Results for 'Niall O'Brolchain'

999 found
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  1.  42
    Algorithmic governance: Developing a research agenda through the power of collective intelligence.Kalpana Shankar, Burkhard Schafer, Niall O'Brolchain, Maria Helen Murphy, John Morison, Su-Ming Khoo, Muki Haklay, Heike Felzmann, Aisling De Paor, Anthony Behan, Rónán Kennedy, Chris Noone, Michael J. Hogan & John Danaher - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (2).
    We are living in an algorithmic age where mathematics and computer science are coming together in powerful new ways to influence, shape and guide our behaviour and the governance of our societies. As these algorithmic governance structures proliferate, it is vital that we ensure their effectiveness and legitimacy. That is, we need to ensure that they are an effective means for achieving a legitimate policy goal that are also procedurally fair, open and unbiased. But how can we ensure that algorithmic (...)
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  2.  19
    The ethics of self-tracking. A comprehensive review of the literature.Michał Wieczorek, Fiachra O'Brolchain, Yashar Saghai & Bert Gordijn - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 33 (4):239-271.
    This paper presents a literature review on the ethics of self-tracking technologies which are utilized by users to monitor parameters related to their activity and bodily parameters. By examining a total of 65 works extracted through a systematic database search and backwards snowballing, the authors of this review discuss three categories of opportunities and ten categories of concerns currently associated with self-tracking. The former include empowerment and well-being, contribution to health goals, and solidarity. The latter are social harms, privacy and (...)
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  3.  39
    Challenges and Opportunities of Lifelog Technologies: A Literature Review and Critical Analysis.Tim Jacquemard, Peter Novitzky, Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Alan F. Smeaton & Bert Gordijn - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):379-409.
    In a lifelog, data from various sources are combined to form a record from which one can retrieve information about oneself and the environment in which one is situated. It could be considered similar to an automated biography. Lifelog technology is still at an early stage of development. However, the history of lifelogs so far shows a clear academic, corporate and governmental interest. Therefore, a thorough inquiry into the ethical aspects of lifelogs could prove beneficial to the responsible development of (...)
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  4. The Convergence of Virtual Reality and Social Networks: Threats to Privacy and Autonomy.Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Tim Jacquemard, David Monaghan, Noel O’Connor, Peter Novitzky & Bert Gordijn - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):1-29.
    The rapid evolution of information, communication and entertainment technologies will transform the lives of citizens and ultimately transform society. This paper focuses on ethical issues associated with the likely convergence of virtual realities and social networks, hereafter VRSNs. We examine a scenario in which a significant segment of the world’s population has a presence in a VRSN. Given the pace of technological development and the popularity of these new forms of social interaction, this scenario is plausible. However, it brings with (...)
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  5.  32
    Privacy challenges in smart homes for people with dementia and people with intellectual disabilities.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (3):253-265.
    The aim of this paper is to analyse the ethical issues relating to privacy that arise in smart homes designed for people with dementia and for people with intellectual disabilities. We outline five different conceptual perspectives on privacy and detail the ways in which smart home technologies may violate residents’ privacy. We specify these privacy threats in a number of areas and under a variety of conceptions of privacy. Furthermore, we illustrate that informed consent may not provide a solution to (...)
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  6.  18
    Robots and people with dementia: Unintended consequences and moral hazard.Fiachra O’Brolcháin - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):962-972.
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  7.  22
    Robots and people with dementia: Unintended consequences and moral hazard.Fiachra O’Brolcháin - 2017 - Nursing Ethics:096973301774296.
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  8.  26
    Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Information Technologies. Some Ethical Observations—A Comment on Chalgoumi et al.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (3):218-222.
    This comment on Chalgoumi et al.’s article “Information Privacy for Technology Users with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Why Does It Matter?” focuses on the concept of autonomy in order to expand the scope of the ethical discussion. First we explore the conceptual and practical relations between privacy and autonomy. Following this, we address the issue of underfunding of information technology for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities in terms of distributive justice and provide some potential policy solutions.
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  9.  19
    Inclusion of Assistive Technologies in a Basic Package of Essential Healthcare Service.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):117-132.
    This paper outlines the potential and necessity of the development of assistive technologies for people with intellectual disabilities. We analyse a policy recommendation designed to determine the contents of a basic health package supplied by the state, known as the Dunning Funnel. We contend that the Dunning Funnel is a useful methodology, but is weakened by a potentially relativistic understanding of “necessity” in relation to the requirements of people with IDs. We remedy this defect by using the capabilities approach as (...)
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  10.  17
    The Ethics of Smart Stadia: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Croke Park Project.Bert Gordijn, Simone Colle & Fiachra O’Brolcháin - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (3):737-769.
    The development of “smart stadia”, i.e. the use of “smart technologies” in the way sports stadia are designed and managed, promises to enhance the experience of attending a live match through innovative and improved services for the audience, as well as for the players, vendors and other stadium stakeholders. These developments offer us a timely opportunity to reflect on the ethical implications of the use of smart technologies and the emerging Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT has the potential to (...)
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  11.  13
    Responsibility-Enhancing Assistive Technologies and People with Autism.Fiachra O’Brolchain & Bert Gordijn - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (4):607-616.
    This paper aims to explore the role assistive technologies might play in helping people with autism spectrum disorder and a concomitant responsibility deficit become more morally responsible. Toward this goal, the authors discuss the philosophical concept of responsibility, with a reliance on Nicole Vincent’s taxonomy of responsibility concepts. They then outline the ways in which ASD complicates ascriptions of responsibility, particularly responsibility understood as a capacity. Further, they explore the ways in which ATs might improve a person’s capacity so that (...)
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  12.  25
    The Ethics of Smart Stadia: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Croke Park Project.Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Simone de Colle & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (3):737-769.
    The development of “smart stadia”, i.e. the use of “smart technologies” in the way sports stadia are designed and managed, promises to enhance the experience of attending a live match through innovative and improved services for the audience, as well as for the players, vendors and other stadium stakeholders. These developments offer us a timely opportunity to reflect on the ethical implications of the use of smart technologies and the emerging Internet of Things. The IoT has the potential to radically (...)
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  13.  61
    A Review of Contemporary Work on the Ethics of Ambient Assisted Living Technologies for People with Dementia.Peter Novitzky, Alan F. Smeaton, Cynthia Chen, Kate Irving, Tim Jacquemard, Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Dónal O’Mathúna & Bert Gordijn - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):707-765.
    Ambient assisted living technologies can provide assistance and support to persons with dementia. They might allow them the possibility of living at home for longer whilst maintaining their comfort and security as well as offering a way towards reducing the huge economic and personal costs forecast as the incidence of dementia increases worldwide over coming decades. However, the development, introduction and use of AAL technologies also trigger serious ethical issues. This paper is a systematic literature review of the on-going scholarly (...)
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  14.  51
    The rhetorical strategy of William Paley’s Natural theology : Part 1, William Paley’s Natural theology in context.Niall O’Flaherty - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):19-25.
    This article reconstructs the historical and philosophical contexts of William Paley’s Natural theology. In the wake of the French Revolution, widely believed to be the embodiment of an atheistic political credo, the refutation of the transmutational biological theories of Buffon and Erasmus Darwin was naturally high on Paley’s agenda. But he was also responding to challenges arising from his own moral philosophy, principally the psychological quandary of how men were to be kept in mind of the Creator. It is argued (...)
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  15.  8
    Utilitarianism in the Age of Enlightenment: The Moral and Political Thought of William Paley.Niall O'Flaherty - 2018 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first book-length study of one of the most influential traditions in eighteenth-century Anglophone moral and political thought, 'theological utilitarianism'. Niall O'Flaherty charts its development from its formulation by Anglican disciples of Locke in the 1730s to its culmination in William Paley's work. Few works of moral and political thought had such a profound impact on political discourse as Paley's Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy. His arguments were at the forefront of debates about the constitution, the (...)
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  16.  19
    Why combatants fight: the Irish Republican Army and the Bosnian Serb Army compared.Siniša Malešević & Niall Ó Dochartaigh - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (3):293-326.
    This article investigates what motivates combatants to fight in non-conventional armed organizations. Drawing on interviews with ex-combatants from the Army of the Serbian Republic in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Provisional Irish Republican Army, the article compares the role of nationalist ideology, coercive organizational structures, and small group solidarity in these two organizations. Our analysis indicates that coercion played a limited role in both armed forces: in the VRS coercion was relevant mostly in the recruitment phase, while in the IRA (...)
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  17. Scale-invariant gravity: Geometrodynamics.Edward Anderson, Julian Barbour, Brendan Foster & Niall Ó~Murchadha - 2003 - Classical and Quantum Gravity 20:1571--604.
     
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  18.  35
    Roman Love Poets - R. O. A. M. Lyne: The Latin Love Poets: from Catullus to Horace. Pp. xiv + 316. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1980. £12.50 (paper £5.25). [REVIEW]Niall Rudd - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (2):216-218.
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  19.  14
    Niall O'Flaherty, Utilitarianism in the Age of Enlightenment: The Moral and Political Thought of William Paley , pp. viii + 339.Max Skjönsberg - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):356-359.
  20.  8
    Reseña de: Ferguson, Niall (2021): Desastre. Historia y política de las catástrofes.David Carrión Morillo - 2022 - Dilemata 39:95-97.
    Niall Ferguson lleva a cabo, en esta obra, un trabajo de gran envergadura al construir una teoría general de los desastres. No se trata solamente del coronavirus en particular, o las pandemias en general, sino de todo tipo de catástrofes, ya sean geológicas, geopolíticas, biológicas o tecnológicas. Si alguien quiere conocer, por tanto, qué lecciones pueden extraerse de los desastres, debe leer este libro.
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  21. Safety and Necessity.Niall J. Paterson - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (3):1081-1097.
    Can epistemic luck be captured by modal conditions such as safety from error? This paper answers ‘no’. First, an old problem is cast in a new light: it is argued that the trivial satisfaction associated with necessary truths and accidentally robust propositions is a symptom of a more general disease. Namely, epistemic luck but not safety from error is hyperintensional. Second, it is argued that as a consequence the standard solution to deal with this worry, namely the invocation of content (...)
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  22.  19
    PoMo Oz: fear and loathing downunder.Niall Lucy - 2010 - North Fremantle, W.A.: Fremantle Press.
    That's according to Niall Lucy in his latest book, PoMo Oz. Pitting his humour and intellect against the conservative power brokers, Lucy champions the notion that free thought, not free trade, is the basis of democracy.
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  23.  62
    Non‐Accidental Knowing.Niall J. Paterson - 2020 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 58 (2):302-326.
    Knowledge excludes luck. According to the received view, this intuition reveals that knowing is essentially modal in character. This paper demurs. Either knowledge does not exclude luck, or the entailment reveals nothing about its conceptual character. It is argued that knowledge excludes accidentality, and that this notion is not modal but causal‐explanatory. There are three central tasks. The first is to explicate the concept of accident. The second is to argue that the concepts of luck and accident are “intensionally distinct,” (...)
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  24.  3
    The Concept of Community from a Global Perspective.Niall Bond (ed.) - 2024 - BRILL.
    This volume presents essays analysing the ambivalent history of the globally influential political and social concept of community and the paradigms it has engendered in academia and politics.
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  25.  7
    Erwin Schrödinger's Color Theory: Translated with Modern Commentary.Keith K. Niall (ed.) - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This book presents the most complete translation to date of Erwin Schrödinger's work on colorimetry. In his work Schrödinger proposed a projective geometry of color space, rather than a Euclidean line-element. He also proposed new (at the time) colorimetric methods - in detail and at length - which represented a dramatic conceptual shift in colorimetry. Schrödinger shows how the trichromatic (or Young-Helmholtz) theory of color and the opponent-process (or Hering) theory of color are formally the same theory, or at least (...)
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  26.  13
    Prioritarian principles for digital health in low resource settings.Niall Winters, Sridhar Venkatapuram, Anne Geniets & Emma Wynne-Bannister - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (4):259-264.
    This theoretical paper argues for prioritarianism as an ethical underpinning for digital health in contexts of extreme disadvantage. In support of this claim, the paper develops three prioritarian principles for making ethical decisions for digital health programme design, grounded in the normative position that the greater the need, the stronger the moral claim. The principles are positioned as an alternative view to the prevailing utilitarian approach to digital health, which the paper argues is not sufficient to address the needs of (...)
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  27. Cultural values, plagiarism, and fairness: When plagiarism gets in the way of learning.Niall Hayes & Lucas D. Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213 – 231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  28. Community in Global Thought (tentative title).Niall Bond (ed.) - 2024
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  29.  15
    Changes in abortion legislation and admissions to paediatric intensive care in Ireland.Niall Tierney, Martina Healy & Barry Lyons - 2024 - Clinical Ethics 19 (1):47-53.
    The Health (Regulation of Termination of Pregnancy) Act 2018 was commenced on 01/01/2019 in Ireland. The Act provides for legal termination of pregnancy under defined circumstances including for any reason at < 12 weeks gestation; and where two doctors agree there is ‘a condition affecting the foetus that is likely to lead to the death of the foetus either before, or within 28 days of, birth’. As such, abortion for congenital anomaly (CA) can occur at a number of time points, (...)
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  30.  12
    Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213-231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  31. Are animal models predictive for humans?Niall Shanks, Ray Greek & Jean Greek - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:2.
    It is one of the central aims of the philosophy of science to elucidate the meanings of scientific terms and also to think critically about their application. The focus of this essay is the scientific term predict and whether there is credible evidence that animal models, especially in toxicology and pathophysiology, can be used to predict human outcomes. Whether animals can be used to predict human response to drugs and other chemicals is apparently a contentious issue. However, when one empirically (...)
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  32. Systems for the production of plagiarists? The implications arising from the use of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities for asian learners.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (1):55-73.
    This paper argues that the inappropriate framing and implementation of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities can unwittingly construct international students as ‘plagiarists’. It argues that these systems are often implemented with inappropriate assumptions about plagiarism and the way in which new members of a community of practice develop the skills to become full members of that community. Drawing on the literature and some primary data it shows how expectations, norms and practices become translated and negotiated in such a way (...)
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  33. Appearing and speaking in Heidegger and Henry.Niall Keane - 2013 - In Stephan Grätzel & Frédéric Seyler (eds.), Sein, Existenz, Leben: Michel Henry und Martin Heidegger. Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
     
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  34.  3
    An Unprecedented Deformation: Marcel Proust and the Sensible Ideas.Niall Keane (ed.) - 2010 - State University of New York Press.
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  35. Yes: Bare Particulars!Niall Connolly - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (5):1355-1370.
    What is the Bare Particular Theory? Is it committed, like the Bundle Theory, to a constituent ontology: according to which a substance’s qualities—and according to the Bare Particular Theory, its substratum also—are proper parts of the substance? I argue that Bare Particularists need not, should not, and—if a recent objection to ‘the Bare Particular Theory’ succeeds—cannot endorse a constituent ontology. There is nothing, I show, in the motivations for Bare Particularism or the principles that distinguish Bare Particularism from rival views (...)
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  36.  14
    The Blackwell Companion to Hermeneutics.Niall Keane & Chris Lawn (eds.) - 2015 - Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
    A Companion to Hermeneutics is a collection of original essays from leading international scholars that provide a definitive historical and critical compendium of philosophical hermeneutics. Offers a definitive historical, systematic, and critical compendium of hermeneutics Represents state-of-the-art thinking on the major themes, topics, concepts and figures of the hermeneutic tradition in philosophy and those who have influenced hermeneutic thought, including Kant, Hegel, Schleiermacher Dilthey, Heidegger, Gadamer, Ricoeur, Foucault, Habermas, and Rorty Explores the art and theory of interpretation as it intersects (...)
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  37. The Square and the Tower: Networks and Power, from the Freemasons to Facebook.Niall Ferguson - 2018
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  38.  14
    Robert Desgabets’ eucharistic thought and the theological revision of Cartesianism.Niall Dilucia - 2022 - Intellectual History Review 32 (4):669-690.
    The seventeenth-century French Benedictine philosopher Dom Robert Desgabets (1610–1678) has been taken by many historians as an idiosyncratic but ultimately loyal proponent of Cartesianism in the years following Descartes’ death. As a Catholic cleric aware of the importance of squaring the new philosophical conclusions of the seventeenth-century with Church theology, Desgabets wrote extensively on the ways in which this could be achieved with regard to the most contentious and complex theological Church dogma of the time: transubstantiation. Through an examination of (...)
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  39.  16
    Salvation and Sir Kenelm Digby’s philosophy of the soul.Niall Dilucia - 2022 - History of European Ideas 49 (3):506-522.
    The English Catholic philosopher Sir Kenelm Digby (1603–1665) has enjoyed a recent spate of scholarly attention as a prodigious traveller, political figure, and man of diverse intellectual interests. This article contributes to this scholarship by assessing the commentary on salvation at the heart of Digby’s philosophy of the soul and the historical contexts in which it was produced. It argues that Digby’s thinking on the soul was a meditation on the worldly interactions a Catholic must undertake or avoid in order (...)
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  40.  14
    “No Time for Love”: Radical Basque Nationalist-Irish Republican Relations and the Emergence of a Shared Political Culture.Niall Cullen - 2022 - Araucaria 24 (50).
    Following the deaths of ten Irish republican hunger strikers in 1981, radical Basque nationalists and Irish republicans of the Basque izquierda abertzale and Irish republican movement respectively, began to develop ever closer ties of transnational “solidarity”. In addition to the relationship between Herri Batasuna and Sinn Féin, more ad hoc organisational links in areas such as youth, prisoner, and language advocacy, fostered a shared political culture at the intersection of both movements, which was periodically reflected through the prism of cultural (...)
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  41.  23
    The Impact of Academic Service Learning as a Teaching Method and its Effect on Emotional Intelligence.Niall Hegarty & John Angelidis - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (4):363-374.
    This article explores Academic Service Learning as a teaching method which bridges the gap between academic requirements for learning and the need of society to have individuals willing to give their time and effort to benefit others in need. Students as part of a course learning requirement engaged in a consulting project whereby a non-profit organization was advised on both short term and long term planning. Students were exposed to the operational needs of the organization as well as the dependency (...)
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  42.  14
    Communities of Learned Experience: Epistolary Medicine in the Renaissance - by Nancy G. Siraisi.Niall Hodson - 2013 - Centaurus 55 (4):435-436.
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  43.  17
    Debating Derrida.Niall Lucy - 1995 - Carlton South, Vict., Australia: Melbourne University Press.
    'There is nothing outside the text.' Possibly no single statement has caused such a storm in critical theory as this famous observation by the French philosopher, Jacques Derrida. While it is often misunderstood as meaning that nothing is real and that political actions are therefore pointless, Debating Derrida demonstrates that Derrida's philosophy does not lack political conviction. Niall Lucy examines three key terms - text, writing and differance - as they are used in three famous debates: Derrida's disputes over (...)
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  44. How the Dead Live.Niall Connolly - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (1):83-103.
    This paper maintains (following Yougrau 1987; 2000 and Hinchliff 1996) that the dead and other former existents count as examples of non-existent objects. If the dead number among the things there are, a further question arises: what is it to be dead—how should the state of being dead be characterised? It is argued that this state should be characterised negatively: the dead are not persons, philosophers etc. They lack any of the (intrinsic) qualities they had while they lived. The only (...)
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  45.  60
    Anarchism and Health.Niall Scott - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):217-227.
    Abstract:This article looks at what anarchism has to offer in debates concerning health and healthcare. I present the case that anarchism’s interest in supporting the poor, sick, and marginalized, and rejection of state and corporate power, places it in a good position to offer creative ways to address health problems. I maintain that anarchistic values of autonomy, responsibility, solidarity, and community are central to this endeavor. Rather than presenting a case that follows one particular anarchist theory, my main goal is (...)
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  46.  27
    Fictional Characters and Characterisations.Niall Connolly - 2023 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 104 (2):348-367.
    Realists about fictional characters posit a certain theoretical role and a candidate to fill this role. I will delineate the role realists take fictional characters like Emma Woodhouse to fill, and I will argue that it is better filled by what I will call ‘characterisations’. In explaining what I mean by ‘characterisations’, I will show that the existence of these entities is comparatively uncontroversial. Realists should acknowledge their existence, but doing so, I will argue, obviates the need to acknowledge the (...)
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  47. Delusions and pathologies of belief : making sense of conspiracy beliefs via the psychosis continuum.Niall Galbraith - 2021 - In Valentina Cardella & Amelia Gangemi (eds.), Psychopathology and Philosophy of Mind: What Mental Disorders Can Tell Us About Our Minds. Routledge.
     
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  48.  31
    The evident object of inquiry.Keith K. Niall - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):578-578.
  49.  21
    Queering a Gay Cliché: The Rough Trade/Sugar Daddy Relationship in Derek Jarman's Caravaggio.Niall Richardson - 2005 - Paragraph 28 (3):36-53.
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  50.  18
    Queer Masculinity: The Representation of John Paul Pitoc's Body in Trick.Niall Richardson - 2003 - Paragraph 26 (1-2):232-244.
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