Results for 'Jason Kaufman'

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  1.  42
    The Re-Accomplishment of Place in Twentieth Century Vermont and New Hampshire: History Repeats Itself, Until It Doesn’T. [REVIEW]Jason Kaufman & Matthew E. Kaliner - 2011 - Theory and Society 40 (2):119-154.
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  2.  38
    Competing Conceptions of Individualism in Contemporary American AIDS Policy: A Re-Examination of Neo-Institutionalist Analysis. [REVIEW]Jason Andrew Kaufman - 1998 - Theory and Society 27 (5):635-669.
  3. Robert J. Sternberg Todd I. Lubart James C. Kaufman Jean E. Pretz.James C. Kaufman - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 351.
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  4.  12
    Diesing and Piccone on Kaufman.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):211-216.
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  5.  9
    Gordon Kaufman Interview.Terry C. Muck, Rita M. Gross & Gordon Kaufman - forthcoming - Buddhist-Christian Studies.
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  6.  31
    Welfare in the Kantian State.Alexander Kaufman - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    A traditional interpretation holds that Kant's political theory simply constitutes an account of the constraints which reason places on the state's authority to regulate external action. Alexander Kaufman argues that this traditional interpretation succeeds neither as a faithful reading of Kant's texts nor as a plausible, philosophically sound reconstruction of a `Kantian' political theory. Rather, he argues that Kant's political theory articulates a positive conception of the state's role.
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  7. Incorrectly Political: Augustine and Thomas More.Peter Iver Kaufman - 2007 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    "Peter Iver Kaufman is admirably and ideally qualified to undertake this project of reading More on politics in the light of Augustine on politics. In vigorous, well-paced prose, he tackles an important and original subject." —_Marcia L. Colish, Frederick B. Artz Professor of History, emerita, Oberlin College_ _“Incorrectly Political_ will attract readers not only because it is written with the author's characteristic flair and liveliness, but also because of his established capacity to bridge centuries of Western thought and history. (...)
     
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  8.  11
    "Losing My Self": A Poet's Ironies and a Daughter's Reflections on Dementia.Sharon R. Kaufman - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (4):549-568.
    I think that Alzheimer's disease and all neurological disabilities of this kind, degenerative conditions, are of the most intense intellectual interest and importance … because these people are taking us to places we would rather not think about and what these people have to say—to the degree that they can say anything at all—should teach us something about what a person is, what human identity is.What could it mean in general to say that possible ways to be a person can (...)
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  9. Adorno and Ethics.Martin Jay, Christina Gerhardt, Rob Kaufman, Detlev Claussen & J. M. Bernstein (eds.) - 2006 - Duke University Press.
    Because of his preoccupation with the formal aspects of music and literature, Theodor W. Adorno is often regarded as the most aesthetically oriented thinker of the Frankfurt School theorists. It is Adorno’s perceived commitment to aestheticism—the study of art for art’s sake and the study of art as a source of sensuous pleasure, rather than as a vehicle for culturally constructed morality or meaning—that many scholars have criticized as hostile to genuine, concrete, substantive political, social, and ethical engagement with the (...)
     
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  10. Badges and Incidents: A Transdisciplinary History of the Right to Education in America.Michael J. Kaufman - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Badges and Incidents, Michael J. Kaufman undertakes an interdisciplinary investigation of American education law and pedagogy. By weaving together the invaluable insights of law, education, history, political science, economics, psychology, and neuroscience, this book illuminates the ways in which the design of the American educational system does not reflect how human beings live and learn. It examines the principles of the nation's Founders and demonstrates how a distorted presentation of the Founders' views curtailed the development of a truly (...)
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  11.  25
    Justified Killing: The Paradox of Self-Defense.Whitley R. P. Kaufman - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    In Justified Killing, Whitley R. P. Kaufman argues that none of the leading theories adequately explains why it is permissible even to kill an innocent attacker in self-defense, given the basic moral prohibition against killing the innocent. Kaufman suggests that such an explanation can be found in the traditional Doctrine of Double Effect, according to which self-defense is justified because the intention of the defender is to protect himself rather than harm the attacker.
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  12. Rawls's Egalitarianism.Alexander Kaufman - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a new interpretation and analysis of John Rawls's leading theory of distributive justice, which also considers the responding egalitarian theories of scholars such as Richard Arneson, G. A. Cohen, Ronald Dworkin, Martha Nussbaum, John Roemer, and Amartya Sen. Rawls's theory, Kaufman argues, sets out a normative ideal of justice that incorporates an account of the structure and character of relations that are appropriate for members of society viewed as free and equal moral beings. Forging an approach distinct (...)
     
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  13.  56
    Language in Context: Selected Essays.Stanley Jason - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Egalitarianism, the view that equality matters, attracts a great deal of attention amongst contemporary political theorists. And yet it has turned out to be surprisingly difficult to provide a fully satisfactory egalitarian theory. The cutting-edge articles in Egalitarianism move the debate forward. They are written by some of the leading political philosophers in the field.
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  14.  20
    Public Expectations for Return of Results From Large-Cohort Genetic Research.Juli Murphy, Joan Scott, David Kaufman, Gail Geller, Lisa LeRoy & Kathy Hudson - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):36 – 43.
    The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in human health. A preliminary public engagement study was conducted to assess public attitudes and concerns about the proposed biobank, including the expectations for return of individual research results. A total of 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races participated in 16 focus groups in six locations across the country. Focus group participants voiced (...)
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  15. Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will.John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Do people have free will, or this universal belief an illusion? If free will is more than an illusion, what kind of free will do people have? How can free will influence behavior? Can free will be studied, verified, and understood scientifically? How and why might a sense of free will have evolved? These are a few of the questions this book attempts to answer. People generally act as though they believe in their own free will: they don't feel like (...)
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  16. Descartes's Creation Doctrine and Modality.Dan Kaufman - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):24 – 41.
  17. A User’s Guide to White Privilege.Cynthia Kaufman - 2001 - Radical Philosophy Review 4 (1/2):30-38.
    Picking up where Peggy McKintosh’s “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” left off, this essay looks further into the ways that racial privilege manifests itself in the lives of white Americans. It explores some of the reasons that white privilege is hard for whites to see and it explores the question of how white people can act responsibly given the unavoidable realities of racial privilege.
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  18. Locke on Individuation and the Corpuscular Basis of Kinds.Dan Kaufman - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):499–534.
    In a well-known paper, Reginald Jackson expresses a sentiment not uncommon among readers of Locke: “Among the merits of Locke’s Essay…not even the friendliest critic would number consistency.”2 This unflattering opinion of Locke is reiterated by Maurice Mandelbaum: “Under no circumstances can [Locke] be counted among the clearest and most consistent of philosophers.”3 The now familiar story is that there are innumerable inconsistencies and internal problems contained in Locke’s Essay. In fact, it is probably safe to say that there is (...)
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  19.  47
    A Religious Interpretation of Emergence: Creativity as God.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2007 - Zygon 42 (4):915-928.
  20.  56
    Normative Criticism and the Objective Value of Artworks.Daniel A. Kaufman - 2002 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (2):151–166.
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  21.  65
    Pre-Vital and Post-Mortem Non-Existence.Frederik Kaufman - 1999 - American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (1):1 - 19.
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  22. God's Immutability and the Necessity of Descartes's Eternal Truths.Dan Kaufman - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):1-19.
  23. Can Science Determine Moral Values? A Reply to Sam Harris.Whitley R. P. Kaufman - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (1):55-65.
    Sam Harris’ new book “The Moral Landscape” is the latest in a series of attempts to provide a new “science of morality.” This essay argues that such a project is unlikely to succeed, using Harris’ text as an example of the major philosophical problems that would be faced by any such theory. In particular, I argue that those trying to construct a scientific ethics need pay far more attention to the tradition of moral philosophy, rather than assuming the debate is (...)
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  24. Death and Deprivation; or, Why Lucretius' Symmetry Argument Fails.Frederik Kaufman - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):305 – 312.
  25. Descartes on Composites, Incomplete Substances, and Kinds of Unity.Dan Kaufman - 2008 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (1):39-73.
    It is widely-accepted that Descartes is a substance dualist, i.e. that he holds that there are two and only two kinds of finite substance – mind and body. However, several scholars have argued that Descartes is a substance trialist, where the third kind of substance he admits is the substantial union of a mind and a body, the human being. In this paper, I argue against the trialist interpretation of Descartes. First, I show that the strongest evidence for trialism, based (...)
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  26. What's Wrong with Preventive War? The Moral and Legal Basis for the Preventive Use of Force.Whitley Kaufman - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):23–38.
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  27. Descartes on the Objective Reality of Materially False Ideas.Dan Kaufman - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):385–408.
    “The Standard Interpretation” of Descartes on material falsity states that Descartes believed that materially false ideas (MFIs) lack “objective reality” [realitas objectiva]. The argument for the Standard Interpretation depends on a statement from the “Third Meditation” that MFIs are caused by nothing. This statement, in conjunction with a causal principle introduced by Descartes, seems to entail that MFIs lack objective reality. However, the Standard Interpretation is incorrect. First, I argue that, despite initial appearances, the manner in which Descartes understands the (...)
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  28. The Philosophy of Creativity.Elliot Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  29.  44
    Techno-Secularism and "Revealed Religion": Some Problems with Caiazza's Analysis.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2005 - Zygon 40 (2):323-334.
  30. Divine Simplicity and the Eternal Truths in Descartes.Dan Kaufman - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (4):553 – 579.
  31.  46
    Capabilities and Freedom.Alexander Kaufman - 2006 - Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (3):289–300.
  32.  58
    Is There a “Right” to Self‐Defense?Whitley Kaufman - 2004 - Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (1):20-32.
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  33. God the Problem.Gordon D. Kaufman - 1972 - Cambridge: Mass., Harvard University Press.
     
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  34. Infimus Gradus Libertatis? Descartes on Indifference and Divine Freedom.Dan Kaufman - 2003 - Religious Studies 39 (4):391-406.
    Descartes held the doctrine that the eternal truths are freely created by God. He seems to have thought that a proper understanding of God's freedom entails such a doctrine concerning the eternal truths. In this paper, I examine Descartes' account of divine freedom. I argue that Descartes' statements about indifference, namely that indifference is the lowest grade of freedom and that indifference is the essence of God's freedom are not incompatible. I also show how Descartes arrived at his doctrine of (...)
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  35. The Resurrection of the Same Body and the Ontological Status of Organisms: What Locke Should Have (and Could Have) Told Stillingfleet.Dan Kaufman - 2008 - In Hoffman Owen (ed.), Contemporary Perspectives on Early Modern Philosophy. Broadview.
    Vere Chappell has pointed out that it is not clear whether Locke has a well-developed ontology or even whether he is entitled to have one.2 Nevertheless, it is clear that Locke believes that there are organisms, and it is clear that he thinks that there are substances. But does he believe that organisms are substances? There are certainly parts of the Essay in which Locke seems unequivocally to state that organisms are substances. For instance, in 2.23.3 Locke uses men and (...)
     
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  36.  12
    Flaws in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Rationale for Supporting the Development and Approval of BiDil as a Treatment for Heart Failure Only in Black Patients.George T. H. Ellison, Jay S. Kaufman, Rosemary F. Head, Paul A. Martin & Jonathan D. Kahn - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):449-457.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's rationale for supporting the development and approval of BiDil for heart failure specifically in black patients was based on under-powered, post hoc subgroup analyses of two relatively old trials , which were further complicated by substantial covariate imbalances between racial groups. Indeed, the only statistically significant difference observed between black and white patients was found without any adjustment for potential confounders in samples that were unlikely to have been adequately randomized. Meanwhile, because the accepted (...)
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  37. Ability.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (19):537-551.
  38.  37
    The Theological Structure of Christian Faith and the Feasibility of a Global Ecological Ethic.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2003 - Zygon 38 (1):147-161.
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  39.  18
    Managers' Double Fiduciary Duty: To Stakeholders and to Freedom.Allen Kaufman - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):189-214.
    Abstract: In providing an ethical guide for managers, the Clarkson Principles offer one part of a possible professional code, namely, that managers have a fiduciary duty—a duty of loyalty of the corporation’s stakeholders. However, the Clarkson Principles contain little advise for managers when they act politically to fashion the regulatory framework in which stakeholders negotiate. When managers participate in these arenas, I argue that they ought to assume a second fiduciary duty—a duty of loyalty to fair bargaining. Where the first (...)
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  40.  85
    Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil: A Reply to Critics.Whitley R. P. Kaufman - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (4):556-560.
    The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of any lack of memory of past (...)
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  41. The Reform Theory of Punishment.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1960 - Ethics 71 (1):49-53.
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  42. An Answer to Lucretius' Symmetry Argument Against the Fear of Death.Frederik Kaufman - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):57-64.
  43.  45
    Biohistorical Naturalism and The Symbol "God".Gordon D. Kaufman - 2003 - Zygon 38 (1):95-100.
  44.  51
    Re‐Conceiving God and Humanity in Light of Today's Evolutionary‐Ecological Consciousness.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):335-348.
  45.  20
    Practical Decision.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1966 - Mind 75 (297):25-44.
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  46.  72
    Late Birth, Early Death, and the Problem of Lucretian Symmetry.Frederik Kaufman - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (1):113-127.
    Lucretius famously argued that if we think death is bad because it deprives us of time we could have had by living longer than we do, then when we are born must be bad too, since we could have been born earlier than we were, and so be deprived of that time as well. John Martin Fischer thinks Lucretius’s symmetry argument fails because we have a bias toward the future. I argue that Fischer’s approach does not answer Lucretius. In contrast (...)
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  47.  51
    Family Resemblances, Relationalism, and the Meaning of 'Art'.Daniel A. Kaufman - 2007 - British Journal of Aesthetics 47 (3):280-297.
    Peter Kivy has maintained that the Wittgensteinian account of ‘art’ ‘is not a going concern’ and that ‘the traditional task of defining the work of art is back in fashion, with a vengeance’. This is true, in large part, because of the turn towards relational definitions of ‘art’ taken by philosophers in the 1960s; a move that is widely believed to have countered the Wittgensteinian charge that ‘art’ is an open concept and which gave rise to a ‘New Wave’ in (...)
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  48.  78
    The Role of Error in Computer Science.Gary Jason - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (4):403-416.
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  49. Rawls's Practical Conception of Justice: Opinion, Tradition and Objectivity in Political Liberalism.Alexander Kaufman - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (1):23-43.
    In Political Liberalism, Rawls emphasizes the practical character and aims of his conception of justice. Justice as fairness is to provide the basis of a reasoned, informed and willing political agreement by locating grounds for consensus in the fundamental ideas and values of the political culture. Critics urge, however, that such a politically liberal conception of justice will be designed merely to ensure the stability of political institutions by appealing to the currently-held opinions of actual citizens. In order to evaluate (...)
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  50.  47
    Speciesism and the Argument From Misfortune.Frederik Kaufman - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (2):155–163.
    Is there a morally relevant difference between a brain‐damaged human being and a nonhuman animal at the same cognitive and emotional level to justify, say, performing medical experiments on the animal but not the human being? Some hold that the misfortune of the human being allows us to distinguish between them. I consider the nature of misfortunate and argue that an appeal to misfortune fails to distinguish between the human being and the nonhuman animal when the treatment at issue is (...)
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