Results for 'Gad Saad'

256 found
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  1.  35
    Universal Sex-Specific Instantiations of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.Gad Saad - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):629-629.
    Numerous sex differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) instantiations are likely universal, as the associated evolutionary threats and concerns onto which they map were differentially important to the two sexes. Hence, although some ritualized behaviors or thoughts are indeed culture-specific, others are both culturally and temporally invariant as they are rooted in universal Darwinian etiologies (e.g., the sex differences in OCD symptomatology posited here). (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  2.  10
    Evolutionary Psychology is Not the Only Productive Evolutionary Approach to Understanding Consumer Behavior.Stephen M. Downes - 2013 - Journal of Consumer Psychology 23 (3):400-403.
    I respond to Vladas Griskevicius and Douglas T. Kendrick (G&K) and Gad Saad's (S) defenses of the view that Consumer Studies would benefit from the appeal to evolution in all work aimed at understanding consumer behavior. I argue that G&K and S's reliance on one theoretical perspective, that of evolutionary psychology, limits their options. Further, I point out some specific problems with the theoretical perspective of evolutionary psychology. Finally, I introduce some alternative evolutionary approaches to studying human behavior that (...)
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  3. A Causal Argument for Dualism.Bradford Saad - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (10):2475-2506.
    Dualism holds that some mental events are fundamental and non-physical. I develop a prima facie plausible causal argument for dualism. The argument has several significant implications. First, it constitutes a new way of arguing for dualism. Second, it provides dualists with a parity response to causal arguments for physicalism. Third, it transforms the dialectical role of epiphenomenalism. Fourth, it refutes the view that causal considerations prima facie support physicalism but not dualism. After developing the causal argument for dualism and drawing (...)
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  4. Hormone Replacement Therapy: Informed Consent Without Assessment?Toni C. Saad, Bruce Philip Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (12):1-2.
    Florence Ashley has argued that requiring patients with gender dysphoria to undergo an assessment and referral from a mental health professional before undergoing hormone replacement therapy is unethical and may represent an unconscious hostility towards transgender people. We respond, first, by showing that Ashley has conflated the self-reporting of symptoms with self-diagnosis, and that this is not consistent with the standard model of informed consent to medical treatment. Second, we note that the model of informed consent involved in cosmetic surgery (...)
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  5.  34
    The History of Autonomy in Medicine From Antiquity to Principlism.Toni C. Saad - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (1):125-137.
    Respect for Autonomy has been a mainstay of medical ethics since its enshrinement as one of the four principles of biomedical ethics by Beauchamp and Childress’ in the late 1970s. This paper traces the development of this modern concept from Antiquity to the present day, paying attention to its Enlightenment origins in Kant and Rousseau. The rapid C20th developments of bioethics and RFA are then considered in the context of the post-war period and American socio-political thought. The validity and utility (...)
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  6.  13
    Stoic Physics in the Writings of R. Saadia Ga'on Al-Fayyumi and its Aftermath in Medieval Jewish Mysticism*: Gad Freudenthal.Gad Freudenthal - 1996 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6 (1):113-136.
    R. Saadia Ga'on of Baghdad sought to avoid anthropomorphism by arguing that scriptural phrases which seem to ascribe materiality to the Deity in fact refer not to God Himself, but rather to a created entity, God's Glory, which he described as a very tenuous “air.” This paper argues that Saadia's conception of a quasi-divine “air” through which God accomplishes His acts in the material world is heavily indebted to the Stoic theory of pneuma. It follows that the immanentist theology of (...)
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  7.  48
    The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology: Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings: Gad Freudenthal.Gad Freudenthal - 2002 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):111-137.
    How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean (...)
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  8.  17
    Testing Conscientious Objection by the Norm of Medicine.Toni C. Saad & Gregory Jackson - 2018 - Clinical Ethics 13 (1):9-16.
    Debate persists over the place of conscience in medicine. Some argue for the complete exclusion of conscientious objection, while others claim an absolute right of refusal. This paper proposes that claims of conscientious objection can and should be permitted if they concern kinds of actions which fall outside of the normative standard of medicine, which is the pursuit of health. Medical practice which meets this criterion we call medicine qua medicine. If conscientious refusal concerns something consonant with the health-restoring aims (...)
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  9.  12
    Mistakes and Missed Opportunities Regarding Cosmetic Surgery and Conscientious Objection.Toni C. Saad - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):649-650.
    In her paper ‘Cosmetic surgery and conscientious objection’, Minerva rightly identifies cosmetic surgery as an interesting test case for the question of conscientious objection in medicine. Her treatment of this important subject, however, seems problematic. It is argued that Minerva's suggestion that a doctor has a prima facie duty to satisfy patient preferences even against his better clinical judgment, which we call Patient Preference Absolutism, must be regarded with scepticism. This is because it overlooks an important distinction regarding autonomy's meaning (...)
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  10.  23
    A Teleological Strategy for Solving the Meta-Problem of Consciousness.B. Saad - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (9-10):205-216.
  11.  40
    Indeterministic Causation and Two Patches for the Pairing Argument.Bradford Saad - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (4):664-682.
    The pairing argument aims to demonstrate the impossibility of non-spatial objects (including minds) standing in causal relations. Its chief premises are (roughly) that causation requires pairing relations between causes and effects and that pairing relations require spatial relations. Critics have argued that the first claim suffers from counterexamples involving indeterministic causation. After briefly rehearsing the pairing argument and the objection from indeterministic causation, I offer two ways of revising the pairing argument to meet the objection from indeterministic causation.
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  12.  60
    Interactionism, Haecceities, and the Pairing Argument.Bradford Saad - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (7):724-741.
    Interactionists hold that non-spatial objects causally interact with physical objects. Interactionists have traditionally grappled with the puzzle of how such interaction is possible. More recently, Jaegwon Kim has presented interactionists with a more daunting threat: the pairing argument, which purports to refute interactionism by showing that non-spatial objects cannot stand in causal relations. After reviewing that argument, I develop a challenge to it on behalf of the interactionist. The challenge poses a dilemma: roughly, either haecceities exist or they do not. (...)
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  13.  13
    Against the Nihilism of ‘Legal Age Change’: Response to Räsänen.Toni C. Saad - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):465-466.
    Räsänen has attempted to make a moral case for permitting some people to change their legal age: if someone considers that their chronological age does not correspond to their emotional age or biological age, and they face age-based discrimination as a result, they may change the legal record of their age. This response considers some of the problems with Räsänen’s paper, including its reliance on equivocation. It concludes that what is billed as a moral argument turns out to be a (...)
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  14.  24
    A Teleological Strategy for Solving the Meta-Problem of Consciousness.Bradford Saad - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (9-10):205-216.
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  15. How to Befriend Zombies: A Guide for Physicalists.Bradford Saad - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2353-2375.
    Though not myself a physicalist, I develop a new argument against antiphysicalist positions that are motivated by zombie arguments. I first identify four general features of phenomenal states that are candidates for non-physical types; these are used to generate different types of zombie. I distinguish two antiphysicalist positions: strict dualism, which posits exactly one general non-physical type, and pluralism, which posits more than one such type. It turns out that zombie arguments threaten strict dualism and some pluralist positions as much (...)
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  16.  41
    Off-Shell Electromagnetism in Manifestly Covariant Relativistic Quantum Mechanics.David Saad, L. P. Horwitz & R. I. Arshansky - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (10):1125-1149.
    Gauge invariance of a manifestly covariant relativistic quantum theory with evolution according to an invariant time τ implies the existence of five gauge compensation fields, which we shall call pre-Maxwell fields. A Lagrangian which generates the equations of motion for the matter field (coinciding with the Schrödinger type quantum evolution equation) as well as equations, on a five-dimensional manifold, for the gauge fields, is written. It is shown that τ integration of the equations for the pre-Maxwell fields results in the (...)
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  17.  7
    Conscientious Objection: Unmasking the Impartial Spectator.Toni C. Saad - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):677-678.
    Hoping to bring some objectivity to the debate, Ben-Moshe has argued that conscientious objection in medicine should be accommodated based on its concordance with the ‘impartial spectator’, a metaphor for conscience drawn from the writings of Adam Smith. This response finds fault with this account on two fronts: first, that its claim to objectivity is unsubstantiated; second, that it implicitly relies on moral absolutes, despite claiming that conscience is a social construct, thereby calling its coherence and claims into question. Briefly, (...)
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  18.  42
    Should Reductive Physicalists Reject the Causal Argument?Bradford Saad - 2017 - Dialectica 71 (2):263-279.
    Reductive physicalists typically accept the causal argument for their view. On this score, Tiehen parts ways with his fellow reductive physicalists. Heretically, he argues that reductive physicalists should reject the causal argument. After presenting Tiehen's challenge, I defend the orthodoxy. Although not myself a reductive physicalist, I show how reductive physicalists can resist this challenge to the causal argument. I conclude with a positive suggestion about how reductive physicalists should use the causal argument.
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  19. Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance: Heat and Pneuma, Form and Soul.Gad Freudenthal - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an original new account of one of Aristotle's central doctrines. Freudenthal He recreates from Aristotle's writings a more complete theory of material substance which is able to explain the problematical areas of the way matter organizes itself and the persistence of matter, to show that the hitherto ignored concept of vital heat is as central in explaining material substance as soul or form.
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  20. Studies in the History of Culture and Science: A Tribute to Gad Freudenthal / Edited by Resianne Fontaine ... [Et Al.].Resianne Fontaine & Gad Freudenthal (eds.) - 2011 - Bostonbrill.
     
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  21.  31
    On the Coherence of Wittgensteinian Constructivism.Amit Saad - 2016 - Acta Analytica 31 (4):455-462.
    Michael Dummett presents a modus tollens argument against a Wittgensteinian conception of meaning. In a series of papers, Dummett claims that Wittgensteinian considerations entail strict finitism. However, by a “sorites argument”, Dummett argues that strict finitism is incoherent and therefore questions these Wittgensteinian considerations.In this paper, I will argue that Dummett’s sorites argument fails to undermine strict finitism. I will claim that the argument is based on two questionable assumptions regarding some strict finitist sets of natural numbers. It will be (...)
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  22.  32
    The Evidence‐Based Paradox and the Question of the Tree of Knowledge.Amit Saad - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):650-652.
  23.  28
    Dire l'Événement, Est-Ce Possible?: Séminaire de Montréal, Pour Jacques Derrida.Gad Soussana, Alexis Nuselovici & Jacques Derrida - unknown
    This book begins with Derrida's text, based on a lecture he gave in Montreal and is followed by two texts commenting on it. Derrida gives one of his most precise developments on the notion of 'l'événement' (event), that which comes to disturb the course of history and thus escapes the normal ways of being told and understood. His thought on the topic is crucial for future research on literature as testimony, refering to abnormal conditions of experience whose nature exceeds usual (...)
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  24.  12
    The Church, the State, and Vaccine Policy.Saad B. Omer, Douglas J. Opel, Tyler Tate & Robert A. Bednarczyk - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):50-52.
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  25.  15
    The Confirmation of the Superposition Principle: On the Role of a Constructive Thought Experiment in Galileo's "Discorsi".Gad Prudovsky - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (4):453.
  26.  21
    Can We Ascribe to Past Thinkers Concepts They Had No Linguistic Means to Express?Gad Prudovsky - 1997 - History and Theory 36 (1):15-31.
    This article takes a clear-cut case in which a historian ascribes to a writer a concept which neither the writer nor his contemporaries had the linguistic means to express. On the face of it the case may seem a violation of a basic methodological maxim in historiography: "avoid anachronistic ascriptions!" The aim of the article is to show that Koyré's ascription, and others of its kind, are legitimate; and that the methodological maxim should not be given the strict reading which (...)
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  27.  21
    Applying Kass's Public Health Ethics Framework to Mandatory Health Care Worker Immunization: The Devil is in the Details.Saad B. Omer - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):55 - 57.
  28.  40
    Avicenna Among Medieval Jews the Reception of Avicenna's Philosophical, Scientific and Medical Writings in Jewish Cultures, East and West.Gad Freudenthal & Mauro Zonta - 2012 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 22 (2):217-287.
    The reception of Avicenna by medieval Jewish readers presents an underappreciated enigma. Despite the philosophical and scientific stature of Avicenna, his philosophical writings were relatively little studied in Jewish milieus, be it in Arabic or in Hebrew. In particular, Avicenna's philosophical writings are not among the “Hebräische Übersetzungen des Mittelalters” – only very few of them were translated into Hebrew. As an author associated with a definite corpus of writings, Avicenna hardly existed in Jewish philosophy in Hebrew. Paradoxically, however, some (...)
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  29.  55
    Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed and the Transmission of the Mathematical Tract "on Two Asymptotic Lines" in the Arabic, Latin and Hebrew Medieval Traditions.Gad Freudenthal - 1988 - Vivarium 26 (2):113-140.
  30.  34
    New Dawn or False Start in Brazil? The Political Economy of Lula's Election.Alfredo Saad-Filho - 2003 - Historical Materialism 11 (1):3-21.
  31.  19
    Philosophy and Medicine in Jewish Provence, Anno 1199: Samuel Ibn Tibbon and Doeg the Edomite Translating Galen's Tegni.Gad Freudenthal & Resianne Fontaine - 2016 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 26 (1):1-26.
  32.  13
    Samuel Ibn Tibbon as the Author of Melaḵah Qeṭanah, the Hebrew Translation From Arabic of Galen's Tegni: Probes Into the Evolution of His Philosophical Terminology.Gad Freudenthal - 2016 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 26 (1):27-43.
  33.  5
    Theory of Matter and Cosmology in William Gilbert's De Magnete.Gad Freudenthal - 1983 - Isis 74:22-37.
  34.  33
    Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance: Heat and Pneuma, Form and Soul.Christopher Shields & Gad Freudenthal - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):632.
    Fortunately, there is heat; and Freudenthal is keen to promote it as an overlooked central factor in Aristotle’s theory of material substance. He begins in agreement with the many scholars who argue that Aristotle’s theory of the four elements underdetermines the plain fact that there are organic substances which exhibit both synchronic and diachronic unity. He goes further than most, however, by arguing that left unaugmented Aristotle’s account of the four basic elements would positively preclude the existence of these forms (...)
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  35.  32
    The Theory of the Opposites and an Ordered Universe: Physics and Metaphysics in Anaximander.Gad Freudenthal - 1986 - Phronesis 31 (1):197-228.
  36.  16
    Science in the Medieval Jewish Culture of Southern France.Gad Freudenthal - 1995 - History of Science 33 (1):23-58.
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  37.  35
    How Strong is Dr. Bloor's 'Strong Programme'?Gad Freudenthal - 1979 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (1):67.
  38.  8
    Theory of Matter and Cosmology in William Gilbert's De Magnete.Gad Freudenthal - 1983 - Isis 74 (1):22-37.
  39.  29
    Joseph Ben-David's Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Gad Freudenthal - 1987 - Minerva 25 (1-2):135-149.
  40.  26
    Rabbi Lewi ben Gerschom (Gersonides) und die Bedingungen wissenschaftlichen Fortschritts im Mittelalter: Astronomie, Physik, erkenntnistheoretischer Realismus und Heilslehre.Gad Freudenthal - 1992 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 74 (2):158-179.
  41.  26
    20S Proteasomes and Protein Degradation “by Default”.Gad Asher, Nina Reuven & Yosef Shaul - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (8):844-849.
  42.  58
    Arguments From Conceivability.Gad Prudovsky - 1995 - Ratio 8 (1):63-69.
    What can be inferred from the fact that something is, or is not, conceivable? In this paper I argue, contrary to some deflationary remarks in recent literature, that arguments which use such facts as their starting point may have significant philosophical import. I use Strawson's results from the first chapter of "Individuals" in order to show that Galileo's arguments in favor of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, which are based on premises concerning conceivability, should not be dismissed: they (...)
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  43.  19
    Qian Mu and the Modern Transformation of Filial Piety.Gad C. Isay - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (3):441–454.
  44.  55
    The Three Rs of Animal Research: What They Mean for the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee and Why.Howard J. Curzer, Gad Perry, Mark C. Wallace & Dan Perry - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (2):549-565.
    The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee is entrusted with assessing the ethics of proposed projects prior to approval of animal research. The role of the IACUC is detailed in legislation and binding rules, which are in turn inspired by the Three Rs: the principles of Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement. However, these principles are poorly defined. Although this provides the IACUC leeway in assessing a proposed project, it also affords little guidance. Our goal is to provide procedural and philosophical clarity (...)
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  45.  21
    History of Science and the Historian's Self-Understanding.Gad Prudovsky - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (1):73-76.
  46.  4
    III. The Foucaultian Impasse: No Sex, No Self, No Revolution.Gad Horowitz - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (1):61-80.
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  47. Ethics, Pandemics, and the Duty to Treat.Heidi Malm, Thomas May, Leslie P. Francis, Saad B. Omer, Daniel A. Salmon & Robert Hood - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):4 – 19.
    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that (...)
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  48.  43
    A Mind Of Her Own: Hélène Metzger to Émile Meyerson, 1933.Cristina Chimisso & Gad Freudenthal - 2003 - Isis 94:477-491.
    In May 1933 the historian of chemistry Hélène Metzger addressed a letter to the renowned historian and philosopher of science Émile Meyerson, a cri de coeur against Meyerson’s patronizing attitude toward her. This recently discovered letter is published and translated here because it is an exceptional human document reflecting the gender power structure of our discipline in interwar France. At the age of forty‐three, and with five books to her credit, Metzger was still a junior scholar in the exclusively male (...)
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  49. A Public Trial De Novo: Rethinking “Industrial Interests”.Christopher Gad & Jane Bjørn Vedel - 2011 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 31 (6):506-517.
    This article addresses the concept of “industrial interests” and examines its role in a topical controversy about a large research grant from a private foundation, the Novo Nordisk Foundation, to the University of Copenhagen. The authors suggest that the debate took the form of a “public trial” where the grant and close intermingling between industry and public research was prosecuted and defended. First, the authors address how the grant was framed in the media. Second, they redescribe the case by introducing (...)
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  50.  10
    Gad Freudenthal, Science in the Medieval Hebrew and Arabic Traditions. Variorum Collected Studies Series Cs803. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005. Pp. XX+350. Isbn 0-86078-952-7. £62.50. [REVIEW]Norbert Samuelson - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (1):126-127.
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