Results for 'Arun K. Rai'

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  1.  62
    Ego, Egoism and the Impact of Religion on Ethical Experience: What a Paradoxical Consequence of Buddhist Culture Tells Us About Moral Psychology.Jay L. Garfield, Shaun Nichols, Arun K. Rai & Nina Strohminger - 2015 - The Journal of Ethics 19 (3-4):293-304.
    We discuss the structure of Buddhist theory, showing that it is a kind of moral phenomenology directed to the elimination of egoism through the elimination of a sense of self. We then ask whether being raised in a Buddhist culture in which the values of selflessness and the sense of non-self are so deeply embedded transforms one’s sense of who one is, one’s ethical attitudes and one’s attitude towards death, and in particular whether those transformations are consistent with the predictions (...)
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  2.  8
    Shrinking Digital Gap Through Automatic Generation of WordNet for Indian Languages.Amita Jain, Devendra K. Tayal & Sunny Rai - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (2):215-222.
  3.  27
    Death and the Self.Shaun Nichols, Nina Strohminger, Arun Rai & Jay Garfield - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):314-332.
    It is an old philosophical idea that if the future self is literally different from the current self, one should be less concerned with the death of the future self. This paper examines the relation between attitudes about death and the self among Hindus, Westerners, and three Buddhist populations. Compared with other groups, monastic Tibetans gave particularly strong denials of the continuity of self, across several measures. We predicted that the denial of self would be associated with a lower fear (...)
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  4.  16
    Paksatā in Navya-Nyāya.A. K. Rai - 1995 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 23 (1):1-8.
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  5.  17
    Pharmacogenetic Interventions, Orphan Drugs, and Distributive Justice: The Role of Cost-Benefit Analysis.Arti K. Rai - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):246-270.
    With the human genome mapped, and with the mapping of more than one hundred animal genomes in progress, the amount of genetic data available is increasing exponentially. This exponential increase in data is having an immediate impact on the process of drug development. By using techniques of information technology to manipulate data regarding the genes, proteins, and biochemical pathways associated with various diseases, scientists are beginning to be able to design drugs in a systematic fashion. In the context of any (...)
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  6.  11
    Locating Gene Patents Within the Patent System.Arti K. Rai - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):18 – 19.
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  7.  2
    Paksat? In Navya-Ny?Ya.A. K. Rai - 1995 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 23 (1):1-8.
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  8.  82
    The Uncompleted Argument: Du Bois and the Illusion of Race.Anthony Appiah - 1985 - Critical Inquiry 12 (1):21-37.
    Contemporary biologists are not agreed on the question of whether there are any human races, despite the widespread scientific consensus on the underlying genetics. For most purposes, however, we can reasonably treat this issue as terminological. What most people in most cultures ordinarily believe about the significance of “racial” difference is quite remote, I think, from what the biologists are agreed on. Every reputable biologist will agree that human genetic variability between the populations of Africa or Europe or Asia is (...)
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  9.  58
    Corporate Social and Financial Performance: An Investigation in the U.K. Supermarket Industry. [REVIEW]Geoff Moore - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):299 - 315.
    The comparison of corporate social performance with corporate financial performance has been a popular field of study over the past 25 years. The results, while broadly conclusive of a positive relationship, are not entirely consistent. In addition, most of the previous studies have concentrated on large-scale cross-industry studies and often with a single variable for corporate social performance, in order to produce statistically significant results. This weakens the richness of understanding that might be obtained from a single industry study with (...)
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  10.  10
    Two More Characterizations of K-Triviality.Noam Greenberg, Joseph S. Miller, Benoit Monin & Daniel Turetsky - 2018 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 59 (2):189-195.
    We give two new characterizations of K-triviality. We show that if for all Y such that Ω is Y-random, Ω is -random, then A is K-trivial. The other direction was proved by Stephan and Yu, giving us the first titular characterization of K-triviality and answering a question of Yu. We also prove that if A is K-trivial, then for all Y such that Ω is Y-random, ≡LRY. This answers a question of Merkle and Yu. The other direction is immediate, so (...)
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  11.  47
    The Question of Ethical Hypocrisy in Human Resource Management in the U.K. And Irish Charity Sectors.Dorothy Foote - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):25 - 38.
    Whilst there is a growing volume of literature exploring the ethical implications of organisational change for HRM and the ethical aspects of certain HRM activities, there have been few published U.K. studies of how HR managers actually behave when faced with ethical dilemmas in their work. This paper seeks to enhance the foundations of such knowledge through an examination of the influence of organisational values on the ethical behaviour of Human Resource Managers within a sample of charities in the U.K. (...)
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  12.  42
    Iconology and Formal Aesthetics: A New Harmony. A Contribution to the Current Debate in Art Theory and Philosophy of Arts on the (Picture-)Action-Theories of Susanne K. Langer and John M. Krois.Sauer Martina - 2016 - Sztuka I Filozofia (Art and Philosophy), Warschau 48:12-29.
    Since the beginning of the 20th Century to the present day, it has rarely been doubted that whenever formal aesthetic methods meet their iconological counterparts, the two approaches appear to be mutually exclusive. In reality, though, an ahistorical concept is challenging a historical analysis of art. It is especially Susanne K. Langer´s long-overlooked system of analogies between perceptions of the world and of artistic creations that are dependent on feelings which today allows a rapprochement of these positions. Krois’s insistence on (...)
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  13.  13
    Hierarchies of [ ... ] º 2-Measurable K -Partitions.Victor L. Selivanov - 2007 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (4):446-461.
    Attempts to extend the classical Hausdorff difference hierarchy to the case of partitions of a space to k > 2 subsets lead to non-equivalent notions. In a hope to identify the right extension we consider the extensions appeared in the literature so far: the limit-, level-, Boolean and Wadge hierarchies of k -partitions. The advantages and disadvantages of the four hierarchies are discussed. The main technical contribution of this paper is a complete characterization of the Wadge degrees of [ ¿ (...)
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  14.  75
    Relativistic Dynamical Theory of Particle Decay and Application to K-Mesons.John R. Fanchi - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (8):1189-1205.
    The theoretical description of particle decay by a single particle theory requires the use of a probability density in time that is not present in conventional theories. The problem of single particle decay is consistently described here within the context of a single particle, relativistic dynamical theory. We derive experimentally testable differences between the standard model and Relativistic Dynamics for a two-state system: the neutral K-meson (K 0) system. We show that the estimate of mass difference between the two states (...)
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  15.  57
    Multisemiosis and Incommensurability.S. K. Arun Murthi & Sundar Sarukkai - 2009 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):297-311.
    Central to Kuhn's notion of incommensurability are the ideas of meaning variance and lexicon, and the impossibility of translation of terms across different theories. Such a notion of incommensurability is based on a particular understanding of what a scientific language is. In this paper we first attempt to understand this notion of scientific language in the context of incommensurability. We consider the consequences of the essential multisemiotic character of scientific theories and show how this leads to even a single theory (...)
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  16.  45
    The Mūlāvidyā Controversy Among Advaita Vedāntins: Was Śaṅkara Himself Responsible? [REVIEW]S. K. Arun Murthi - 2009 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 37 (2):149-177.
    The concept of avidyā or ignorance is central to the Advaita Vedāntic position of Śȧnkara. The post-Śaṅkara Advaitins wrote sub-commentaries on the original texts of Śaṅkara with the intention of strengthening his views. Over the passage of time the views of these sub-commentators of Śaṅkara came to be regarded as representing the doctrine of Advaita particularly with regard to the concept of avidyā. Swami Satchidanandendra Saraswati, a scholar-monk of Holenarsipur, challenged the accepted tradition through the publication of his work Mūlāvidyānirāsaḥ, (...)
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  17.  17
    K-Transforms in Classical and Paraconsistent Logics.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Roque Da C. Caiero - 1999 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 7:63.
    We study some metamathematical properties of various classicaland paraconsistent logical systems. In particular, we discuss the concept ofa k-transform of a formula and consider some of its applications.
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  18.  17
    Rejected Axioms for the “Nonsense-Logic” W and the K-Valued Logic of Sobociński.Robert Sochacki - 2008 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (4):321-327.
    In this paper rejection systems for the “nonsense-logic” W and the k-valued implicational-negational sentential calculi of Sobociński are given. Considered systems consist of computable sets of rejected axioms and only one rejection rule: the rejection version of detachment rule.
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  19.  13
    O guia medicinal Primitive Physick de John Wesley de 1747: ciência, charlatania ou medicina social? (John Wesley's medical guide Primitive Physic[k] from 1747: science, charlatanism or social medicine?) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p339. [REVIEW]Helmut Renders - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (21):339-353.
    Resumo Em 1747, John Wesley, spiritus rector do movimento metodista, publicou a primeira edição do seu guia medicinal Primitive Physic[k] . Qual era o seu propósito num mundo onde a academia real, herbalistas, curandeiros/as, exorcistas e charlatães competiam pela atenção da população? O artigo apresenta os diferentes grupos que atuaram, ou pretendiam atuar, em prol da saúde na Inglaterra do século 18, e compara o conteúdo do guia Primitive Physic[k] com suas propostas e estratégias terapêuticas. Conclua-se que uma parte significativa (...)
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  20.  40
    Common Sense and Evidence: Some Neglected Arguments in Favour of E=K.Artūrs Logins - 2017 - Theoria 83 (2):120-137.
    In this article I focus on some unduly neglected common-sense considerations supporting the view that one's evidence is the propositions that one knows. I reply to two recent objections to these considerations.
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  21.  10
    Understanding and Attenuating the Complexity Catastrophe in Kauffman'sN K Model of Genome Evolution.Daniel Solow, Apostolos Burnetas, Ming-Chi Tsai & Neil S. Greenspan - 1999 - Complexity 5 (1):53-66.
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  22. The Argument From Illusion: A Response to Dr. K. Srinivas.B. Sambasiva Prasad - 2005 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1-2):141-146.
     
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  23.  11
    Action in Late Ming Thought: The Reorientation of Lü K'un and Other Scholar-Officials.Joanna F. Handlin - 1985 - Philosophy East and West 35 (4):450-452.
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  24.  10
    Literary Theory and Structure: Essays in Honor of William K. Wimsatt.Frank Brady, John Palmer & Martin Price - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (2):298-299.
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  25.  10
    Something About O. K. Bouwsma.B. R. Tilghman & Ronald E. Hustwit - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):394.
  26.  7
    A Refutation of Juan K'an's Essay—Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life.Hsi K'ang - 1983 - In His K'ang & Robert G. Henricks (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press. pp. 155-168.
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  27.  7
    K'ung-Ts'ung-Tzu, the K'ung Family Masters' Anthology: A Study and Translation of Chapters 1-10, 12-14.Yoav Ariel - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (4):571-573.
  28.  6
    A Selected Bibliography of Studies of Hsi K'ang and the Thought of the Times.Robert G. Henricks & His K'ang - 1983 - In Robert G. Henricks & His K'ang (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press. pp. 201-202.
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  29.  6
    An Answer to Juan K'an's Explanation to My Refutation of His Essay—Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life.Hsi K'ang - 1983 - In His K'ang & Robert G. Henricks (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press. pp. 180-200.
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  30.  6
    An Explanation to Hsi K'ang's Refutation of My Essay—Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life.Juan K'an - 1983 - In Robert G. Henricks & His K'ang (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press. pp. 169-179.
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  31. K Ung-Ts Ung-Tzu a Study and Translation of Chapters 15-23, with a Reconstruction of the 'Hsiao Erh-Ya' Dictionary.Yoav Ariel - 1996
     
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  32. Psyche: A Journal of General and Linguistic Psychology 1920-1952. Edited by ≪b>c.K. Ogden≪/B≫.C. K. Ogden (ed.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    Launched in 1920 by C K Ogden and others as the successor to the Cambridge Magazine , Psyche occupied a unique place for over 30 years as a journal of general and linguistic psychology. Committed from the outset to keeping readers abreast of developments in the burgeoning fields of experimental, theoretical, and applied psychology, Psyche provided not only systematic reporting in these domains but set itself the task of stimulating research of high quality by the critical thrust of its editorial (...)
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  33. Marxism and Science Fiction: A Celebration of the Work of Ursula K. Le Guin.Burns Tony - 2004 - Capital and Class (84).
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  34.  44
    Corporate Philanthropy in the U.K. 1985–2000 Some Empirical Findings.David Campbell, Geoff Moore & Matthias Metzger - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):29 - 41.
    This paper briefly reviews the theories that seek to explain the phenomenon of corporate charitable donations and then provides a review of the empirical issues that have arisen in previous studies in this area. The findings of an analysis of charitable donations data from the entire U.K. FTSE index for the years 1985–2000 are then reported. These findings include the observation of a time-related increase in charitable donations, which is compared with an earlier study to give a 24 year history (...)
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  35.  30
    Communicating About Ethics with Small Firms: Experiences From the U.K. And Spain. [REVIEW]Laura J. Spence & José Félix Lozano - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):43 - 53.
    This article introduces the important issue of communicating with small firms about ethical issues. Evidence from two research projects from the U.K. and Spain are used to indicate some of the important issues and how small firms may differ from large firms in this area. The importance of informal mechanisms such as the influence of friends, family and employees are highlighted, and the likely ineffectiveness of formal tools such as Codes and Social and Ethical Standards suggested. Further resarch in the (...)
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  36.  36
    Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW]Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  37.  52
    Cultural Orientation and Attitudes Toward Different Forms of Whistleblowing: A Comparison of South Korea, Turkey, and the U.K. [REVIEW]Heungsik Park, John Blenkinsopp, M. Kemal Oktem & Ugur Omurgonulsen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (4):929 - 939.
    This article reports the findings of a cross-cultural study that explored the relationship between nationality, cultural orientation, and attitudes toward different ways in which an employee might blow the whistle. The study investigated two questions – are there any significant differences in the attitudes of university students from South Korea, Turkey and the U.K. toward various ways by which an employee blows the whistle in an organization?, and what effect, if any, does cultural orientation have on these attitudes? In order (...)
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  38.  92
    Expressions of Corporate Social Responsibility in U.K. Firms.Diana C. Robertson & Nigel Nicholson - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (10):1095 - 1106.
    This study examines corporate publications of U.K. firms to investigate the nature of corporate social responsibility disclosure. Using a stakeholder approach to corporate social responsibility, our results suggest a hierarchical model of disclosure: from general rhetoric to specific endeavors to implementation and monitoring. Industry differences in attention to specific stakeholder groups are noted. These differences suggest the need to understand the effects on social responsibility disclosure of factors in a firm's immediate operating environment, such as the extent of government regulation (...)
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  39.  21
    Exploring Corporate Social Responsibility in the U.K. Asian Small Business Community.Ian Worthington, Monder Ram & Trevor Jones - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (2):201-217.
    Within the limited, but growing, literature on small business ethics almost no attention has been paid to the issue of social responsibility within ethnic minority businesses. Using a social capital perspective, this paper reports on an exploratory and qualitative investigation into the attitudinal and behavioural manifestations of CSR within small and medium-sized Asian owned or managed firms in the U.K., with particular reference to the distinctive factors motivating organisational responses. It offers alternative explanations of entrepreneurial behaviour and suggests areas for (...)
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  40.  39
    A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing: The Use of Ethics-Related Terms in 10-K Reports.Tim Loughran, Bill McDonald & Hayong Yun - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S1):39-49.
    We examine the occurrence of ethicsrelated terms in 10-K annual reports over 1994-2006 and offer empirical observations on the conceptual framework of Erhard et al. 2007). We use a pre-Sarbanes-Oxley sample subset to compare the occurrence of ethics-related terms in our 10-K data with samples from other studies that consider virtue-related phenomena. We find that firms using ethics-related terms are more likely to be "sin" stocks, are more likely to be the object of class action lawsuits, and are more likely (...)
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  41.  32
    Support for Investor Activism Among U.K. Ethical Investors.Alan Lewis & Craig Mackenzie - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (3):215 - 222.
    An important goal of ethical investment is to influence companies to improve their ethical and environmental performance. The principal means that many ethical funds employ is passive market signalling, which may not, on its own, have a significant effect. A much more promising approach may be active engagement. This paper reports on a questionnaire study of a sample of 1146 ethical investors in order to assess whether U.K. ethical investors would support more activist ethical investment and whether they would be (...)
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  42. L'antropologia di k. Wojtyla come sintesi del pensiero clasico e della modernità.Antonio Malo - 2006 - Acta Philosophica: Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia 15 (1):11-28.
    Convinced that anthropology constitutes the nucleus of K. Wojtyla's thought, the author attempts to discover what kind of anthropology is at the basis of Wojtyla's philosophical writings and the implications of that anthropology. The analysis of the basic structures of Wojtyla's anthropology (the experience of that which occurs and that of action, the structure of the person-act, the transcendence of the person in truth, gift, etc.) leads the author to hold that Wojtyla's philosophy can be considered a coherent metaphysics of (...)
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  43. Basic Knowledge and Contextualist “E = K”.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):282-292.
    Timothy Williamson (2000) makes a strong prima facie case for the identification of a subject's total evidence with the subject's total knowledge (E = K). However, as Brian Weatherson (Ms) has observed, there are intuitively problematic consequences of E = K. In this article, I'll offer a contextualist implementation of E = K that provides the resources to respond to Weatherson's argument; the result will be a novel approach to knowledge and evidence that is suggestive of an unexplored contextualist approach (...)
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  44.  72
    The Δ-Quantum Machine, the K-Model, and the Non-Ordinary Spatiality of Quantum Entities.Sassoli de Bianchi Massimiliano - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (1):11-41.
    The purpose of this article is threefold. Firstly, it aims to present, in an educational and non-technical fashion, the main ideas at the basis of Aerts’ creation-discovery view and hidden measurement approach : a fundamental explanatory framework whose importance, in this author’s view, has been seriously underappreciated by the physics community, despite its success in clarifying many conceptual challenges of quantum physics. Secondly, it aims to introduce a new quantum machine—that we call the δ quantum machine —which is able to (...)
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  45.  49
    The Corporate Social Responsibility of Pharmaceutical Product Recalls: An Empirical Examination of U.S. And U.K. Markets. [REVIEW]Eng Tuck Cheah, Wen Li Chan & Corinne Lin Lin Chieng - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (4):427-449.
    The pressure on companies to practice corporate social responsibility (CSR) has gained momentum in recent times as a means of sustaining competitive advantage in business. The pharmaceutical industry has been acutely affected by this trend. While pharmaceutical product recalls have become rampant and increased dramatically in recent years, no comprehensive study has been conducted to study the effects of announcements of recalls on the shareholder returns of pharmaceutical companies. As product recalls could significantly damage a company's reputation, profitability and brand (...)
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  46.  10
    The K-Factor, Covitality, and Personality.Aurelio José Figueredo, Geneva Vásquez, Barbara Hagenah Brumbach & Stephanie M. R. Schneider - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (1):47-73.
    We present a psychometric test of life history theory as applied to human individual differences using MIDUS survey data (Brim et al. 2000). Twenty scales measuring cognitive and behavioral dimensions theoretically related to life history strategy were constructed using items from the MIDUS survey. These scales were used to construct a single common factor, the K-factor, which accounted for 70% of the reliable variance. The scales used included measures of personal, familial, and social function. A second common factor, Covitality, was (...)
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  47.  35
    Does Corporate Philanthropy Exist?: Business Giving to the Arts in the U.K.Lance Moir & Richard Taffler - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):149-161.
    This paper addresses the question of the existence of corporate philanthropy. It proposes a framework for analysing corporate philanthropy along the dimensions of business/society interest and primary/secondary stakeholder focus. The framework is then applied in order to understand business involvement with the arts in the U.K. A unique dataset of 60 texts which describe different firms' involvement with the Arts is analysed using formal content analysis to uncover the motivations for business involvement. Cluster analysis is then used in order to (...)
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  48.  11
    Applying D. K. Lewis’s Counterfactual Theory of Causation to the Philosophy of Historiography.Alexander Maar - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (3):349-369.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 349 - 369 A theory of causation suitable for historiography must accommodate the many types of causal claims historians make. In this paper, I examine the advantages of applying D. K. Lewis’s counterfactual theory of causation to the philosophy of historiography. I contend that Lewis’s possible world semantics offers a superior framework for making sense of historical causation, and that it lays the foundation for historians to look at history as causal series of (...)
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  49.  26
    Truth, Consequences and Culture: A Comparative Examination of Cheating and Attitudes About Cheating Among U.S. And U.K. Students. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Salter, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):37-50.
    As Post observes, accounting firms are unique among multinationals. They are more likely than firms in almost any other category to go abroad. They also have less choice in location as their expansion is determined largely by the desired locations of their clients. Given the widespread global presence of such firms, it can be argued that the global audit firm is uniquely at risk from variations in ethical perceptions across nations. This study extends the U.S. accounting literature on determinants of (...)
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  50.  41
    The Corporate Social Performance Content of Innovation in the U.K.Stephen Pavelin & Lynda A. Porter - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):711-725.
    This article investigates the influence of innovation on the relationship between corporate strategy and social issues. Specifically, we employ firm-level data for a large sample of U.K. companies drawn from a diverse range of industrial sectors to investigate, given innovation, the determinants of both the probability that the innovation brings reduced environmental impacts and/or improved health and safety, and the strength of this effect. In this connection, we find evidence of a dichotomy between product and process innovations, and roles for (...)
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