Results for 'Jeffrey E. Foss'

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  1.  4
    Jeffrey E. Foss, Beyond Environmentalism: A Philosophy of Nature Reviewed By.Philip Rose - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (1):30-33.
  2. Materialism, Reduction, Replacement, and the Place of Consciousness in Science.Jeffrey E. Foss - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (8):401-429.
  3.  15
    Rethinking Self-Deception.Jeffrey E. Foss - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (3):237-242.
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  4.  58
    On the Evolution of Intentionality as Seen From the Intentional Stance.Jeffrey E. Foss - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):287-310.
    Like everyone with a scientific bent of mind, Dennett thinks our capacity for meaningful language and states of mind is the product of evolution (Dennett [1987, ch. VIII]). But unlike many of this bent, he sees virtue in viewing evolution itself from the intentional stance. From this stance, ?Mother Nature?, or the process of evolution by natural selection, bestows intentionality upon us, hence we are not Unmeant Meaners. Thus, our intentionality is extrinsic, and Dennett dismisses the theories of meaning of (...)
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  5.  36
    Is There a Natural Sexual Inequality of Intellect? A Reply to Kimura.Jeffrey E. Foss - 1996 - Hypatia 11 (3):24 - 46.
    The noted psychologist, Doreen Kimura, has argued that we should not expect to find equal numbers of men and women in various professions because there is a natural sexual inequality of intellect. In rebuttal I argue that each of these mutually supporting theses is insufficiently supported by the evidence to be accepted. The social and ethical dimensions of Kimura's work, and of the scientific study of the nature-nurture controversy in general, are briefly discussed.
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  6.  82
    Beyond Environmentalism: A Philosophy of Nature.Jeffrey E. Foss - 2008 - Wiley.
    Beyond Environmentalism is the first book of its kind to present a timely and relevant analysis of environmentalism.
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  7.  46
    How Many Beliefs Can Dance in the Head of the Self-Deceived?Jeffrey E. Foss - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):111-112.
    Mele desires to believe that the self-deceived have consistent beliefs. Beliefs are not observable, but are instead ascribed within an explanatory framework. Because explanatory cogency is the only criterion for belief attribution, Mele should carefully attend to the logic of belief-desire explanation. He does not, and the consistency of his own account as well as that of the self-deceived, are the victims.
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  8.  4
    The Logical and Sociological Structure of Science.Jeffrey E. Foss - 1998 - ProtoSociology 12:66-77.
  9. Ronald N. Giere (Ed.): Cognitive Models of Science. [REVIEW]Jeffrey E. Foss - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (6):311-315.
  10.  28
    C. I. Lewis and Dayton on Pragmatic Contradiction.Jeffrey E. Foss - 1981 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 17 (2):153 - 157.
    Dayton's account of lewis' pragmatic contradiction seriously misconstrues this key concept by analyzing it in terms of logical contradiction. this order of analysis is explicitly rejected by lewis as the reverse of the proper order in which the pragmatic concept is foundational to logic and epistemology. i outline a correct account of pragmatic contradiction. then lewis' application of the idea to moral skepticism and the liar paradox is reconsidered, and is seen to vindicate his claim that both skeptic and liar (...)
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  11.  13
    Just the Facts, and Only the Facts, About Human Rationality?Jeffrey Foss - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):254-255.
    Elqayam & Evans' (E&E's) laudable program to keep the scientific investigation of human reasoning norm-free and focused on the facts alone is an essential part of a long tradition in the philosophy of science – but it faces deeper difficulties than the authors seem to realize, since reasoning is a competence, and the very concept of competence is normative.
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  12. A Theistic Argument Against Platonism (and in Support of Truthmakers and Divine Simplicity).Michael Bergmann & Jeffrey E. Brower - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 2:357-386.
    Predication is an indisputable part of our linguistic behavior. By contrast, the metaphysics of predication has been a matter of dispute ever since antiquity. According to Plato—or at least Platonism, the view that goes by Plato’s name in contemporary philosophy—the truths expressed by predications such as “Socrates is wise” are true because there is a subject of predication (e.g., Socrates), there is an abstract property or universal (e.g., wisdom), and the subject exemplifies the property.1 This view is supposed to be (...)
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  13. Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Jeffrey E. Brower presents and explains the hylomorphic conception of the material world developed by Thomas Aquinas, according to which material objects are composed of both matter and form. In addition to presenting and explaining Aquinas's views, Brower seeks wherever possible to bring them into dialogue with the best recent literature on related topics. Along the way, he highlights the contribution that Aquinas's views make to a host of contemporary metaphysical debates, including the nature of change, composition, material constitution, (...)
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  14. Simplicity and Aseity.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2009 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press. pp. 105-28.
    There is a traditional theistic doctrine, known as the doctrine of divine simplicity, according to which God is an absolutely simple being, completely devoid of any metaphysical complexity. On the standard understanding of this doctrine—as epitomized in the work of philosophers such as Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas—there are no distinctions to be drawn between God and his nature, goodness, power, or wisdom. On the contrary, God is identical with each of these things, along with anything else that can be predicated (...)
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  15. Material Constitution and the Trinity.Jeffrey E. Brower & Michael C. Rea - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (1):57-76.
    The Christian doctrine of the Trinity poses a serious philosophical problem. On the one hand, it seems to imply that there is exactly one divine being; on the other hand, it seems to imply that there are three. There is another well-known philosophical problem that presents us with a similar sort of tension: the problem of material constitution. We argue in this paper that a relatively neglected solution to the problem of material constitution can be developed into a novel solution (...)
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  16. Making Sense of Divine Simplicity.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):3-30.
    According to the doctrine of divine simplicity, God is an absolutely simple being lacking any distinct metaphysical parts, properties, or constituents. Although this doctrine was once an essential part of traditional philosophical theology, it is now widely rejected as incoherent. In this paper, I develop an interpretation of the doctrine designed to resolve contemporary concerns about its coherence, as well as to show precisely what is required to make sense of divine simplicity.
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  17. Aquinas on the Problem of Universals.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (2):715-735.
  18. Matter, Form, and Individuation.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press. pp. 85-103.
    Few notions are more central to Aquinas’s thought than those of matter and form. Although he invokes these notions in a number of different contexts, and puts them to a number of different uses, he always assumes that in their primary or basic sense they are correlative both with each other and with the notion of a “hylomorphic compound”—that is, a compound of matter (hyle) and form (morphe). Thus, matter is an entity that can have form, form is an entity (...)
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  19. Aquinas on Mental Representation: Concepts and Intentionality.Jeffrey E. Brower & Susan Brower-Toland - 2008 - Philosophical Review 117 (2):193-243.
    This essay explores some of the central aspects of Aquinas's account of mental representation, focusing in particular on his views about the intentionality of concepts (or intelligible species). It begins by demonstrating the need for a new interpretation of his account, showing in particular that the standard interpretations all face insurmountable textual difficulties. It then develops the needed alternative and explains how it avoids the sorts of problems plaguing the standard interpretations. Finally, it draws out the implications of this interpretation (...)
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  20. Aristotelian Vs. Contemporary Perspectives on Relations.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2016 - In Anna Marmodoro & David Yates (eds.), The Metaphysics of Relations. Oxford University Press.
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  21. Medieval Theories of Relations.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2001 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The purpose of this entry is to provide a systematic introduction to medieval views about the nature and ontological status of relations. Given the current state of our knowledge of medieval philosophy, especially with regard to relations, it is not possible to discuss all the nuances of even the best known medieval philosophers' views. In what follows, therefore, we shall restrict our aim to identifying and describing (a) the main types of position that were developed during the Middle Ages, and (...)
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  22. The Problem with Social Trinitarianism: A Reply to Wierenga.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2004 - Faith and Philosophy 21 (3):295-303.
    In a recent article, Edward Wierenga defends a version of Social Trinitarianism according to which the Persons of the Trinity form a unique society of really distinct divine beings, each of whom has its own exemplification of divinity. In this paper, I call attention to several philosophical and theological difficulties with Wierenga’s account, as well as to a problem that such difficulties pose for Social Trinitarianism generally. I then briefly suggest what I take to be a more promising approach to (...)
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  23. The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2006 - Philosophical Review 115 (2):259-262.
  24. Abelard's Theory of Relations: Reductionism and the Aristotelian Tradition.Jeffrey E. Brower - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (3):605-631.
  25.  33
    Aquinas on the Individuation of Substances.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 5 (1).
    Aquinas has much to say about individuation over the course of his career. Although certain aspects of his views appear to undergo development, there is one aspect that remains constant throughout—namely, his commitment to assigning both prime matter and quantity an essential role in the individuation of substances. This paper examines the vexed issue of how either prime matter or quantity, as Aquinas understands them, could have any role to play in this context. In the course of doing so, the (...)
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  26. 10. Understanding the Trinity.Jeffrey E. Brower & Michael C. Rea - 2005 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 8 (1):145-157.
    The doctrine of the Trinity poses a deep and difficult problem. On the one hand, it says that there are three distinct Persons—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—and that each of these Persons “is God”. On the other hand, it says that there is one and only one God. So it appears to involve a contradiction. It seems to say that there is exactly one divine being, and also that there is more than one. How are we to make sense of (...)
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  27.  20
    Applying Ethics a Text with Readings.Jeffrey Olen & Vincent E. Barry - 1989
    This book incorporates a practical treatment of moral principles and reasoning, as well as broad coverage of contemporary moral problems to enable students to become confident and consistent moral reasoners.
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  28.  67
    Reason and Faith: Themes From Swinburne.Michael Bergmann & Jeffrey E. Brower (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The past fifty years have been an enormously fruitful period in the field of philosophy of religion, and few have done more to advance its development during this time than Richard Swinburne. His pioneering work has systematically developed a comprehensive set of positions within this field, and made major contributions to fields such as metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of science. This volume presents a collection of ten new essays in philosophy of religion that develop and critically engage themes from Swinburne's (...)
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  29. Relations Without Polyadic Properties: Albert the Great On the Nature and Ontological Status of Relations.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2001 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (3):225-257.
    I think it would be fair to say that, until about 1900, philosophers were generally reluctant to admit the existence of what are nowadays called polyadic properties.1 It is important to recognize, however, that this reluctance on the part of pre-twentieth-century philosophers did not prevent them from theorizing about relations. On the contrary, philosophers from the ancient through the modern period have had much to say about both the nature and the ontological status of relations. In this paper I examine (...)
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  30. The Cambridge Companion to Abelard.Jeffrey E. Brower & Kevin Guilfoy (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Peter Abelard is one of the greatest philosophers of the medieval period. Although best known for his views about universals and his dramatic love affair with Heloise, he made a number of important contributions in metaphysics, logic, philosophy of language, mind and cognition, philosophical theology, ethics, and literature. The essays in this volume survey the entire range of Abelard's thought, and examine his overall achievement in its intellectual and historical context. They also trace Abelard's influence on later thought and his (...)
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  31. Anselm on Ethics.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2004 - In Brian Davies & Brian Leftow (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Anselm. Cambridge University Press. pp. 222-56.
    There is a real question about whether Anselm developed anything like a systematic ethical theory.1 Indeed, scholars have sometimes suggested that his treatment of ethical matters consists in little more than recapitulation of ethical principles implicit in Scripture or transmitted to him by Christian thinkers such as Augustine and Boethius.2 The truth of the matter, however, is quite the opposite. Although it is easy to overlook the systematic nature of Anselm’s ethical theorizing, as well as its genuine originality, his contribution (...)
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  32. Cognitive Psychology in the Middle Ages.Simon Kemp.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2000 - Speculum 75 (1):206-207.
  33.  22
    Introduction.Jeffrey E. Pfeifer & Thomas Hadjistavropoulos - 1998 - Ethics and Behavior 8 (3):195 – 197.
  34. Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors.Jeffrey E. Barnett - 2009 - American Counseling Association.
    The ACA code of ethics -- The counseling relationship -- Confidentiality, privileged communication, and privacy -- Professional responsibility -- Relationships with other professionals -- Evaluation, assessment, and interpretation -- Supervision, training, and teaching -- Research and publication -- Resolving ethical issues -- Decision making and ethical practice in counseling -- An ethical decision-making process for counselors -- Ethical issues regarding culture and diversity -- Confidentiality -- Exceptions to confidentiality -- Counseling suicidal clients -- Boundaries and multiple relationships in counseling -- (...)
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  35.  12
    Jeffrey E. Brower: Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects.Bruno Niederbacher - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (1):109-112.
  36.  8
    The Family Camps Out: A Study in Nonverbal Communication.Jeffrey E. Nash - 1982 - Semiotica 39 (3-4).
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  37. Richard Cross, Duns Scotus[REVIEW]Jeffrey E. Brower - 2001 - Philosophia Christi 3:310-311.
  38. Matter.Jeffrey E. Brower - forthcoming - In Robert Audi (ed.), Cambrige Dictionary of Philosophy, 3rd. ed. Cambridge University Press.
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  39.  69
    Two Meanings of Disenchantment: Sociological Condition Vs. Philosophical Act—Reassessing Max Weber’s Thesis of the Disenchantment of the World.Jeffrey E. Green - 2005 - Philosophy and Theology 17 (1-2):51-84.
    Although the primary meaning of Max Weber’s concept of disenchantment is as a sociological condition (the retreat of magic and myth from social life through processes of secularization and rationalization), as Weber himself makes clear in his address, “Science as a Vocation,” disenchantment can also be a philosophical act: an unusual form of moral discourse that derives new ethical direction out of the very untenability of a previously robust moral tradition. The philosophical variant of disenchantment is significant both because it (...)
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  40.  12
    Catching Up with Our Changing (Digital) World: A Comment on Baier.Jeffrey E. Barnett - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (5):352-358.
    Many mental health clinicians participate in the use of social media in their professional and personal lives. There are a number of ethics issues and challenges associated with this social media use, particularly with regard to self-disclosure. In this comment, key issues relevant to social media use and self-disclosure are addressed including relevant ethics guidance for participating in social media; social media use, boundaries, and multiple relationships; informed consent and the social media policy; and preparation of our next generation for (...)
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  41. Special Issue of ACPQ on Peter Abelard.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2).
  42.  24
    The Shame of Being a Philosopher.Jeffrey E. Green - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (2):266-272.
  43. Paul V. Spade (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ockham[REVIEW]Jeffrey E. Brower - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (4):588-589.
  44.  31
    Two Meanings of Disenchantment: Sociological Condition Vs. Philosophical Act—Reassessing Max Weber’s Thesis of the Disenchantment of the World.Jeffrey E. Green - 2005 - Philosophy and Theology 17 (1/2):51-84.
    Although the primary meaning of Max Weber’s concept of disenchantment is as a sociological condition (the retreat of magic and myth from social life through processes of secularization and rationalization), as Weber himself makes clear in his address, “Science as a Vocation,” disenchantment can also be a philosophical act: an unusual form of moral discourse that derives new ethical direction out of the very untenability of a previously robust moral tradition. The philosophical variant of disenchantment is significant both because it (...)
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  45.  19
    Jeffrey E. Brower: Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014, 350 Pp, $74.00.Joshua Farris - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 79 (3):301-304.
  46.  11
    Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects, by Jeffrey E. Brower. Pp. Xxii, 327, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014. $74.00. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Froula - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (1):122-122.
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  47. Brower Jeffrey E. And Kevin Guilfoy (Eds): The Cambridge Companion to Abelard.Bloch Olivier & Lettres aSophie - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (3):571-575.
     
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  48.  41
    John Haldane (Ed.), Mind, Metaphysics, and Value in the Thomistic and Analytical Traditions[REVIEW]Jeffrey E. Brower - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (3).
  49. Jeffrey E. Bower and Kevin Guilfoy, Eds., The Cambridge Companion to Peter Abelard. [REVIEW]Rondo Keele - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (5):317-320.
     
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  50.  4
    Hud Hudson. A Grotesque in the Garden.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:704-709.
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