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Philosophy of Mind

Edited by David Chalmers and David Bourget
Assistant editor: Chang Liu (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2015-07-28
    Todd Davies, Analogy.
    This essay (my undergraduate honors thesis at Stanford, issued by the Center for the Study of Language and Information in November 1985) constructs a theory of analogy as it applies to argumentation and reasoning, especially as used in fields such as philosophy and law. The word analogy has been used in different senses, which the essay defines. The theory developed herein applies to analogia rationis, or analogical reasoning. Building on the framework of situation theory, a type of logical relation called (...)
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  2. added 2015-07-28
    Elijah Chudnoff & David DiDomenico (forthcoming). The Epistemic Unity of Perception. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    Dogmatists and phenomenal conservatives think that if it perceptually seems to you that p, then you thereby have some prima facie justification for believing that p. Increasingly, writers about these views have argued that perceptual seemings are composed of two other states: a sensation followed by a seeming. In this paper we critically examine this movement. First we argue that there are no compelling reasons to think of perceptual seemings as so composed. Second we argue that even if they were (...)
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  3. added 2015-07-28
    Michele Paolini Paoletti (2015). Trivial and Non-Trivial (yet Difficult) Physicalism. Philosophical Inquiries 3 (1):29-38.
    According to physicalism, everything is physical, namely there are no entities (or no more restricted sorts of entities) that are not physical. In this paper, I shall examine the truth of this thesis by presenting a triviality objection against physicalism that is somehow similar to the one advanced against presentism. Firstly, I shall distinguish between two different definitions of the physical (roughly, every entity is physical-1 iff it has some feature F, such as impenetrability or exact spatio-temporal location, while every (...)
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  4. added 2015-07-27
    Andrea Sauchelli (forthcoming). Gendler on the Puzzle of Imaginative Resistance. Acta Analytica:1-9.
    Gendler reformulated the so-called imaginability puzzle in terms of authorial breakdown. The main idea behind this move was to isolate the essential features displayed by the alleged problematic cases and to specify a puzzle general enough to be applied to a variety of different types of imaginative resistance. I offer various criticisms of Gendler’s approach to imaginative resistance that also raises some more general points on the recent literature on the topic.
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  5. added 2015-07-26
    Dimitria Electra Gatzia, Is the Auditory System Cognitively Penetrable? Multisensory Integration: Brain, Body, and the World.
    While much has been written about whether visual perception is cognitively penetrable, the analogous question with respect to auditory perception has received very little attention. Here we argue that instances of top-down modulation of auditory processing, although extensive, do not constitute cases of cognitive penetration of auditory perception since the changes in the phenomenology of auditory perception caused by top-down influences cannot plausibly be attributed to the listeners’ discursive thoughts (at least not in a semantically-coherent way).
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  6. added 2015-07-25
    M. Brion, F. D'Hondt, D. A. Davidoff & P. Maurage (forthcoming). Beyond Cognition: Understanding Affective Impairments in Korsakoff Syndrome. Emotion Review.
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  7. added 2015-07-25
    Geert Keil (2014). Wie fängt (man) eine Handlung an? In Anne-Sophie Spann & Daniel Wehinger (eds.), Vermögen und Handung. Mentis 135-157.
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  8. added 2015-07-25
    Geert Keil (2011). Ich bin jetzt hier - aber wo ist das? In Siri Granum Carson, Jonathan Knowles & Bjørn K. Myskja (eds.), Kant: Here, Now, and How. Mentis 15-34.
  9. added 2015-07-25
    Francesca Bordogna (2001). The Physiology and Psychology of Temperament: Pragmatism in Context. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 37:3-25.
    This paper traces William James's famous “temperament thesis” according to which the philosophical stance that individuals take depends on their “temperaments.” It seeks to understand James's conception of temperament by locating James within a set of contemporary investigations that linked the sources of mental, and even higher, intellectual processes to the physiological and organic constitution of the individual. The paper argues that James understood temperament along the reflex-arc model and discusses the implications of that physiological account of temperament for James's (...)
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  10. added 2015-07-25
    Geert Keil (2000). Naturalismus und Intentionalität. In Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach (eds.), Naturalismus. Suhrkamp 187-204.
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  11. added 2015-07-25
    Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach (2000). Naturalismus. In Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach (eds.), Naturalismus. Suhrkamp 7-45.
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  12. added 2015-07-24
    Howard J. Simmons, Zombies Defeated: A Projectivist Account of Third-Person Consciousness Ascriptions.
    I defend an argument from Lauren Ashwell and Eric Marcus to the effect that the zombie idea is meaningless. I consider whether this idea could be saved from the force of the argument by adopting a projectivist account of third-person consciousness ascriptions. I decide that it cannot, but commend that account anyway.
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  13. added 2015-07-23
    Marta Jorba (forthcoming). Attitudinal Cognitive Phenomenology and the Horizon of Possibilities. In Thiemo Breyer Christopher Gutland (ed.), The Phenomenology of Thinking. Philosophical Investigations into the Character of Cognitive Experiences. Routledge
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  14. added 2015-07-22
    John Donaldson (2014). The Super-Overdetermination Problem. Dissertation, University of Glasgow
    I examine the debate between reductive and non-reductive physicalists, and conclude that if we are to be physicalists, then we should be reductive physicalists. I assess how both reductionists and non-reductionists try to solve the mind-body problem and the problem of mental causation. I focus on the problem of mental causation as it is supposed to be faced by non-reductionism: the so-called overdetermination problem. I argue that the traditional articulation of that problem is significantly flawed, and I show how to (...)
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  15. added 2015-07-21
    Berit Brogaard, Kristian Marlow & Kevin Rice (forthcoming). Do Synesthetic Colors Grab Attention in Visual Search? Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-14.
    Recent research on synesthesia has focused on how the condition may depend on selective attention, but there is a lack of consensus on whether selective attention is required to bind colors to their grapheme inducers. In the present study, we used a novel change detection paradigm to examine whether synesthetic colors guide the subject’s attention to the location of the inducer or whether selective attention is required to act as a unique feature during visual search. If synesthetic experiences are elicited (...)
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  16. added 2015-07-21
    Thomas Kroedel & Moritz Schulz (forthcoming). Grounding Mental Causation. Synthese:1-15.
    This paper argues that the exclusion problem for mental causation can be solved by a variant of non-reductive physicalism that takes the mental not merely to supervene on, but to be grounded in, the physical. A grounding relation between events can be used to establish a principle that links the causal relations of grounded events to those of grounding events. Given this principle, mental events and their physical grounds either do not count as overdetermining physical effects, or they do so (...)
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  17. added 2015-07-20
    Maes Jan Pieter, There is No Such Thing as Quasi-Proprioception.
    In this paper, I will argue that the concept of quasi-proprioception is incoherent. I will do so by showing that the phenomenological indistinguishability between ordinary and quasi-proprioceptive seemings needed for the concept to do its work cannot possibly be achieved in a way that leaves it intact. This challenges the logical/de facto distinction of IEM and can be used to argue that our ways of coming to know about our body must be thought of as as primitively written into the (...)
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  18. added 2015-07-20
    Shannon Spaulding (forthcoming). Imagination, Rationality, and Desire. Journal of Philosophy.
    We often have affective responses to fictional events. We feel afraid for Desdemona when Othello approaches her in a murderous rage. We feel disgust toward Iago for orchestrating this tragic event. What mental architecture could explain these affective responses? In this paper I consider the claim that the best explanation of our affective responses to fiction involves imaginative desires. Some theorists argue that accounts that do not invoke imaginative desires imply that consumers of fiction have irrational desires. I argue that (...)
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  19. added 2015-07-20
    Markku Roinila (2015). Affects and Activity in Leibniz's De Affectibus. In Adrian Nita (ed.), Leibniz’s Metaphysics and Adoption of Substantial Forms: Between Continuity and Transformation. Springer 73-88.
    In this paper I will discuss the doctrine of substance which emerges from Leibniz’s unpublished early memoir De affectibus of 1679. The memoir marks a new stage in Leibniz’s views of the mind. The motivation for this change can be found in Leibniz’s rejection of the Cartesian theory of passion and action in the 1670s. His early Aristotelianism and some features of Cartesianism persisted to which Leibniz added influences from Hobbes and Spinoza. His nascent dynamical concept of substance is seemingly (...)
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  20. added 2015-07-20
    Jeff Kochan (2015). Freedom, Forgetting, and Solidarity: A Response to Ginev. In Giovanni Galizia & David Schulman (eds.), Forgetting: An Interdisciplinary Conversation. The Hebrew University Magnes Press 244-246.
    This is a brief, invited response to Dimitri Ginev's chapter "Narrating the Self and Narrative Technologies of Forgetting".
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  21. added 2015-07-19
    Lauren Freeman & Andreas Elpidorou (forthcoming). Affectivity in Heidegger II: Temporality, Boredom, and Beyond. Philosophy Compass.
    In “Affectivity in Heidegger I: Moods and Emotions in Being and Time”, we explicated the crucial role that Martin Heidegger assigns to our capacity to affectively find ourselves in the world. There, our discussion was restricted to Division I of Being and Time (BT). Specifically, we discussed how Befindlichkeit as a basic existential (i.e., a structure of Dasein’s being that constitutes both the manner in which Dasein exists and discloses itself), and moods as the ontic counterparts of Befindlichkeit (i.e., the (...)
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  22. added 2015-07-19
    M. Oreste Fiocco (forthcoming). Intentionality and Realism. Acta Analytica.
    In this paper, I argue that how a mind can come to be about an object and how the world is independently of the workings of any mind are inextricably linked. Hence, epistemology, at its most basic, and metaphysics are systematically related. In order to demonstrate the primary thesis of the paper, I first articulate two contrary accounts of the nature of reality and then two contradictory general views of intentionality. I argue that these positions can be combined in only (...)
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  23. added 2015-07-19
    Karina Vold (2015). The Parity Argument for Extended Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (3-4):16-33.
    Andy Clark and David Chalmers (1998) argue that certain mental states and processes can be partially constituted by objects located beyond one’s brain and body: this is their extended mind thesis (EM). But they maintain that consciousness relies on processing that is too high in speed and bandwidth to be realized outside the body (see Chalmers, 2008, and Clark, 2009). I evaluate Clark’s and Chalmers’ reason for denying that consciousness extends while still supporting unconscious state extension. I argue that their (...)
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  24. added 2015-07-17
    Jon Altschul (2015). Burge on Perception and the Disjunction Problem. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 30:251-269.
    According to the Disjunction Problem, teleological theories of perceptual content are unable to explain why it is that a subject represents an F when an F causes the perception and not the disjunction F v G, given that the subject has mistaken G’s for F’s in the past. Without an adequate explanation these theories are stuck without an account of how non-veridical representation is possible, which would be an unsettling result. In this paper I defend Burge’s teleological theory of perception (...)
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  25. added 2015-07-16
    Denis Seron (2014). Problèmes de l’auto-représentationalisme. In Louis-José Lestocart (ed.), Esthétique et complexité II: neurosciences, évolution, épistémologie et philosophie. CNRS Editions
  26. added 2015-07-14
    Brian P. McLaughlin & Ronald J. Planer (2014). The Contributions of U.T. Place, H. Feigl, and J.J.C. Smart to the Identity Theory of Consciousness. In Andrew Bailey (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: The Key Thinkers. Bloomsbury Academic 103-128.
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  27. added 2015-07-14
    John Corcoran & William Frank (2013). SURPRISES IN LOGIC. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 19:253.
    JOHN CORCORAN AND WILIAM FRANK. Surprises in logic. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic. 19 (2013) 253. Some people, not just beginning students, are at first surprised to learn that the proposition “If zero is odd, then zero is not odd” is not self-contradictory. Some people are surprised to find out that there are logically equivalent false universal propositions that have no counterexamples in common, i. e., that no counterexample for one is a counterexample for the other. Some people would be surprised (...)
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  28. added 2015-07-13
    Bruno Leclercq (forthcoming). Comments on Denis Fisette, “Franz Brentano and Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness". Argumentos.
  29. added 2015-07-11
    James Warren (2014). The Pleasures of Reason in Plato, Aristotle, and the Hellenistic Hedonists. Cambridge University Press.
  30. added 2015-07-11
    James Warren (2013). Epicureans and Cyrenaics on Pleasure as a Pathos. In S. Marchand & F. Verde (eds.), Épicurisme et Scepticisme. 127-44.
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  31. added 2015-07-10
    E. A. Butler (forthcoming). Interpersonal Affect Dynamics: It Takes Two to Tango. Emotion Review.
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  32. added 2015-07-10
    T. Hollenstein (forthcoming). This Time, It's Real: Affective Flexibility, Time Scales, Feedback Loops, and the Regulation of Emotion. Emotion Review.
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  33. added 2015-07-10
    P. Verduyn, P. Delaveau, J. -Y. Rotge, P. Fossati & I. Van Mechelen (forthcoming). Determinants of Emotion Duration and Underlying Psychological and Neural Mechanisms. Emotion Review.
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  34. added 2015-07-10
    E. L. Hamaker, E. Ceulemans, R. P. P. P. Grasman & F. Tuerlinckx (forthcoming). Modeling Affect Dynamics: State of the Art and Future Challenges. Emotion Review.
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  35. added 2015-07-10
    E. R. Smith & D. M. Mackie (forthcoming). Dynamics of Group-Based Emotions: Insights From Intergroup Emotions Theory. Emotion Review.
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  36. added 2015-07-10
    C. S. Carver (forthcoming). Control Processes, Priority Management, and Affective Dynamics. Emotion Review.
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  37. added 2015-07-10
    P. Kuppens (forthcoming). It's About Time: A Special Section on Affect Dynamics. Emotion Review.
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  38. added 2015-07-10
    C. E. Waugh, E. Z. Shing & B. M. Avery (forthcoming). Temporal Dynamics of Emotional Processing in the Brain. Emotion Review.
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  39. added 2015-07-10
    T. J. Trull, S. P. Lane, P. Koval & U. W. Ebner-Priemer (forthcoming). Affective Dynamics in Psychopathology. Emotion Review.
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  40. added 2015-07-10
    R. J. Davidson (forthcoming). Comment: Affective Chronometry Has Come of Age. Emotion Review.
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  41. added 2015-07-10
    D. Schoebi & A. K. Randall (forthcoming). Emotional Dynamics in Intimate Relationships. Emotion Review.
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  42. added 2015-07-10
    M. Wichers, J. T. W. Wigman & I. Myin-Germeys (forthcoming). Micro-Level Affect Dynamics in Psychopathology Viewed From Complex Dynamical System Theory. Emotion Review.
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  43. added 2015-07-09
    Richard Corry (2015). ESP, Causation, and the Possibility of Precognition. In Edwin May & Sonali Marwaha (eds.), Extrasensory Perception: Support, Skepticism, and Science. Praeger 107--127.
    In this chapter, I aim to clarify the concept of ESP so that we can ask whether it is even logically possible for anything to satisfy this concept. If ESP is not logically possible, then it would be pointless to conduct experiments trying to discover whether it exists. If, on the other hand, it is logically possible, then its existence or otherwise is an empirical question, a question that can be decided only by looking at the empirical evidence for and (...)
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  44. added 2015-07-09
    Steven Swartzer (2015). Humean Externalism and the Argument From Depression. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 9 (2):1-16.
    Several prominent philosophers have argued that the fact that depressed agents sometimes make moral judgments without being appropriately motivated supports Humean externalism – the view that moral motivation must be explained in terms of desires that are distinct from or “external” to an agent’s motivationally inert moral judgments. This essay argues that such motivational failures do not, in fact, provide evidence for this view. I argue that, if the externalist argument from depression is to undermine a philo-sophically important version of (...)
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  45. added 2015-07-08
    Christian List, What is It Like to Be a Group Agent?
    The existence of group agents is relatively widely accepted. Examples are corporations, courts, NGOs, and even entire states. But should we also accept that there is such a thing as group consciousness? In this paper, I give an overview of some of the key issues in this debate and sketch a tentative argument for the view that group agents lack phenomenal consciousness, contrary to a recent suggestion by Schwitzgebel (2015). In developing my argument, I draw on integrated information theory, a (...)
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  46. added 2015-07-08
    Robert Briscoe & Rick Grush (2015). Action-Based Theories of Perception. In The Stanford Encylcopedia of Philosophy. 1-66.
    Action is a means of acquiring perceptual information about the environment. Turning around, for example, alters your spatial relations to surrounding objects and, hence, which of their properties you visually perceive. Moving your hand over an object’s surface enables you to feel its shape, temperature, and texture. Sniffing and walking around a room enables you to track down the source of an unpleasant smell. Active or passive movements of the body can also generate useful sources of perceptual information (Gibson 1966, (...)
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  47. added 2015-07-08
    Jessica Tallet, Jean-Michel Albaret & James Rivière (2015). The Role of Motor Memory in Action Selection and Procedural Learning: Insights From Children with Typical and Atypical Development. Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 5.
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  48. added 2015-07-07
    Olle Blomberg (forthcoming). Common Knowledge and Reductionism About Shared Agency. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-12.
    Most reductionist accounts of intentional joint action include a condition that it must be common knowledge between participants that they have certain intentions and beliefs that cause and coordinate the joint action. However, this condition has typically simply been taken for granted rather than argued for. The condition is not necessary for ensuring that participants are jointly responsible for the action in which each participates, nor for ensuring that each treats the others as partners rather than as social tools. It (...)
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  49. added 2015-07-06
    Terence Rajivan Edward, Cartesian Dualism and the Study of Cultural Artefacts.
    This paper evaluates an argument according to which many anthropologists commit themselves to Cartesian dualism, when they talk about meanings. This kind of dualism, it is argued, makes it impossible for anthropologists to adequately attend to material artefacts. The argument is very original, but it is also vulnerable to a range objections.
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  50. added 2015-07-06
    Jack C. Lyons (forthcoming). Perception and Intuition of Evaluative Properties. In Anna Bergqvist & Robert Cowan (eds.), Evaluative Perception.
    Outside of philosophy, ‘intuition’ means something like ‘knowing without knowing how you know’. Intuition in this broad sense is an important epistemological category. I distinguish intuition from perception and perception from perceptual experience, in order to discuss the distinctive psychological and epistemological status of evaluative property attributions. Although it is doubtful that we perceptually experience many evaluative properties and also somewhat unlikely that we perceive many evaluative properties, it is highly plausible that we intuit many instances of evaluative properties as (...)
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