26 found
Sort by:
See also:
Profile: Helga Varden (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
  1. Helga Varden (2014). Patriotism, Poverty, and Global Justice: A Kantian Engagement with Pauline Kleingeld's Kant and Cosmopolitanism. Kantian Review 19 (2):251-266.
    In this article I critically engage some of the philosophical ideas Kleingeld presents in Kant and Cosmopolitanism, namely patriotism, poverty and global justice. Against Kleingeld, I propose, first, that perhaps democracy is less important and affectionate love more so to both Kant himself as well as to an account that can successfully refute a Bernard Williams style objection to Kantian patriotism; second, that guaranteeing unconditional poverty relief for all its citizens is constitutive of the minimally just state for Kant; and, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Helga Varden (2012). A Feminist, Kantian Conception of the Right to Bodily Integrity: The Cases of Abortion and Homosexuality. In Sharon Crasnow & Anita Superson (eds.), Out of the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Pregnant women and persons engaging in homosexual practices compose two groups that have been and still are amongst those most severely subjected to coercive restrictions regarding their own bodies. From an historical point of view, it is a recent and rare phenomenon that a woman’s right to abortion and a person’s right to engage in homosexual interactions are recognized. Although most Western liberal states currently do recognize these rights, they are under continuous assault from various political and religious movements. Moreover, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Helga Varden (2012). A Kantian Critique of the Care Tradition: Family Law and Systemic Justice. Kantian Review 17 (2):327-356.
    Liberal theories of justice have been rightly criticized for two things by care theorists. First, they have failed to deal with private care relations’ inherent (inter)dependency, asymmetry and particularity. Second, they have been shown unable properly to address the asymmetry and dependency constitutive of care workers’ and care-receivers’ systemic conditions. I apply Kant’s theory of right to show that current care theories unfortunately reproduce similar problems because also they argue on the assumption that good care requires only virtuous private individuals. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Helga Varden (2012). Coercion and the State. Jurisprudence 2 (2):547-559.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Helga Varden (2012). The Lockean Enough-and-as-Good Proviso: An Internal Critique. Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):410-442.
    A private property account is central to a liberal theory of justice. Much of the appeal of the Lockean theory stems from its account of the so-called `enough-and-as-good' proviso, a principle which aims to specify each employable person's fair share of the earth's material resources. I argue that to date Lockeans have failed to show how the proviso can be applied without thereby undermining a guiding intuition in Lockean theory. This guiding intuition is that by interacting in accordance with the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Helga Varden (2011). A Kantian Conception of Global Justice. Review of International Studies 37 (05):2043-2057.
    I start this paper by addressing Kant’s question why rightful interactions require both domestic public authorities (or states) and a global public authority? Of central importance are two issues: first, the identification of problems insoluble without public authorities, and second, why a domestic public monopoly on coercion can be rightfully established and maintained by coercive means while a global public monopoly on coercion cannot be established once and for all. In the second part of the paper, I address the nature (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Helga Varden (2011). Amartya Sen's The Idea of Justice—Some Kantian Rejoinders. Social Philosophy Today 27:217-232.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Helga Varden (2011). Coercion and the State: A Review of B Sharon Byrd and Joachim Hruschka, Kants Doctrine of Right: A Commentary by Helga Varden. [REVIEW] Jurisprudence 2 (2):547-559.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Helga Varden (2010). A Kantian Conception of Free Speech. In Deidre Golash (ed.), Free Speech in a Diverse World. Springer.
    In this paper I provide an interpretation of Kant’s conception of free speech. Free speech is understood as the kind of speech that is constitutive of interaction respectful of everybody’s right to freedom, and it requires what we with John Rawls may call ‘public reason’. Public reason so understood refers to how the public authority must reason in order to properly specify the political relation between citizens. My main aim is to give us some reasons for taking a renewed interest (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Helga Varden (2010). G. A. Cohen's Rescuing Justice and Equality - A Critical Engagement. Social Philosophy Today 26:175-189.
    This paper critically engages Cohen’s rejection, in Rescuing Justice and Equality, of Rawls’s conception of redistributive justice. I argue that Cohen’s reading of Rawls is flawed and that his suggested revisions to Rawls’s theory are no improvement. The better interpretation involves seeing Rawls’s project as closer to Kant’s than, as Cohen assumes, to libertarians and egalitarians of his own stripe. Once we interpret Rawls as providing a so-called “public right” account and we add Kant’s account of “private right”, Rawls escapes (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Helga Varden (2010). Review: Hill (Ed), The Blackwell Guide to Kant's Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethics 120 (4):860-864.
  12. Helga Varden (2010). Kant and Lying to the Murderer at the Door . . . One More Time: Kant's Legal Philosophy and Lies to Murderers and Nazis. Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (4):403-4211.
    Kant’s example of lying to the murderer at the door has been a cherished source of scorn for thinkers with little sympathy for Kant’s philosophy and a source of deep puzzlement for those more favorably inclined. The problem is that Kant seems to say that it’s always wrong to lie – even if necessary to prevent a murderer from reaching his victim – and that if one does lie, one becomes partially responsible for the killing of the victim. If this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Helga Varden (2010). Kant's Non-Absolutist Conception of Political Legitimacy – How Public Right 'Concludes' Private Right in the “Doctrine of Right”. Kant-Studien 101 (3):331-351.
    Contrary to the received view, I argue that Kant, in the “Doctrine of Right”, outlines a third, republican alternative to absolutist and voluntarist conceptions of political legitimacy. According to this republican alternative, a state must meet certain institutional requirements before political obligations arise. An important result of this interpretation is not only that there are institutional restraints on a legitimate state's use of coercion, but also that the rights of the state (‘public right’) are not in principle reducible to the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Helga Varden (2010). Lockean Freedom and the Proviso's Appeal to Scientific Knowledge. Social Theory and Practice 36 (1):1-20.
    This paper argues that Locke and contemporary Lockeans underestimate the problems involved in their frequent, implicit assumption that when we apply the proviso we use the latest scientific knowledge of natural resources, technology and the economy’s operations. Problematic for these theories is that much of the pertinent knowledge used is obtained through particular persons’ labour. If the knowledge obtained through individuals’ labour must be made available to everyone and if particular persons’ new knowledge affects the proviso’s proper application, then some (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Helga Varden (2010). Rescuing Justice and Equality—A Critical Engagement. Social Philosophy Today 26:175-189.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Helga Varden (2010). Review of Jan Narveson, James P. Sterba, Are Liberty and Equality Compatible?. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (8).
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Helga Varden (2009). Nozick's Reply to the Anarchist. Law and Philosophy 28 (6):585 - 616.
    Central to Nozick’s Anarchy, State and Utopia is a defense of the legitimacy of the minimal state’s use of coercion against anarchist objections. Individuals acting within their natural rights can establish the state without committing wrongdoing against those who disagree. Nozick attempts to show that even with a natural executive right, individuals need not actually consent to incur political obligations. Nozick’s argument relies on an account of compensation to remedy the infringement of the non-consenters’ procedural rights. Compensation, however, cannot remedy (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Helga Varden (2009). Nozick's Reply to the Anarchist What He Said and What He Should Have Said About Procedural Rights. Law and Philosophy 28 (6):585-616.
    Central to Nozick’s Anarchy, State and Utopia is a defense of the legitimacy of the minimal state’s use of coercion against anarchist objections. Individuals acting within their natural rights can establish the state without committing wrongdoing against those who disagree. Nozick attempts to show that even with a natural executive right, individuals need not actually consent to incur political obligations. Nozick’s argument relies on an account of compensation to remedy the infringement of the non-consenters’ procedural rights. Compensation, however, cannot remedy (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Helga Varden (2008). Diversity and Unity An Attempt at Drawing a Justifiable Line. Archiv Fuer Rechts-Und Sozialphilosphie 94 (1):1-25.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Helga Varden (2008). Kant's Non-Voluntarist Conception of Political Obligations: Why Justice is Impossible in the State of Nature. Kantian Review 13 (2):1-45.
    This paper presents and defends Kant’s non-voluntarist conception of political obligations. I argue that civil society is not primarily a prudential requirement for justice; it is not merely a necessary evil or moral response to combat our corrupting nature or our tendency to act viciously, thoughtlessly or in a biased manner. Rather, civil society is constitutive of rightful relations because only in civil society can we interact in ways reconcilable with each person’s innate right to freedom. Civil society is the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Helga Varden (2008). Otfried Höffe's Kant's Cosmopolitan Theory of Law and Peace. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 12 (1):164-174.
  22. Helga Varden (2007). Review of Paul Guyer, Kant. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (2).
    of Paul Guyer, (from Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews).
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Helga Varden (2006). A Kantian Conception of Rightful Sexual Relations. Social Philosophy Today 22:199-218.
    This paper defends a legal and political conception of sexual relations grounded in Kant’s Doctrine of Right. First, I argue that only a lack of consent can make a sexual deed wrong in the legal sense. Second, I demonstrate why all other legal constraints on sexual practices in a just society are legal constraints on seemingly unrelated public institutions. I explain the way in which the just state acts as a civil guardian for domestic relations and as a civil guarantor (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Helga Varden (2006). Kant and Dependency Relations: Kant on the State's Right to Redistribute Resources to Protect the Rights of Dependents. Dialogue 45 (2):257-284.
    Contrary to much Kant interpretation, this article argues that Kant’s moral philosophy, including his account of charity, is irrelevant to justifying the state’s right to redistribute material resources to secure the rights of dependents (the poor, children, and the impaired). The article also rejects the popular view that Kant either does not or cannot justify anything remotely similar to the liberal welfare state. A closer look at Kant’s account of dependency relations in “The Doctrine of Right” reveals an argumentative structure (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Helga Varden (2006). Locke's Waste Restriction and His Strong Voluntarism. Locke Studies 6:127-141.
    This paper argues that there is a conflict between two principles informing Locke’s political philosophy, namely his waste restriction and his strong voluntarism. Locke’s waste restriction is proposed as a necessary, enforceable restriction upon rightful private property holdings and it yields arguments to preserve and redistribute natural resources. Locke’s strong voluntarism is proposed as the liberal ideal of political obligations. It expresses Locke’s view that each individual has a natural political power, which can only be transferred to a political body (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation