Results for 'Zvi Biener Eric Schliesser'

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  1.  24
    Zvi Biener; Eric Schliesser . Newton and Empiricism. Xii + 366 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. $85. [REVIEW]Scott Mandelbrote - 2016 - Isis 107 (2):393-394.
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  2.  24
    Zvi Biener and Eric Schliesser, Eds. Newton and Empiricism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 366. £55.00.Robert Callergård - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):194-197.
  3. Zvi Biener and Eric Schliesser : Newton and Empiricism: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014, 384 Pp, $90.00, ISBN: 9780199337095. [REVIEW]Erdmann Görg - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (1):151-154.
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  4.  11
    Zvi Biener and Eric Schliesser : Newton and Empiricism.Erdmann Görg - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (1):151-154.
  5.  11
    Newton and Empiricism.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first volume of original commissioned papers on the subject of Newton and empiricism. The chapters, contributed by a leading team of both established and younger international scholars, explore the nature and extent of Newton's relationship to a variety of empiricisms and empiricists.
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  6. The Certainty, Modality, and Grounding of Newton’s Laws.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser - 2017 - The Monist 100 (3):311-325.
    Newton began his Principia with three Axiomata sive Leges Motus. We offer an interpretation of Newton’s dual label and investigate two tensions inherent in his account of laws. The first arises from the juxtaposition of Newton’s confidence in the certainty of his laws and his commitment to their variability and contingency. The second arises because Newton ascribes fundamental status both to the laws and to the bodies and forces they govern. We argue the first is resolvable, but the second is (...)
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  7.  32
    Introduction to Newton and Empiricism.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser - 2014 - In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-15.
    The introduction considers the state of scholarship on empiricism as a philosophical and historical category, particularly as it pertains to experimental philosophy. It concludes that empiricism properly understood is a rich category encompassing epistemic, semantic, methodological, experimental, and moral elements. Its richness makes it a suitable lens through which to account for actual historical complexity. The introduction relates the category to the work of Sir Isaac Newton, who influenced all of empiricism’s elements.
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  8. Spinoza on the Politics of Philosophical Understanding Susan James and Eric Schliesser Angels and Philosophers: With a New Interpretation of Spinoza's Common Notions.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (3pt3):497-518.
    In this paper I offer three main challenges to James (2011). All three turn on the nature of philosophy and secure knowledge in Spinoza. First, I criticize James's account of the epistemic role that experience plays in securing adequate ideas for Spinoza. In doing so I criticize her treatment of what is known as the ‘conatus doctrine’ in Spinoza in order to challenge her picture of the relationship between true religion and philosophy. Second, this leads me into a criticism of (...)
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  9.  39
    Reply to Eric Schliesser.Olberding Amy - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (4):1044-1048.
    I am grateful to Eric Schliesser for his gracious response, and to Philosophy East and West and Roger Ames for hosting this discussion. The challenges currently facing the profession regarding exclusionary practices are many, and Schliesser's work at both NewAPPS and his newer blog, Digressions&Impressions, is sensitive both to how many and how complex these challenges are. Schliesser is correct that my discussion of the profession's conversational patterns is both a bit ungenerous and more than a (...)
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  10.  23
    Galilean Reflections on Milton Friedman’ S “ Methodology of Positive Economics, &Rdquo; with Thoughts on Vernon Smith’ S “ Economics in the Laboratory&Rdquo””.Schliesser Eric - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1):50-74.
    In this article, the author offers a discussion of the evidential role of the Galilean constant in the history of physics. The author argues that measurable constants help theories constrain data. Theories are engines for research, and this helps explain why the Duhem-Quine thesis does not undermine scientific practice. The author connects his argument to discussion of two famous papers in the history of economic methodology, Milton Friedman’s “Methodology of Positive Economics,” which appealed to example of Galilean Law of Fall (...)
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  11.  13
    Comment on Eric Schliesser's Adam Smith.Craig Smith - 2018 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 16 (3):252-255.
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  12.  10
    Andrew Janiak;, Eric Schliesser . Interpreting Newton: Critical Essays. X + 439 Pp., Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. $120. [REVIEW]Steffen Ducheyne - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):617-618.
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  13.  17
    The Mechanical Philosophy, Mechanisms, and Values: Marcus P. Adams, Zvi Biener, Uljana Feest and Jacqueline A. Sullivan : Eppur Si Muove: Doing History and Philosophy of Science with Peter Machamer: A Collection of Essays in Honor of Peter Machamer. The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science 81. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, 2017, Xiv+208pp, €112.49 HB, €74.96 eBook.Lindley Darden - 2018 - Metascience 27 (1):55-58.
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  14.  34
    Newton and Empiricism (Eds. Biener and Schliesser). [REVIEW]Patrick J. Connolly - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):334-336.
  15.  11
    Aryeh Kosman is the John Whitehead Professor of Philosophy at Haver-Ford College in Haverford, Pennsylvania. He Works on the Interpretation of Ancient Philosophy, Particularly the Works of Plato and Aristotle. Zvi Biener is a Graduate Student at the University of Pittsburgh's Depart-Ment of History and Philosophy of Science. He Specializes in the History Of. [REVIEW]John Dupré & Stathis Psillos - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (3).
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  16. Adam Smith: Systematic Philosopher and Public Thinker.Eric Schliesser - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Adam Smith was a famous economist and moral philosopher. This book treats Smith also as a systematic philosopher with a distinct epistemology, an original theory of the passions, and a surprising philosophy mind. The book argues that there is a close, moral connection between Smith's systematic thought and his policy recommendations.
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  17.  2
    Ten Neglected Classics of Philosophy.Eric Schliesser (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    What makes for a philosophical classic? Why do some philosophical works persist over time, while others do not? The philosophical canon and diversity are topics of major debate today. This stimulating volume contains ten new essays by accomplished philosophers writing passionately about works in the history of philosophy that they feel were unjustly neglected or ignored-and why they deserve greater attention. The essays cover lesser known works by famous thinkers as well as works that were once famous but now only (...)
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  18.  15
    Book Review: Adam Smith: Systematic Philosopher and Public Thinker, by Eric Schliesser[REVIEW]Maria A. Carrasco - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (5):745-751.
  19.  50
    Sympathy: A History.Eric Schliesser (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Our modern-day word for sympathy is derived from the classical Greek word for fellow-feeling. Both in the vernacular as well as in the various specialist literatures within philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, economics, and history, "sympathy" and "empathy" are routinely conflated. In practice, they are also used to refer to a large variety of complex, all-too-familiar social phenomena: for example, simultaneous yawning or the giggles. Moreover, sympathy is invoked to address problems associated with social dislocation and political conflict. It is, then, turned (...)
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  20.  7
    Getting to Know Adam Smith: Eric Schliesser: Adam Smith, Systematic Philosopher and Public Thinker. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 432pp, $74 HB.George Gale - 2019 - Metascience 28 (2):317-319.
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  21.  58
    Mogens Laerke, Justin Smith, and Eric Schliesser , Philosophy and its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy . Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Kevin J. Harrelson - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (5):237-239.
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  22. Isaac Newton (1642–1727).Zvi Biener - 2017 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Isaac Newton is best known as a mathematician and physicist. He invented the calculus, discovered universal gravitation and made significant advances in theoretical and experimental optics. His master-work on gravitation, the Principia, is often hailed as the crowning achievement of the scientific revolution. His significance for philosophers, however, extends beyond the philosophical implications of his scientific discoveries. Newton was an able and subtle philosopher, working at a time when science was not yet recognized as an activity distinct from philosophy. He (...)
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  23. .Schliesser Eric - 2016
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  24.  2
    Philosophy and its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy by Mogens Lærke, Justin E. H. Smith, Eric Schliesser.Stefan Heßbrüggen-Walter - 2014 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (1):145-149.
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  25.  21
    Newton for Philosophers: Andrew Janiak and Eric Schliesser : Interpreting Newton: Critical Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 439pp, £70.00/$120.00 HB, £27.99/$49.99 Pb.Tamás Demeter - 2014 - Metascience 23 (2):249-253.
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  26.  2
    Four Methods of Empirical Inquiry in the Aftermath of Newton’s Challenge.Eric Schliesser - 2018 - In Anne-Lise Rey & Siegfried Bodenmann (eds.), What Does It Mean to Be an Empiricist?: Empiricisms in Eighteenth Century Sciences. Springer Verlag. pp. 15-30.
    In this paper I distinguish four methods of empirical inquiry in eighteenth century natural philosophy. In particular, I distinguish among what I call, the mathematical-experimental method; the method of experimental series; the method of inspecting ideas; the method of natural history. While such a list is not exhaustive of the methods of inquiry available, even so, focusing on these four methods will help in diagnosing a set of debates within what has come to be known as ‘empiricism’; throughout the eighteenth (...)
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  27. Cotes’ Queries: Newton’s Empiricism and Conceptions of Matter.Zvi Biener & Chris Smeenk - 2012 - In Eric Schliesser & Andrew Janiak (eds.), Interpreting Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 105-137.
    We argue that a conflict between two conceptions of “quantity of matter” employed in a corollary to proposition 6 of Book III of the Principia illustrates a deeper conflict between Newton’s view of the nature of extended bodies and the concept of mass appropriate for the theoretical framework of the Principia. We trace Newton’s failure to recognize the conflict to the fact that he allowed for the justification of natural philosophical claims by two types of a posteriori, empiricist methodologies. Newton's (...)
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  28. Newton's Regulae Philosophandi.Zvi Biener - 2018 - In Chris Smeenk & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Isaac Newton. Oxford University Press.
    Newton’s Regulae philosophandi—the rules for reasoning in natural philosophy—are maxims of causal reasoning and induction. This essay reviews their significance for Newton’s method of inquiry, as well as their application to particular propositions within the Principia. Two main claims emerge. First, the rules are not only interrelated, they defend various facets of the same core idea: that nature is simple and orderly by divine decree, and that, consequently, human beings can be justified in inferring universal causes from limited phenomena, if (...)
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  29. Smith.Eric Schliesser - 2014 - Routledge.
    Adam Smith is rediscovered every few generations by philosophers surprised by his subtlety, originality, and relevance. Smith’s status as mythical father of economic science and his role as canonical defender of free trade is secure within economics, but few philosophers have been more often misrepresented and underestimated. Because he is well known as an advocate of commercial society, many scholars, public intellectuals, commentators, and journalists are happy to implicate him automatically in its successes and failures, or to enlist him in (...)
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  30. De Gravitatione Reconsidered: The Changing Significance of Empirical Evidence for Newton's Metaphysics of Space.Zvi Biener - 2017 - Journal of History of Philosophy 55 (4):583-608.
    I argue that Isaac Newton's De Gravitatione should not be considered an authoritative expression of his thought about the metaphysics of space and its relation to physical inquiry. I establish the following narrative: In De Gravitatione (circa 1668–84), Newton claimed he had direct experimental evidence for the work's central thesis: that space had "its own manner of existing" as an affection or emanative effect. In the 1710s, however, through the prodding of Roger Cotes and G. W. Leibniz, he came to (...)
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  31.  70
    Galileo's First New Science: The Science of Matter.Zvi Biener - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (3):262-287.
    : Although Galileo's struggle to mathematize the study of nature is well known and oft discussed, less discussed is the form this struggle takes in relation to Galileo's first new science, the science of the second day of the Discorsi. This essay argues that Galileo's first science ought to be understood as the science of matter—not, as it is usually understood, the science of the strength of materials. This understanding sheds light on the convoluted structure of the Discorsi's first day. (...)
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  32. Hobbes on the Order of Sciences: A Partial Defense of the Mathematization Thesis.Zvi Biener - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (3):312-332.
    Accounts of Hobbes’s ‘system’ of sciences oscillate between two extremes. On one extreme, the system is portrayed as wholly axiomtic-deductive, with statecraft being deduced in an unbroken chain from the principles of logic and first philosophy. On the other, it is portrayed as rife with conceptual cracks and fissures, with Hobbes’s statements about its deductive structure amounting to mere window-dressing. This paper argues that a middle way is found by conceiving of Hobbes’s _Elements of Philosophy_ on the model of a (...)
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  33. Neglected Classics of Philosophy, II.Eric Schliesser (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  34.  25
    From Kepler to Gibson.Vicente Raja, Zvi Biener & Anthony Chemero - 2017 - Ecological Psychology 29 (2):136-160.
    We argue that the idea of embodiment and the strategies for carrying out embodied approaches are some of the most prevalent and interdisciplinary legacies of early modern science. The idea of embodiment is simple: to explain the behavior of bodies, we must understand them as unified wholes in their environments. Embodied approaches eschew explanations in terms of qualitative descriptions of the intrinsic properties of bodies and promote explanation in terms of the interaction between bodies. This idea can be found in (...)
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  35.  11
    Author Meets Critics.Eric Schliesser - 2018 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 16 (3):272-282.
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  36.  9
    David Hume. A Treatise of Human Nature: A Critical Edition. Edited by, David Fate Norton and Mary J. Norton. 2 Volumes. Xvi + 1,090 Pp., Apps., Bibl., Indexes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2007. $199. [REVIEW]Eric Schliesser - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):442-444.
  37.  20
    Newton and the Ideal of Exegetical Success.Zvi Biener - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:82-87.
    Review Essay of ‘Isaac Newton’s Scientific Method’ by William L. Harper.
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  38. New Voices on Adam Smith.Leonidas Montes & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    n recent years, there has been a resurgence of academic interest in Adam Smith. As a consequence, a large number of PhD dissertations on Smith have been written by international scholars - in different languages, and in many diverse disciplines, including economics, women’s studies, philosophy, science studies, political theory and english literature: diversity which has enriched the area of study. In response to this activity, and in order to making these contributions more easily accessible to other Smith scholars, Leonidas Montes (...)
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  39. On Reading Newton as an Epicurean: Kant, Spinozism and the Changes to the Principia.Eric Schliesser - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):416-428.
  40.  88
    Newton’s Substance Monism, Distant Action, and the Nature of Newton’s Empiricism: Discussion of H. Kochiras “Gravity and Newton’s Substance Counting Problem”.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):160-166.
    This paper is a critical response to Hylarie Kochiras’ “Gravity and Newton’s substance counting problem,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 267–280. First, the paper argues that Kochiras conflates substances and beings; it proceeds to show that Newton is a substance monist. The paper argues that on methodological grounds Newton has adequate resources to respond to the metaphysical problems diagnosed by Kochiras. Second, the paper argues against the claim that Newton is committed to two speculative doctrines attributed to (...)
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  41. Newton and Spinoza: On Motion and Matter (and God, of Course).Eric Schliesser - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):436-458.
    This study explores several arguments against Spinoza's philosophy that were developed by Henry More, Samuel Clarke, and Colin Maclaurin. In the arguments on which I focus, More, Clarke, and Maclaurin aim to establish the existence of an immaterial and intelligent God precisely by showing that Spinoza does not have the resources to adequately explain the origin of motion. Attending to these criticisms grants us a deeper appreciation for how the authority derived from the empirical success of Newton's enterprise was used (...)
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  42. Wonder in the Face of Scientific Revolutions: Adam Smith on Newton's ‘Proof’ of Copernicanism 1.Eric Schliesser - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (4):697.
    (2005). Wonder in the face of scientific revolutions: Adam Smith on Newton's ‘Proof’ of Copernicanism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 697-732. doi: 10.1080/09608780500293042.
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  43. Spinoza and the Philosophy of Science: Mathematics, Motion, and Being.Eric Schliesser - 1986, 2002
    This chapter argues that the standard conception of Spinoza as a fellow-travelling mechanical philosopher and proto-scientific naturalist is misleading. It argues, first, that Spinoza’s account of the proper method for the study of nature presented in the Theological-Political Treatise (TTP) points away from the one commonly associated with the mechanical philosophy. Moreover, throughout his works Spinoza’s views on the very possibility of knowledge of nature are decidedly sceptical (as specified below). Third, in the seventeenth-century debates over proper methods in the (...)
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  44. Smith's Humean Criticism of Hume's Account of the Origin of Justice.Spencer J. Pack & Eric Schliesser - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (1):47-63.
    It is argued that Adam Smith criticizes David Hume's account of the origin of and continuing adherence to the rule of law for being not sufficiently Humean. Hume explained that adherence to the rule of law originated in the self-interest to restrain self-interest. According to Smith, Hume does not pay enough attention to the passions of resentment and admiration, which have their source in the imagination. Smith's offers a more naturalistic and evolutionary account of the psychological pre-conditions of the establishment (...)
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  45. Pendulums, Pedagogy, and Matter: Lessons From the Editing of Newton's Principia.Zvi Biener & Chris Smeenk - 2004 - Science & Education 13 (4-5):309-320.
    Teaching Newtonian physics involves the replacement of students’ ideas about physical situations with precise concepts appropriate for mathematical applications. This paper focuses on the concepts of ‘matter’ and ‘mass’. We suggest that students, like some pre-Newtonian scientists we examine, use these terms in a way that conflicts with their Newtonian meaning. Specifically, ‘matter’ and ‘mass’ indicate to them the sorts of things that are tangible, bulky, and take up space. In Newtonian mechanics, however, the terms are defined by Newton’s Second (...)
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  46.  49
    Synthetic Philosophy.Eric Schliesser - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (2):19.
    In this essay, I discuss Dennett’s From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds and Godfrey Smith’s Other Minds: The Octopus and The Evolution of Intelligent Life from a methodological perspective. I show that these both instantiate what I call ‘synthetic philosophy.’ They are both Darwinian philosophers of science who draw on each other’s work. In what follows I first elaborate on synthetic philosophy in light of From Bacteria and Other Minds; I also explain my reasons for introducing (...)
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  47. Hume’s Attack on Newton’s Philosophy.Eric Schliesser - 2009 - Enlightenment and Dissent 25:167-203.
    In this paper, I argue that major elements of Hume’s metaphysics and epistemology are not only directed at the inductive argument from design which seemed to follow from the success of Newton’s system, but also have far larger aims. They are directed against the authority of Newton’s natural philosophy; the claims of natural philosophy are constrained by philosophic considerations. Once one understands this, Hume’s high ambitions for a refashioned ‘true metaphysics’ or ‘first philosophy’, that is, Hume’s ‘Science of Human Nature’, (...)
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  48. Philosophy of Science as First Philosophy The Liberal Polemics of Ernest Nagel.Eric Schliesser - forthcoming - In Matthias Neubar & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.), Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity. Springer.
    This chapter explores Nagel’s polemics. It shows these have a two-fold character: (i) to defend liberal civilization against all kinds of enemies. And (ii) to defend what he calls ‘contextual naturalism.’ And the chapter shows that (i-ii) reinforce each other and undermine alternative political and philosophical programs. The chapter’s argument responds to an influential argument by George Reisch that Nagel’s professional stance represents a kind of disciplinary retreat from politics. In order to respond to Reisch the relationship between Nagel’s philosophy (...)
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  49. Newton’s Challenge to Philosophy: A Programmatic Essay.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):101-128.
    I identify a set of interlocking views that became (and still are) very influential within philosophy in the wake of Newton’s success. These views use the authority of natural philosophy/mechanics to settle debates within philosophy. I label these “Newton’s Challenge.”.
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  50. Divergence of Values and Goals in Participatory Research.Lucas Dunlap, Amanda B. Corris, Melissa Jacquart, Zvi Biener & Angela Potochnik - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 88:284-291.
    Public participation in scientific research has gained prominence in many scientific fields, but the theory of participatory research is still limited. In this paper, we suggest that the divergence of values and goals between academic researchers and public participants in research is key to analyzing the different forms this research takes. We examine two existing characterizations of participatory research: one in terms of public participants' role in the research, the other in terms of the virtues of the research. In our (...)
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