Results for 'Philip A. Greiner'

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  1.  51
    A Plea for Risk: Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson.Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:45-64.
    Mountaineering is a dangerous activity. For many mountaineers, part of its very attraction is the risk, the thrill of danger. Yet mountaineers are often regarded as reckless or even irresponsible for risking their lives. In this paper, we offer a defence of risk-taking in mountaineering. Our discussion is organised around the fact that mountaineers and non-mountaineers often disagree about how risky mountaineering really is. We hope to cast some light on the nature of this disagreement – and to argue that (...)
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  2.  86
    Lottery Judgments: A Philosophical and Experimental Study.Philip A. Ebert, Martin Smith & Ian Durbach - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (1):110-138.
    In this paper, we present the results of two surveys that investigate subjects’ judgments about what can be known or justifiably believed about lottery outcomes on the basis of statistical evidence, testimonial evidence, and “mixed” evidence, while considering possible anchoring and priming effects. We discuss these results in light of seven distinct hypotheses that capture various claims made by philosophers about lay people’s lottery judgments. We conclude by summarizing the main findings, pointing to future research, and comparing our findings to (...)
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  3. Anticipatory Ethics for Emerging Technologies.Philip A. E. Brey - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (1):1-13.
    Abstract In this essay, a new approach for the ethical study of emerging technology ethics will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. I will argue that a major problem for its development is the problem of uncertainty, which can only be overcome through methodologically sound forecasting and futures studies. I (...)
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  4.  45
    Determining the Primary Problem of Visual Perception: A Gibsonian Response to the Correlation' Objection.Philip A. Glotzbach - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):69-94.
    Fodor & Pylyshyn (1981) criticize J. J. Gibson's ecological account of perception for failing to address what I call the 'correlation problem' in visual perception. That is, they charge that Gibson cannot explain how perceivers learn to correlate detectable properties of the light with perceptible properties of the environment. Furthermore, they identify the correlation problem as a crucial issue for any theory of visual perception, what I call a 'primary problem'—i.e. a problem which plays a definitive role in establishing the (...)
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  5. Basic Laws of Arithmetic.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first complete English translation of Gottlob Frege's Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, with introduction and annotation. The importance of Frege's ideas within contemporary philosophy would be hard to exaggerate. He was, to all intents and purposes, the inventor of mathematical logic, and the influence exerted on modern philosophy of language and logic, and indeed on general epistemology, by the philosophical framework.
     
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  6.  56
    A Plea for Risk.Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:45-64.
    Mountaineering is a dangerous activity. For many mountaineers, part of its very attraction is the risk, the thrill of danger. Yet mountaineers are often regarded as reckless or even irresponsible for risking their lives. In this paper, we offer a defence of risk-taking in mountaineering. Our discussion is organised around the fact that mountaineers and non-mountaineers often disagree about how risky mountaineering really is. We hope to cast some light on the nature of this disagreement – and to argue that (...)
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  7.  81
    A Puzzle About Ontological Commitments.Philip A. Ebert - 2008 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (2):209-226.
    This paper raises and then discusses a puzzle concerning the ontological commitments of mathematical principles. The main focus here is Hume's Principle—a statement that, embedded in second-order logic, allows for a deduction of the second-order Peano axioms. The puzzle aims to put pressure on so-called epistemic rejectionism, a position that rejects the analytic status of Hume's Principle. The upshot will be to elicit a new and very basic disagreement between epistemic rejectionism and the neo-Fregeans, defenders of the analytic status of (...)
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  8. Varieties of Risk.Philip A. Ebert, Martin Smith & Ian Durbach - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 101 (2):432-455.
    The notion of risk plays a central role in economics, finance, health, psychology, law and elsewhere, and is prevalent in managing challenges and resources in day-to-day life. In recent work, Duncan Pritchard (2015, 2016) has argued against the orthodox probabilistic conception of risk on which the risk of a hypothetical scenario is determined by how probable it is, and in favour of a modal conception on which the risk of a hypothetical scenario is determined by how modally close it is. (...)
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  9.  19
    A Proposal for a Course on Computer Ethics.Philip A. Pecorino & Walter Maner - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (4):327-337.
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  10. Anticipating Ethical Issues in Emerging IT.Philip A. E. Brey - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (4):305-317.
    In this essay, a new approach to the ethics of emerging information technology will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. In the essay, I will first locate emerging technology in the technology development cycle, after which I will consider ethical approaches to emerging technologies, as well as obstacles in developing (...)
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  11. Kant and Rousseau on the Critique of Philosophical Theology: The Primacy of Practical Reason.Philip A. Quadrio - 2009 - Sophia 48 (2):179-193.
    This paper explores the Rousseauian background to Kant’s critique of metaphysics and philosophical theology. The core idea is that the rejection of metaphysics and philosophical theology is part of a turn from theoretical to practical reason influential on European philosophy of religion, a turn we associate with Kant but that is prefigured by Rousseau. Rousseau is not, however, a thinker normally associated with the notion of metaphysical criticism, nor the notion of the primacy of practical reason. The paper draws out (...)
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  12.  4
    Abstractionism: Essays in Philosophy of Mathematics.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    Abstractionism, which is a development of Frege's original Logicism, is a recent and much debated position in the philosophy of mathematics. This volume contains 16 original papers by leading scholars on the philosophical and mathematical aspects of Abstractionism. After an extensive editors' introduction to the topic of abstractionism, the volume is split into 4 sections. The contributions within these sections explore the semantics and meta-ontology of Abstractionism, abstractionist epistemology, the mathematics of Abstractionis, and finally, Frege's application constraint within an abstractionist (...)
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  13.  68
    Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception.Philip A. Glotzbach & Harry Heft - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):108-121.
  14.  37
    Decoding the Nature of Emotion in the Brain.Philip A. Kragel & Kevin S. LaBar - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (6):444-455.
  15.  36
    Referential Inscrutablility, Perception, and the Empirical Foundation of Meaning.Philip A. Glotzbach - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:535-569.
    W.V.O.Quine’s doctrine of referential inscrutability (RI) is the thesis that, first, linguistic reference must always be determined relative to an interpretation of the discourse and, second, that the empirical evidence always underdetermines our choice of interpretation--at least in principle. Although this thesis is a central result of Quine’s theory of language, it was long unclear just how much force RI actually carried. At best, Quine’s discussions provided localized examples of RI (e.g., ‘gavagai’), supplemented merely by arguments for the (in principle) (...)
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  16. Transmission of Warrant-Failure and the Notion of Epistemic Analyticity.Philip A. Ebert - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (4):505 – 521.
    In this paper I will argue that Boghossian's explanation of how we can acquire a priori knowledge of logical principles through implicit definitions commits a transmission of warrant-failure. To this end, I will briefly outline Boghossian's account, followed by an explanation of what a transmission of warrant-failure consists in. I will also show that this charge is independent of the worry of rule-circularity which has been raised concerning the justification of logical principles and of which Boghossian is fully aware. My (...)
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  17.  18
    No Special K! A Signal Detection Framework for the Strategic Regulation of Memory Accuracy.Philip A. Higham - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (1):1-22.
  18. A Framework for Implicit Definitions and the A Priori.Philip A. Ebert - 2016 - In Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.), Abstractionism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 133--160.
  19.  15
    Structured Semantic Knowledge Can Emerge Automatically From Predicting Word Sequences in Child-Directed Speech.Philip A. Huebner & Jon A. Willits - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  20. Contemporary Reviews of Frege’s Grundgesetze.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2019 - In Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.), Essays on Frege's Basic Laws of Arithmetic. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 637-652.
  21. Mathematical Creation in Frege's Grundgesetze.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2019 - In Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.), Essays on Frege's Basic Laws of Arithmetic. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 325-342.
  22.  9
    The Controlled Application of a Strategy Can Still Produce Automatic Effects: Reply to Redington.Philip A. Higham & John R. Vokey - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (4):476-480.
  23.  23
    The Context Principle and Implicit Definitions : Towards an Account of Our a Priori Knowledge of Arithmetic.Philip A. Ebert - 2005 - Dissertation, St. Andrews
    This thesis is concerned with explaining how a subject can acquire a priori knowledge of arithmetic. Every account for arithmetical, and in general mathematical knowledge faces Benacerraf's well-known challenge, i.e. how to reconcile the truths of mathematics with what can be known by ordinary human thinkers. I suggest four requirements that jointly make up this challenge and discuss and reject four distinct solutions to it. This will motivate a broadly Fregean approach to our knowledge of arithmetic and mathematics in general. (...)
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  24.  30
    Book Review: Robert Spaemann, Essays in Anthropology: Variations on a ThemeSpaemannRobert, Essays in Anthropology: Variations on a Theme Trans. De GraafGuidoMumfordJames . Xxv + 94 Pp. $15 , ISBN 978-1-60608-895-1. [REVIEW]Philip A. Lorish - 2012 - Studies in Christian Ethics 25 (1):120-122.
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  25.  25
    The Withholding of Truth When Counselling Relatives of the Critically Ill: A Rational Defence.Philip A. Berry - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (1):42-45.
    In cases of sudden, life-threatening illness where the chance of survival appears negligible to the admitting physician, this opinion is not always revealed during the initial meeting with the patient's relatives. Reasons as to why this withholding of the truth may be acceptable are explored through review of available evidence and personal reflection. Factors identified include: the importance of hope in families' coping mechanisms, and the instinct to preserve it; the fallibility of physicians' perception of poor prognosis in the early (...)
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  26.  39
    Generalized KdV Equation for Fluid Dynamics and Quantum Algebras.A. Ludu, R. A. Ionescu & W. Greiner - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (5):665-678.
    We generalize the nonlinear one-dimensional equation of a fluid layer for any depth and length as an infinite-order differential equation for the steady waves. This equation can be written as a q-differential one, with its general solution written as a power series expansion with coefficients satisfying a nonlinear recurrence relation. In the limit of long and shallow water (shallow channels) we reobtain the well-known KdV equation together with its single-soliton solution.
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  27. What's Wrong with Monkish Virtues? Hume on the Standard of Virtue.Philip A. Reed - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (1).
    How does Hume determine what qualities of the mind count as virtues and what qualities count as vices? By what standard, for example, does Hume dismiss the so-called “monkish virtues”? Hume’s commentators have proposed various possibilities for the standard of virtue, among them the general point of view and the usefulness/agreeableness of qualities. I consider the case for these standards and argue that Hume contends ultimately that consensus decides controversial questions about the status of virtues and vices. I try especially (...)
     
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  28.  21
    Advancing Emotion Theory with Multivariate Pattern Classification.Philip A. Kragel & Kevin S. LaBar - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):160-174.
    Characterizing how activity in the central and autonomic nervous systems corresponds to distinct emotional states is one of the central goals of affective neuroscience. Despite the ease with which individuals label their own experiences, identifying specific autonomic and neural markers of emotions remains a challenge. Here we explore how multivariate pattern classification approaches offer an advantageous framework for identifying emotion-specific biomarkers and for testing predictions of theoretical models of emotion. Based on initial studies using multivariate pattern classification, we suggest that (...)
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  29.  7
    A Note on a Definition of 'Observation Term'.Philip A. Ostien - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (2):203-207.
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  30.  23
    Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock. A Critical Introduction to the Philosophy of Gottlob Frege. Aldershot, Hampshire, and Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing, 2006. ISBN 978-0-7546-5471-1. Pp. X&Plus;157: Critical Studies/Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Philip A. Ebert - 2011 - Philosophia Mathematica 19 (3):363-367.
    Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock. A Critical Introduction to the Philosophy of Gottlob Frege. Aldershot, Hampshire, and Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing, 2006. ISBN 978-0-7546-5471-1. Pp. x+157.
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  31. Plutarch and His Roman Readers.Philip A. Stadter - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is a collection of essays on the Parallel Lives of the Greek philosopher and biographer Plutarch which examines the moral issues Plutarch recognized behind political leadership, and places his writings in their political and social context of the reigns of the Flavian emperors and their successors.
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  32.  45
    Artifacts, Intentions, and Contraceptives: The Problem with Having a Plan B for Plan B.Philip A. Reed - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):jht051.
    Next SectionIt is commonly proposed that artifacts cannot be understood without reference to human intentions. This fact, I contend, has relevance to the use of artifacts in intentional action. I argue that because artifacts have intentions embedded into them antecedently, when we use artifacts we are sometimes compelled to intend descriptions of our actions that we might, for various reasons, be inclined to believe that we do not intend. I focus this argument to a specific set of artifacts, namely, medical (...)
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  33.  12
    A Match for Alcestis: Plutarch Mor. 243 D.Philip A. Stadter - 1975 - Classical Quarterly 25 (01):157-.
    In the introductory remarks to his Mulierum Virtutes, Plutarch notes the value of comparisons for establishing the diverse manifestations of the same virtue: ‘Achilles was brave in one way, Ajax in another; and the intelligence of Odysseus differed from that of Nestor, nor were Cato and Agesilaus just in the same way, nor was Irene loving of her husband () as Alcestis was, nor Cornelia high-minded in the manner of Olympias’ . All the examples are well known, and quite apposite, (...)
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  34.  24
    Motivating Hume’s Natural Virtues.Philip A. Reed - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (S1):134-147.
    Many commentators propose that Hume thinks that we are not or should not be motivated to perform naturally virtuous actions from moral sentiments if we want our actions to be genuinely virtuous. It is this proposal with which I take issue in this article, arguing that Hume fully incorporates the moral sentiments into his understanding of how human beings act when it comes to the natural virtues and that he does not see the moral sentiments as a problematic kind of (...)
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  35.  10
    Toward A Subsidiarity-Based Judicial Federalism.Philip A. Pucillo - 2005 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 2 (2):463-493.
  36.  17
    A Historical Commentary on Arrian's History of Alexander. Vol. II. Commentary on Books IV-V (Review).Philip A. Stadter - 1997 - American Journal of Philology 118 (1):140-143.
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  37.  24
    Battle A. B. Lloyd (Ed.): Battle in Antiquity. Pp. Viii + 277. London: Duckworth, Classical Press of Wales, 1996. Cased, £40. ISBN: 0-7156-2695-7. [REVIEW]Philip A. G. Sabin - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (02):379-381.
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  38.  13
    Plutarch's Lives. Exploring Virtue and Vice.Philip A. Stadter & T. Duff - 2002 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 122:174-175.
  39. Ed Zalta's Version of Neo-Logicism: A Friendly Letter of Complaint.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2009 - In Hannes Leitgeb & Alexander Hieke (eds.), Reduction – Abstraction – Analysis. Ontos. pp. 11--305.
    In this short letter to Ed Zalta we raise a number of issues with regards to his version of Neo-Logicism. The letter is, in parts, based on a longer manuscript entitled “What Neo-Logicism could not be” which is in preparation. A response by Ed Zalta to our letter can be found on his website: http://mally.stanford.edu/publications.html (entry C3).
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  40. Translators' Introduction.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2013 - In Gottlob Frege (ed.), Basic Laws of Arithmetic, Derived Using Concept-Script: Volumes I & II. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  41.  20
    Bayesian Reasoning in Avalanche Terrain: A Theoretical Investigation.Philip A. Ebert - 2019 - Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning 19 (1):84-95.
    In this article, I explore a Bayesian approach to avalanche decision-making. I motivate this perspective by highlighting a version of the base-rate fallacy and show that a similar pattern applies to decision-making in avalanche-terrain. I then draw out three theoretical lessons from adopting a Bayesian approach and discuss these lessons critically. Lastly, I highlight a number of challenges for avalanche educators when incorporating the Bayesian perspective in their curriculum.
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  42.  27
    Introduction: Outright Belief and Degrees of Belief.Martin Smith Philip A. Ebert - 2012 - Dialectica 66 (3):305-308.
    What is the relation between ‘full’ or ‘outright’ belief and the various levels of confidence that agents can have in the propositions that concern them? This paper argues for a new answer to this question. Decision theory implies that in making decisions, rational agents must treat certain propositions as though they were completely certain; but on most forms of decision theory, these propositions are not ones for which any finite agent could have maximal justification – the agent will clearly have (...)
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  43.  9
    Ethics In Teaching: A Series of Case Studies and Commentaries.Philip A. Pecorino - 1984 - Teaching Philosophy 7 (3):229-229.
  44.  30
    A Theory of Constitutional Change.Philip A. Joseph & Gordon R. Walker - 1987 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 7 (2):155-181.
  45. Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations: Claiming a Place in Ancient Mediterranean Society.Philip A. Harland - 2003
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  46.  10
    Beyond Dissociation Logic: Evidence for Controlled and Automatic Influences in Artificial Grammar Learning.Philip A. Higham, John R. Vokey & J. Lynne Pritchard - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (4):457-470.
  47.  39
    The New Loeb Arrian P. A. Brunt: Arrian, I: Anabasis Alexandri, Books I–IV. (Loeb Classical Library.) Pp. Lxxxvi + 547; 1 Fold-Out Map. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press; London: William Heinemann, 1976. Cloth, £2.95. [REVIEW]Philip A. Stadter - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (02):237-238.
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  48.  18
    Hume’s Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Psychology.Philip A. Reed & Rico Vitz (eds.) - 2018 - London, UK: Routledge.
    Recent work at the intersection of moral philosophy and the philosophy of psychology has dealt mostly with Aristotelian virtue ethics. The dearth of scholarship that engages with Hume’s moral philosophy, however, is both noticeable and peculiar. Hume's Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Psychology demonstrates how Hume’s moral philosophy comports with recent work from the empirical sciences and moral psychology. It shows how contemporary work in virtue ethics has much stronger similarities to the metaphysically thin conception of human nature that Hume developed, (...)
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  49.  13
    Sparta and Persia.Philip A. Stadter & David M. Lewis - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (3):374.
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  50.  15
    Hu Shih and the Chinese Renaissance: Liberalism in the Chinese Revolution, 1917-1937.Philip A. Kuhn & Jerome B. Grieder - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (1):88.
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