Results for 'Mark Staples'

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  1.  44
    Critical Rationalism and Engineering: Ontology.Mark Staples - 2014 - Synthese 191 (10):2255-2279.
    Engineering is often said to be ‘scientific’, but the nature of knowledge in engineering is different to science. Engineering has a different ontological basis—its theories address different entities and are judged by different criteria. In this paper I use Popper’s three worlds ontological framework to propose a model of engineering theories, and provide an abstract logical view of engineering theories analogous to the deductive-nomological view of scientific theories. These models frame three key elements from definitions of engineering: requirements, designs of (...)
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  2.  47
    Critical Rationalism and Engineering: Methodology.Mark Staples - 2015 - Synthese 192 (1):337-362.
    Engineering deals with different problem situations than science, and theories in engineering are different to theories in science. So, the growth of knowledge in engineering is also different to that in science. Nonetheless, methodological issues in engineering epistemology can be explored by adapting frameworks already established in the philosophy of science. In this paper I use critical rationalism and Popper’s three worlds framework to investigate error elimination and the growth of knowledge in engineering. I discuss engineering failure arising from the (...)
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  3.  85
    Model Structure Adequacy Analysis: Selecting Models on the Basis of Their Ability to Answer Scientific Questions.Mark L. Taper, David F. Staples & Bradley B. Shepard - 2008 - Synthese 163 (3):357-370.
    Models carry the meaning of science. This puts a tremendous burden on the process of model selection. In general practice, models are selected on the basis of their relative goodness of fit to data penalized by model complexity. However, this may not be the most effective approach for selecting models to answer a specific scientific question because model fit is sensitive to all aspects of a model, not just those relevant to the question. Model Structural Adequacy analysis is proposed as (...)
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  4. The Derivativist Reading of Heidegger’s Remarks About Language in Being and Time: A Critique.Adrian Staples - forthcoming - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology:1-15.
    Heidegger’s remarks about language in Being and Time do not constitute a comprehensive theory of language. Hubert Dreyfus, William Blattner and Mark Wrathall each propose a derivativist reading of...
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  5.  4
    The Derivativist Reading of Heidegger’s Remarks About Language in Being and Time: A Critique.Adrian James Staples - forthcoming - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology:1-15.
    Heidegger’s remarks about language in Being and Time do not constitute a comprehensive theory of language. Hubert Dreyfus, William Blattner and Mark Wrathall each propose a derivativist reading of...
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  6. Extended Cognition and the Mark of the Cognitive.Mark Rowlands - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):1 – 19.
    According to the thesis of the extended mind (EM) , at least some token cognitive processes extend into the cognizing subject's environment in the sense that they are (partly) composed of manipulative, exploitative, and transformative operations performed by that subject on suitable environmental structures. EM has attracted four ostensibly distinct types of objection. This paper has two goals. First, it argues that these objections all reduce to one basic sort: all the objections can be resolved by the provision of an (...)
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  7.  56
    The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration Into the United States.Winthrop Staples & Philip Cafaro - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (1).
  8.  31
    Statelessness, Sentimentality and Human Rights: A Critique of Rorty’s Liberal Human Rights Culture.Kelly Staples - 2011 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (9):1011-1024.
    This article considers the ongoing difficulties for mainstream political theory of actualizing human rights, with particular reference to Rorty’s attempt to transcend their liberal foundations. It argues that there is a problematic disjuncture between his articulation of exclusion and his hope for inclusion via the expansion of the liberal human rights culture. More specifically, it shows that Rorty’s description of victimhood is based on premises unavailable to him, with the consequence that stateless persons are rendered inhuman, and, further, that his (...)
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  9.  20
    Statelessness and the Politics of Misrecognition.Kelly Staples - 2012 - Res Publica 18 (1):93-106.
    This article focuses on the account of disrespect found in Honneth’s theory of recognition. In it, I am particularly interested in the form of misrecognition or disrespect which is the negation of respect , and which is clearly represented by statelessness. Respect, for Honneth, is closely connected to legal recognition. Guided by Honneth’s view of critical theory as ‘not entirely without a foundation in social reality’, the article puts together an analysis of the political dynamics of his model of disrespect. (...)
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  10.  30
    Currents in Contemporary Ethics: Improve Privacy in Research by Eliminating Informed Consent? IOM Report Misses the Mark.Mark A. Rothstein - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):507-512.
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  11. Mathematics: Truth and Fiction? Review of Mark Balaguer's Platonism and Anti-Platonism in Mathematics.Mark Colyvan & Edward N. Zalta - 1999 - Philosophia Mathematica 7 (3):336-349.
    Mark Balaguer’s project in this book is extremely ambitious; he sets out to defend both platonism and fictionalism about mathematical entities. Moreover, Balaguer argues that at the end of the day, platonism and fictionalism are on an equal footing. Not content to leave the matter there, however, he advances the anti-metaphysical conclusion that there is no fact of the matter about the existence of mathematical objects.1 Despite the ambitious nature of this project, for the most part Balaguer does not (...)
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  12. Ontological Independence as the Mark of the Real. Jody Azzouni. Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. Viii + 241. ISBN 0-19-515988-8. [REVIEW]Mark Colyvan - 2005 - Philosophia Mathematica 13 (2):216-225.
  13. (Book Review) Ontological Independence as the Mark of the Real. [REVIEW]Mark Colyvan - 2005 - Philosophia Mathematica 13 (2):216-225.
  14.  47
    Towards a Broadening of the Concept of Religious Experience: Some Phenomenological Considerations: Mark Wynn.Mark Wynn - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (2):147-166.
    The recent philosophical literature on religious experience has mostly been concerned with experiences which are taken by the subject of the experience to be directly of God or some other supernatural entity, or to involve some suspension of the subject–object structure of conventional experience. In this paper I consider a further kind of experience, where the sense of God is mediated by way of an appreciation of the existential meanings which are presented by a material context. In this way the (...)
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  15. Schellenberg on Divine Hiddenness and Religious Scepticism: MARK L. McCREARY.Mark L. Mccreary - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):207-225.
    J. L. Schellenberg has constructed major arguments for atheism based on divine hiddenness in two separate works. This paper reviews these arguments and highlights how they are grounded in reflections on perfect divine love. However, Schellenberg also defends what he calls the ‘subject mode’ of religious scepticism. I argue that if one accepts Schellenberg's scepticism, then the foundation of his divine-hiddenness arguments is undermined by calling into question some of his conclusions regarding perfect divine love. In other words, if his (...)
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  16.  90
    Who is the Invader? Alien Species, Property Rights, and the Police Power: Mark Sagoff.Mark Sagoff - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):26-52.
    This paper argues that the occurrence of a non-native species, such as purple loosestrife, on one's property does not constitute a nuisance in the context of background principles of common law. No one is injured by it. The control of non-native species, such as purple loosestrife, does not constitute a compelling public interest, moreover, but represents primarily the concern of an epistemic community of conservation biologists and ecologists. This paper describes a history of cases in agricultural law that establish that (...)
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  17.  12
    Barriers, Benefits, and Beliefs of Brain Training Smartphone Apps: An Internet Survey of Younger US Consumers.John Torous, Patrick Staples, Elizabeth Fenstermacher, Jason Dean & Matcheri Keshavan - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  18.  19
    The Politics of the Human.Laura Brace, Moya Lloyd, Andrew Reid, Kelly Staples, Véronique Pin-Fat & Anne Phillips - 2018 - Contemporary Political Theory 17 (2):207-240.
  19.  22
    The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration Into the United States.Philip Cafaro & I. I. I. Staples - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (1):5-30.
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  20.  19
    How Should We Train Consultant Appraisers? Description and Evaluation of a Pilot Training Model Developed in Scotland.Judy Wakeling, Ian Staples & Niall Cameron - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (3):547-554.
  21.  41
    Change and Continuity in the Concept of Civil Rights: Thurgood Marshall and Affirmative Action*: Mark Tushnet.Mark Tushnet - 1991 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (2):150-171.
    In analyzing the development of the concept of civil rights since the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, two historical accounts seem available. According to the first account, the concept initially encompassed a relatively limited set of rights, associated with the ability of all citizens to engage in the productive activities of the economy and avail themselves of the protection of the legal system. Then the concept gradually expanded to include what had initially been thought of as political rights, such as (...)
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  22. The New Science of the Mind: From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology.Mark Rowlands - 2010 - Bradford.
    There is a new way of thinking about the mind that does not locate mental processes exclusively "in the head." Some think that this expanded conception of the mind will be the basis of a new science of the mind. In this book, leading philosopher Mark Rowlands investigates the conceptual foundations of this new science of the mind. The new way of thinking about the mind emphasizes the ways in which mental processes are embodied, embedded, enacted, and extended. The (...)
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  23.  71
    Comment On D. Wade Hands, “Karl Popper and Economic Methodology: A New Look”: Mark Blaug.Mark Blaug - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):286-288.
    The central argument of this interesting paper is that Popper appears to be inconsistent: on the one hand, he preaches methodological monism-scientific method in the social sciences is identical to scientific method in the natural sciences-and on the other hand he advocates “situational analysis” as the unique method of the social sciences. Situational analysis is nothing but our old neoclassical friend, the rationality principle-individual maximizing behavior subject to constraints-and thus, Popper seems to be saying, neoclassical economics is the only valid (...)
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  24.  10
    Mark C. Murphy, God's Own Ethics: Norms of Divine Agency and the Argument From Evil. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Mark Satta - 2018 - Philosophy in Review 38 (2):73-75.
  25.  14
    Mark Schweda: Entzweiung und Kompensation. Joachim Ritters philosophische Theorie der modernen Welt (Symposion, Bd. 135) und Mark Schweda: Joachim Ritter und die Ritter-Schule zur Einführung.Mark Schweda & Harald Seubert - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):147-153.
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  26.  14
    Mark Walker.Mark Walker - 2006 - Minerva 44 (3):241-250.
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  27. Mark Wrathall: a philosophical pluralist: Mark Wrathall: un filósofo pluralista.Mark Wrathall, Marta Figueras & Joan Méndez - 2013 - HASER. Revista Internacional de Filosofía Aplicada 4:171-179.
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  28. Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behavior.Mark Wilson - 2006 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Mark Wilson presents a highly original and broad-ranging investigation of the way we get to grips with the world conceptually, and the way that philosophical problems commonly arise from this. He combines traditional philosophical concerns about human conceptual thinking with illuminating data derived from a large variety of fields including physics and applied mathematics, cognitive psychology, and linguistics. Wandering Significance offers abundant new insights and perspectives for philosophers of language, mind, and science, and will also reward the interest of (...)
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  29. Slaves of the Passions.Mark Schroeder - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Long claimed to be the dominant conception of practical reason, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the objective prescriptivity of morality. As a result, it has come under intense attack in recent decades. A wide variety of arguments have been advanced which purport to show that it is false, or surprisingly, even that it is incoherent. Slaves of the Passions aims to set the record (...)
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  30.  9
    An Interview with Mark Kleiman.Mark Allen Kleiman - 1999 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 1 (2):17-22.
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  31. When Truth Gives Out.Mark Richard - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Is the point of belief and assertion invariably to think or say something true? Is the truth of a belief or assertion absolute, or is it only relative to human interests? Most philosophers think it incoherent to profess to believe something but not think it true, or to say that some of the things we believe are only relatively true. Common sense disagrees. It sees many opinions, such as those about matters of taste, as neither true nor false; it takes (...)
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  32.  16
    Staples John. A Non-Standard Representation of Boolean Algebras, and Applications. The Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, Vol. 1 , Pp. 315–320. [REVIEW]Abraham Robinson - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):337-337.
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  33. A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class, and State in a Transnational World. [REVIEW]Clifford L. Staples - 2005 - European Journal of Social Theory 8 (4):533-536.
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  34.  5
    Book Review: Jesus and Human Conflict. [REVIEW]George Staples - 1961 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 15 (1):99-99.
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  35. Book Review: Miriam A Locher, Reflective Writing in Medical Practice: A Linguistic Perspective. [REVIEW]Shelley Staples - 2019 - Discourse Studies 21 (2):222-224.
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  36.  4
    Book Review: The Church in the Thought of Jesus. [REVIEW]George Staples - 1961 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 15 (1):99-100.
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  37.  22
    Combinator Realizability of a Constructive Morse Set Theory.John Staples - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):226-234.
  38.  10
    Combinator Realizability of Constructive Finite Type Analysis.John Staples - 1973 - In A. R. D. Mathias & H. Rogers (eds.), Cambridge Summer School in Mathematical Logic. New York: Springer Verlag. pp. 253--273.
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  39.  6
    Discrimination Between Safe and Unsafe Stimuli Mediates the Relationship Between Trait Anxiety and Return of Fear.Lindsay K. Staples-Bradley, Michael Treanor & Michelle G. Craske - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion:1-7.
    Individuals with anxiety disorders show deficits in the discrimination between a cue that predicts an aversive outcome and a safe stimulus that predicts the absence of that outcome. This impairment has been linked to increased spontaneous recovery of fear following extinction, however it is unknown if there is a link between discrimination and return of fear in a novel context. It is also unknown if impaired discrimination mediates the relationship between trait anxiety and either spontaneous recovery or context renewal. The (...)
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  40.  3
    Discrimination Between Safe and Unsafe Stimuli Mediates the Relationship Between Trait Anxiety and Return of Fear.Lindsay K. Staples-Bradley, Michael Treanor & Michelle G. Craske - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):167-173.
  41.  8
    Efficient Combinatory Reduction.John Staples - 1981 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 27 (25‐30):391-402.
  42.  23
    Efficient Combinatory Reduction.John Staples - 1981 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 27 (25-30):391-402.
  43. Introduction: Defining Decarceration.Brent Staples - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (2):647-650.
  44.  6
    Invitation to The Dance: Hanal Pixan and the Anthesteria.Blaise D. Staples - 2004 - Arion 12 (2):105-126.
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  45.  19
    Refugees and the Myth of Human Rights: Life Outside the Pale of the Law.Kelly Staples - 2017 - Contemporary Political Theory 16 (4):597-599.
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  46.  11
    R. L. Goodstein and J. Hooley. On Recursive Transcendence. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 1 , Pp. 127–137.John Staples - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):335.
  47.  5
    Review: R. L. Goodstein, J. Hooley, On Recursive Transcendence. [REVIEW]John Staples - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):335-335.
  48.  14
    Towards an Explanation of Ecumenism.Peter Staples - 1988 - Modern Theology 5 (1):23-44.
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  49. The Illusion of Choice in Computer-Aided Learning.Max Staples - 1998 - Journal of Information Ethics 7 (1):36-41.
     
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  50.  14
    The Problem of the “World” in the Anglo-Saxon Churches.Peter Staples - 1975 - Bijdragen 36 (1):36-77.
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