Results for 'S. D. Rieber'

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  1.  46
    Causation as Property Acquisition.S. D. Rieber - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 109 (1):53 - 74.
    Persistence theories of causation – such as transference theory, conserved-quantity theory, and Douglas Ehring's theory – attempt to analyzecausation in terms of some persisting entityconnecting cause and effect. While mostpersistence accounts are intended as empiricaltheories, this article develops a persistenceanalysis of the concept of causation. The basic idea is that the central concept ofdirect causation can be analyzed in terms ofproperty acquisition. The analysis cohereswith our ordinary causal judgments andprovides a straightforward explanation of thedirection of causation. It also explains whybackwards (...)
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  2. The Paradoxes of Analysis and Synonymy.S. D. Rieber - 1994 - Erkenntnis 41 (1):103 - 116.
    The very idea of informative analysis gives rise to a well-known paradox. Yet a parallel puzzle, herein called the paradox of synonymy, arises for statements which do not express analyses. The paradox of synonymy has a straightforward metalinguistic solution: certain words are referring to themselves. Likewise, the paradox of analysis can be solved by recognizing that certain expressions in an analysis statement are referring to their own semantic structures.
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  3.  17
    Aristophanes: Peace. Ed. And Comm. S.D. Olson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. Pp. Lxxiv + 330. £55. 0198140819.Alan H. Sommerstein & S. D. Olson - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:159-160.
  4.  44
    Risk, Contractualism, and Rose's "Prevention Paradox".S. D. John - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (1):28-50.
    Geoffrey Rose’s prevention paradox points to a tension between two prima facie plausible moral principles: that we should save the greater number and that weshould save the most at risk. This paper argues that a novel moral theory, ex-ante contractualism, captures our intuitions in many prevention paradox cases, regardless of our interpretation of probability claims. However, it goes on to show that it might be impossible to square ex-ante contractualism with all of our moral intuitions. It concludes that even if (...)
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  5.  19
    Risk, Contractualism, and Rose's.S. D. John - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (1):28-50.
    Geoffrey Rose’s prevention paradox points to a tension between two prima facie plausible moral principles: that we should save the greater number and that weshould save the most at risk. This paper argues that a novel moral theory, ex-ante contractualism, captures our intuitions in many prevention paradox cases, regardless of our interpretation of probability claims. However, it goes on to show that it might be impossible to square ex-ante contractualism with all of our moral intuitions. It concludes that even if (...)
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  6.  74
    Addendum to “Einstein’s “Zur Electrodynamik...” Revisited, with Some Consequences” by S. D. Agashe.S. D. Agashe - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (2):306-309.
  7.  62
    The Normative Nature of Perceptual Experience.S. D. Kelly - 2010 - In Bence Nanay (ed.), Perceiving the World. Oxford University Press. pp. 146.
  8.  7
    Refined Verisimilitude.S. D. Zwart - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The subject of the present inquiry is the approach-to-the-truth research, which started with the publication of Sir Karl Popper's Conjectures and Refutations. In the decade before this publication, Popper fiercely attacked the ideas of Rudolf Carnap about confirmation and induction; and ten years later, in the famous tenth chapter of Conjectures he introduced his own ideas about scientific progress and verisimilitude. Abhorring inductivism for its apprecia tion of logical weakness rather than strength, Popper tried to show that fallibilism could serve (...)
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  9.  55
    Einstein’s “Zur Elektrodynamik...” Revisited, With Some Consequences.S. D. Agashe - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (7):955-1011.
    Einstein, in his “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper”, gave a physical (operational) meaning to “time” of a remote event in describing “motion” by introducing the concept of “synchronous stationary clocks located at different places”. But with regard to “place” in describing motion, he assumed without analysis the concept of a system of co-ordinates.In the present paper, we propose a way of giving physical (operational) meaning to the concepts of “place” and “co-ordinate system”, and show how the observer can define both the (...)
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  10.  22
    Logical Form in Natural Language.S. D. Guttenplan - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (153):538.
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  11. Should Oscar Pistorius Be Excluded From the 2008 Olympic Games?S. D. Edwards - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):112 – 125.
    This paper discusses the predicament of Oscar Pistorius. He is a Paralympic gold medallist who wishes to participate in the Olympics in Beijing in 2008. Following a brief introductory section, the paper discusses the arguments that could be, and have been, deployed against his participation in the Olympics, should he make the qualifying time for his chosen event (400m). The next section discusses a more hypothetical argument based upon a specific understanding of the fair opportunity rule. According to this, there (...)
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  12.  8
    Sex Differences in Brain Asymmetry of the Rodent.S. D. Glick, A. R. Schonfeld & A. J. Strumpf - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):236-236.
  13.  50
    Disability, Identity and the "Expressivist Objection".S. D. Edwards - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):418-420.
    The practice of prenatal screening for disability is sometimes objected to because of the hurt and offence such practices may cause to people currently living with disabilities. This objection is commonly termed “the expressivist objection”. In response to the objection it is standardly claimed that disabilities are analogous to illnesses. And just as it would be implausible to suppose reduction of the incidence of illnesses such as flu sends a negative message to ill people, so it is not plausible to (...)
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  14.  8
    Medical Students’ Exposure to Ethics Conflicts in Clinical Training: Implications for Timing UME Bioethics Education.S. D. Stites, S. Rodriguez, C. Dudley & A. Fiester - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (2):85-97.
    While there is significant consensus that undergraduate medical education should include bioethics training, there is widespread debate about how to teach bioethics to medical students. Educators disagree about course methods and approaches, the topics that should be covered, and the effectiveness and metrics for UME ethics training. One issue that has received scant attention is the timing of bioethics education during medical training. The existing literature suggests that most medical ethics education occurs in the pre-clinical years. Follow-up studies indicate that (...)
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  15.  98
    Better to Exist: A Reply to Benatar.S. D. Baum - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):875-876.
    A recent exchange on Benatar’s book Better never to have been between Doyal and Benatar discusses Benatar’s bold claim that people should not be brought into existence. Here, I expand the discussion of original position that the exchange focused on. I also discuss the asymmetries, between benefit and harm and between existence and non-existence, upon which Benatar’s bold claim rests. In both discussions, I show how Benatar’s bold claim can be rejected.
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  16.  60
    The Ashley Treatment: A Step Too Far, or Not Far Enough?S. D. Edwards - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):341-343.
    This “current controversies” contribution describes the recent case of a severely disabled six year old girl who has been subjected to a range of medical interventions at the request of her parents and with the permission of a hospital clinical ethics committee. The interventions prescribed have become known as “the Ashley treatment” and involve the performance of invasive medical procedures (eg, hysterectomy) and oestrogen treatment. A central aim of the treatment is to restrict the growth of the child and thus (...)
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  17.  24
    Prevention of Disability on Grounds of Suffering.S. D. Edwards - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):380-382.
    This paper examines one particular justification for the screening and termination of embryos/fetuses which possess genetic features known to cause disability. The particular case is that put forward in several places by John Harris. He argues that the obligation to prevent needless suffering justifies the prevention of the births of disabled neonates. The paper begins by rehearsing Harris's case. Then, drawing upon claims advanced in a recent paper in the Journal of Medical Ethics, it is subjected to critical scrutiny, focusing (...)
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  18.  39
    Aśvagho s\d{s}A's Buddhacarita: The First Known Close and Critical Reading of the Brahmanical Sanskrit Epics. [REVIEW]Alf Hiltebeitel - 2005 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 34 (3):229-286.
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  19.  14
    Ethical Concerns Regarding Guidelines for the Conduct of Clinical Research on Children.S. D. Edwards - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (6):351-354.
    In this article we examine ethical aspects of the involvement of children in clinical research, specifically those who are incapable of giving informed consent to participate. The topic is, of course, not a new one in medical ethics but there are some tensions in current guidelines that, in our view, need to be made explicit and which need to be responded to by the relevant official bodies. In particular, we focus on tensions between the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki, (...)
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  20.  13
    The Athenian Institution of the Khoregia. The Chorus, the City and the Stage. [REVIEW]S. D. Lambert & P. Wilson - 2002 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 122:178-179.
  21.  9
    Informing Research Participants of Research Results: Analysis of Canadian University Based Research Ethics Board Policies.S. D. MacNeil - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (1):49-54.
    Background: Despite potential benefits of the return of research results to research participants, the TriCouncil Policy Statement , which reflects Canadian regulatory ethical requirements, does not require this. The policies of Canadian research ethics boards are unknown.Objectives: To examine the policies of Canadian university based REBs regarding returning results to research participants, and to ascertain if the presence/absence of a policy may be influenced by REB member composition.Design: Email survey of the coordinators of Canadian university based REBs to determine the (...)
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  22.  25
    How to Take Deontological Concerns Seriously in Risk-Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Re-Interpretation of the Precautionary Principle.S. D. John - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (4):221-224.
    In this paper the coherence of the precautionary principle as a guide to public health policy is considered. Two conditions that any account of the principle must meet are outlined, a condition of practicality and a condition of publicity. The principle is interpreted in terms of a tripartite division of the outcomes of action . Such a division of outcomes can be justified on either “consequentialist” or “deontological” grounds. In the second half of the paper, it is argued that the (...)
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  23.  15
    The Art of Nursing.S. D. Edwards - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (5):393-400.
    This article discusses the question of whether, as is often claimed, nursing is properly described as an art. Following critical remarks on the claims of Carper, Chinn and Watson, and Johnson, the account of art provided by RG Collingwood is described, with particular reference to his influential distinction between art and craft. The question of whether nursing is best described as an art or a craft is then discussed. The conclusion is advanced that nursing cannot properly be described as an (...)
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  24.  18
    Is the Harm Principle Illiberal?S. D. Smith - 2006 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 51 (1):1-42.
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  25.  57
    Unified Description of Bianchi Type-I Universe in $$F\,$$ F Gravity.S. D. Katore, S. P. Hatkar & R. J. Baxi - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (4):409-427.
    The present study explores the Bianchi type I universe in the frame work of f theory of gravity by considering strange quark matter attached to string cloud and domain walls in the presence and absence of magnetism. Field equations are solved by choosing a constant curvature method. It is found that obtained cosmological models are relevant to the early era of evolution of the universe. The strange quark matter may be a source of string cloud and domain walls.
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  26.  7
    Malachi 4:4−6 as a Point of Convergence in the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible: A Consideration of the Intra and Intertextual Relationships. [REVIEW]S. D. Snyman - 2012 - Hts Theological Studies 68 (1).
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  27.  6
    The Relationship Between CSP and Organizational Size, Financial Performance, and Environmental Performance: An Empirical Examination.P. A. Stanwick & S. D. Stanwick - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (2):195-204.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the corporate social performance of an organization and three variables: the size of the organization, the financial performance of the organization, and the environmental performance of the organization. By empirically testing data from 1987 to 1992, the results of the study show that a firm's corporate social performance is indeed impacted by the size of the firm, the level of profitability of the firm, and the amount of pollution emissions (...)
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  28.  19
    Safeguarding Children in Clinical Research.S. D. Edwards - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (4):530-537.
    Current UK guidelines regarding clinical research on children permit research that is non-therapeutic from the perspective of that particular child. The guidelines permit research interventions that cause temporary pain, bruises or scars. It is argued here that such research conflicts with the Declaration of Helsinki according to which the interests of the research subject outweigh all other interests. Given this, in the context of clinical research, who is best placed to protect the child from this kind of exploitation? Is it (...)
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  29. The Paratactic Account of Saying Of.S. D. Guttenplan - 1979 - Analysis 39 (2):94 - 100.
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  30.  11
    Islam Et Capitalisme.S. D. Goitein & Maxime Rodinson - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (4):614.
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  31.  32
    The Extended Siddha-Principle.S. D. Joshi & Paul Kiparsky - unknown
    P¯an.ini’s grammar includes several types of metarules which determine how its operational rules apply. Among them are “traffic rules” which constrain how rules interact with each other in grammatical derivations. These are typically formulated as designating a rule or class of rules asiddha “not effected” (or asiddhavat “as if not effected”) with respect to another rule or class of rules. For economy, the rules so designated are grouped into several sections, whose headings collectively declare them to be asiddha(vat). The biggest (...)
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  32.  57
    What Are the Limits to the Obligations of the Nurse?S. D. Edwards - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):90-94.
    This paper enquires into the nature and the extent of the obligations of nurses. It is argued that nurses appear to be obliged to undertake supererogatory acts if they take clause one of the United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting (UKCC) Code of Professional Conduct seriously (as, indeed, they are required to do). In the first part of the paper, the nature of nursing obligations is outlined, and then the groups and individuals to whom nurses have (...)
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  33.  16
    The Relative Difficulty of Morse Code Alphabet Characters Learned by the Whole Method.S. D. S. Spragg - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (2):108.
  34.  13
    Hume and Contemporary Ethical Naturalism.S. D. Guttenplan - 1983 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 8 (1):309-320.
  35.  17
    Patañjali's Vyākaraṇa-Mahābhāṣya. Avyayībhāvatat-Puruṣāhnika (P. 2.1.2-2.1.49)Patanjali's Vyakarana-Mahabhasya. Avyayibhavatat-Purusahnika. [REVIEW]Rosane Rocher, S. D. Joshi, Patañjali & Patanjali - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (1):114.
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  36.  8
    Activation of Single Phonon Infra-Red Lattice Absorption in Neutron Irradiated Diamond.S. D. Smith & J. R. Hardy - 1960 - Philosophical Magazine 5 (60):1311-1314.
  37.  17
    Rejoinder of Mr. Seth D. Merton.S. D. Merton - 1904 - The Monist 14 (4):602 - 603.
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  38.  18
    Attitudes of Research Ethics Board Chairs Towards Disclosure of Research Results to Participants: Results of a National Survey.S. D. MacNeil & C. V. Fernandez - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (9):549-553.
    Background: The offer of aggregate study results to research participants following study completion is increasingly accepted as a means of demonstrating greater respect for participants. The attitudes of research ethics board chairs towards this practice, although integral to policy development, are unknown.Objectives: To determine the attitudes of REB chairs and the practices of REBs with respect to disclosure of results to research participants.Design: A postal questionnaire was distributed to the chairs of English-language university-based REBs in Canada. In total, 88 REB (...)
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  39.  8
    Modern Islam: The Search for Cultural Identity.S. D. Goitein & G. E. von Grunebaum - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (2):185.
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  40. Teleology, Aristotelian Virtue, and Right.S. D. Walsh - 2009 - In James P. Sterba (ed.), Ethics: The Big Questions. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 409--418.
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  41.  12
    Whitehead's Metaphysics.D. W. S. - 1958 - Review of Metaphysics 12 (2):325-326.
  42.  25
    The Moral Status of Intellectually Disabled Individuals.S. D. Edwards - 1997 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (1):29-42.
    The moral status accorded to an individual (or class of individuals) helps to account for the weight of the moral obligations considered due to an individual (or class of individuals). Strong arguments can be given to indicate that the moral status accorded, justly or unjustly, to individuals with intellectual disabilities is less than that accorded to those considered intellectually able. This paper suggests that such a view of the moral status of intellectually disabled individuals derives from individualism. Ontological and normative (...)
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  43.  5
    Ultrathin Films of Clay–Protein Composites.S. D. Miao, F. Bergaya & R. A. Schoonheydt - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (17-18):2529-2541.
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  44.  25
    An Argument Against Research on People with Intellectual Disabilities.S. D. Edwards - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (1):69-73.
  45.  9
    Cracks in the Coordination Account? Authority and Reasons for Action.S. D. Smith - 2005 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 50 (1):249-256.
  46.  41
    Beauty Is Not All There Is to Aesthetics in Mathematics.R. S. D. Thomas - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw019.
    Aesthetics in philosophy of mathematics is too narrowly construed. Beauty is not the only feature in mathematics that is arguably aesthetic. While not the highest aesthetic value, being interesting is a sine qua non for publishability. Of the many ways to be interesting, being explanatory has recently been discussed. The motivational power of what is interesting is important for both directing research and stimulating education. The scientific satisfaction of curiosity and the artistic desire for beautiful results are complementary but both (...)
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  47.  19
    Rudyard Kipling's India.D. M. S., K. Bhaskara Rao & Rudyard Kipling - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):382.
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  48.  2
    Survey of India's Social Life and Economic Condition in the Eighteenth Century.D. M. S. & Kalikinkar Datta - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (2):208.
  49.  9
    Downey, R., Gasarch, W. And Moses, M., The Structure.S. D. Friedman, W. G. Handley, S. S. Wainer, A. Joyal, I. Moerdijk, L. Newelski, F. van Engelen & J. van Oosten - 1994 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 70 (1):287.
  50.  19
    From the Mediterranean to India: Documents on the Trade to India, South Arabia, and East Africa From the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries.S. D. Goitein - 1954 - Speculum 29 (2, Part 1):181-197.
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