Search results for 'Ian Musgrave' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John S. Wilkins, Ian Musgrave & Clem Stanyon (2012). Selection Without Replicators: The Origin of Genes, and the Replicator/Interactor Distinction in Etiobiology. Biology and Philosophy 27 (2):215-239.score: 240.0
    Genes are thought to have evolved from long-lived and multiply-interactive molecules in the early stages of the origins of life. However, at that stage there were no replicators, and the distinction between interactors and replicators did not yet apply. Nevertheless, the process of evolution that proceeded from initial autocatalytic hypercycles to full organisms was a Darwinian process of selection of favourable variants. We distinguish therefore between Neo-Darwinian evolution and the related Weismannian and Central Dogma divisions, on the one hand, and (...)
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  2. Alan Musgrave (2004). How Popper [Might Have] Solved the Problem of Induction. Philosophy 79 (1):19-31.score: 30.0
    Popper famously claimed that he had solved the problem of induction, but few agree. This paper explains what Popper's solution was, and defends it. The problem is posed by Hume's argument that any evidence-transcending belief is unreasonable because (1) induction is invalid and (2) it is only reasonable to believe what you can justify. Popper avoids Hume's shocking conclusion by rejecting (2), while accepting (1). The most common objection is that Popper must smuggle in induction somewhere. But this objection smuggles (...)
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  3. Alan Musgrave (1992). Realism About What? Philosophy of Science 59 (4):691-697.score: 30.0
    Roger Jones asks what Newtonian realists should be realists about, given that there are four empirically equivalent formulations of Newtonian mechanics which have different ontological commitments and explanatory mechanisms. A realist answer is sketched: Newtonians should be realists about what the best metaphysical considerations dictate, where the best metaphysical considerations are those which have yielded the best physics. Metaphysical considerations are required within physics, just as they are required to eliminate idealist and surrealist theories which are empirically equivalent to realist (...)
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  4. Alan Musgrave (1989). Noa's Ark--Fine for Realism. Philosophical Quarterly 39 (157):383-398.score: 30.0
  5. L. Ryan Musgrave (2003). Liberal Feminism, From Law to Art: The Impact of Feminist Jurisprudence on Feminist Aesthetics. Hypatia 18 (4):214-235.score: 30.0
    : This essay explores how early approaches in feminist aesthetics drew on concepts honed in the field of feminist legal theory, especially conceptions of oppression and equality. I argue that by importing these feminist legal concepts, many early feminist accounts of how art is political depended largely on a distinctly liberal version of politics. I offer a critique of liberal feminist aesthetics, indicating ways recent work in the field also turns toward critical feminist aesthetics as an alternative.
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  6. Alan E. Musgrave (1971). Kuhn's Second Thoughts. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):287-297.score: 30.0
  7. Alan Musgrave (1974). Logical Versus Historical Theories of Confirmation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25 (1):1-23.score: 30.0
  8. Alan Musgrave (1993). Common Sense, Science, and Scepticism: A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    Can we know anything for certain? There are those who think we can (traditionally labeled the "dogmatists") and those who think we cannot (traditionally labeled the "skeptics"). The theory of knowledge, or epistemology, is the great debate between the two. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate. It sides for the most part with the skeptics. It also develops out of skepticism a third view, fallibilism or critical rationalism, which incorporates an uncompromising realism about perception, science, (...)
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  9. Alan Musgrave (1979). Problems with Progress. [REVIEW] Synthese 42 (3):443-464.score: 30.0
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  10. Alan Musgrave (1993). Popper on Induction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (4):516-527.score: 30.0
  11. Alan Musgrave (1977). Logicism Revisited. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (2):99-127.score: 30.0
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  12. Alan Musgrave (1997). The T-Scheme Plus Epistemic Truth Equals Idealism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (4):490 – 496.score: 30.0
  13. Gregory Currie & Alan Musgrave (eds.) (1985). Popper and the Human Sciences. Distributors for the United States and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 30.0
    ... THIRD WORLD EPISTEMOLOGY L. Jonathan Cohen . Sir Karl Popper's striking hypothesis about a third world of objective knowledge deserves careful scrutiny ...
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  14. Alan Musgrave (1975). Popper and 'Diminishing Returns From Repeated Tests'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (3):248 – 253.score: 30.0
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  15. Michael Musgrave (1989). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 29 (1):90-91.score: 30.0
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  16. A. E. Musgrave (1972). Falsifiability and Probability: A Comment. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (1):58 – 60.score: 30.0
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  17. P. W. Musgrave (1975). "Integration" and Social Science. Educational Philosophy and Theory 7 (1):27–40.score: 30.0
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  18. Michael Musgrave (1987). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 27 (4):90-91.score: 30.0
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  19. Michael Musgrave (1985). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (1):90-91.score: 30.0
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  20. Michael Musgrave (1990). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):90-91.score: 30.0
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  21. A. E. Musgrave (1969). Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):92-94.score: 30.0
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  22. María Laura Martínez (2010). Ontología histórica Y nominalismo dinámico: La propuesta de Ian Hacking para las ciencias humanas. Cinta de Moebio 39:130-141.score: 24.0
    En los últimos años Ian Hacking se ha dedicado a trabajar principalmente acerca de las ciencias humanas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar algunas de las nociones acuñadas por el filósofo canadiense -fundamentalmente las de ontología histórica y nominalismo dinámico- para dicho ámbito. A par..
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  23. Ann Milliken Pederson (2004). "Writing the Agenda," Summary and Response to the Panel Participants: V. V. Raman, Grace Wolf-Chase, Ian Barbour, Vitor Westhelle. Zygon 39 (2):379-382.score: 21.0
    . This essay highlights the basic issues, goals, and questions for the future of ZCRS.
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  24. Ian Rumfitt (1999). Logic and Existence: Ian Rumfitt. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):151–180.score: 21.0
    [Ian Rumfitt] Frege's logicism in the philosophy of arithmetic consisted, au fond, in the claim that in justifying basic arithmetical axioms a thinker need appeal only to methods and principles which he already needs to appeal in order to justify paradigmatically logical truths and paradigmatically logical forms of inference. Using ideas of Gentzen to spell out what these methods and principles might include, I sketch a strategy for vindicating this logicist claim for the special case of the arithmetic of the (...)
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  25. Cathy Legg (1994). Alan Musgrave, Common Sense, Science and Scepticism: A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 14 (5):336-339.score: 21.0
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  26. María Laura Martínez (2009). Ian Hacking's Proposal for the Distinction Between Natural and Social Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):212-234.score: 18.0
    This article explores the proposal offered by Ian Hacking for the distinction between natural and social sciences—a proposal that he has defined from the outset as complex and different from the traditional ones. Our objective is not only to present the path followed by Hacking's distinction, but also to determine if it constitutes a novelty or not. For this purpose, we deemed it necessary to briefly introduce the core notions Hacking uses to establish his strategic approach to (...)
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  27. Reinhard Schulz (1999). Darstellen Und Rekonstruieren: Eine Hermeneutische Erwiderung Auf Ian Hacking. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (2):365-378.score: 18.0
    Representing and Reconstructing: A Hermeneutical Reply to Ian Hacking. Hacking published in 1983 Representing and Intervening which has provoked, particularly in the US, the so called realism/anti-realism debate which is still alive today. He lays claim to anti-realism for theory and to realism for the experiment. Following him, only that which can be used for manipulating something (e.g., the path of an electon) is realistic. H. Putnam is a severe critic of this dualism. In my paper I am (...)
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  28. Stathos Psillos, Review of Alan Musgrave, Essays on Realism and Rationalism. [REVIEW]score: 18.0
    Alan Musgrave has been one of the most important philosophers of science in the last quarter of the 20th century. He has exemplified an exceptional combination of clearheaded and profound philosophical thinking. Two seem to be the pillars of his thought: an uncompromising commitment to scientific realism and an equally uncompromising commitment to deductivism. The essays reprinted in this volume (which span a period of 25 years, from 1974 to 1999) testify to these two commitments. (There are two omissions (...)
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  29. Peter Lipton (2006). What Can Bas Believe? Musgrave and Van Fraassen on Observability. Analysis 66 (3):226 - 233.score: 18.0
    There is a natural objection to the epistemic coherence of Bas van Fraassen’s use of a distinction between the observable and unobservable in his constructive empiricism, an objection that has been raised with particular clarity by Alan Musgrave. We outline Musgrave’s objection, and then consider how one might interpret and evaluate van Fraassen’s response. According to the constructive empiricist, observability for us is measured with respect to the epistemic limits of human beings qua measuring devices, limitations ‘which will (...)
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  30. Andrew Davis (2008). Ian Hacking, Learner Categories and Human Taxonomies. Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (3-4):441-455.score: 18.0
    I use Ian Hacking's views to explore ways of classifying people, exploiting his distinction between indifferent kinds and interactive kinds, and his accounts of how we 'make up' people. The natural kind/essentialist approach to indifferent kinds is explored in some depth. I relate this to debates in psychiatry about the existence of mental illness, and to educational controversies about the credentials of learner classifications such as 'dyslexic'. Claims about the 'existence' of learning disabilities cannot be given a clear, simple (...)
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  31. Alan G. Gross (1990). Reinventing Certainty: The Significance of Ian Hacking's Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:421 - 431.score: 18.0
    This paper examines Ian Hacking's arguments in favor of entity realism. It shows that his examples from science do not support his realism. Furthermore, his proposed criterion of experimental use is neither sufficient nor necessary for conferring a privileged status on his preferred unobservables. Nonetheless his insight is genuine; it may be most profitably seen as part of a more general effort to create a space for a new form of scientific and philosophical certainty, one that does not require foundations.
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  32. Thom Brooks (2006). Ian Shapiro, The State of Democratic Theory:The State of Democratic Theory. Ethics 116 (2):442-444.score: 18.0
  33. Ruth Beilin (2013). Frederick R. Steiner (Ed): The Essential Ian McHarg: Writings on Design and Nature, 2006. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):711-720.score: 18.0
    Frederick R. Steiner (ed): The Essential Ian McHarg: Writings on Design and Nature, 2006 Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-10 DOI 10.1007/s10806-009-9217-y Authors Ruth Beilin, University of Melbourne Landscape Sociologist, Department of Resource Management and Geography, Melbourne School of Land and Environment Melbourne VIC 3010 Australia Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  34. M. L. Martinez (2009). Ian Hacking's Proposal for the Distinction Between Natural and Social Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):212-234.score: 18.0
    This article explores the proposal offered by Ian Hacking for the distinction between natural and social sciences—a proposal that he has defined from the outset as complex and different from the traditional ones. Our objective is not only to present the path followed by Hacking’s distinction, but also to determine if it constitutes a novelty or not. For this purpose, we deemed it necessary to briefly introduce the core notions Hacking uses to establish his strategic approach to social sciences, under (...)
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  35. David Stump (1988). The Role of Skill in Experimentation: Reading Ludwik Fleck's Study of the Wasserman Reaction as an Example of Ian Hacking's Experimental Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:302 - 308.score: 18.0
    While Ludwik Fleck's Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact is mainly concerned with social elements in science, a central argument depends on his case study of the development of a serum test for syphilis, the Wasserman Reaction, which Fleck argues was the product of skill and of laboratory practice, not a simple discovery. Ian Hacking interprets the creation of new phenomena in science very differently, arguing that it can seen as an argument for scientific realism. Hacking's argument shows that (...)
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  36. Sebastian Assenza (2010). Ian Hesketh. Of Apes and Ancestors: Evolution, Christianity, and the Oxford Debate. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):262-265.score: 18.0
    In Of Apes and Ancestors, Ian Hesketh attempts to de-mythologize the famous Oxford debate between Samuel Wilberforce, the bishop of Oxford, and Charles Darwin’s friends, Thomas Huxley and Joseph Hooker. Hooker and Huxley clashed publicly with Wilberforce at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS) in June of 1860. At issue was the scientific content and general implication of Darwin’s Origin of Species. Hesketh argues that this event is best understood as a minor episode in (...)
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  37. Dan Robins (2012). Reply to Ian Johnston. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (2):271-272.score: 18.0
    Reply to Ian Johnston Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11712-012-9274-1 Authors Dan Robins, School of Arts and Humanities, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, 101 Vera King Farris Drive, Galloway, NJ 08205, USA Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009.
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  38. Ronald C. Arnett (1988). A Choice-Making Ethic for Organizational Communication: The Work of Ian I. Mitroff. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (3):151 - 161.score: 18.0
    This article examines the ethical implications of Ian Mitroff's scholarly contribution to the study of Organizational Communication. Although Mitroff does not specifically ground his work in ethics, this article considers an ethic of choicemaking to be a significant interpretive key for understanding the contribution of his research. In addition, this article provides another conceptual key for understanding the considerable quantity of Mitroff's work by organizing it around three major themes: science, decision-making, and myth. The goal of this article is to (...)
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  39. Aristotle Tympas (2011). Ian Inkster (Ed.): History of Technology. Vol. 29. London: Continuum, 2009, 232pp, £90.00 HB. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (3):601-602.score: 18.0
    Ian Inkster (ed.): History of technology. Vol. 29. London: Continuum, 2009, 232pp, £90.00 HB Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9523-7 Authors Aristotle Tympas, Department of Philosophy and History of Science, University of Athens, University Campus, 157 71 Athens, Greece Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  40. Peter E. Langford (1996). A Comment on Ian Vine's Review Article. Journal of Moral Education 25 (4):467-467.score: 18.0
    A reply to Ian Vine's review of Peter Langford's Approaches to the development of moral reasoning, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hove, 1995.
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  41. Ole Jacob Madsen, Johannes Servan & Simen Andersen Øyen (2013). 'I Am a Philosopher of the Particular Case' An Interview with the 2009 Holberg Prizewinner Ian Hacking. History of the Human Sciences 26 (3):32-51.score: 18.0
    When Ian Hacking won the Holberg International Memorial Prize 2009 his candidature was said to strengthen the legitimacy of the prize after years of controversy. Ole Jacob Madsen, Johannes Servan and Simen Andersen Øyen have talked to Ian Hacking about current questions in the philosophy and history of science.
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  42. Ian McKellen (2002). Sir Ian McKellen's Film Diary. The Chesterton Review 28 (1/2):207-210.score: 18.0
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  43. Annette Patterson (2013). The Legacy of Ian Hunter's Work on Literature Education and the History of Reading Practices: Some Preliminary Remarks. History of European Ideas 40 (1):1-7.score: 18.0
    Summary Ian Hunter's early work on the history of literature education and the emergence of English as school subject issued a bold challenge to traditional accounts that have in the main focused on English either as knowledge of a particular field or as ideology. The alternative proposal put forward by Hunter and supported by detailed historical analysis is that English exists as a series of historically contingent techniques and practices for shaping the self-managing capacities of children. The challenge for the (...)
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  44. Jon Robson (2012). Do Possible Worlds Compromise God's Beauty? A Reply to Mark Ian Thomas Robson. Religious Studies 48 (4):515 - 532.score: 18.0
    In a recent article Mark Ian Thomas Robson argues that there is a clear contradiction between the view that possible worlds are a part of God's nature and the theologically pivotal, but philosophically neglected, claim that God is perfectly beautiful. In this article I show that Robson's argument depends on several key assumptions that he fails to justify and as such that there is reason to doubt the soundness of his argument. I also demonstrate that if Robson's argument were sound (...)
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  45. [Name Unavailable] (2009). Ian Rory Owen. Psychotherapy and Phenomenology: On Freud, Husserl, and Heidegger. Lincoln, N.E.,: iUniverse, 2006. Analecta Hermeneutica 1 (1).score: 18.0
    Book Review. Ian Rory Owen. Psychotherapy and Phenomenology: On Freud, Husserl, and Heidegger. Lincoln, N.E.,: iUniverse, 2006.
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  46. Alan Chalmers (2006). Why Alan Musgrave Should Become an Essentialist. In Colin Cheyne & John Worrall (eds.), Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Springer. 165--181.score: 18.0
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  47. Frank A. Hindriks (2006). Tractability Assumptions and the Musgrave–Mäki Typology. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (4):401-423.score: 18.0
    Musgrave (1981) proposed a typology of assumptions, developed further by Mäki (2000), to defend the idea that the truth of assumptions is often important when evaluating economic theories against those economists who consider only predictive success to be relevant for this purpose. In this paper I propose a new framework for this typology that sheds further light on the issue. The framework consists of a distinction between first?order assumptions that state the absence or lack of effect of some factor (...)
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  48. Tony Bennett (2013). A Thorn in the Side: Ian Hunter, Cultural Studies, and the Humanities. History of European Ideas 40 (1):1-7.score: 18.0
    Summary What are the connections between Ian Hunter's specific criticisms of cultural studies and his more general criticisms of those strands of the humanities that take issue with instrumental reasoning? How are these connections informed by his assessments of the limitations, and the consequences, of the ?moment of theory?? What are the implications of his critique of anti-instrumental defences of the humanities for contemporary debates concerning the future trajectories of cultural studies? In exploring these questions I consider the continuities between (...)
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  49. Ian Boyd (2013). Interview with Fr. Ian Boyd. The Chesterton Review 39 (3):240-244.score: 18.0
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  50. Peter Holbrook (2013). Context and Contextualisation: Remarks on the Work of Ian Hunter. History of European Ideas 40 (1):1-7.score: 18.0
    Summary This essay focuses on a characteristic analytical and rhetorical strategy of the style of intellectual history practiced by Ian Hunter. It assesses the moral and political resources supplied by that strategy, as well as its implications for one particular humanities discipline, that of literary criticism.
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