Results for 'Niels G. Waller'

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  1.  13
    The non-significance of straw man arguments.Niels G. Waller & Wesley O. Johnson - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):226-227.
    We demonstrate that Statistical significance (Chow 1996) includes straw man arguments against (1) effect size, (2) meta-analysis, and (3) Bayesianism. We agree with the author that in experimental designs, H0 “is the effect of chance influences on the data-collection procedure . . . it says nothing about the substantive hypothesis or its logical complement” (Chow 1996, p. 41).
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  2.  17
    Individual differences in age preferences in mates.Niels G. Waller - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):578-581.
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  3.  23
    Information technology from a knowledge system perspective: Concepts and issues. [REVIEW]Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel - 1990 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 3 (3):6-18.
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired us (...)
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  4.  92
    Cliometric metatheory III: Peircean consensus, verisimilitude, and asymptotic method.Paul E. Meehl - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):615-643.
    Statistical procedures can be applied to episodes in the history of science in order to weight attributes to predict short-term survival of theories; an asymptotic method is used to show that short-term survival is a valid proxy for ultimate survival; and a theoretical argument is made that ultimate survival is a valid proxy for objective truth. While realists will appreciate this last step, instrumentalists do not need it to benefit from the actuarial procedures of cliometric metatheory. Introduction A plausible proxy (...)
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  5.  8
    Who Were the Early Israelites and Where Did They Come From?Niels Peter Lemche & William G. Dever - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (4):888.
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  6.  3
    Südamerikanische Beiträge Zur Modernen Deutung der Aristotelischen Logik.Niels Öffenberger & Alejandro G. Vigo (eds.) - 1997 - G. Olms.
  7. Higher-level Knowledge, Rational and Social Levels Constraints of the Common Model of the Mind.Antonio Lieto, William G. Kennedy, Christian Lebiere, Oscar Romero, Niels Taatgen & Robert West - forthcoming - Procedia Computer Science.
    In his famous 1982 paper, Allen Newell [22, 23] introduced the notion of knowledge level to indicate a level of analysis, and prediction, of the rational behavior of a cognitive arti cial agent. This analysis concerns the investigation about the availability of the agent knowledge, in order to pursue its own goals, and is based on the so-called Rationality Principle (an assumption according to which "an agent will use the knowledge it has of its environment to achieve its goals" [22, (...)
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  8.  9
    Teaching the History of Science.G. Waller, John Greene, Robert Schofield, A. Unklesbay & Harry Woolf - 1958 - Isis 49:77-78.
  9.  8
    Teaching the History of Science.G. M. Waller, John C. Greene, Robert E. Schofield, A. G. Unklesbay & Harry Woolf - 1958 - Isis 49 (1):77-78.
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  10.  46
    Objectivity and illusion in evolutionary ethics: Comments on Waller.Peter G. Woolcock - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):39-60.
    In this paper I argue that any adequate evolutionary ethical theory needs to account for moral belief as well as for dispositions to behave altruistically. It also needs to be clear whether it is offering us an account of the motivating reasons behind human behaviour or whether it is giving justifying reasons for a particular set of behaviours or, if both, to distinguish them clearly. I also argue that, unless there are some objective moral truths, the evolutionary ethicist cannot offer (...)
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  11.  24
    Morphological priming survives a language switch.Rinus G. Verdonschot, Renee Middelburg, Saskia E. Lensink & Niels O. Schiller - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):343-349.
  12. Ansorge, Ulrich, 528 Arnel Trevena, Judy, 162, 308.Elisabeth Bacon, Clive G. Ballard, William P. Banks, James J. Barrell, John Barresi, Melissa R. Beck, Derek Besner, Uri Bibi, Niels Birbaumer & Mark Bishop - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:689-690.
     
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  13. Beyond Button Presses: The Neuroscience of Free and Morally Appraisable Actions.Robyn Repko Waller - 2012 - The Monist 95 (3):441-462.
    What are the types of action at issue in the free will and moral responsibility debate? Are the neuroscientists who make claims about free will and moral responsibility studying those types of action? If not, can the existing paradigm in the field be modified to study those types of action? This paper outlines some claims made by neuroscientists about the inefficacy of conscious intentions and the implications of this inefficacy for the existence of free will. It argues that, typically, the (...)
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  14.  11
    The Ethics of Antibiotic Resistance: Towards an Agenda for Feasible and Justified Global Health Policy.Christian Munthe, Niels Nijsingh, Karl de Fine Licht & D. G. Joakim Larsson - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):731-733.
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  15.  40
    Where is Science Going? By Max Planck. With a preface by Albert Einstein. Translated and edited by James Murphy. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.1933. Pp. 224. Price 7s. 6d. net.)Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature. By Niels Bohr. (Cambridge University Press. 1934. Pp. 119. Price 6s. net.)Science and the Human Temperament. By Erwin Schrödinger. Translated and with a biographical introduction by James Murphy. Foreword by Lord Rutherford of Nelson. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.1935. Pp. 154. Price 7s. 6d. net.). [REVIEW]G. Burniston Brown - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (43):366-.
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  16.  12
    Semantic context effects when naming Japanese kanji, but not Chinese hànzì.Rinus G. Verdonschot, Wido La Heij & Niels O. Schiller - 2010 - Cognition 115 (3):512-518.
  17. Logik, Naturphilosophie, Dialektik: neue internationale Beiträge zur modernen Deutung der Aristotelischen Logik.Niels Öffenberger & Alejandro G. Vigo (eds.) - 2014 - Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
     
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  18.  14
    Health‐related Research Ethics and Social Value: Antibiotic Resistance Intervention Research and Pragmatic Risks.Christian Munthe, Niels Nijsingh, Karl Fine Licht & D. G. Joakim Larsson - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (3):335-342.
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  19.  24
    Individual Autonomy and the Double-Blind Controlled Experiment: The Case of Desperate Volunteers.B. P. Minogue, G. Palmer-Fernandez, L. Udell & B. N. Waller - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):43-55.
    This essay explores some concerns about the quality of informed consent in patients whose autonomy is diminished by fatal illness. It argues that patients with diminished autonomy cannot give free and voluntary consent, and that recruitment of such patients as subjects in human experimentation exploits their vulnerability in a morally objectionable way. Two options are given to overcome this objection: (i) recruit only those patients who desire to contribute to medical knowledge, rather than gain access to experimental treatment, or (ii) (...)
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  20.  12
    Lady Constance Malleson, "Colette O'Niel".John G. Slater - 2000 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 20:4.
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  21.  7
    Lady Constance Malleson, "Colette O'Niel".John G. Slater - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 20:4.
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  22. Aristóteles y la lógica polivalente. Acerca de la reconstrucción de la asertórica aristotélica por Niels Öffenberger.Alejandro G. Vigo - 1992 - Philosophica 15:265.
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  23.  13
    Faith and the life of Reason. By John King-Farlow and William Niels Christensen. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company. 1972. Pp. ix, 253. $22.50. [REVIEW]C. G. Prado - 1974 - Dialogue 13 (4):795-799.
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  24.  14
    Nobel Prize Winners in Physics, 1901-1950 by Niels H. de V. Heathcote; Nobel Prize Winners in Medicine and Physiology, 1901-1950 by Lloyd G. Stevenson; Nobel Prize Winners in Chemistry, 1901-1950 by Eduard Farber. [REVIEW]I. Cohen - 1954 - Isis 45:407-408.
  25.  11
    Morphological priming during language switching: an ERP study.Saskia E. Lensink, Rinus G. Verdonschot & Niels O. Schiller - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26.  30
    Spirituality and Health.Arndt Büssing, Klaus Baumann, Niels Christian Hvidt, Harold G. Koenig, Christina M. Puchalski & John Swinton - unknown
  27.  10
    The Physics of Chance: From Blaise Pascal to Niels BohrCharles Ruhla G. Barton.James R. Hofmann - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):680-681.
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  28.  37
    Some notes on priming, alignment, and self-monitoring.Niels O. Schiller & Jan Peter de Ruiter - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):208-209.
    Any complete theory of speaking must take the dialogical function of language use into account. Pickering & Garrod (P&G) make some progress on this point. However, we question whether their interactive alignment model is the optimal approach. In this commentary, we specifically criticize (1) their notion of alignment being implemented through priming, and (2) their claim that self-monitoring can occur at all levels of linguistic representation.
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  29. Indicatives, Subjunctives, and the Falsity of the Antecedent.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen & Peter Collins - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (11):e13058.
    It is widely held that there are important differences between indicative conditionals (e.g. “If the authors are linguists, they have written a linguistics paper”) and subjunctive conditionals (e.g. “If the authors had been linguists, they would have written a linguistics paper”). A central difference is that indicatives and subjunctives convey different stances towards the truth of their antecedents. Indicatives (often) convey neutrality: for example, about whether the authors in question are linguists. Subjunctives (often) convey the falsity of the antecedent: for (...)
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  30. The Dialogical Entailment Task.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen - 2019 - Cognition (C):104010.
    In this paper, a critical discussion is made of the role of entailments in the so-called New Paradigm of psychology of reasoning based on Bayesian models of rationality (Elqayam & Over, 2013). It is argued that assessments of probabilistic coherence cannot stand on their own, but that they need to be integrated with empirical studies of intuitive entailment judgments. This need is motivated not just by the requirements of probability theory itself, but also by a need to enhance the interdisciplinary (...)
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  31.  28
    Christliche Theologie.John Hennig, Ernst Offner, Julius Gross, Georg Franz-Willing, Schalom Ben-Chorin, Gustav Mensching, F. W. Kantzenbach, Michael Thomas, Niels-Peter Moritzen, Hans G. Klemm & Gerhard Müller - 1975 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 27 (1-4):256-268.
  32.  27
    On the Notions of Rulegenerating & Anticipatory Systems.Niels Ole Finnemann - 1997 - Online Publication on Conference Site - Which Does Not Exist Any More.
    Until the late 19th century scientists almost always assumed that the world could be described as a rule-based and hence deterministic system or as a set of such systems. The assumption is maintained in many 20th century theories although it has also been doubted because of the breakthrough of statistical theories in thermodynamics (Boltzmann and Gibbs) and other fields, unsolved questions in quantum mechanics as well as several theories forwarded within the social sciences. Until recently it has furthermore been assumed (...)
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  33.  22
    Value-impregnated factual claims may undermine medical decision-making.Niels Lynøe, Gert Helgesson & Niklas Juth - 2018 - Clinical Ethics 13 (3):151-158.
    Clinical decisions are expected to be based on factual evidence and official values derived from healthcare law and soft laws such as regulations and guidelines. But sometimes personal values instead influence clinical decisions. One way in which personal values may influence medical decision-making is by their affecting factual claims or assumptions made by healthcare providers. Such influence, which we call ‘value-impregnation,’ may be concealed to all concerned stakeholders. We suggest as a hypothesis that healthcare providers’ decision making is sometimes affected (...)
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  34. Practical Knowledge and Foreseen Side Effects.Niels Van Miltenburg - 2011 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (1):1-7.
    On Anscombe's view, intentional actions are characterized by a specific type of knowledge (practical knowledge) possessed by the agents that perform them. Recently, interest in Anscombean action theory has been renewed. Sarah Paul argues that Anscombean action theory faces a serious problem: It fails to discriminate between an action’s intended aim or purpose and its foreseen side effects. Since Anscombeans conceive practical knowledge as the formal cause of intentional actions, Paul dubs this a problem of “deviant formal causation.” In this (...)
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  35. Knowing and Doing.Niels van Miltenburg - manuscript
     
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  36.  1
    Feasibility and Safety of Bilateral Hybrid EEG/EOG Brain/Neural–Machine Interaction.Marius Nann, Niels Peekhaus, Cornelius Angerhöfer & Surjo R. Soekadar - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Cervical spinal cord injuries often lead to loss of motor function in both hands and legs, limiting autonomy and quality of life. While it was shown that unilateral hand function can be restored after SCI using a hybrid electroencephalography/electrooculography brain/neural hand exoskeleton, it remained unclear whether such hybrid paradigm also could be used for operating two hand exoskeletons, e.g., in the context of bimanual tasks such as eating with fork and knife. To test whether EEG/EOG signals allow for fluent and (...)
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  37.  9
    Is the syllable frame stored?Willem J. M. Levelt & Niels O. Schiller - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):520-520.
    This commentary discusses whether abstract metrical frames are stored. For stress-assigning languages (e.g., Dutch and English), which have a dominant stress pattern, metrical frames are stored only for words that deviate from the default stress pattern. The majority of the words in these languages are produced without retrieving any independent syllabic or metrical frame.
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  38.  27
    How the Great Scientists Reasoned: The Scientific Method in Action.Gary G. Tibbetts - 2012 - Elsevier.
    1. Introduction : humanity's urge to understand -- 2. Elements of scientific thinking : skepticism, careful reasoning, and exhaustive evaluation are all vital. Science Is universal -- Maintaining a critical attitude. Reasonable skepticism -- Respect for the truth -- Reasoning. Deduction -- Induction -- Paradigm shifts -- Evaluating scientific hypotheses. Ockham's razor -- Quantitative evaluation -- Verification by others -- Statistics : correlation and causation -- Statistics : the indeterminacy of the small -- Careful definition -- Science at the frontier. (...)
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  39. Skepticism About Moral Responsibility.Gregg D. Caruso - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2018):1-81.
    Skepticism about moral responsibility, or what is more commonly referred to as moral responsibility skepticism, refers to a family of views that all take seriously the possibility that human beings are never morally responsible for their actions in a particular but pervasive sense. This sense is typically set apart by the notion of basic desert and is defined in terms of the control in action needed for an agent to be truly deserving of blame and praise. Some moral responsibility skeptics (...)
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  40. Symposium Niels Bohr Centennial.Niels Bohr Centennial - 1992 - In Edna Ullmann-Margalit (ed.), The Scientific Enterprise. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 261.
     
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  41. World Physics in Ukraine: A Unique Experience of Consolidation of Scientists at Kharkiv Research Center of Physics (in the 1920s-1930s). [REVIEW]Elena Tverytnykova & Maryna Gutnyk - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (2):5-23.
    The article examines the development of physics research in Ukraine on the example of the Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology (UIPT). Founded on the initiative of the eminent physicist Abram Ioffe, the UIPT has gradually become one of the world’s leading research institutions. During 1928–1938, many important events took place at the institute, which became markers for the development of physics in Ukraine and the USSR as well as in the world. An experiment on the fission of atomic nucleus (...)
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  42. Free Will Skepticism and the Question of Creativity: Creativity, Desert, and Self-Creation.D. Caruso Gregg - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    Free will skepticism maintains that what we do, and the way we are, is ultimately the result of factors beyond our control and because of this we are never morally responsible for our actions in the basic desert sense—the sense that would make us truly deserving of praise and blame. In recent years, a number of contemporary philosophers have advanced and defended versions of free will skepticism, including Derk Pereboom (2001, 2014), Galen Strawson (2010), Neil Levy (2011), Bruce Waller (...)
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  43. Niels Bohr an Essay Dedicated to Him on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, October 7, 1945.L. Rosenfeld & Niels Henrik David Bohr - 1961 - North-Holland Publishing Co.
     
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  44. The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr.Niels Bohr - 1987 - Ox Bow Press.
    v. 1. Atomic theory and the description of nature -- v. 2. Essays 1932-1957 on atomic physics and human knowledge -- v. 3. Essays 1958-1962 on atomic physics and human knowledge -- v. 4. Causality and complementarity.
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  45. The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr Vol. I-Iv.Niels Bohr - 1987 - Ox Bow Press.
  46. Leviathan, or, the Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civill. Ed. By A.R. Waller.Thomas Hobbes & Alfred Rayney Waller - 1904
     
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  47. The Indeterminist Objectivity of Quantum Mechanics Versus the Determinist Subjectivity of Classical Physics.Vasil Penchev - 2020 - Cosmology and Large-Scale Structure eJournal (Elsevier: SSRN) 2 (18):1-5.
    Indeterminism of quantum mechanics is considered as an immediate corollary from the theorems about absence of hidden variables in it, and first of all, the Kochen – Specker theorem. The base postulate of quantum mechanics formulated by Niels Bohr that it studies the system of an investigated microscopic quantum entity and the macroscopic apparatus described by the smooth equations of classical mechanics by the readings of the latter implies as a necessary condition of quantum mechanics the absence of hidden (...)
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  48.  1
    Constructive-critical realism as a philosophy of science and religion.Andreas Losch - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (2):6.
    Although highly disputed, critical realism (in Ian G. Barbour’s style) is widely known as a tool to relate science and religion. Sympathising with an even more stringent hermeneutical approach, Andreas Losch had argued for a modification of critical realism into the so-called constructive-critical realism to give humanities with its constructive role of the subject due weight in any discussion on how to bridge the apparent gulf between the disciplines. So far, his constructive-critical realism has mainly been developed theologically. This paper (...)
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  49. Kristendommens fornuft: Niels Grønkjær 60 år.Niels Grønkjær, Birgitte Stoklund Larsen & Peter Aaboe Sørensen (eds.) - 2015 - København: Forlaget Anis.
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  50. Papirer. Anden Forøede Udg. Ved Niels Thulstrup.Søen Kierkegaard & Niels Thulstrup - 1968 - Gyldendal.
     
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