Results for 'Marcello Stella'

992 found
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  1.  2
    Developmental Dimensions in Preterm Infants During the 1st Year of Life: The Influence of Severity of Prematurity and Maternal Generalized Anxiety.Erica Neri, Federica Genova, Fiorella Monti, Elena Trombini, Augusto Biasini, Marcello Stella & Francesca Agostini - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  2.  49
    The Organic Codes: An Introduction to Semantic Biology.Marcello Barbieri - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    The genetic code appeared on Earth with the first cells. The codes of cultural evolution arrived almost four billion years later. These are the only codes that are recognized by modern biology. In this book, however, Marcello Barbieri explains that there are many more organic codes in nature, and their appearance not only took place throughout the history of life but marked the major steps of that history. A code establishes a correspondence between two independent 'worlds', and the codemaker (...)
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  3.  18
    Virtues for the Anthropocene.Marcello di Paola - 2015 - Environmental Values 24 (2):183-207.
    The paper discusses some difficulties that life in Anthropocene poses to our ethical thinking. It describes the sort of ethical task that individuals find themselves confronting when dealing with the planetary environmental quandaries that characterise the new epoch. It then asks what, given the situation, would count as environmentally virtuous ways of looking at and going about our lives, and how relevant virtues can be developed. It is argued that the practice of gardening is distinctively conducive to that objective. Finally, (...)
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  4.  54
    A Short History of Biosemiotics.Marcello Barbieri - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (2):221-245.
    Biosemiotics is the synthesis of biology and semiotics, and its main purpose is to show that semiosis is a fundamental component of life, i.e., that signs and meaning exist in all living systems. This idea started circulating in the 1960s and was proposed independently from enquires taking place at both ends of the Scala Naturae. At the molecular end it was expressed by Howard Pattee’s analysis of the genetic code, whereas at the human end it took the form of Thomas (...)
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  5.  5
    Interview with Marcello Pezzetti.Carlo Celli & Marcello Pezzetti - 2000 - Critical Inquiry 27 (1):149-157.
  6.  4
    The Discourses of Science.Marcello Pera - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this much-anticipated revision and translation of Scienza e Retorica, Marcello Pera argues that rhetoric is central to the making of scientific knowledge. Pera begins with an attack of what he calls the "Cartesian syndrome"--the fixation on method common to both defenders of traditional philosophy of science and its detractors. He argues that in assuming the primacy of methodological rules, both sides get it wrong. Scientific knowledge is neither the simple mirror of nature nor a cultural construct imposed by (...)
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  7.  73
    The Rubber Hand Illusion: Sensitivity and Reference Frame for Body Ownership.Marcello Costantini & Patrick Haggard - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):229-240.
    When subjects view stimulation of a rubber hand while feeling congruent stimulation of their own hand, they may come to feel that the rubber hand is part of their own body. This illusion of body ownership is termed ‘Rubber Hand Illusion’ . We investigated sensitivity of RHI to spatial mismatches between visual and somatic experience. We compared the effects of spatial mismatch between the stimulation of the two hands, and equivalent mismatches between the postures of the two hands. We created (...)
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  8.  21
    Environmental Stewardship, Moral Psychology and Gardens.Marcello di Paola - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (4):503-521.
    Vast and pervasive environmental problems such as climate change and biodiversity loss call every individual to active stewardship. Their magnitude and causal and strategic structures, however, pose powerful challenges to our moral psychology. Stewardship may feel overburdening, and appear hopeless. This may lead to widespread moral and political disengagement. This article proposes a resolve to garden practices as a way out of that danger, and describes the ways in which it will motivate individuals to so act as to coordinate on (...)
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  9. Hacking the Brain: Brain–Computer Interfacing Technology and the Ethics of Neurosecurity.Marcello Ienca & Pim Haselager - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (2):117-129.
    Brain–computer interfacing technologies are used as assistive technologies for patients as well as healthy subjects to control devices solely by brain activity. Yet the risks associated with the misuse of these technologies remain largely unexplored. Recent findings have shown that BCIs are potentially vulnerable to cybercriminality. This opens the prospect of “neurocrime”: extending the range of computer-crime to neural devices. This paper explores a type of neurocrime that we call brain-hacking as it aims at the illicit access to and manipulation (...)
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  10.  68
    Language Helps Children Succeed on a Classic Analogy Task.Stella Christie & Dedre Gentner - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):383-397.
    Adult humans show exceptional relational ability relative to other species. In this research, we trace the development of this ability in young children. We used a task widely used in comparative research—the relational match-to-sample task, which requires participants to notice and match the identity relation: for example, AA should match BB instead of CD. Despite the simplicity of this relation, children under 4 years of age failed to pass this test (Experiment 1), and their performance did not improve even with (...)
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  11.  37
    Kant, Race, and Natural History.Stella Sandford - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 44 (9):950-977.
    This article presents a new argument concerning the relation between Kant’s theory of race and aspects of the critical philosophy. It argues that Kant’s treatment of the problem of the systematic unity of nature and knowledge in the Critique of Pure Reason and the Critique of the Power of Judgment can be traced back a methodological problem in the natural history of the period – that of the possibility of a natural system of nature. Kant’s transformation of the methodological problem (...)
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  12. Representing Concepts in Formal Ontologies: Compositionality Vs. Typicality Effects".Marcello Frixione & Antonio Lieto - 2012 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (4):391-414.
    The problem of concept representation is relevant for many sub-fields of cognitive research, including psychology and philosophy, as well as artificial intelligence. In particular, in recent years it has received a great deal of attention within the field of knowledge representation, due to its relevance for both knowledge engineering as well as ontology-based technologies. However, the notion of a concept itself turns out to be highly disputed and problematic. In our opinion, one of the causes of this state of affairs (...)
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  13.  9
    Ethical Design of Intelligent Assistive Technologies for Dementia: A Descriptive Review.Marcello Ienca, Tenzin Wangmo, Fabrice Jotterand, Reto W. Kressig & Bernice Elger - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1035-1055.
    The use of Intelligent Assistive Technology in dementia care opens the prospects of reducing the global burden of dementia and enabling novel opportunities to improve the lives of dementia patients. However, with current adoption rates being reportedly low, the potential of IATs might remain under-expressed as long as the reasons for suboptimal adoption remain unaddressed. Among these, ethical and social considerations are critical. This article reviews the spectrum of IATs for dementia and investigates the prevalence of ethical considerations in the (...)
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  14.  15
    The Recruitment of Shifting and Inhibition in On‐Line Science and Mathematics Tasks.Stella Vosniadou, Dimitrios Pnevmatikos, Nikos Makris, Despina Lepenioti, Kalliopi Eikospentaki, Anna Chountala & Giorgos Kyrianakis - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1860-1886.
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  15.  82
    Code Biology – A New Science of Life.Marcello Barbieri - 2012 - Biosemiotics 5 (3):411-437.
    Systems Biology and the Modern Synthesis are recent versions of two classical biological paradigms that are known as structuralism and functionalism, or internalism and externalism. According to functionalism (or externalism), living matter is a fundamentally passive entity that owes its organization to external forces (functions that shape organs) or to an external organizing agent (natural selection). Structuralism (or internalism), is the view that living matter is an intrinsically active entity that is capable of organizing itself from within, with purely internal (...)
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  16.  51
    On the Origin of Language.Marcello Barbieri - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (2):201-223.
    Thomas Sebeok and Noam Chomsky are the acknowledged founding fathers of two research fields which are known respectively as Biosemiotics and Biolinguistics and which have been developed in parallel during the past 50 years. Both fields claim that language has biological roots and must be studied as a natural phenomenon, thus bringing to an end the old divide between nature and culture. In addition to this common goal, there are many other important similarities between them. Their definitions of language, for (...)
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  17.  66
    A Defense of Non-Deductive Reconstructions of Analogical Arguments (AILACT Essay Competition Winner).Marcello Guarini - 2004 - Informal Logic 24 (2):153-168.
    Bruce Waller has defended a deductive reconstruction of the kinds of analogical arguments found in ethics, law, and metaphysics. This paper demonstrates the limits of such a reconstruction and argues for an alternative. non-deductive reconstruction. It will be shown that some analogical arguments do not fit Waller's deductive schema, and that such a schema does not allow for an adequate account of the strengths and weaknesses of an analogical argument. The similarities and differences between the account defended herein and the (...)
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  18.  39
    The Metaphysics of Love: Gender and Transcendence in Levinas.Stella Sandford - 2000 - Athlone Press.
    In The Metaphysics of Love, however, Stella Sandford argues that an over-emphasis on ethics in the reception of Levinas's thought has concealed the basis and ...
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  19.  38
    Three Types of Semiosis.Marcello Barbieri - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (1):19-30.
    The existence of different types of semiosis has been recognized, so far, in two ways. It has been pointed out that different semiotic features exist in different taxa and this has led to the distinction between zoosemiosis, phytosemiosis, mycosemiosis, bacterial semiosis and the like. Another type of diversity is due to the existence of different types of signs and has led to the distinction between iconic, indexical and symbolic semiosis. In all these cases, however, semiosis has been defined by the (...)
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  20. Forma E Memoria: Scritti in Onore di Vittorio Stella.Raffaele Bruno, Silvia Vizzardelli & Vittorio Stella (eds.) - 2005 - Quodlibet.
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  21.  8
    Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Vol. II, by F. W. Stella Browne. [REVIEW]F. W. Stella Browne - 1916 - Ethics 27:114.
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  22.  7
    Married Love: A New Contribution to the Solution of Sex Difficulties, by F. W. Stella Browne. [REVIEW]F. W. Stella Browne - 1918 - Ethics 29:112.
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  23.  12
    Inédit 3 : Le sens et la musique. Propos recueillis par Marcello Castellana.Algirdas J. Greimas, Marcello Castellana & Marina Maluli Cesar - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (214):41-50.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2017 Heft: 214 Seiten: 41-50.
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  24.  10
    A Defense Of Non-Deductive Reconstructions Of Analogical Arguments.Marcello Guarini - 2004 - Informal Logic 24 (2):153-168.
    Bruce Waller has defended a deductive reconstruction of the kinds of analogical arguments found in ethics, law, and metaphysics. This paper demonstrates the limits of such a reconstruction and argues for an alternative. non-deductive reconstruction. It will be shown that some analogical arguments do not fit Waller's deductive schema, and that such a schema does not allow for an adequate account of the strengths and weaknesses of an analogical argument. The similarities and differences between the account defended herein and the (...)
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  25.  91
    Particularism, Analogy, and Moral Cognition.Marcello Guarini - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (3):385-422.
    ‘Particularism’ and ‘generalism’ refer to families of positions in the philosophy of moral reasoning, with the former playing down the importance of principles, rules or standards, and the latter stressing their importance. Part of the debate has taken an empirical turn, and this turn has implications for AI research and the philosophy of cognitive modeling. In this paper, Jonathan Dancy’s approach to particularism (arguably one of the best known and most radical approaches) is questioned both on logical and empirical grounds. (...)
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  26.  14
    Temporal Limits on Rubber Hand Illusion Reflect Individuals’ Temporal Resolution in Multisensory Perception.Marcello Costantini, Jeffrey Robinson, Daniele Migliorati, Brunella Donno, Francesca Ferri & Georg Northoff - 2016 - Cognition 157:39-48.
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  27.  62
    The Paradigms of Biology.Marcello Barbieri - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (1):33-59.
    Today there are two major theoretical frameworks in biology. One is the ‘chemical paradigm’, the idea that life is an extremely complex form of chemistry. The other is the ‘information paradigm’, the view that life is not just ‘chemistry’ but ‘chemistry-plus-information’. This implies the existence of a fundamental difference between information and chemistry, a conclusion that is strongly supported by the fact that information and information-based-processes like heredity and natural selection simply do not exist in the world of chemistry. Against (...)
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  28.  50
    Origin and Evolution of the Brain.Marcello Barbieri - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (3):369-399.
  29.  45
    Critical Notice: BonJour and Sosa on Epistemic Justification. [REVIEW]Marcello Guarini - 2007 - Synthese 159 (1):131 - 148.
  30.  44
    Resources for Research on Analogy: A Multi-Disciplinary Guide.Marcello Guarini, Amy Butchart, Paul Simard Smith & Andrei Moldovan - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (2):84-197.
    Work on analogy has been done from a number of disciplinary perspectives throughout the history of Western thought. This work is a multidisciplinary guide to theorizing about analogy. It contains 1,406 references, primarily to journal articles and monographs, and primarily to English language material. classical through to contemporary sources are included. The work is classified into eight different sections (with a number of subsections). A brief introduction to each section is provided. Keywords and key expressions of importance to research on (...)
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  31.  49
    Tractable Competence.Marcello Frixione - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (3):379-397.
    In the study of cognitive processes, limitations on computational resources (computing time and memory space) are usually considered to be beyond the scope of a theory of competence, and to be exclusively relevant to the study of performance. Starting from considerations derived from the theory of computational complexity, in this paper I argue that there are good reasons for claiming that some aspects of resource limitations pertain to the domain of a theory of competence.
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  32.  52
    Organic Semiosis and Peircean Semiosis.Marcello Barbieri - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (2):273-289.
    The discovery of the genetic code has shown that the origin of life has also been the origin of semiosis, and the discovery of many other organic codes has indicated that organic semiosis has been the sole form of semiosis present on Earth in the first three thousand million years of evolution. With the origin of animals and the evolution of the brain, however, a new type of semiosis came into existence, a semiosis that is based on interpretation and is (...)
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  33. Origins and Development of Generalized Magnitude Representation.Stella F. Lourenco & Matthew R. Longo - 2011 - In Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.), Space, Time and Number in the Brain. Oxford University Press. pp. 225--244.
     
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  34.  23
    Near Space and its Relation to Claustrophobic Fear.Stella F. Lourenco, Matthew R. Longo & Thanujeni Pathman - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):448-453.
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  35.  14
    Mental Models of the Day/Night Cycle.Stella Vosniadou & William F. Brewer - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (1):123-183.
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  36.  65
    What is Biosemiotics?Marcello Barbieri - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (1):1-3.
  37.  36
    From Biosemiotics to Code Biology.Marcello Barbieri - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (2):239-249.
  38.  17
    Jumping for Joy: The Importance of the Body and of Dynamics in the Expression and Recognition of Positive Emotions.Marcello Mortillaro & Daniel Dukes - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  39.  14
    Italian myths in ovid - aresi Nel giardino di pomona. Le metamorfosi di ovidio E l'invenzione di Una mitologia in Terra d'italia. Pp. VIII + 354. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag winter, 2017. Cased, €48. Isbn: 978-3-8253-6779-4. [REVIEW]Stella Alekou - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):417-419.
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  40.  6
    Book Review: Works of Illness: Narrative, Picturing and the Social Response to Serious Disease. [REVIEW]Stella Bolaki - 2011 - Medical Humanities 37 (2):130-131.
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  41.  22
    Das Hellenistische Gymnasion. [REVIEW]Stella Skaltsa - 2007 - The Classical Review 57 (2):452-454.
  42.  9
    No Participant Left Behind: Conducting Science During COVID-19.Stella F. Lourenco & Arber Tasimi - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (8):583-584.
  43.  58
    Contradiction of Terms: Feminist Theory, Philosophy and Transdisciplinarity.Stella Sandford - 2015 - Theory, Culture and Society 32 (5-6):159-182.
    What happens when well-defined disciplines meet or are confronted with transdisciplinary discourses and concepts, where transdisciplinary concepts are analytical tools rather than specifications of a field of objects or a class of entities? Or, if disciplines reject transdisciplinary discourses and concepts as having no part to play in their practice, why do they so reject them? This essay addresses these questions through a discussion of the relationship between philosophy – the most tightly policed discipline in the humanities – and what (...)
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  44.  58
    What is Information?Marcello Barbieri - 2012 - Biosemiotics 5 (2):147-152.
  45.  23
    A Note on Vico’s Typology of Language.Marcello Cherchi - 2000 - New Vico Studies 18:77-93.
  46.  39
    Vico Nel Mondo Anglosassone.Marcello Simonetta - 1997 - New Vico Studies 15:58-59.
  47.  40
    Corporate Ethics: An Exploration of Contemporary Greece. [REVIEW]Stella Kavali, Nikolaos Tzokas & Michael Saren - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (1):87 - 104.
    This study aims to discover marketing professionals'' perceptions on ethical problems and current level of ethics in Greece, as well as, on the policy instruments used by companies to help employees make decisions in a more ethical fashion, using a qualitative research design. Specifically, it reports the results of a series of in-depth interviews conducted with Greek marketing professional employed by multinationals in Greece. A number of topics examining ethical problems, ethical standards, corporate policy instruments and corporate cultureserved as a (...)
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  48.  16
    Has Biosemiotics Come of Age?Marcello Barbieri - 2002 - Semiotica 2002 (139):283-295.
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  49. An Introduction to Feminist Epistemologies.Stella Sandford - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):491-499.
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  50.  21
    The Plasticity of Near Space: Evidence for Contraction.Stella F. Lourenco & Matthew R. Longo - 2009 - Cognition 112 (3):451-456.
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