Results for 'change'

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  1. Hasok Chang. 2012. Is Water H2O? Evidence, Realism and Pluralism.Hasok Chang - 2013 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 28 (2):331-334.
  2.  2
    Political Change in View of the Theory of Change and Balanced, Harmonious Union of the Private Interest and the Public Interest.Mun Chang Koo - 2010 - Upa.
    This book discusses political change in the view of Confucian thought. This study focuses on the Book of Change, which is one of the nine basic books of Confucius School, and has dominated oriental thought in this field for more than three thousand years.
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  3.  9
    Why the Order of the Figures of the Hypothetical Syllogisms Was Changed.Hypothetical Syllogisms Was Changed - 2000 - Classical Quarterly 50:247-251.
  4. Chang Chü-Shêng Hsien Shêng Ch'i Shih Shêng Jin Chi Nien Lun Wên Chi.Shih Hu, Yüan-chi Chang, Yüan-P'ei Ts'ai & Yün-wu Wang - 1937 - Shang Wu Yin Shu Kuan.
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  5.  2
    How is COVID-19 Changing the Ways Doctors Make End-of-Life Decisions?Benjamin Kah Wai Chang & Pia Matthews - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (12):941-947.
    Background This research explores how the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the ways doctors make end-of-life decisions, particularly around Do Not Attempt Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR), treatment escalation and doctors’ views on the legalisation of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. Methods The research was conducted between May and August 2021, during which COVID-19 hospital cases were relatively low and pressures on NHS resources were near normal levels. Data were collected via online survey sent to doctors of all levels and specialties, who have worked (...)
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  6.  1
    Sagye Kim Chang-Saeng Ŭi Yehak Sasang.Se-ho Chang - 2006 - Kyŏngin Munhwasa.
  7. The Role of the State in Economic Change.Ha-Joon Chang & Robert Rowthorn (eds.) - 1995 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The role of the state has occupied centre stage in the development of economics as an independent discipline and is one of the most contentious issues addressed by contemporary economists and political economists. The immediate post-war years saw a swing in economic theory towards interventionism, motivated by the urgent need for reconstruction in advanced capitalist countries, the establishment of socialism in parts of Asia and Eastern Europe, and the liberation of many developing nations from colonialism. After a quarter of a (...)
     
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  8. 8 Ethics Committees and Social Change.Plus qa Change - 2001 - In C. Barry Hoffmaster (ed.), Bioethics in Social Context. Temple University Press.
     
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  9.  25
    Cultural Adaptation to Environmental Change Versus Stability.Lei Chang, Bin-Bin Chen & Hui Jing Lu - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):485-486.
    The target article provides an intermediate account of culture and freedom that is conceived to be curvilinear by treating economic development not as an adaptive outcome in response to climate but as a cause of culture parallel to climate. We argue that the extent of environmental variability, including climatic variability, affects cultural adaptation.
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  10.  5
    Development of Entropy Change in Philosophy of Science.Yi-Fang Chang - 2020 - Philosophy Study 10 (9).
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  11.  20
    Cross-Modal Prediction Changes the Timing of Conscious Access During the Motion-Induced Blindness.Acer Y.-C. Chang, Ryota Kanai & Anil K. Seth - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:139-147.
  12.  9
    Reorganization and Plastic Changes of the Human Brain Associated with Skill Learning and Expertise.Yongmin Chang - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  13. The Agm Theory and Inconsistent Belief Change Kojitanaka.Inconsistent Belief Change - 2005 - Logique Et Analyse 48 (192):113-150.
     
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  14.  17
    University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law and Social Change.Social Change - 2006 - Philosophy 9.
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  15. Bourdieu's Theory of Cultural Change: Explication, Application, Critique.Dimensions of Cultural Change & Supply Vs Demand - 2002 - Sociological Theory 20 (2).
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  16.  10
    12 H Abstinence-Induced ERP Changes in Young Smokers: Electrophysiological Evidence From a Go/NoGo Study.Chang Liu, Fang Dong, Yangding Li, Yan Ren, Dongdong Xie, Xianfu Wang, Ting Xue, Ming Zhang, Guoyin Ren, Karen M. von Deneen, Kai Yuan & Dahua Yu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  17. The Persistence of Epistemic Objects Through Scientific Change.Hasok Chang - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (3):413-429.
    Why do some epistemic objects persist despite undergoing serious changes, while others go extinct in similar situations? Scientists have often been careless in deciding which epistemic objects to retain and which ones to eliminate; historians and philosophers of science have been on the whole much too unreflective in accepting the scientists’ decisions in this regard. Through a re-examination of the history of oxygen and phlogiston, I will illustrate the benefits to be gained from challenging and disturbing the commonly accepted continuities (...)
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  18.  20
    The Issue in Which I Am Interested is a Broad Metaphysical One: How to Understand the Metaphysics of Changing From Woman to Man or Man to Woman. Who or What is Changed, and Who or What Remains the Same? How, If at All, Do These Changes Affect Personal Identity?Life-Changing Aspirations - 2009 - In Laurie J. Shrage (ed.), You've Changed: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity. Oup Usa. pp. 11.
  19.  25
    Why Do Voters Change Their Evaluations of a President? A Taiwanese Case.Yen-Chen Tang & Alex Chuan-Hsien Chang - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):301-321.
    In this paper, we analyze how citizens evaluate their president, especially focusing on why voters lower their evaluations at an individual-level perspective. We assert that citizens raise their evaluations of a new president when their expectations are met and lower their opinions when his or her performance disappoints them. Furthermore, the evaluations of the president are not only affected by a government's economic and diplomatic performance, but are also influenced by individual awareness of salient political issues, the contents of the (...)
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  20.  47
    Global Electroencephalography Synchronization as a New Indicator for Tracking Emotional Changes of a Group of Individuals During Video Watching.Chang-Hee Han, Jun-Hak Lee, Jeong-Hwan Lim, Yong-Wook Kim & Chang-Hwan Im - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  21. The Quantum Counter-Revolution: Internal Conflicts in Scientific Change.Hasok Chang - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (2):121-136.
    Many of the experiments that produced the empirical basis of quantum mechanics relied on classical assumptions that contradicted quantum mechanics. Historically this did not cause practical problems, as classical mechanics was used mostly when it did not happen to diverge too much from quantum mechanics in the quantitative sense. That fortunate circumstances, however, did not alleviate the conceptual problems involved in understanding the classical experimental reasoning in quantum-mechanical terms. In general, this type of difficulty can be expected when a coherent (...)
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  22.  14
    Culture Change in Nursing Homes: What Is the Role of Nursing Home Resources?Latarsha Chisholm, Ning J. Zhang, Kathryn Hyer, Rohit Pradhan, Lynn Unruh & Feng-Chang Lin - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801878704.
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  23.  1
    A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Examination of the Neural Correlates of Cognitive Shifting in Dimensional Change Card Sort Task.Hui Li, Dandan Wu, Jinfeng Yang, Sha Xie, Jiutong Luo & Chunqi Chang - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    This study aims to examine the neural correlates of cognitive shifting during the Dimensional Change Card Sort Task task with functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Altogether 49 children completed the DCCS tasks, and 25 children passing all items were classified into the Switch group. Twenty children committing more than one perseverative errors were grouped into the Perseverate group. The Switch group had Brodmann Area 9 and 10 activated in the pre-switch period and BA 6, 9, 10, 40, and 44 in the (...)
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  24.  5
    Developmental Change in the Relative Values of Social and Non-Social Reinforcement.Michael Lewis, A. Martin Wall & Justin Aronfreed - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (2):133.
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  25.  9
    Changing Childhood in Polynesia: The Impact of Robert Levy's Tahitians on Psychological Anthropology in Oceania.Paula F. Levin - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (4):467-474.
  26.  18
    Understanding Reality: A Taoist Alchemical Classic by Chang Po-Tuan, with a Concise Commentary by Liu I-Ming.Tao-Chung Yao, Thomas Cleary, Liu I.-Ming & Chang Po-Tuan - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1):113.
  27. Zhongguo gu dai zhu shu si xiang yan jiu.Chang Liu - 2021 - Nanchang Shi: Bai hua zhou wen yi chu ban she.
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  28.  25
    Changing the Past?Ivan Leudar & Wes Sharrock - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (3):105-121.
    The value of the notion of ‘indeterminacy in the past’ continues to be contested. Ian Hacking’s claim that the notion is perspicuous in the examination of historical instances is questioned through discussion of the possibility of retrospective application of the relatively recent diagnostic category ‘Post-traumatic stress disorder’. Kevin McMillan maintains that there are deeper philosophical merits to the idea–particularly with respect to questions of truth–but neither Hacking’s treatment of historical cases nor McMillan’s directly philosophical elaboration of Hacking’s position sustain this (...)
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  29.  29
    Change in View: Principles of Reasoning by Gilbert Harman. [REVIEW]Isaac Levi - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (7):376-384.
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  30.  1
    Changing Federal Regulation of IRBs, Part II: DHEW's and FDA's Proposed Regulations.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (7):1.
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  31. Changing Federal Regulation of IRBs: The Commission's Recommendations and the FDA's Proposals.Robert J. Levine - 1979 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1 (1):1.
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  32. Creational Change and the Management of Human Systems.Michael Elstob & C. M. Elstob - 1991 - Systems Research and Information Science 4 (3):165-176.
    Management involves change. The aim of this paper is to introduce a threefold classification of change with the purpose of making clear how the third type, creational change, is distinctive compared to the other two types. Four types of management situation are introduced, based on the type of change involved in the managed domain and in the management system. The role of creational change in management is discussed and a number of guidelines or suggestions relevant (...)
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  33.  37
    Climate Change, Pollution, Deforestation, and Mental Health: Research Trends, Gaps, and Ethical Considerations.Moritz E. Wigand, Cristian Timmermann, Ansgar Scherp, Thomas Becker & Florian Steger - 2022 - GeoHealth 6 (11):e2022GH000632.
    Climate change, pollution, and deforestation have a negative impact on global mental health. There is an environmental justice dimension to this challenge as wealthy people and high-income countries are major contributors to climate change and pollution, while poor people and low-income countries are heavily affected by the consequences. Using state-of-the art data mining, we analyzed and visualized the global research landscape on mental health, climate change, pollution and deforestation over a 15-year period. Metadata of papers were exported (...)
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  34. Climate Change Mitigation, Sustainability and Non-Substitutability.Säde Hormio - 2017 - In Adrian Walsh, Säde Hormio & Duncan Purves (eds.), The Ethical Underpinnings of Climate Economics. London, UK: pp. 103-121.
    Climate change policy decisions are inescapably intertwined with future generations. Even if all carbon dioxide emissions were to be stopped today, most aspects of climate change would persist for hundreds of years, thus inevitably raising questions of intergenerational justice and sustainability. -/- The chapter begins with a short overview of discount rate debate in climate economics, followed by the observation that discounting implicitly makes the assumption that natural capital is always substitutable with man-made capital. The chapter explains why (...)
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  35.  83
    Modelling Change in Individual Characteristics: An Axiomatic Framework.Franz Dietrich - 2012 - Games and Economic Behavior 76 (5):471-94.
    Economic models describe individuals in terms of underlying characteristics, such as taste for some good, sympathy level for another player, time discount rate, risk attitude, and so on. In real life, such characteristics change through experiences: taste for Mozart changes through listening to it, sympathy for another player through observing his moves, and so on. Models typically ignore change, not just for simplicity but also because it is unclear how to incorporate change. I introduce a general axiomatic (...)
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  36.  31
    Conceptual Change: Analogies Great and Small and the Quest for Coherence.Brian Dunst & Alex Levine - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 1345-1361.
    Historians and philosophers of science have, in recent decades, offered evidence in support of several influential models of conceptual change in science. These models have often drawn on and in turn driven research on conceptual change in childhood and in science education. This nexus of reciprocal influences is held together by several largely unexamined analogies and by several assumptions concerning analogy itself. In this chapter, we aim to shed some light on these hidden premises and subject them to (...)
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  37.  9
    Climate Change Ethics for an Endangered World.Thom Brooks - 2020 - London: Routledge.
    Climate change confronts us with our most pressing challenges today. The global consensus is clear that human activity is mostly to blame for its harmful effects, but there is disagreement about what should be done. While no shortage of proposals from ecological footprints and the polluter pays principle to adaptation technology and economic reforms, each offers a solution – but is climate change a problem we can solve? In this provocative new book, these popular proposals for ending or (...)
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  38. Climate Change: A Challenge for Ethics.Evangelos D. Protopapadakis - 2012 - In Walter Leal Filho Evangelos Manolas (ed.), English through Climate Change. Democritus University of Thrace. pp. 167.
    Climate change – and its most dangerous consequence, the rapid overheating of the planet – is not the offspring of a natural procedure; instead, it is human-induced. It is only the aftermath of a specific pattern of conomic development, one that focuses mainly on economic growth rather than on quality of life and sustainability. Since climate change is a major threat not only to millions of humans, but also to numerous non-human species and other forms of life, as (...)
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  39.  5
    Historical Change.Lewis Einstein - 1946 - Cambridge University Press.
    Relation of Change to Life 119 XV. The Meaning of History 129 I. INTRODUCTION This is an attempt to sketch the meaning of change as it affects history.
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  40. Digital Change and Marginalized Communities: Changing Attitudes Towards Digital Media in the Margins.Gen Eickers & Matthias Rath - 2021 - ICERI2021 Proceedings.
    Marginalized communities are confronted with issues resulting from their marginalization, such as exclusion, invisibility, misrepresentation, and hate speech, not only offline but – due to digital change – increasingly online. Our research project DigitalDialog21 aims at evaluating the effects of digital change on society and how digital change, and the risks and possibilities that come with it, is perceived by the population. Digital change is understood as a factor of social change in this project. By (...)
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  41. Climate Change and the Ethics of Individual Emissions: A Response to Sinnott-Armstrong.Ben Almassi - 2012 - Perspectives: International Postgraduate Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):4-21.
    Walter Sinnott-Armstrong argues, on the relationship between individual emissions and climate change, that “we cannot claim to know that it is morally wrong to drive a gas guzzler just for fun” or engage in other inessential emissions-producing individual activities. His concern is not uncertainty about the phenomenon of climate change, nor about human contribution to it. Rather, on Sinnott-Armstrong’s analysis the claim of individual moral responsibility for emissions must be grounded in a defensible moral principle, yet no principle (...)
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  42.  50
    Change Blindness as a Result of Mudsplashes.Kevin J. O'Regan, Ronald A. Rensink & James J. Clark - 1999 - Nature 398 (6722):34-34.
    Change-blindness occurs when large changes are missed under natural viewing conditions because they occur simultaneously with a brief visual disruption, perhaps caused by an eye movement, a flicker, a blink, or a camera cut in a film sequence. We have found that this can occur even when the disruption does not cover or obscure the changes. When a few small, high-contrast shapes are briefly spattered over a picture, like mudsplashes on a car windscreen, large changes can be made simultaneously (...)
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  43. Climate Change, Human Rights and Moral Thresholds.Simon Caney - 2010 - In Stephen Humphreys (ed.), Human Rights and Climate Change. Cambridge University Press. pp. 69-90..
    This essay examines the relationship between climate change and human rights. It argues that climate change is unjust, in part, because it jeopardizes several core rights – including the right to life, the right to food and the right to health. It then argues that adopting a human rights framework has six implications for climate policies. To give some examples, it argues that this helps us to understand the concept of “dangerous anthropogenic interference” (UNFCCC, Article 2). In addition (...)
     
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  44. Climate Change and Non-Ideal Theory: Six Ways of Responding to Noncompliance.Simon Caney - 2016 - In Clare Heyward & Dominic Roser (eds.), Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World. Oxford University Press. pp. 21-42.
    This paper examines what agents should do when others fail to comply with their responsibilities to prevent dangerous climate change. It distinguishes between six different possible responses to noncompliance. These include what I term (1) 'target modification' (watering down the extent to which we seek to prevent climate change), (2) ‘responsibility reallocation’ (reassigning responsibilities to other duty bearers), (3) ‘burden shifting I’ (allowing duty bearers to implement policies which impose unjust burdens on others, (4) 'burden shifting II’ (allowing (...)
     
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  45.  38
    Climate Change and Individual Responsibility. Agency, Moral Disengagement and the Motivational Gap.Wouter Peeters, Andries De Smet, Lisa Diependaele, Sigrid Sterckx, R. H. McNeal & A. D. Smet - 2015 - Palgrave MacMillan.
    If climate change represents a severe threat to humankind, why then is response to it characterized by inaction at all levels? The authors argue there are two complementary explanations for the lack of motivation. First, our moral judgment system appears to be unable to identify climate change as an important moral problem and there are pervasive doubts about the agency of individuals. This explanation, however, is incomplete: Individual emitters can effectively be held morally responsible for their luxury emissions. (...)
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  46.  39
    Changing the School Culture.Per Dalin - 1993 - Imtec Foundation.
    How do schools change? What do we know about the change process? Does the individual school have the capacity to change - and under what conditions? This book, based on research carried out at the Oslo-based international school improvement programme, IMTEC, poses, debates and answers all these questions. It promotes the Institutional Development Programme (IDP) - tested for over 15 years in several countries - which is a revolutionary change strategy for schools. Dalin examines thoroughly how (...)
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  47.  91
    Climate Change, Moral Intuitions, and Moral Demandingness.Brian Berkey - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 4 (2):157-189.
    In this paper I argue that reflection on the threat of climate change brings out a distinct challenge for appeals to what I call the Anti-Demandingness Intuition, according to which a view about our obligations can be rejected if it would, as a general matter, require very large sacrifices of us. The ADI is often appealed to in order to reject the view that well off people are obligated to make substantial sacrifices in order to aid the global poor, (...)
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  48.  92
    Climate Change and Moral Outrage.James Garvey - 2010 - Human Ecology Review 17 (2):96-101.
    State governments have done little or nothing about climate change, and individuals have done little or nothing about their own carbon footprints. Perhaps both parties would do something if the moral demand for action were clear. This paper presents two arguments for the necessity of meaningful state action on climate change. The arguments depend on certain clear facts about emissions as well as two uncontroversial moral principles — one owed to Peter Singer and the other connecting capacities with (...)
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  49.  91
    Change Detection Without Awareness: Do Explicit Reports Underestimate the Representation of Change in the Visual System?Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton - 2000 - Visual Cognition 7 (1):323-344.
    Evidence from many different paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integration) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. In four experiments we use modified change blindness tasks to demonstrate (a) that sensitivity to change does occur in the absence of awareness, and (b) this sensitivity (...)
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  50. Climate Change and the Threat to Civilization.Daniel Steel, C. Tyler DesRoches & Kian Mintz-Woo - 2022 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 42 (119):e2210525119.
    Despite recognizing many adverse impacts, the climate science literature has had little to say about the conditions under which climate change might threaten civilization. Discussions of the mechanisms whereby climate change might cause the collapse of current civilizations has mostly been the province of journalists, philosophers, and novelists. We propose that this situation should change. In this opinion piece, we call for treating the mechanisms and uncertainties associated with climate collapse as a critically important topic for scientific (...)
     
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