Results for 'Alison P. Klein'

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  1.  7
    Genetic Research Involving Human Biological Materials: A Need to Tailor Current Consent Forms.Sara Chandros Hull, Holly Gooding, Alison P. Klein, Esther Warshauer-Baker, Susan Metosky & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2004 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 26 (3):1.
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  2.  21
    The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Pierre Duhem, P. P. Wiener.Martin J. Klein - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):354-355.
  3.  8
    Book Review:The Nature of Some of Our Physical Concepts P. W. Bridgman. [REVIEW]Martin J. Klein - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (2):164-.
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  4.  10
    Skepticism.P. Klein - 2002 - In P. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    In ”Skepticism,” Peter Klein distinguishes between the “Academic Skeptic” who proposes that we cannot have knowledge of a certain set of propositions and the “Pyrrhonian Skeptic” who refrains from opining about whether we can have knowledge. Klein argues that Academic Skepticism is plausibly supported by a “Closure Principle‐style” argument based on the claim that if x entails y and S has justification for x, then S has justification for y. He turns to contextualism to see if it can (...)
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  5.  17
    Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences; Volume 2. [REVIEW]A. B. P. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):404-405.
    This volume "contains eight articles dealing with the intellectual and institutional developments in physics from the mid-1840’s to the mid-1920’s. The primary focus is on the quantum and relativity theories and Einstein’s contributions to these theories. The secondary focus is on thermodynamics and its kinetic theory basis in the nineteenth century." Slightly more than one third of the book is devoted to various aspects of Einstein’s work: M. J. Klein analyzes his difference with Bohr in 1923-1925; R. McCormmach traces (...)
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  6. Handbook of Imagination and Mental Simulation.Julie A. Suhr Markman, Keith D., William M. P. Klein, William M. P. Klein & Julie A. Suhr (eds.) - 2012 - Psychology Press.
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  7. How Reason Almost Lost its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality.P. Erickson, J. L. Klein, L. Daston, R. Lemov, T. Sturm & M. D. Gordin - 2013 - University of Chicago Press: Chicago.
  8.  9
    From Bounded Morality to Consumer Social Responsibility: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Socially Responsible Consumption and Its Obstacles.Michael P. Schlaile, Katharina Klein & Wolfgang Böck - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (3):561-588.
    Corporate social responsibility has been intensively discussed in business ethics literature, whereas the social responsibility of private consumers appears to be less researched. However, there is also a growing interest from business ethicists and other scholars in the field of consumer social responsibility. Nevertheless, previous discussions of ConSR reveal the need for a viable conceptual basis for understanding the social responsibility of consumers in an increasingly globalized market economy. Moreover, evolutionary aspects of human morality seem to have been neglected despite (...)
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  9.  16
    Stability of Self-Referent Encoding Task Performance and Associations with Change in Depressive Symptoms From Early to Middle Childhood.Brandon L. Goldstein, Elizabeth P. Hayden & Daniel N. Klein - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (8):1445-1455.
  10.  3
    Discourse Analysis: An Approach to the Investigation of Organizational Emergence.Duane P. Truex & Heinz K. Klein - 1996 - In Roland Posner, Heinz Klein, Peter B. Andersen & Berit Holmqvist (eds.), Signs of Work: Semiosis and Information Processing in Organisations. De Gruyter. pp. 227-268.
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  11.  13
    Interoception, Contemplative Practice, and Health.Norman Farb, Jennifer Daubenmier, Cynthia J. Price, Tim Gard, Catherine Kerr, Barnaby D. Dunn, Anne Carolyn Klein, Martin P. Paulus & Wolf E. Mehling - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  12.  10
    Biobehavioral Responses to Stress in Females: Tend-and-Befriend, Not Fight-or-Flight.Shelley E. Taylor, Laura Cousino Klein, Brian P. Lewis, Tara L. Gruenewald, Regan A. R. Gurung & John A. Updegraff - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (3):411-429.
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  13.  68
    Varieties of Off-Line Simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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  14.  5
    Unrealistic Optimism in Early-Phase Oncology Trials.Lynn A. Jansen, Paul S. Appelbaum, William Mp Klein, Neil D. Weinstein, William Cook, Jessica S. Fogel & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2011 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (1):1.
    Unrealistic optimism is a bias that leads people to believe, with respect to a specific event or hazard, that they are more likely to experience positive outcomes and/or less likely to experience negative outcomes than similar others. The phenomenon has been seen in a range of health-related contexts—including when prospective participants are presented with the risks and benefits of participating in a clinical trial. In order to test for the prevalence of unrealistic optimism among participants of early-phase oncology trials, we (...)
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  15.  26
    A Theory of Autobiographical Memory: Necessary Components and Disorders Resulting From Their Loss.Stanley B. Klein, Tim P. German, Leda Cosmides & Rami Gabriel - 2004 - Social Cognition 22:460-490.
    In this paper we argue that autobiographical memory can be conceptualized as a mental state resulting from the interplay of a set of psychological capacities?self-reflection, self-agency, self-ownership and personal temporality?that transform a memorial representation into an autobiographical personal experience. We first review evidence from a variety of clinical domains?for example, amnesia, autism, frontal lobe pathology, schizophrenia?showing that breakdowns in any of the proposed components can produce impairments in autobiographical recollection, and conclude that the self-reflection, agency, ownership, and personal temporality are (...)
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  16. Controversies in Feminism.James P. Sterba, Claudia Card, Jane Flax, Virginia Held, Ellen Klein, Janet Kournay, Michael Levin, Martha Nussbaum & Rosemarie Tong - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Feminism was born in controversy and it continues to flourish in controversy. The distinguished contributors to this volume provide an array of perspectives on issues including: universal values, justice and care, a feminist philosophy of science, and the relationship of biology to social theory.
     
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  17.  8
    No Help for the Coherentist.P. Klein & T. A. Warfield - 1996 - Analysis 56 (2):118-121.
  18.  67
    Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation.Martha Klein - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    This book casts new light on the traditional disagreement between those who hold that we cannot be morally responsible for our actions if they are causally determined, and those who deny this. Klein suggests that reflection on the relation between justice and deprivation offers a way out of this perplexity.
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  19.  25
    Getting Agreement: How Bioethics Got StartedThe Story of Bioethics: From Seminal Works to Contemporary Explorations. [REVIEW]Robert Baker, Jennifer K. Walter & Eran P. Klein - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):50.
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  20.  8
    Early-Emerging Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression and the Serotonin Transporter Promoter Region Polymorphism.E. P. Hayden, L. R. Dougherty, B. Maloney, T. M. Olino, H. Sheikh, C. E. Durbin, J. I. Nurnberger Jr, D. K. Lahiri & D. N. Klein - 2008 - J Affect Disord 107:227-30.
    BACKGROUND: Serotonin transporter promoter genotype appears to increase risk for depression in the context of stressful life events. However, the effects of this genotype on measures of stress sensitivity are poorly understood. Therefore, this study examined whether 5-HTTLPR genotype was associated with negative information processing biases in early childhood. METHOD: Thirty-nine unselected seven-year-old children completed a negative mood induction procedure and a Self-Referent Encoding Task designed to measure positive and negative schematic processing. Children were also genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR gene. (...)
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  21.  4
    Macular Degeneration Affects Eye Movement Behavior During Visual Search.Stefan Van der Stigchel, Richard A. I. Bethlehem, Barrie P. Klein, Tos T. J. M. Berendschot, Tanja C. W. Nijboer & Serge O. Dumoulin - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  22. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Vol. 5, The Swiss Years: Correspondence, 1902-1914.Martin J. Klein, Anne J. Kox, Robert Schulmann & P. M. Harman - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (1):93-93.
     
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  23.  19
    Skills, Dementia, and Bridging Divides in Neuroscience.Eran P. Klein - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):20-21.
  24.  8
    Temperamental Fearfulness in Childhood and the Serotonin Transporter Promoter Region Polymorphism: A Multimethod Association Study.E. P. Hayden, L. R. Dougherty, B. Maloney, C. Emily Durbin, T. M. Olino, J. I. Nurnberger Jr, D. K. Lahiri & D. N. Klein - 2007 - Psychiatr Genet 17:135-42.
    OBJECTIVES: Early-emerging, temperamental differences in fear-related traits may be a heritable vulnerability factor for anxiety disorders. Previous research indicates that the serotonin transporter promoter region polymorphism is a candidate gene for such traits. METHODS: Associations between 5-HTTLPR genotype and indices of fearful child temperament, derived from maternal report and standardized laboratory observations, were examined in a community sample of 95 preschool-aged children. RESULTS: Children with one or more long alleles of the 5-HTTLPR gene were rated as significantly more nervous during (...)
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  25.  7
    In Situobservation of Pore Evolution During Melting and Solidification of Al–Pd–Mn Quasicrystals by Synchrotron X-Ray Radiography.J. Gastaldi *, T. Schenk, G. Reinhart, H. Klein, J. Härtwig, N. Mangelinck-Noël, B. Grushko, H. Nguyen Thi, P. Pino, B. Billia & J. Baruchel - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (3-5):335-340.
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  26.  12
    Perceptions of Control and Unrealistic Optimism in Early-Phase Cancer Trials.Lynn A. Jansen, Daruka Mahadevan, Paul S. Appelbaum, William M. P. Klein, Neil D. Weinstein, Motomi Mori, Catherine Degnin & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (2):121-127.
    Purpose Recent research has found unrealistic optimism among patient-subjects in early-phase oncology trials. Our aim was to investigate the cognitive and motivational factors that evoke this bias in this context. We expected perceptions of control to be a strong correlate of unrealistic optimism. Methods A study of patient-subjects enrolled in early-phase oncology trials was conducted at two sites in the USA. Respondents completed questionnaires designed to assess unrealistic optimism and several risk attribute variables that have been found to evoke the (...)
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  27.  10
    Sex Differences in Biobehavioral Responses to Threat: Reply to Geary and Flinn.Shelley E. Taylor, Brian P. Lewis, Tara L. Gruenewald, Regan A. R. Gurung, John A. Updegraff & Laura Cousino Klein - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (4):751-753.
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  28.  3
    The Stacking Fault Energy in the Vicinity of a Coherent Twin Boundary.H. Gleiter & H. P. Klein - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (5):1009-1026.
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  29.  10
    Wisconsin Healthcare Ethics Committees.Robyn S. Shapiro, John P. Klein & Kristen A. Tym - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):288.
    Over the past two decades ethics committees have proliferated in healthcare institutions across the country. Catalysts for this growth include the endorsement of ethics committees by the New Jersey Supreme Court in the Quinlan case, by the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical Research in its report entitled Deciding to Forgo Life Sustaining Medical Treatment, by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in its 1985 “Baby Doe” regulations, by numerous other courts in (...)
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  30.  21
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Phillip L. Smith, Lawrence D. Klein, Kristin Egelhof, Neela Trivedi, Mary P. Hoy, Harold J. Frantz, J. Theodore Klein, Phillip H. Steedman, William E. Roweton, Mary Jeanne Munroe, Larry Janes, Beverly Lindsay, Ellen Hay Schiller, Paul Albert Emoungu, F. Michael Perko, Susan Frissell, Stephen K. Miller, Samuel M. Vinocur, Gilbert Jr, Elizabeth Sherman Swing & Gerald A. Postiglione - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (4):483-514.
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  31.  30
    The Topography of Symbol: Between Late Antique and Modern Jewish Understanding of Cities.Gil P. Klein - 2006 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 58 (1):16-28.
  32. Authors Index Volume 3.M. Chayut, J. Edwards, C. J. Giunta, U. Klein, H. Kragh, P. Laszlo, S. Le Vent, V. N. Ostrovsky, N. Psarros & S. Psillos - 2001 - Foundations of Chemistry 3 (273).
  33.  18
    Book Reviews Section 1.D. Bob Gowin, Jerry B. Burnell, Pat Keith, Jaw-Woei Chiou, Kermit J. Blank, George Willis, George Kincaid, Lawrence D. Klein, James A. Nathan, Houston M. Burnside, Daniel P. Hudin, Erwin H. Epstein, Ivan L. Barrientos, Darrell S. Willey, Mathew Zachariah, Robert H. Beck & Edward R. Beauchamp - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):134-145.
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  34.  21
    Managed Care, Doctors, and Patients: Focusing on Relationships, Not Rights.Robyn S. Shapiro, Kristen A. Tym, Dan Eastwood, Arthur R. Derse & John P. Klein - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):300-307.
    For over a decade, managed care has profoundly altered how healthcare is delivered in the United States. There have been concerns that the patient-physician relationship may be undermined by various aspects of managed care, such as restrictions on physician choice, productivity requirements that limit the time physicians may spend with patients, and the use of compensation formulas that reward physicians for healthcare dollars not spent. We have previously published data on the effects of managed care on the physician-patient relationship from (...)
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  35.  20
    Cognitive and Temperamental Vulnerability to Depression: Longitudinal Associations with Regional Cortical Activity.Elizabeth P. Hayden, Stewart A. Shankman, Thomas M. Olino, C. Emily Durbin, Craig E. Tenke, Gerard E. Bruder & Daniel N. Klein - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1415-1428.
  36.  14
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Ezri Atzmon, Lois M. R. Louden, Douglas E. Mitchell, Ben A. Bohnhorst, J. Theodore Klein, Alan Wieder, Robert R. Sherman, Frank P. Diulus, Larry H. Ebbers, George W. Bright, Jack K. Campbell & Elizabeth Ihle - 1978 - Educational Studies 9 (2):183-210.
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  37.  9
    A Modified Delphi Study of Structures and Processes Related to Medicines Management for Elderly Hospitalised Patients in the United Arab Emirates.Saeed Al Shemeili, Susan Klein, Alison Strath, Saleh Fares & Derek Stewart - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (5):781-791.
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  38.  6
    X-Ray Line Broadening in Explosively Shocked Magnesium Oxide.M. J. Klein & P. S. Rudman - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (132):1199-1206.
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  39.  19
    Managed Care: Effects on the Physician-Patient Relationship.Robyn S. Shapiro, Kristen A. Tym, Jeffrey L. Gudmundson, Arthur R. Derse & John P. Klein - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (1):71-81.
    Over the past several years, healthcare has been profoundly altered by the growth of managed care. Because managed care integrates the financing and delivery of healthcare services, it dramatically alters the roles and relationships among providers, payers, and patients. While analysis of this change has focused on whether and how managed care can control costs, an increasingly important concern among healthcare providers and recipients is the impact of managed care on the physicianpatient relationship, but little data have been collected and (...)
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  40.  5
    Initiation of Crack Propagation in KCl.S. W. Freiman, P. F. Becher & P. H. Klein - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 31 (4):829-837.
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  41.  6
    The Role of Current Affect, Anticipated Affect and Spontaneous Self-Affirmation in Decisions to Receive Self-Threatening Genetic Risk Information.Rebecca A. Ferrer, Jennifer M. Taber, William M. P. Klein, Peter R. Harris, Katie L. Lewis & Leslie G. Biesecker - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (8):1456-1465.
  42.  2
    In Situstudy of Quasicrystal Growth by Synchrotron X-Ray Imaging.J. Gastaldi, G. Reinhart, H. Nguyen-Thi, N. Mangelinck-Noel, B. Billia, T. Schenk, J. Härtwig, B. Grushko, H. Klein, A. Buffet, J. Baruchel, H. Jung, P. Pino & B. Przepiarzynski - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):3079-3087.
  43. Essays in Honor of Jacob Klein. --.Douglas Allanbrook & Jacob Klein - 1976 - St. John's College Press.
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  44. Kant-Festschrift. Zu Kants 200.L. Wenger & P. Klein - 1924 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 4 (4):33-36.
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  45. The Curious Case of the Self-Refuting Straw Man: Trafimow and Earp’s Response to Klein (2014).Stan Klein - 2016 - Theory and Psychology 26:549– 556.
    In their critique of Klein (2014a), Trafimow and Earp present two theses. First, they argue that, contra Klein, a well-specified theory is not a necessary condition for successful replication. Second, they contend that even when there is a well-specified theory, replication depends more on auxiliary assumptions than on theory proper. I take issue with both claims, arguing that (a) their first thesis confuses a material conditional (what I said) with a modal claim (T&E’s misreading of what I said), (...)
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  46. Klein and Loftus's Model of Trait Self-Knowledge: The Importance of Familiarizing Oneself with the Foundational Research Prior to Reading About its Neuropsychological Applications.Stan Klein - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:1-3.
    In this article I want to alert investigators who are familiar only with our neuropsychological investigations of self-knowledge to our earlier work on model construction. A familiarity with this foundational research can help avert concerns and issues likely to arise if one is aware only of neuropsychological extensions of our work.
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  47.  30
    Allen P. F. Sell. John Locke and the Eighteenth Century Divines. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.) Pp. 444. £40.00 Hbk. [REVIEW]A. B. P. - 1998 - Religious Studies 34 (2):231-234.
  48.  36
    Eberhard Herrmann. Scientific Theory and Religious Belief: An Essay on the Rationality of Views of Life. Pp. 128. Dfl. 69.90.Peter Van Inwagen. God, Knowledge and Mystery: Essays in Philosophical Theology, Pp. 284. Morton Klass. Ordered Universes: Approaches to the Anthropology of Religion. Pp. Xiv + 177. £37.00 Hb, £11.50 Pb.Ian S. Markham. Plurality and Christian Ethics. Pp. Xiv + 225. £32.50.M. A. Stewart & John P. Wright, Ed. Hume and Hume's Connexions. Pp. Xvi + 266. £39.50. [REVIEW]Brian R. Clack, C. B. & H. P. - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (2):293.
  49.  38
    Ausgewählte Briefe von Jacob Klein an Gerhard Krüger, 1929-1933.Jacob Klein & Emmanuel Patard - 2006 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 6 (1):308-329.
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  50.  12
    If Government is so Villainous, How Come Government Officials Don't Seem Like Villains?: Daniel B. Klein.Daniel B. Klein - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):91-106.
    At lunch one day a colleague and I had a friendly argument over occupational licensing. I attacked it for being anticompetitive, arguing that licensing boards raise occupational incomes by restricting entry, advertising, and commercialization. My colleague, while acknowledging anticompetitive aspects, affirmed the need for licensing on the grounds of protecting the consumer from frauds and quacks. In many areas of infrequent and specialized dealing, consumers are not able, ex ante or even ex post, to evaluate competence. I countered by suggesting (...)
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