Results for 'Katja Weckesser'

339 found
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  1. Stellenindex Und Konkordanz Zu "der Einzig Mögliche Beweisgrund Zu Einer Demonstration des Daseins Gottes".Lothar Kreimendahl, Hans-Werner Bartz, Heinrich P. Delfosse, Michael Oberhausen & Katja Weckesser - 2003
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  2. Cold or Calculating? Reduced Activity in the Subgenual Cingulate Cortex Reflects Decreased Emotional Aversion to Harming in Counterintuitive Utilitarian Judgment.Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Nicholas Shackel, Miguel Farias, Julian Savulescu & Irene Tracey - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):364-372.
    Recent research on moral decision-making has suggested that many common moral judgments are based on immediate intuitions. However, some individuals arrive at highly counterintuitive utilitarian conclusions about when it is permissible to harm other individuals. Such utilitarian judgments have been attributed to effortful reasoning that has overcome our natural emotional aversion to harming others. Recent studies, however, suggest that such utilitarian judgments might also result from a decreased aversion to harming others, due to a deficit in empathic concern and social (...)
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  3.  61
    Un/Ethical Company and Brand Perceptions: Conceptualising and Operationalising Consumer Meanings. [REVIEW]Katja H. Brunk - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (4):551-565.
    Based on three empirical studies, this research sets out to conceptualise and subsequently operationalise the construct of consumer perceived ethicality (CPE) of a company or brand. Study 1 investigates consumer meanings of the term ethical and reveals that, contrary to philosophical scholars' exclusively consequentialist or nonconsequentialist positions, consumers' ethical judgments are a function of both these evaluation principles, illustrating that not any one scholarly definition of ethics alone is capable of capturing the content domain. The resulting conceptualisation identifies six key (...)
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  4.  74
    Neurocognitive Aspects of Pain Perception.Katja Wiech, Markus Ploner & Irene Tracey - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):306-313.
  5.  17
    Extending Situated Language Comprehension with Speaker and Comprehender Characteristics: Toward Socially Situated Interpretation.Katja Münster & Pia Knoeferle - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  6. An fMRI Study Measuring Analgesia Enhanced by Religion as a Belief System.Katja Wiech, Miguel Farias, Guy Kahane, Nicholas Shackel, Wiebke Tiede & Irene Tracey - unknown
    Although religious belief is often claimed to help with physical ailments including pain, it is unclear what psychological and neural mechanisms underlie the influence of religious belief on pain. By analogy to other top-down processes of pain modulation we hypothesized that religious belief helps believers reinterpret the emotional significance of pain, leading to emotional detachment from it. Recent findings on emotion regulation support a role for the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, a region also important for driving top-down pain inhibitory circuits. (...)
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  7.  16
    How Do Consumers Reconcile Positive and Negative CSR-Related Information to Form an Ethical Brand Perception? A Mixed Method Inquiry.Katja H. Brunk & Cara de Boer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (2):443-458.
    This research investigates how consumers’ ethical brand perceptions are affected by differentially valenced information. Drawing on literature from person-perception formation and using a sequential, mixed method design comprising qualitative interviews and two experiments with a national representative population sample, our findings show that only when consumers perceive their judgment of a brand’s ethicality to be pertinent, do they process information holistically and in line with the configural model of impression formation. In this case, negative information functions as a diagnostic cue (...)
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  8.  21
    Foundations of a We-Perspective.Katja Crone - 2020 - Synthese (12):1-18.
    What enables everyday collective attitudes such as the intention of two persons to go for a walk together? Most current approaches are concerned with full-fledged col- lective attitudes and focus on the content, the mode or the subject of such attitudes. It will be argued that these approaches miss out an important explanatory enabling feature of collective attitudes: an experiential state, called a “sense of us”, in which a we-perspective is grounded. As will be shown, the sense of us pre-structures (...)
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  9.  23
    Content Differences for Abstract and Concrete Concepts.Katja Katja Wiemer-Hastings & Xu Xu - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):719-736.
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  10.  15
    Facial Mimicry and the Mirror Neuron System: Simultaneous Acquisition of Facial Electromyography and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Katja U. Likowski, Andreas Mühlberger, Antje B. M. Gerdes, Matthias J. Wieser, Paul Pauli & Peter Weyers - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  11.  68
    The Threat Simulation Theory of the Evolutionary Function of Dreaming: Evidence From Dreams of Traumatized Children.Katja Valli, Antti Revonsuo, Outi Pälkäs, Kamaran Hassan Ismail, Karzan Jalal Ali & Raija-Leena Punamäki - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):188-218.
    The threat simulation theory of dreaming states that dream consciousness is essentially an ancient biological defence mechanism, evolutionarily selected for its capacity to repeatedly simulate threatening events. Threat simulation during dreaming rehearses the cognitive mechanisms required for efficient threat perception and threat avoidance, leading to increased probability of reproductive success during human evolution. One hypothesis drawn from TST is that real threatening events encountered by the individual during wakefulness should lead to an increased activation of the system, a threat simulation (...)
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  12.  24
    The Self-Understanding of Persons Beyond Narrativity.Katja Crone - 2020 - Philosophical Explorations 23 (1):65-77.
    Some narrative approaches assume a tight relation between narrative and selfhood. They hold that the self-understanding of persons as individuals possessing a set of particular character traits is above all narratively structured for it is constituted by stories persons tell or can tell about their lives. Against this view, it is argued that self-understanding is also characterized by certain non-narrative and invariant mental features. In order to show this, a non-narrative awareness of self-identity over time will be analyzed. It will (...)
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  13.  16
    Cultural Discrepancy and National Corruption: Investigating the Difference Between Cultural Values and Practices and Its Relationship to Corrupt Behavior.Katja Gelbrich, Yvonne Stedham & Daniel Gäthke - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (2):201-225.
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  14. The Neural Basis of Intuitive and Counterintuitive Moral Judgement.Guy Kahane, Katja Wiech, Nicholas Shackel, Miguel Farias, Julian Savulescu & Irene Tracey - 2011 - Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 7 (4):393-402.
    Neuroimaging studies on moral decision-making have thus far largely focused on differences between moral judgments with opposing utilitarian (well-being maximizing) and deontological (duty-based) content. However, these studies have investigated moral dilemmas involving extreme situations, and did not control for two distinct dimensions of moral judgment: whether or not it is intuitive (immediately compelling to most people) and whether it is utilitarian or deontological in content. By contrasting dilemmas where utilitarian judgments are counterintuitive with dilemmas in which they are intuitive, we (...)
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  15.  37
    Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato.Katja Maria Vogt - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato explores a Socratic intuition about belief, doxa -- belief is "shameful." In aiming for knowledge, one must aim to get rid of beliefs. Vogt shows how deeply this proposal differs from contemporary views, but that it nevertheless speaks to intuitions we are likely to share with Plato, ancient skeptics, and Stoic epistemologists.
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  16.  15
    Mind the Gap – Moving Beyond the Dichotomy Between Intentional Gestures and Emotional Facial and Vocal Signals of Nonhuman Primates.Katja Liebal & Linda Oña - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):121-135.
    Despite the variety of theories suggesting how human language might have evolved, very few consider the potential role of emotions in such scenarios. The few existing theories jointly highlight that gaining control over the production of emotional communication was crucial for establishing and maintaining larger social groups. This in turn resulted in the development of more complex social emotions and the corresponding sophisticated socio-cognitive skills to understand others’ communicative behavior, providing the grounds for language to emerge. Importantly, these theories propose (...)
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  17.  6
    Intentional Training With Speech Production Supports Children’s Learning the Meanings of Foreign Words: A Comparison of Four Learning Tasks.Katja Junttila & Sari Ylinen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  18.  15
    Comment: Looking Beyond the Ability EI Model Facilitates the Development of New Performance-Based Tests.Katja Schlegel - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (4):302-303.
    Despite widespread support for the idea of measuring EI as an ability based on Mayer and Salovey’s model, only a few performance-based EI tests have been developed. I argue that both the original and updated ability EI model provide little guidance for a theory-driven generation of items and their scoring, as the functions and processes associated with high and low EI are not specified in enough detail. One solution is to draw on theories from other fields when creating a measurement (...)
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  19.  31
    Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa.Katja Maria Vogt - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    This book argues that political philosophy is central to early Stoic philosophy, and is deeply tied to the Stoics' conceptions of reason and wisdom. Broad in scope, it explores the Stoics' idea of the cosmic city, their notion of citizen-gods, as well as their account of the law.
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  20.  20
    To Move or Not to Move: How Apes Adjust to the Attentional State of Others.Katja Liebal, Josep Call, Michael Tomasello & Simone Pika - 2004 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 5 (2):199-219.
    A previous observational study suggested that when faced with a partner with its back turned, chimpanzees tend to move around to the front of a non-attending partner and then gesture — rather than gesturing once to attract attention and then again to convey a specific intent. We investigated this preference experimentally by presenting six orangutans, five gorillas, nine chimpanzees, and four bonobos with a food begging situation in which we varied the body orientation of an experimenter with respect to the (...)
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  21. Scepticism and Action.Katja Maria Vogt - 2010 - In Richard Arnot Home Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. Cambridge University Press.
  22.  18
    Different Approaches to Meaning in Primate Gestural and Vocal Communication.Katja Liebal & Linda Oña - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  23.  26
    Personal identity, transformative experiences, and the future self.Katja Crone - 2021 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (2):299-310.
    The article explores the relation between personal identity and life-changing decisions such as the decision for a certain career or the decision to become a parent. According to L.A. Paul, decisions of this kind involve “transformative experiences”, to the effect that - at the time we make a choice - we simply don’t know what it is like for us to experience the future situation. Importantly, she claims that some new experiences may be “personally transformative” by which she means that (...)
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  24.  17
    The Nomological Network of Emotion Knowledge and Emotion Understanding in Adults: Evidence From Two New Performance-Based Tests.Katja Schlegel & Klaus R. Scherer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (8):1514-1530.
    ABSTRACTEmotion understanding, which can broadly be defined as expertise in the meaning of emotion, is a core component of emotional intelligence and facilitates better intra- and interpersonal outcomes. However, to date only very few standard tests to measure emotion understanding in healthy adults exist. Here, we present two new performance-based tests that were developed and are scored based on componential emotion theory and large-scale cross-cultural empirical findings. These instruments intend to measure facets of emotion understanding that are not included in (...)
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  25.  53
    Appearances and Assent: Sceptical Belief Reconsidered.Katja Maria Vogt - 2012 - Classical Quarterly 62 (2):648-663.
  26.  21
    How Family Caregivers' Medical and Moral Assumptions Influence Decision Making for Patients in the Vegetative State: A Qualitative Interview Study.Katja Kuehlmeyer, Gian Domenico Borasio & Ralf J. Jox - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):332-337.
    Background Decisions on limiting life-sustaining treatment for patients in the vegetative state (VS) are emotionally and morally challenging. In Germany, doctors have to discuss, together with the legal surrogate (often a family member), whether the proposed treatment is in accordance with the patient's will. However, it is unknown whether family members of the patient in the VS actually base their decisions on the patient's wishes. Objective To examine the role of advance directives, orally expressed wishes, or the presumed will of (...)
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  27.  69
    Sons of the Earth: Are the Stoics Metaphysical Brutes?Katja Maria Vogt - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (2):136-154.
    In this paper, it is argued the Stoics develop an account of corporeals that allows their theory of bodies to be, at the same time, a theory of causation, agency, and reason. The paper aims to shed new light on the Stoics' engagement with Plato's Sophist . It is argued that the Stoics are Sons of the Earth insofar as, for them, the study of corporeals - rather than the study of being - is the most fundamental study of reality. (...)
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  28.  1
    Join, or Die – Philosophical Foundations of Federalism.Katja Stoppenbrink & Dietmar Heidemann (eds.) - 2016 - De Gruyter.
    Research on federalism is rarely concerned with its philosophical foundations. However, arguments on why and how best to organise a plurality of states in a multilevel political order have first been discussed by philosophers and continue to inspire contemporary reasoning on international and supranational relations not only in political philosophy. This book offers a unique overview of the philosophical foundations of federalism from both a historical and a systematic perspective. The analyses proposed by renowned scholars from the US and from (...)
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  29.  44
    Understanding Others, Reciprocity, and Self-Consciousness.Katja Crone - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (2):267-278.
    The article explores the basic conceptual relationship between social cognition, intersubjectivity and self-consciousness. A much-debated recent approach to social cognition, the so-called interaction theory, is the view that the ability to perceive, understand and interpret the behavior of others relies on interaction in the sense of mutual coordination of the embodied agents involved. It will be shown that this notion of reciprocity is too weak in order to fully account for social understanding. It will be argued that the idea of (...)
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  30. Recurrent Dreams: Recurring Threat Simulations?Katja Valli & Antti Revonsuo - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):464-469.
  31.  55
    Human Freedom and Enhancement.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Katja Crone - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):13-21.
    Ideas about freedom and related concepts like autonomy and self-determination play a prominent role in the moral debate about human enhancement interventions. However, there is not a single understanding of freedom available, and arguments referring to freedom are simultaneously used to argue both for and against enhancement interventions. This gives rise to misunderstandings and polemical arguments. The paper attempts to disentangle the different distinguishable concepts, classifies them and shows how they relate to one another in order to allow for a (...)
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  32.  19
    Reporting Biases in Empirical Management Research: The Example of Win-Win Corporate Social Responsibility.Thomas Ehrmann & Katja Rost - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (6):840-888.
    Reporting biases refer to a truncated pool of published studies with the resulting suppression or omission of some empirical findings. Such biases can occur in positive research paradigms that try to uncover correlations and causal relationships in the social world by using the empirical methods of science. Furthermore, reporting biases can come about because of authors who do not write papers that report unfavorable results despite strong efforts made to find previously accepted evidence and because of a higher rejection rate (...)
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  33.  8
    Integration of Egocentric and Allocentric Information During Memory-Guided Reaching to Images of a Natural Environment.Katja Fiehler, Christian Wolf, Mathias Klinghammer & Gunnar Blohm - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34. Dreaming and Consciousness: Testing the Threat Simulation Theory of the Function of Dreaming.Antti Revonsuo & Katja Valli - 2000 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 6.
    We tested the new threat simulation theory of the biological function of dreaming by analysing 592 dreams from 52 subjects with a rating scale developed for quantifying threatening events in dreams. The main predictions were that dreams contain more frequent and more severe threats than waking life does; that dream threats are realistic; and that they primarily threaten the Dream Self who tends to behave in a relevant defensive manner in response to them. These predictions were confirmed and the theory (...)
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  35.  3
    Wissenschaftliche Anthropologie Um 1800?Katja Regenspurger & Temilo van Zantwijk (eds.) - 2005 - Steiner.
    Die Frage aber bleibt: Was macht die Natur aus dem Menschen? Besonders Medizin und Psychologie stellen sie mit neuem wissenschaftlichem Anspruch.
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  36.  26
    Motor Skill Learning Between Selection and Execution.Jörn Diedrichsen & Katja Kornysheva - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (4):227-233.
  37.  27
    Reaping the Fruits of Another’s Labor: The Role of Moral Meaningfulness, Mindfulness, and Motivation in Social Loafing.Katarina Katja Mihelič & Barbara Culiberg - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (3):713-727.
    Despite the popularity of teams in universities and modern organizations, they are often held back by dishonest actions, social loafing being one of them. Social loafers hide in the crowd and contribute less to the pooled effort of a team, which leads to an unfair division of work. While previous studies have mostly delved into the factors related to the task or the group in an attempt to explain social loafing, this study will instead focus on individual factors. Accordingly, the (...)
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  38.  23
    Dreams Are More Negative Than Real Life: Implications for the Function of Dreaming.Katja Valli, Thea Strandholm, Lauri Sillanmäki & Antti Revonsuo - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):833-861.
  39.  15
    Instagram Likes for Architectural Photos Can Be Predicted by Quantitative Balance Measures and Curvature.Katja Thömmes & Ronald Hübner - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40.  13
    Appearances And Assent: Sceptical Belief Reconsidered.Katja Maria Vogt - 2012 - Classical Quarterly 62 (2):648-663.
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  41.  25
    A Unified Notion of Cause.Katja Maria Vogt - 2018 - Rhizomata 6 (1):65-86.
    Contrary to their predecessors, the Stoics put forward a unified notion of cause: a cause is a bodily because-of-which. Against the backdrop of Plato’s and Aristotle’s influential views, this is an original proposal. It involves the rejection of an earlier trend, according to which causes and explanations are closely associated. It also involves a pulling apart of causes and principles. And it comes with a charge against Plato and Aristotle, namely that they introduce a swarm of causes, a turba causarum.
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  42.  9
    Representative Government and Federalism in John Stuart Mill.Katja Stoppenbrink - 2016 - In Katja Stoppenbrink & Dietmar Heidemann (eds.), Join, or Die – Philosophical Foundations of Federalism. De Gruyter. pp. 209-232.
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  43.  21
    Jakob von Uexkulls Umweltlehre Between Cinematography, Perception and Philosophy.Katja Kynast - 2012 - Philosophy of Photography 3 (2):272-284.
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  44.  9
    Using the Internet for Scientific Publishing: FQS as an Example.Katja Mruck & Günter Mey - 2008 - Poiesis and Praxis 5 (2):113-123.
    Since the Public Library of Science launched its first open-access journals and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities has been released in 2003 and found enormous attention, the claim for open access—to make publicly funded journal articles available for the public—started to reach German scientists too. But still no experience has been made with electronic publishing in general and more specifically with open-access publishing. One consequence is that the potential capacity of open access—the (...)
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  45.  30
    Collective Attitudes and the Sense of Us: Feeling of Commitment and Limits of Plural Self-Awareness.Katja Crone - 2018 - Journal of Social Philosophy 49 (1):76-90.
  46.  37
    Identity, Profiling Algorithms and a World of Ambient Intelligence.Katja Vries - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):71-85.
    The tendency towards an increasing integration of the informational web into our daily physical world (in particular in so-called Ambient Intelligent technologies which combine ideas derived from the field of Ubiquitous Computing, Intelligent User Interfaces and Ubiquitous Communication) is likely to make the development of successful profiling and personalization algorithms, like the ones currently used by internet companies such as Amazon, even more important than it is today. I argue that the way in which we experience ourselves necessarily goes through (...)
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  47.  3
    Duties to Others : Demands and Limits.Katja Maria Vogt - 2008 - In Monika Betzler (ed.), Kant's Ethics of Virtues. De Gruyter. pp. 219-244.
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  48. Identity, Profiling Algorithms and a World of Ambient Intelligence.Katja de Vries - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):71-85.
    The tendency towards an increasing integration of the informational web into our daily physical world (in particular in so-called Ambient Intelligent technologies which combine ideas derived from the field of Ubiquitous Computing, Intelligent User Interfaces and Ubiquitous Communication) is likely to make the development of successful profiling and personalization algorithms, like the ones currently used by internet companies such as Amazon , even more important than it is today. I argue that the way in which we experience ourselves necessarily goes (...)
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  49.  2
    Understanding Metonymies in Discourse.Katja Markert & Udo Hahn - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 135 (1-2):145-198.
  50.  3
    Loder: Anthropologie als populäre Medizin.Katja Regenspurger - 2005 - In Katja Regenspurger & Temilo van Zantwijk (eds.), Wissenschaftliche Anthropologie Um 1800? Steiner. pp. 60.
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