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  1. Rosemary Agonito (1977). The Concept of Inferiority: When Women Are Men. Journal of Social Philosophy 8 (1):8-13.
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  2. Celia Amorós, Ana Uriarte & Linda López McAlister (1994). Cartesianism and Feminism. What Reason Has Forgotten; Reasons for Forgetting. Hypatia 9 (1):147 - 163.
    This paper recovers and pays homage to the arguments in support of the equality of the sexes developed by the Seventeenth Century Cartesian philosopher François Poullain de la Barre (1647-1723).
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  3. Jimoh Amzat & Giovanni Grandi (2011). Gender Context of Personalism in Bioethics. Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):136-145.
    Personalism is one of the philosophical perspectives which hold that the reality in person and the human person has the highest intrinsic value. This paper makes reference to Louis Janssens' eight criteria in adequate consideration of the human person but further argues that there is need to consider people as situated agents especially within gender relational perspectives. The paper identifies gender as an important social construction that shapes the consideration of the human persons within socio-spatial spheres. The main crux of (...)
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  4. Richard Arneson, What Sort of Sexual Equality (If Any) Should Feminists Seek?
    The feminist critique of liberalism runs parallel to the Marxist critique of liberal equality and rights. In each case the objection is that a set of liberties and rights formally guaranteed for all does nothing to prevent unfair inequalities in substantive life prospects from burgeoning within this formally equal framework. Workers and capitalists are formally free to trade with each other on any mutually agreeable terms but the enormous disparities in ownership of property bring it about that workers are forced (...)
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  5. Gale S. Baker (1987). Is Equality Enough? Hypatia 2 (1):63 - 65.
    I am concerned that, in our quest to end discrimination, we as feminists may be concentrating too much on equality and ignoring more basic issues of social justice. I argue that we must not lose sight of where we as a society are going in the effort to make sure we all get there together. The primary goal, after all, is not simply for women to get what men have, but justice for all.
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  6. Nicholas Bamforth (ed.) (2005). Sex Rights: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2002. OUP Oxford.
    Discrimination due to gender and sexual orientation tends nowadays to be prohibited under international human rights instruments, as well as under the national laws of many countries that express their commitment to defending human rights. Nonetheless, as the work of Amnesty International has shown, violence against women (whatever their sexual orientation), gay men, trans-gendered and transsexual persons remains an appallingly constant phenomenon, both in countries that have an official commitment to fighting these forms of discrimination and in those that do (...)
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  7. Perry C. Beider (1987). Sex Discrimination in Insurance. Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (1):65-75.
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  8. Seyla Benhabib (2008). Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalism. Hypatia 23 (4):220-225.
  9. Seyla Benhabib (2008). Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalismby Joan Wallach Scott andWomen and Citizenshipedited by Marilyn Friedman. Hypatia 23 (4):220-225.
  10. Paul Benson (2005). Book Review: Marilyn Friedman. Autonomy, Gender, Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. [REVIEW] Hypatia 20 (3):214-217.
  11. Talia Mae Bettcher (2011). Full-Frontal Morality: The Naked Truth About Gender. Hypatia 27 (2):319-337.
    This paper examines Harold Garfinkel's notion of the natural attitude about sex and his claim that it is fundamentally moral in nature. The author looks beneath the natural attitude in order to explain its peculiar resilience and oppressive force. There she reveals a moral order grounded in the dichotomously sexed bodies so constituted through boundaries governing privacy and decency. In particular, naked bodies are sex-differentiated within a system of genital representation through gender presentation—a system that helps constitute the very boundaries (...)
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  12. Deevia Bhana (2012). Parental Views of Morality and Sexuality and the Implications for South African Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):114-128.
    Discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation is prohibited in South Africa. Against legal gains, however, are marked increases in homophobic violence. Schools are deeply implicated in the development of a moral education premised on democracy and sexual equality. This paper sought to examine the ways in which parents situated within diverse social contexts define, regulate and entrench the right to sexual equality, analyzing their implications for moral education in schools. The data were derived through an interview-based study of 17 (...)
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  13. Zamangwane Bhengu-Mpungose (2004). Critical Thinking About Gender Equality. Inquiry 23 (4):29-30.
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  14. Ulrika Björk (2010). Paradoxes of Femininity in the Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir. Continental Philosophy Review 43 (1):39-60.
    This article explicates the meaning of the paradox from the perspective of sexual difference, as articulated by Simone de Beauvoir. I claim that the self, the other, and their becoming are sexed in Beauvoir’s early literary writing before the question of sexual difference is posed in The Second Sex (1949). In particular, Beauvoir’s description of Françoise’s subjective becoming in the novel She Came to Stay (1943) anticipates her later systematic description of ‘the woman in love’. In addition, I argue that (...)
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  15. Gisela Bock & Susan James (eds.) (1992). Beyond Equality and Difference: Citizenship, Feminist Politics, and Female Subjectivity. Routledge.
    The chapters of this book deal primarily with the meaning and use of these two concepts in the context of gender relations (past and present), but also draw ...
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  16. Bernard R. Boxill (1980). Sexual Blindness and Sexual Equality. Social Theory and Practice 6 (3):281-298.
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  17. Terrell Carver (2002). Women, Culture and International Relations. Contemporary Political Theory 1 (1):135.
  18. B. Cheriet (2010). The Ambiguous State: Gender and Citizenship as Barter in Algeria. Diogenes 57 (1):73-82.
    This essay proposes a re-reading of the process of establishing the post-colonial nation-state in Algeria, and of the dynamics of citizenship in the light of gender, in order to illuminate the hesitations of the political class as to the meaning of the principle of universal emancipation and sexual equality in the private sphere of personal status. Whereas up to now readings studying the nature of the Algerian political regime and its ideological discourse have been solely concerned with denouncing the "moribund" (...)
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  19. Judith Squires Chris Armstrong (2002). Beyond the Public|[Sol]|Private Dichotomy: Relational Space and Sexual Inequalities. Contemporary Political Theory 1 (3):261.
  20. W. E. Cooper (1975). What is Sexual Equality and Why Does Tey Want It? Ethics 85 (3):256-257.
  21. Monique Deveaux (2006). Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States. OUP Oxford.
    Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States explores the challenges that culturally plural liberal states face when they hold competing political commitments to cultural rights and sexual equality, and advances an argument for resolving such dilemmas through democratic dialogue and negotiation. Exploring recent examples of gendered cultural conflicts in South Africa, Canada, and Britain, this book shows that there is an urgent need for workable strategies to mediate the antagonisms between the cultural practices and arrangements of certain ethno-cultural and religious (...)
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  22. John Dobson & Judith White (1995). Toward the Feminine Firm. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):463-478.
    This paper concerns the influence of gender on a firm’s moral and economic performance. It supports Thomas White’s intimation of a male gender bias in the value system underlying extant business theory. We suggest that this gender bias may be corrected by drawing on the concept of substantive rationality inherent in virtue-ethics theory. This feminine-oriented relationship-based value system complements the essential nature of the firm as a nexus of relationships between stakeholders. Not only is this feminine firm morally desirable, but (...)
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  23. Mary Douglas (1983). Morality and Culture:Ulture and Morality, Essays in Honor of Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf. Adrian Mayer; Circumstantial Deliveries. Rodney Needham; Female Power and Male Dominance: On the Origins of Sexual Inequality. Peggy Reeves Sanday; Heart and Mind, the Varieties of Moral Experience. Mary Midgeley. [REVIEW] Ethics 93 (4):786-.
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  24. Carlos Manuel Coelho Duarte, José P. Esperança, José D. Curto & Maria C. Santos (2008). Do Discrimination and Segregation Subsist in Pay Policies? Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:23-34.
    This paper analyses the gender pay determinants between top and lower level of Portuguese employees. A relatively large data pool, for 2003, covering business functions hitherto neglected, sheds a new light into the factors that lead to the earnings of men and women. Our analysis combines human capital with internal-labour-markets theories. Our findings allow the identification of jobsegregation as one important source of the gender pay gap. Moreover, they confirm that earnings are determined by different factors and suggest a reasonable (...)
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  25. Allison Dube (1998). Fire with Water: Generations and Genders of Western Political Thought. Parhelion Press.
    pt. 1. Isabel Colegate's The shooting party -- pt. 2. Fire with water.
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  26. Avigail Eisenberg (2003). Diversity and Equality: Three Approaches to Cultural and Sexual Difference. Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (1):41–64.
  27. Farrell & James P. Sterba (2008). Does Feminism Discriminate Against Men?: A Debate. OUP USA.
    Does feminism give a much-needed voice to women in a patriarchal world? Or is the world not really patriarchal? Has feminism begun to level the playing field in a world in which women are more often paid less at work and abused at home? Or are women paid equally for the same work and not abused more at home? Does feminism support equality in education and in the military, or does it discriminate against men by ignoring such issues as male-only (...)
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  28. Lotsmart Fonjong, Irene Fokum Sama-Lang & Lawrence Fon Fombe (2012). Implications of Customary Practices on Gender Discrimination in Land Ownership in Cameroon. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):260-274.
    Africa, before European colonization, knew no other form of legal system outside customary arrangements. Based on secondary sources and a primary survey conducted between 2009 and 2010 on the situation of women and land rights in anglophone Cameroon, this paper examines the grounds for discrimination in customary laws against women's rights to land in the context of legal pluralism, and discusses the implications of this custom of gender discrimination. In drawing from Cameroon as an exemplar, it concludes that the strong (...)
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  29. Jeffrey E. Foss (1996). Is There a Natural Sexual Inequality of Intellect? A Reply to Kimura. Hypatia 11 (3):24 - 46.
    The noted psychologist, Doreen Kimura, has argued that we should not expect to find equal numbers of men and women in various professions because there is a natural sexual inequality of intellect. In rebuttal I argue that each of these mutually supporting theses is insufficiently supported by the evidence to be accepted. The social and ethical dimensions of Kimura's work, and of the scientific study of the nature-nurture controversy in general, are briefly discussed.
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  30. Kathleen Gerson (2011). The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. OUP USA.
    In the controversial public debate over modern American families, the vast changes in family life--the rise of single, two-paycheck, and same-sex parents--have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of "family values," but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to have a vibrant and committed family and work life. -/- Despite the entrance of women into (...)
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  31. Kathleen Gerson (2010). The Unfinished Revolution: How a New Generation is Reshaping Family, Work, and Gender in America. OUP USA.
    The vast changes in family life--the rise of single, same-sex, and two-paycheck parents--have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of "family values," but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to live out those values. In the controversial public debate over modern American families, The Unfinished Revolution takes a measured approach, looking at the young adults (...)
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  32. Anca Gheaus (forthcoming). Children's Rights, Parental Agency and the Case for Non-Coercive Responses to Care Drain. In Diana Meyers (ed.), Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
    Worldwide, many impoverished parents migrate, leaving their children behind. As a result children are deprived of continuity in care and, sometimes, suffer from other forms of emotional and developmental harms. I explain why coercive responses to care drain are illegitimate and likely to be inefficient. Poor parents have a moral right to migrate without their children and restricting their migration would violate the human right to freedom of movement and create a new form of gender injustice. I propose and defend (...)
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  33. Anca Gheaus (2011). Arguments for Nonparental Care for Children. Social Theory and Practice 37 (3):483-509.
    I review three existing arguments in favor of having some childcare done by nonparents and then I advance five arguments, most of them original, to the same conclusion. My arguments rely on the assumption that, no matter who provides it, childcare will inevitably go wrong at times. I discuss the importance of mitigating bad care, of teaching children how to enter caring relationships with people who are initially strangers to them, of addressing children's structural vulnerability to their caregivers, of helping (...)
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  34. Anca Gheaus (2008). Basic Income, Gender Justice and the Costs of Gender-Symmetrical Lifestyles. Basic Income Studies 3 (3).
    I argue that, in the currently gender-unjust societies a basic income would not advance feminist goals. To assess the impact of a social policy on gender justice I propose the following criterion: a society is gender-just when the costs of engaging in a lifestyle characterized by gender-symmetry (in both the domestic and public spheres) are, for both men and women, smaller or equal to the costs of engaging in a gender-asymmetrical lifestyle. For a significant number of women, a basic income (...)
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  35. N. Guessous (2012). Women's Rights in Muslim Societies: Lessons From the Moroccan Experience. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (4-5):525-533.
    Major changes have taken place in Muslim societies in general during the last decades. Traditional family and social organizational structures have come into conflict with the perceptions and needs of development and modern state-building. Moreover, the international context of globalization, as well as changes in intercommunity relations through immigration, have also deeply affected social and cultural mutations by facilitating contact between different cultures and civilizations. Of the dilemmas arising from these changes, those concerning women’s and men’s roles were the most (...)
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  36. Susan Haack (1974). On the Moral Relevance of Sex. Philosophy 49 (187):90 - 95.
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  37. Susan Hekman (2001). Book Review: Christine M. Koggel.Perspectives on Equality: Constructing a Relational Theory. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998. [REVIEW] Hypatia 16 (3):163-166.
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  38. Judith M. Hill (1987). Pay Equity. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (3):1-9.
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  39. John J. Hisnanick (2005). A Review Of: "Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality". [REVIEW] World Futures 61 (7):552 – 554.
    (2005). A Review of: “Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality”. World Futures: Vol. 61, No. 7, pp. 552-554.
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  40. Diane E. Hoffmann & Anita J. Tarzian (2001). The Girl Who Cried Pain: A Bias Against Women in the Treatment of Pain. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (s4):13-27.
  41. Robert L. Holmes (1996). Sexual Harassment and the University. The Monist 79 (4):499-518.
  42. Christoph Holzhey (2004). Sexuelle Differenz Made in Italy - Bemerkungen Zu Einem US-Imortversuch. Zu Graziella Parati and Rebecca West (Eds.): Italian Feminist Theory and Practise: Equality and Sexual Difference. Die Philosophin 15 (29):122-129.
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  43. Patrick D. Hopkins (2002). Book Review: Martha C. Nussbaum. Sex and Social Justice. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. [REVIEW] Hypatia 17 (2):171-173.
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  44. Iwao Hoshii (1987). Sex in Ethics and Law. Paul Norbury Publications.
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  45. Alison Jaggar (1974). On Sexual Equality. Ethics 84 (4):275-291.
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  46. Xinyan Jiang (2000). The Dilemma Faced by Chinese Feminists. Hypatia 15 (3):140-160.
    : In this essay I argue that in any country, the realization of sexual equality requires a certain level of economic development. I support this general theme by examining a particular case--a dilemma faced by Chinese feminists today. I intend to show that in a developing country such as China, where heavy physical labor is still in great demand in daily life and productive activity, full sexual equality cannot be a reality.
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  47. Naila Kabeer (2012). Empowerment, Citizenship and Gender Justice: A Contribution to Locally Grounded Theories of Change in Women's Lives. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):216-232.
    Struggles for gender justice by women's movements have sought to give legal recognition to gender equality at both national and international levels. However, such society-wide goals may have little resonance in the lives of individual men and women in contexts where a culture of individual rights is weak or missing and the stress is on the moral economy of kinship and community. While empowerment captures the myriad ways in which intended and unintended changes can enhance the ability of individual women (...)
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  48. Linda J. Krieger (1987). Through A Glass Darkly: Paradigms of Equality and the Search for a Woman's Jurisprudence. Hypatia 2 (1):45 - 61.
    In this article, Ms. Krieger explores the controversy concerning pregnancy disability leave presented by the case of California Federal Savings v. Guerra in light of Thomas Kuhn's model of scientific paradigm change and Carol Gilligan's theory regarding sex differences in moral reasoning. She argues that the controversy reflects a period of paradigm crisis in equality jurisprudence, brought about in part by the recent inclusion of greater numbers of women into the jurisprudential community.
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  49. Joyce A. Little (1987). Sexual Equality in the Church: A Theological Resolution to the Anthropological Dilemma. Heythrop Journal 28 (2):165–178.
  50. Mara Miller (1993). Canons and the Challenge of Gender. The Monist 76 (4):477-493.
    Examines the role of the gender of philosopher-contributors in the constitution of a philosophical canon. Effects of the inclusion of women's voices within the canon; Development of a Japanese philosophical canon as a case in point.
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