mathematical objects affected by their historicity? Do they simply lose their identity and their validity in the course of history? If not, how can they always be accessible in their ideality regardless of their transmission in the course of time? Husserl and Foucault have raised this question and offered accounts, both of which, albeit different in their originality, are equally provocative. Both acknowledge that a scientific object like a geometrical theorem or a chemical equation has a history because it (...)
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  49.  1
    “Educate, Agitate, Organize”: Inequality and Ethics in the Writings of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.Arun Kumar, Hari Bapuji & Raza Mir - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-14.
    Scholars of business and management studies have recently turned their attention to inequality, a key issue for business ethics given the role of private firms in transmitting—and potentially challenging—inequalities. However, this research is yet to examine inequality from a subaltern perspective. In this paper, we discuss the alleviation of inequalities in organizational and institutional contexts by drawing on the ideas of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, a jurist, political leader and economist, and one of the unsung social theorists of the twentieth (...)
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  50.  6
    Kleene Algebras and Logic: Boolean and Rough Set Representations, 3-Valued, Rough Set and Perp Semantics.Arun Kumar & Mohua Banerjee - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (3):439-469.
    A structural theorem for Kleene algebras is proved, showing that an element of a Kleene algebra can be looked upon as an ordered pair of sets, and that negation with the Kleene property is describable by the set-theoretic complement. The propositional logic \ of Kleene algebras is shown to be sound and complete with respect to a 3-valued and a rough set semantics. It is also established that Kleene negation can be considered as a modal operator, due to a perp (...)
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