Results for 'William Over'

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  1.  13
    William James and the Right to Over-Believe.William Lad Sessions - 1981 - Philosophy Research Archives 7:996-1045.
    William James's essay, "The Will to Believe," is interpreted as a philosophical argument for two conclusions: Some over-beliefs—i.e., beliefs going beyond the available evidence—are rationally justified under certain conditions; and "The Religious Hypothesis" is justified for some people under these conditions. Section I defends viewing James as presenting arguments, Sections II-III try to formulate the dual conclusions more precisely, and Section IT defends this reading against alternative interpretations. Section 7, the heart of the paper, elaborates five logically distinct (...)
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  2. God Over All: Divine Aseity and the Challenge of Platonism.William Lane Craig - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    God Over All: Divine Aseity and the Challenge of Platonism is a defense of God's aseity and unique status as the Creator of all things apart from Himself in the face of the challenge posed by mathematical Platonism. After providing the biblical, theological, and philosophical basis for the traditional doctrine of divine aseity, William Lane Craig explains the challenge presented to that doctrine by the Indispensability Argument for Platonism, which postulates the existence of uncreated abstract objects. Craig provides (...)
     
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  3.  45
    William Ames's Calvinist Ambiguity Over Freedom of Conscience.James Calvin Davis - 2005 - Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (2):333 - 355.
    Reformed Christianity's qualified embrace of freedom of conscience is per- haps best represented by William Ames (1576-1633). This essay explores Ames's interpretation of conscience, his understanding of its relationship to natural law, Scripture, and civil authority, and his vacillation on the sub- ject of conscientious freedom. By rooting his interpretation of conscience in natural law, Ames provided a foundation for conscience as an authority whose convictions are binding and worthy of some civil respect and free- dom. At the same (...)
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  4.  21
    Cosmopolitan Altruism*: WILLIAM A. GALSTON.William A. Galston - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):118-134.
    This essay focuses on what I shall call “cosmopolitan altruism”—the motivationally effective desire to assist needy or endangered strangers. Section I describes recent research that confirms the existence of this phenomenon. Section II places it within interlocking sets of moral typologies that distinguish among forms of altruism along dimensions of scope, interests risked, motivational source, and baseline of moral judgment. Section III explores some of the relationships between altruism—a concept rooted in modern moral philosophy and Christianity—and the understanding of virtue (...)
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  5.  7
    Foundations of Logico-Linguistics.D. E. Over & William S. Cooper - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (116):275.
  6.  14
    Do Cortical Gamma Oscillations Promote or Suppress Perception? An Under-Asked Question with an Over-Assumed Answer.William Sedley & Mark O. Cunningham - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  7. The Rise of Empiricism: William James, Thomas Hill Green, and the Struggle Over Psychology.Alexander Klein - 2007 - Dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington
    The concept of empiricism evokes both a historical tradition and a set of philosophical theses. The theses are usually understood to have been developed by Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. But these figures did not use the term “empiricism,” and they did not see themselves as united by a shared epistemology into one school of thought. My dissertation analyzes the debate that elevated the concept of empiricism (and of an empiricist tradition) to prominence in English-language philosophy. -/- In the 1870s and (...)
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  8.  48
    Parents, Government, and Children: Authority Over Education in a Pluralist Liberal Democracy.William Galston - 2011 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 5 (2):285-305.
  9. The Disappearance of Introspection.William E. Lyons - 1986 - MIT Press.
    William Lyons presents an original thesis on introspection as self-interpretation in terms of a culturally influenced model. His work rests on a lucid, careful, and critical examination of the transformations that have occurred over the past century in the concepts and models of introspection in philosophy and psychology. He reviews the history of introspection in the work of Wundt, Boring, and William James, and reactions to it by behaviorists Watson, Lashley, Ryle, and Skinner.
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  10. Democracy: Needs Over Wants.William J. Meyer - 1974 - Political Theory 2 (2):197-214.
  11. The Emergent Self.William Hasker - 2001 - Cornell University Press.
    In The Emergent Self, William Hasker joins one of the most heated debates in contemporary analytic philosophy, that over the nature of mind.
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  12.  1
    From the Archives: William Richardson’s Questions for Martin Heidegger’s “Preface”.William J. Richardson, Richard Capobianco & Ian Alexander Moore - 2019 - Gatherings: The Heidegger Circle Annual 9:1-27.
    Martin Heidegger wrote one and only one preface for a scholarly work on his thinking, and it was for William J. Richardson’s study Heidegger: Through Phenomenology to Thought, first published in 1963. Ever since, both Heidegger’s Preface and Richardson’s groundbreaking book have played an important role in Heidegger scholarship. Much has been discussed about these texts over the decades, but what has not been available to students and scholars up to this point is Richardson’s original comments and questions (...)
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  13.  35
    Physiology or Psychic Powers? William Carpenter and the Debate Over Spiritualism in Victorian Britain.Shannon Delorme - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:57-66.
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  14. Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered (...)
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  15.  7
    The Margins of the Rational Man: Fluid Identities in Eighteenth-Century Biography.William Over - 2012 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 2 (2):27-45.
    This study will explore the Enlightenment conception of the individual of reason, its attempted formulations in actor biographies, and its ultimate denial by the reality of human identity as multiple, fluid, and dialogical. Such fluidity sought to overcome the marginal status of the stage player through the embodiment of rational models of personality. Some stage celebrities, most notably David Garrick, were offering themselves as public models of identity for the new age of reasoned discourse. This involved the presentation before the (...)
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  16. William J. Gavin, Ed., Context Over Foundation: Dewey and Marx Reviewed By.John L. Safford - 1989 - Philosophy in Review 9 (10):411-412.
  17. Over the Rim—The Parley P. Pratt Exploring Expedition to Southern Utah, 1849-1850.William B. Smart & Donna T. Smart - 2002 - Utopian Studies 13 (2):221-223.
  18.  21
    William B. Hurlbut: Building a Bridge Over Troubled Stem Cell Waters.Wesley J. Smith - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):6-9.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 6-9, December 2011.
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  19.  2
    Uncertainties Over Distribution Dispelled.William H. Friedman - 1978 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 19 (4):653-662.
  20.  9
    Regression Effect and Individual Power Functions Over Sessions.Robert G. Wanschura & William E. Dawson - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):806.
  21.  12
    The Argument Over Prophecy: An Eighteenth-Century Debate Between William Whiston and Anthony Collins.Stephen Snobelen - 1996 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 15:195.
  22. Why Quantum Mechanics Favors Adynamical and Acausal Interpretations Such as Relational Blockworld Over Backwardly Causal and Time-Symmetric Rivals.Michael Silberstein, Michael Cifone & William Mark Stuckey - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):736-751.
    We articulate the problems posed by the quantum liar experiment (QLE) for backwards causation interpretations of quantum mechanics, time-symmetric accounts and other dynamically oriented local hidden variable theories. We show that such accounts cannot save locality in the case of QLE merely by giving up “lambda-independence.” In contrast, we show that QLE poses no problems for our acausal Relational Blockworld interpretation of quantum mechanics, which invokes instead adynamical global constraints to explain Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) correlations and QLE. We make the case (...)
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  23.  6
    The Argument Over Prophecy: An Eighteenth-Century Debate Between William Whiston and Anthony Collins.Stephen Snobelen - 1996 - Lumen 15:195-213.
  24.  11
    William F. MacLehose, “A Tender Age”: Cultural Anxieties Over the Child in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Pp. Xvi, 247. $60. Expanded Version Available Online at Http://Www.Gutenberg-E.Org. [REVIEW]Albrecht Classen - 2010 - Speculum 85 (3):706-708.
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  25. Context Over Foundation: Dewey and Marx.William J. Gavin - 1993 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 7 (1):69-73.
     
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  26. Context Over Foundation: Dewey and Marx.William J. Gavin - 1990 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 26 (4):521-530.
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  27. William J. Gavin , "Context Over Foundation: Dewey and Marx". [REVIEW]James Gouinlock - 1990 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 26 (4):521.
     
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  28.  27
    William Lane Craig.*God and Abstract Objects – The Coherence of Theism : AseityWilliam Lane Craig. God Over All : Divine Aseity and the Challenge of Platonism.Simon Hewitt - 2018 - Philosophia Mathematica 26 (3):418-421.
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  29. Dominion Over Nature and Respect for Nature.William Leiss - 1979 - In Vittorio Mathieu & Paolo Rossi (eds.), Scientia. Scientia Verlag. pp. 389.
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  30.  27
    God Over All: Divine Aseity and the Challenge of Platonism, by William Lane Craig.Mary Leng - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (4):497-504.
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  31.  19
    Review: William Lane Craig, God Over All: Divine Aseity and the Challenge of Platonism; God and Abstract Objects: The Coherence of Theism: Aseity. [REVIEW]C. A. McIntosh - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (2):61-65.
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  32.  5
    Horse Race: John William Dawson, Charles Lyell, and the Competition Over the Edinburgh Natural History Chair in 1854–1855.Susan Sheets-Pyenson - 1992 - Annals of Science 49 (5):461-477.
    (1992). Horse race: John William Dawson, Charles Lyell, and the competition over the Edinburgh natural history chair in 1854–1855. Annals of Science: Vol. 49, No. 5, pp. 461-477.
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  33.  4
    Force of Words and Figures of Speech: The Crisis Over Virtus Sermonis in the Fourteenth Century.William J. Courtenay - 1984 - Franciscan Studies 44 (1):107-128.
  34. William James on Pragmatism and Religion.Guy Axtell - 2018 - In Jacob Goodson (ed.), William James, Moral Philosophy, and the Ethical Life: The Cries of the Wounded. London: Lexington Books. pp. 317-336.
    Critics and defenders of William James both acknowledge serious tensions in his thought, tensions perhaps nowhere more vexing to readers than in regard to his claim about an individual’s intellectual right to their “faith ventures.” Focusing especially on “Pragmatism and Religion,” the final lecture in Pragmatism, this chapter will explore certain problems James’ pragmatic pluralism. Some of these problems are theoretical, but others concern the real-world upshot of adopting James permissive ethics of belief. Although Jamesian permissivism is qualified in (...)
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  35.  34
    Kant and the Exact Sciences.William Harper & Michael Friedman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):587.
    This is a very important book. It has already become required reading for researchers on the relation between the exact sciences and Kant’s philosophy. The main theme is that Kant’s continuing program to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the science of his day is of crucial importance to understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest precritical beginnings in the thesis of 1747, right through the highwater years of the critical philosophy, to his last (...)
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  36.  36
    Preface To: Where Does I Come From? Special Issue on Subjectivity and the Debate Over Computational Cognitive Science.Mary Galbraith & William J. Rapaport - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (4):513-620.
    Intro to the proceedings of a conference on the first person in philosophy, artificial intellgence, and cognitive science.
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  37.  92
    Philosophy and Connectionist Theory.William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. M. Rumelhart (eds.) - 1991 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    The philosophy of cognitive science has recently become one of the most exciting and fastest growing domains of philosophical inquiry and analysis. Until the early 1980s, nearly all of the models developed treated cognitive processes -- like problem solving, language comprehension, memory, and higher visual processing -- as rule-governed symbol manipulation. However, this situation has changed dramatically over the last half dozen years. In that period there has been an enormous shift of attention toward connectionist models of cognition that (...)
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  38. Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism.William Shaw - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Aimed at undergraduates, _Contemporary Ethics_ presupposes little or no familiarity with ethics and is written in a clear and engaging style. It provides students with a sympathetic but critical guide to utilitarianism, explaining its different forms and exploring the debates it has spawned. The book leads students through a number of current issues in contemporary ethics that are connected to controversies over and within utilitarianism. At the same time, it uses utilitarianism to introduce students to ethics as a subject. (...)
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  39.  36
    Response to William Lane Craig’s God Over All.Peter van Inwagen - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (2):267-275.
    In contrast to William Lane Craig’s view this article presents a sort of precis of my position on ontological commitment—whether you call it neo-Quineanism or not—and its implications for the nominalism-realism debate, a precis that proceeds from first principles.
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  40.  91
    Food for Thought: The Debate Over Eating Meat, Edited by S. F. Sapontzis. [REVIEW]William O. Stephens - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 6.
    Are animals our domestic companions, fellow citizens of the ecosystems we inhabit, mobile meals and resources for us, or some combination thereof? This well chosen collection of essays written by recognized scholars addresses many of the intriguing aspects concerning the controversy over meat consumption. These aspects include not only eating meat, but also hunting animals, breeding, feeding, killing, and shredding them for our use, buying meat, the economics of the meat industry, the understanding of predation and food webs in (...)
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  41.  1
    The Debate Over the Canadian Shield, 1880-1905.William E. Eagan - 1989 - Isis 80 (2):232-253.
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  42.  62
    Which Rights Should Be Universal?William J. Talbott - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    "We hold these truths to be self-evident..." So begins the U.S. Declaration of Independence. What follows those words is a ringing endorsement of universal rights, but it is far from self-evident. Why did the authors claim that it was? William Talbott suggests that they were trapped by a presupposition of Enlightenment philosophy: That there was only one way to rationally justify universal truths, by proving them from self-evident premises. With the benefit of hindsight, it is clear that the authors (...)
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  43. Marxism, Business Ethics, and Corporate Social Responsibility.William H. Shaw - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):565-576.
    Originally delivered at a conference of Marxist philosophers in China, this article examines some links, and some tensions, between business ethics and the traditional concerns of Marxism. After discussing the emergence of business ethics as an academic discipline, it explores and attempts to answer two Marxist objections that might be brought against the enterprise of business ethics. The first is that business ethics is impossible because capitalism itself tends to produce greedy, overreaching, and unethical business behavior. The second is that (...)
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  44.  52
    Critical Argumentation Theory and Democracy: Lessons of Past Debates Over Technoscience.William Rehg - 2003 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 59 (1):113 - 138.
    Contemporary critical theorists working in the Frankfurt School tradition have focused considerable attention on theories of deliberative democracy, which in general attempt to show how public argumentation can be both democratic and reasonable. In this context, political questions that involve or depend on science present an acute challenge, inasmuch as deliberation must meet especially demanding epistemic requirements. In this article, the author examines two past responses to the challenge, each of which failed to reconcile reasonableness and democracy: that of the (...)
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  45.  13
    Food for Thought: The Debate Over Eating Meat Edited by Steve F. Sapontzis. [REVIEW]William O. Stephens - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 6:1-4.
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  46.  19
    A Radical Vision of Personal RightsSex, Drugs, Death and the Law: An Essay on Human Rights and Over-Criminalization.William J. Winslade & David A. J. Richards - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (2):47.
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  47.  48
    William Whewell and The Argument From Design.Michael Ruse - 1977 - The Monist 60 (2):244-268.
    The section on the Argument from Design in collections of readings in the philosophy of religion usually begins with an expository selection drawn from Archdeacon William Paley’s Natural Theology, and follows with a critical selection drawn from David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Only from the footnotes does the student learn that Hume’s Dialogues was published over twenty years before Paley’s Natural Theology. Probably the student will feel that Hume’s devastating critique of the Argument must strike every reasonable (...)
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  48. Chambers, Robert and Whewell, William-a 19th-Century Debate Over the Origin of Language.Cymbre Quincy Raub - 1988 - Journal of the History of Ideas 49 (2):287-300.
  49.  8
    Robert Chambers and William Whewell: A Nineteenth-Century Debate Over the Origin of Language.Cymbre Quincy Raub - 1988 - Journal of the History of Ideas 49 (2):287.
  50.  30
    Broad Internalism, Deep Conventions, Moral Entrepreneurs, and Sport.William J. Morgan - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (1):65-100.
    My argument will proceed as follows. I will first sketch out the broad internalist case for pitching its normative account of sport in the abstract manner that following Dworkin?s lead in the philosophy of law its adherents insist upon. I will next show that the normative deficiencies in social conventions broad internalists uncover are indeed telling but misplaced since they hold only for what David Lewis famously called ?coordinating? conventions. I will then distinguish coordinating conventions from deep ones and make (...)
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