Results for 'Robert Milnikel'

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  1.  24
    The Logic of Uncertain Justifications.Robert S. Milnikel - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (1):305-315.
    In Artemovʼs Justification Logic, one can make statements interpreted as “t is evidence for the truth of formula F.” We propose a variant of this logic in which one can say “I have degree r of confidence that t is evidence for the truth of formula F.” After defining both an axiomatic approach and a semantics for this Logic of Uncertain Justifications, we will prove the usual soundness and completeness theorems.
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  2.  10
    Derivability in certain subsystems of the Logic of Proofs is-complete.Robert Milnikel - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 145 (3):223-239.
    The Logic of Proofs realizes the modalities from traditional modal logics with proof polynomials, so an expression □F becomes t:F where t is a proof polynomial representing a proof of or evidence for F. The pioneering work on explicating the modal logic is due to S. Artemov and was extended to several subsystems by V. Brezhnev. In 2000, R. Kuznets presented a algorithm for deducibility in these logics; in the present paper we will show that the deducibility problem is -complete. (...)
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  3.  42
    Conservativity for logics of justified belief: Two approaches.Robert S. Milnikel - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (7):809-819.
  4.  56
    Embedding modal nonmonotonic logics into default logic.Robert Milnikel - 2003 - Studia Logica 75 (3):377 - 382.
    We present a straightforward embedding of modal nonmonotonic logics into default logic.
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  5.  11
    The complexity of predicate default logic over a countable domain.Robert Saxon Milnikel - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 120 (1-3):151-163.
    Lifschitz introduced the notion of defining extensions of predicate default theories not as absolute, but relative to a specified domain. We look specifically at default theories over a countable domain and show the set of default theories which possess an ω -extension is Σ 2 1 -complete. That the set is in Σ 2 1 is shown by writing a nearly circumscriptive formula whose ω -models correspond to the ω -extensions of a given default theory; similarly, Σ 2 1 -hardness (...)
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  6.  12
    Not Passion’s Slave: Emotions and Choice.Robert C. Solomon - 2003 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    This volume collects thirty years worth of articles on the emotions written by the distinguished philosopher Robert Solomon. Solomon's thesis is that we are significantly responsible for our emotions, which are evaluative judgments that in effect we choose. This is the first of several volumes that document work in the emotions.
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  7.  57
    The Astronomer’s Role in the Sixteenth Century: A Preliminary Study.Robert S. Westman - 1980 - History of Science 18 (2):105-147.
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  8.  32
    Hume’s theory of justice and Vanderschraaf’s vulnerablity objection.Robert Sugden - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (5):1719-1729.
  9.  15
    Vision: Variations on Some Berkeleian Themes.Robert Schwartz - 1993 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
    This book examines longstanding problems in the theory of vision. Each section begins by looking at the issues as they were raised and discussed by Berkeley. This work is unique in its blend of philosophical and historical perspectives on contemporary problems of readership.
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  10.  84
    Gender Eugenics? The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions.Robert Sparrow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):29 - 38.
    This article discusses the ethics of the use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis to prevent the birth of children with intersex conditions/disorders of sex development , such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia and androgen insensitivity syndrome . While pediatric surgeries performed on children with ambiguous genitalia have been the topic of intense bioethical controversy, there has been almost no discussion to date of the ethics of the use of PGD to reduce the prevalence of these conditions. I suggest that PGD for those (...)
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  11.  5
    Curiositas.Andreas Speer & Robert Maximilian Schneider (eds.) - 2022 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    Es geht in dem vorliegenden Band um die Rehabilitierung der theoretischen Neugierde für jenes Millennium, das wir Mittelalter nennen. Was heißt es, eine theoretische Einstellung einzunehmen? Gibt es kulturelle Unterschiede oder einen Bedeutungswandel hinsichtlich der curiositas? Was sind die bevorzugten Gegenstandsbereiche der theoretischen Neugier? Hierbei prallen zwei Einstellungen aufeinander: die curiositas als fehlgeleitete und im Grunde eitle und schädliche Neugier oder als ein Naturverlangen, das ein anthropologisches Existential darstellt. Ausgehend vom Wortfeld der theoretischen Neugierde wird die Dialektik und longue durée (...)
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  12.  7
    Can a Single Property Be Both Dispositional and Categorical? The “Partial Consideration Strategy”, Partially Considered.Robert Schroer - 2013 - Metaphysica 14 (1):63-77.
    One controversial position in the debate over dispositional and categorical properties maintains that our concepts of these properties are the result of partially considering unitary properties that are both dispositional and categorical. As one of its defenders (Heil 2005, p. 351) admits, this position is typically met with “incredulous stares”. In this paper, I examine whether such a reaction is warranted. This thesis about properties is an instance of what I call “the Partial Consideration Strategy”—i.e., the strategy of claiming that (...)
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  13. Index.Robert Stalnaker - 2012 - In Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics. Princeton University Press. pp. 161-167.
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  14. On Representing True-in-L'in L Robert L. Martin and Peter W. Woodruff.Robert L. Martin - 1984 - In Robert Lazarus Martin (ed.), Recent essays on truth and the liar paradox. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 47.
     
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  15.  45
    Democratic hope: pragmatism and the politics of truth.Robert B. Westbrook - 2005 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    " In Democratic Hope, Robert B. Westbrook examines the varieties of classical pragmatist thought in the work of John Dewey, William James, and Charles Peirce, ...
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  16.  15
    John Dewey and American Democracy.Robert B. Westbrook - 1991 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    Over a career spanning American history from the 1880s to the 1950s, John Dewey sought not only to forge a persuasive argument for his conviction that "democracy is freedom" but also to realize his democratic ideals through political activism. Widely considered modern America's most important philosopher, Dewey made his views known both through his writings and through such controversial episodes as his leadership of educational reform at the turn of the century; his support of American intervention in World War I (...)
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  17. Idealism and the Identity Theory of Truth.Robert Trueman - 2020 - Mind 130 (519):783-807.
    In a recent article, Hofweber presents a new, and surprising, argument for idealism. His argument is surprising because it starts with an apparently innocent premiss from the philosophy of language: that ‘that’-clauses do not refer. I do not think that Hofweber's argument works, and my first aim in this paper is to explain why. However, I agree with Hofweber that what we say about ‘that’-clauses has important metaphysical consequences. My second aim is to argue that, far from leading us into (...)
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  18. The Psychology of Thinking.Robert Thomson - 1963 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (52):342-343.
     
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  19.  29
    What in the world are the ways things might have been?Robert Stalnaker - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 133 (3):443-453.
    Robert Stalnaker is an actualist who holds that merely possible worlds are uninstantiated properties that might have been instantiated. Stalnaker also holds that there are no metaphysically impossible worlds: uninstantiated properties that couldn't have been instantiated. These views motivate Stalnaker's "two dimensional" account of the necessary a posteriori on which there is no single proposition that is both necessary and a posteriori. For a (metaphysically) necessary proposition is true in all (metaphysically) possible worlds. If there were necessary a posteriori (...)
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  20.  47
    Introduction.Robert P. Russell - 1961 - The Saint Augustine Lecture Series:5-6.
  21.  35
    Two Cultures or One?: A Second Look at Kuhn's The Copernican Revolution.Robert Westman - 1994 - Isis 85:79-115.
    Thomas Kuhn's, book The Copernican Revolution deserves to be regarded as the best of that small group of longue duree histories that mark postwar historiography of science. In many respects, it is probably the single most influential one. Tightly written and brilliantly argued, it is responsible, together with The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, for the continued popularity of the metaphor of revolution in science among scholars and students alike. Yet, surprisingly, while aspects of the story conceived in Kuhn's original account (...)
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  22.  42
    The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution * By ROBERT J. MATTHEWS.Robert Matthews - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):185-187.
    The deflationary aim of this book, which occupies Part I, is to show that a widely held view has little to be said for it. The constructive aim, pursued in Part II, is to make plausible a measure-theoretic account of propositional attitudes. The discussion is throughout instructive, illuminating and sensitive to the many intricacies surrounding attitude ascriptions and how they can carry information about a subject's psychology. There is close engagement with cognitive science. The book should be read by anyone (...)
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  23. The Psychology of Thinking.Robert Thomson - 1960 - Philosophy 35 (134):276-276.
     
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  24.  23
    Speculation and Experiment in the Background of Oersted's Discovery of Electromagnetism.Robert Stauffer - 1957 - Isis 48:33-50.
  25.  44
    Theolologicophilolological Investigations: Is Wittgenstein’s Tractatus a Modernist Work?Robert Vinten - 2021 - Philosophical Investigations 45 (3):274-296.
    In her recent book, A Different Order of Difficulty, Karen Zumhagen-Yekplé uses a resolute reading of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus to highlight similarities between Wittgenstein’s work and his contemporaries Virginia Woolf, James Joyce and Franz Kafka. On the basis of this reading, she claims that Wittgenstein’s early masterpiece is a modernist work. -/- This article argues that there are profound problems with the resolute reading that she offers, and it suggests that ‘traditional’ readings of the Tractatus survive the criticisms she makes (...)
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  26.  65
    A Philosopher Looks at String Theory.Robert Weingard - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:95 - 106.
    In this paper I first describe some simple, but interesting string theory. Then I discuss string field theory and suggest that even though we do not have a complete mathematical formulation, we can get an idea of some of its ontological implications. Next, the significance of supersymmetry and superspace in string theory is briefly considered. Lastly, I consider the question of whether there is, in fact, (good) reason to think string theory may (or will) emerge to replace quantum field theory.
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  27.  12
    Darwin’s Metaphor.Robert M. Young - 1971 - The Monist 55 (3):442-503.
    It is not too great an exaggeration to claim that On the Origin of Species was, along with Das Kapital, one of the two most significant works in the intellectual history of the nineteenth century. As George Henry Lewes wrote in 1868, ‘No work of our time has been so general in its influence’. However, the very generality of the influence of Darwin’s work provides the chief problem for the intellectual historian. Most books and articles on the subject assert the (...)
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  28.  25
    Grotius on Scepticism and Self-Interest.Robert Shaver - 1996 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 78 (1):27-47.
  29.  87
    Numbers as ontologically dependent objects hume’s principle revisited.Robert Schwartzkopff - 2011 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 82 (1):353-373.
    Adherents of Ockham’s fundamental razor contend that considerations of ontological parsimony pertain primarily to fundamental objects. Derivative objects, on the other hand, are thought to be quite unobjectionable. One way to understand the fundamental vs. derivative distinction is in terms of the Aristotelian distinction between ontologically independent and dependent objects. In this paper I will defend the thesis that every natural number greater than 0 is an ontologically dependent object thereby exempting the natural numbers from Ockham’s fundamental razor.
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  30.  2
    The Spark of Awareness.Robert Welshon - 2009 - Caribbean Journal of Philosophy 1 (1).
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  31.  2
    Key issues in agricultural ethics.Robert L. Zimdahl (ed.) - 2023 - Philadelphia, PA: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing.
    Agriculture is facing unprecedented scrutiny for its social and environmental impacts. Many of the key choices it must make are fundamentally about ethics. Key issues in agricultural ethics explores key ethical debates surrounding agriculture and agri-food supply chains.These include issues such as animal welfare, use of labour, the effects of new technologies and the overall impact of agriculture on the environment. It considers the ways these ethical dilemmas may be better understood and potentially resolved. Edited by a leading researcher in (...)
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  32.  65
    Regret, recrimination and rationality.Robert Sugden - 1985 - Theory and Decision 19 (1):77-99.
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  33. Interpretation and Construction: Art, Speech and the Law.Robert Stecker, Matthew Kieran, Berys Gaut & Paisley Livingston - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (218):150-155.
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  34. Divine action and quantum mechanics : a fresh assessment.Robert John Russell - 2009 - In Fount LeRon Shults, Nancey C. Murphy & Robert John Russell (eds.), Philosophy, science and divine action. Boston: Brill.
     
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  35.  92
    The Hiddenness of God*: ROBERT McKIM.Robert McKim - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (1):141-161.
    Neither the existence of God nor the nature of God is apparent or obvious. If God exists, why is it not entirely clear to everyone that this is so? How can theists explain God's hiddenness, and how plausible are their explanations? God, if God exists, is an omnipotent, morally good, omnipresent being, than whom none greater can be conceived. Surely it is well within the abilities of God to let God's existence and nature be known to us. Why isn't the (...)
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  36. Solar dividends: how solar energy can generate a basic income for everyone on earth.Robert Stayton - 2019
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  37.  18
    Ethical issues in death and dying.Robert F. Weir (ed.) - 1977 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    The first edition of this book was published in 1977. At that time the field of thanatology, the study of death and dying, was still reasonably new and was dominated by research done by psychiatrists and social scientists. The most notable person in the field at the time was Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, who was widely credited with having brought thanatology into public view with the 1969 publication of her book On Death and Dying. Two research centers on death and dying were (...)
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  38. Logic and Knowledge Essays, 1901-1950. Edited by Robert Charles Marsh.Bertrand Russell & Robert C. Marsh - 1956 - Allen & Unwin.
  39. Representation and Resemblance.Robert Schwartz - 1974 - Philosophical Forum 5 (4):499.
     
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  40.  9
    The Metaphysics of Relative Goodness: Or, Recovery of the Axiological Measure.Robert Smid - 2020 - The Pluralist 15 (3):27-37.
    one of the challenges of commenting on this book is deciding what to say in praise of it. This is, after all, the ritual we typically follow in reviewing new books, especially when the author is present. And I want to be clear: there is a lot to praise in this book; it is written with great precision and subtlety and yet is one of the more broadly accessible of Neville’s academic texts. He brings together philosophical peers as diverse as (...)
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  41.  21
    Kant's Theory of Mental Activity: A Commentary on the Transcendental Analytic of the Critique of Pure Reason.Robert Paul Wolff - 1973 - Peter Smith.
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  42.  43
    How new is socially responsible investment?Robert Taylor - 2000 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 9 (3):174–179.
    Much recent comment has been concerned with a perceived distinction between socially responsible investment and the older style of ethical investment, which operates on the basis of exclusion criteria. However, the distinction between SRI and ethical investment is not as clear‐cut as some reports have implied, in that some of the longer‐established funds have SRI characteristics. An example is the CIS’s Environ Trust, established in 1990, the operation of which has recently assisted the CIS in the adoption of SRI schemes (...)
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  43.  49
    Arthur Schopenhauer.Robert Wicks - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  44.  25
    Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art.Robert Stecker - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (3):379-381.
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  45.  44
    The Drivers of Corporate Climate Change Strategies and Public Policy: A New Resource-Based View Perspective.Robert A. Schulz, Alain Verbeke & Charles A. Backman - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (4):545-575.
    Effective public policy to mitigate climate change footprints should build on data-driven analysis of firm-level strategies. This article’s conceptual approach augments the resource-based view of the firm and identifies investments in four firm-level resource domains to develop capabilities in climate change impact mitigation. The authors denote the resulting framework as the GISTe model, which frames their analysis and public policy recommendations. This research uses the 2008 Carbon Disclosure Project database, with high-quality information on firm-level climate change strategies for 552 companies (...)
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  46.  28
    Considering moral sensitivity in media ethics courses and research: An essay review by Robert F. Potter.Robert F. Potter - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (1):51-57.
    (1997). Considering moral sensitivity in media ethics courses and research: An essay review by Robert F. Potter. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1201_4.
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  47. Mill and pornography.Robert Skipper - 1993 - Ethics 103 (4):726-730.
  48.  90
    Derrida and the Death Penalty: The Question of Cruelty.Robert Trumbull - 2015 - Philosophy Today 59 (2):317-336.
    This paper looks at the recently published text of Derrida’s 1999–2000 Death Penalty Seminars, reading it alongside a key text from the early 2000s, Derrida’s address to the Estates General of Psychoanalysis. Tracking Derrida’s insistent references to psychoanalysis in his writings on the issue of capital punishment, I argue that the deconstruction of the death penalty, in its full scope, can perhaps best be approached in the terms emerging out of Derrida’s engagement with psychoanalysis in this period. If this is (...)
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  49.  23
    The Paradox Of Suspense.Robert Yanal - 1996 - British Journal of Aesthetics 36 (2):146-158.
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  50.  5
    Liberty in the Things of God: The Christian Origins of Religious Freedom.Robert Louis Wilken - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    _From one of the leading historians of Christianity comes this sweeping reassessment of religious freedom, from the church fathers to John Locke_ In the ancient world Christian apologists wrote in defense of their right to practice their faith in the cities of the Roman Empire. They argued that religious faith is an inward disposition of the mind and heart and cannot be coerced by external force, laying a foundation on which later generations would build. Chronicling the history of the struggle (...)
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