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Summary What is a chair? What is a plant? What is reasoning? What is an emotion? Philosophers are interested in these questions for different reasons. The reason why they were interested in emotions was for a very long time that many of them considered emotions and rationality to be opposites. This is not the case any longer. There exist appraisal theories, narrative theories, cognitive theories, perceptual theories and natural reaction theories about emotions. Correspondingly to the particular theories emotions are reconstructed as evaluative or normative judgments, as desires, beliefs, appraisals, narratives, as perceptions, as an innate disposition, or else they combine one or two of these aspects. Philosophers are interested in emotions nowadays for quite many reasons. The relation between rationality and emotions is one of them, not because they are regarded to be opponents any longer but because of the cognitive role that emotions are thought to have. And then there is a substantial interest in emotions in philosophy of mind. Emotions are considered to be mental states, they are intentionally directed towards a situation or an object and at the same time they seem to be bodily reactions that are caused by something. These aspects make them to be ideal subjects for discussing reductionism and representationism concerning consciousness and phenomenal mental states. But these are not the only areas of interest when it comes to emotions. Their role as values is also much discussed in ethics, namely in value theory, the area of moral philosophy that is concerned with theoretical questions about value and goodness of all varieties. The role of emotions for motivation is eventually discussed in action theory.
Key works Kenny 1963 is an early work on emotions that by some means introduced the subject to analytic philosophy. de Sousa 1987 provides a systematic survey of the topic. Griffiths Paul 1997 is combining philosophy of mind and an evolutionary perspective in order to address the neurobiology of emotions and cognitive science. Wollheim 1999 is introducing psychoanalysis and art to the analytic discussions on emotions. Goldie 2000 is presenting an elaborate narrative theory of emotions. These are some of the key works for the analytic tradition but there are also quite eminent ones for the phenomenological tradition among which only the most important one shall be mentioned: Scheler 1973.
Introductions A useful encyclopedia article is de Sousa 2007 The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotions offers an overview of systematic discussions as well as some historical positions. 
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  1. Suffering Pains.Olivier Massin - forthcoming - In The Philosophy of Suffering: Metaphysics, Value, and Normativity. London: Routledge.
    The paper aims at clarifying the distinctions and relations between pain and suffering. Three negative theses are defended: 1. Pain and suffering are not identical. 2. Painisnotaspeciesofsuffering,norissufferingaspeciesof pain, nor are pain and suffering of a common (proximate) genus. 3. Suffering cannot be defined as the perception of a pain’s badness, nor can pain be defined as a suffered bodily sensation. Three positive theses are endorsed: 4. Pain and suffering are categorically distinct: pain is a localised bodily episode, suffering is a (...)
  2. The Irreducibility of Emotional Phenomenology.Jonathan Mitchell - 2018 - Erkenntnis 1:1-28.
    Emotion theory includes attempts to reduce or assimilate emotions to states such as bodily feelings, beliefs-desire combinations, and evaluative judgements. Resistance to such approaches is motivated by the claim that emotions possess a sui generis phenomenology. Uriah Kriegel defends a new form of emotion reductivism which avoids positing irreducible emotional phenomenology by specifying emotions’ phenomenal character in terms of a combination of other phenomenologies. This article argues Kriegel’s approach, and similar proposals, are unsuccessful, since typical emotional experiences are constituted by (...)
  3. Replies.Christine Tappolet - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (2):525-537.
  4. Senea. De ira / Über die Wut, lateinisch und deutsch.Jula Wildberger - 2007 - Stuttgart, Deutschland: Reclam.
  5. Emotional Processing in Individual and Social Recalibration.Bryce Huebner & Trip Glazer - 2017 - In Julian Kiverstein (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the Social Mind. Routledge. pp. 381-391.
    In this chapter, we explore three social functions of emotion, which parallel three interpretations of Herman Melville's Bartleby. We argue that emotions can serve as commitment devices, which nudge individuals toward social conformity and thereby increase the likelihood of ongoing cooperation. We argue that emotions can play a role in Machiavellian strategies, which help us get away with norm violations. And we argue that emotions can motivate social recalibration, by alerting us to systemic social failures. In the second half of (...)
  6. Is Love and Emotion?Arina Pismenny & Jesse Prinz - 2017 - In Christopher Grau & Aaron Smuts (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Love. New York, NY, USA:
    What kind of mental phenomenon is romantic love? Many philosophers, psychologists, and ordinary folk treat it as an emotion. This chapter argues the category of emotion is inadequate to account for romantic love. It examines major emotion theories in philosophy and psychology and shows that they fail to illustrate that romantic love is an emotion. It considers the categories of basic emotions and emotion complexes, and demonstrates they too come short in accounting for romantic love. It assesses the roles of (...)
  7. Consciousness and Emotion.Demian Whiting - 2018 - In Rocco J. Gennaro (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Consciousness. Routledge.
  8. The Part-Whole Perception of Emotion.Trip Glazer - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 58:34-43.
    A clever argument purports to show that we can directly perceive the emotions of others: (1) some emotional expressions are parts of the emotions they express; (2) perceiving a part of something is sufficient for perceiving the whole; (3) therefore, perceiving some emotional expressions is sufficient for perceiving the emotions they express. My aim in this paper is to assess the extent to which contemporary psychological theories of emotion support the first premise of this argument.
  9. Review: Emotion and Value. Edited by Sabine Roeser and Cain Todd. [REVIEW]Hichem Naar & Christine Tappolet - 2017 - Analysis 77 (3):675-678.
    © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.comIt is widely accepted that emotions have something to do with values. The major task of contemporary philosophy of emotion is to say precisely what that something is. How exactly are emotions related to evaluative properties? Unsurprisingly, there are various ways they may be related. First, emotions might themselves be bearers of value. It might be a good thing (...)
  10. Modularity, and the Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion.P. E. Griffiths - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (2):175.
    It is unreasonable to assume that our pre-scientific emotion vocabulary embodies all and only those distinctions required for a scientific psychology of emotion. The psychoevolutionary approach to emotion yields an alternative classification of certain emotion phenomena. The new categories are based on a set of evolved adaptive responses, or affect-programs, which are found in all cultures. The triggering of these responses involves a modular system of stimulus appraisal, whose evoluations may conflict with those of higher-level cognitive processes. Whilst the structure (...)
  11. A Comedy We Believe In: A Further Look at Sartre's Theory of Emotions.Martin Hartmann - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4).
    This paper discusses recent interpretations of Jean-Paul Sartre's early theory of emotions, in particular his Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions. Despite the great interest that Sartre's approach has generated, most interpretations assume that his approach fails because it appears to be focussed on ‘malformed’, ‘irrational’ or ‘distorted’ emotions. I argue that these criticisms adopt a rationalistic or epistemically biassed perspective on emotions that is wrongly applied to Sartre's text. In my defence of Sartre I show that the directional (...)
  12. Review of Martha Nussbaum, Poltical Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice. [REVIEW]Bradford Cokelet - 2016 - Ethics 127 (1):298-302.
  13. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Robert C. Solomon & Paul E. Griffiths - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):131.
  14. Is Emotion a Form of Perception?Jesse J. Prinz - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (sup1):137-160.
  15. I. Emotions, Thoughts and Feelings: What is a ‘Cognitive Theory’ of the Emotions and Does It Neglect Affectivity?Robert C. Solomon - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:1-18.
  16. The Politics of Emotion: Liberalism and Cognitivism.Susan James - 2006 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 58:231-244.
  17. That Whale Among the Fishes--The Theory of Emotions.M. Meyer - 1933 - Psychological Review 40 (3):292-300.
  18. Discussion: Recent Developments in Theory of Emotion.David Irons - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (3):279-284.
  19. Manipulating Emotion: The Best Evidence for Non-Cognitivism in the Light of Proper Function.Charles Starkey - 2007 - Analysis 67 (3):230-237.
  20. Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions.Jean-Paul Sartre - 1971 - Routledge.
  21. Not Passion's Slave: Emotions and Choice.Robert C. Solomon - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    This volume collects thirty years worth of articles on the emotions written by the distinguished philosopher Robert Solomon. Solomon's thesis is that we are significantly responsible for our emotions, which are evaluative judgments that in effect we choose. This is the first of several volumes that document work in the emotions.
  22. True to Our Feelings: What Our Emotions Are Really Telling Us.Robert C. Solomon - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    The story of our lives is the story of our passions. We fall in love, we are gripped by scientific curiosity and religious fervor, we fear death and grieve for others, we humble ourselves in envy, jealousy, and resentment. In this remarkable book, Robert Solomon shares his fascination with the emotions and illuminates our passions in an exciting new way.
  23. True to Our Feelings: What Our Emotions Are Really Telling Us.Robert C. Solomon - 2006 - Oup Usa.
    We live our lives through our emotions, writes Robert Solomon, and it is our emotions that give our lives meaning. What interests or fascinates us, who we love, what angers us, what moves us, what bores us--all of this defines us, gives us character, constitutes who we are. In True to Our Feelings, Solomon illuminates the rich life of the emotions--why we don't really understand them, what they really are, and how they make us human and give meaning to life. (...)
  24. Giovanna Colombetti, The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind, MIT Press, 2013, 288pp, Hardcover, $40.00, ISBN: 9780262019958. [REVIEW]Michelle Maiese - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):973-978.
    The Feeling Body applies several ideas from the enactive approach to the field of affective science, with the aim of both developing enactivism as well as reconceptualizing various affective phenomena. The book is organized into six chapters that examine primordial affectivity (chapter 1), the nature of emotional episodes and moods (chapters 2 and 3), enactive appraisal (chapter 4), the bodily feelings associated with emotional experience (chapter 5), affective neuro-physio-phenomenology (chapter 6), and the affective dimension of intersubjectivity (chapter 7). Giovanna Colombetti’s (...)
  25. Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions.Jean-Paul Sartre - 2015 - Routledge.
    Philosopher, novelist, dramatist and existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre is one of the greatest writers of all time. He was fascinated by the role played by the emotions in human life and placed them at the heart of his philosophy. This brilliant short work - which contains some of the principal ideas later to appear in his masterpiece Being and Nothingness - is Sartre at his best: insightful, engaging and controversial. Far from constraining one's freedom, as we often think, Sartre argues that (...)
  26. Prolegomena to a Theory of the Emotions.E. Gellhorn - 1961 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 4 (4):403-436.
  27. ‘Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice’, by Nussbaum, Martha C.Bridget Clarke - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):614-615.
  28. ‘Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice’, by Nussbaum, Martha C.Bridget Clarke - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):614-615.
  29. Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions.Jean-Paul Sartre - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosopher, novelist, dramatist and existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre is one of the greatest writers of all time. He was fascinated by the role played by the emotions in human life and placed them at the heart of his philosophy. This brilliant short work - which contains some of the principal ideas later to appear in his masterpiece Being and Nothingness - is Sartre at his best: insightful, engaging and controversial. Far from constraining one's freedom, as we often think, Sartre argues that (...)
  30. Robert C. Solomon, Kathleen M. Higgins, World Philosophy. A Text With Rea-Ding. [REVIEW]Gérard Guyon - 1997 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 41:525-525.
  31. Review of Martha C Nussbaum's Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice. [REVIEW]Helga Varden - 2014 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 3 (34):10-11.
  32. Towards a Theory of the Emotions.Margot Florence Lunnon - 1975 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
  33. Reply to the Papers.Martha C. Nussbaum - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):659-670.
    I am extremely grateful to Rick Furtak and Alison McQueen for their valuable and challenging comments. My book is long and complicated, and it can hardly have been easy to internalize its details, both philosophical and political. The two authors have a very accurate grasp of my views, and I am delighted by that. I actually do not need to spend my time correcting misstatements of what I say. Both authors offer really interesting challenges to my views, about which it’s (...)
  34. Jeff Malpas and Robert C. Solomon, Eds., Death and Philosophy. [REVIEW]Kenneth Bryson - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20:50-52.
  35. Cognition and Emotion: A New Approach.Paul Andrew Jamieson - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    Emotions are more cognitively complex than philosophers have typically thought. That is the simple claim I argue for in this thesis. And while it is a simple point it has profound implications. Most importantly, it means that philosophy must expand its methodology beyond conceptual analysis---its favourite method of studying the emotions---and align itself with the flourishing empirical study of emotion. ;In the first chapter I offer a selective history of the philosophy of emotion intended to show how philosophy's current understanding (...)
  36. The Heart Has Its Reasons: An Emotional Tribute to Robert C. Solomon.Joel Marks - 2011 - Philosophy Now 83:39-39.
  37. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories. [REVIEW]Robert C. Solomon - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):131-134.
  38. Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. [REVIEW]David Appleby - 2008 - The Medieval Review 1.
  39. Philosophy Of Emotion And Ordinary Language.Scott Kimbrough - 2007 - Florida Philosophical Review 7 (1):92-107.
    Cognitivism in the philosophy of emotion is the view that judgments are essential to any adequate understanding of the emotions. Non-cognitivists attempt to explain emotions independently of judgment. Against non-cognitivism, I deploy Peter Strawson's distinction between the "participant" and "objective" attitudes to show that the stark distinction non-cognitivists draw between emotions and triggering judgments cannot be maintained. I also counter efforts by non-cognitivists to dismiss cognitivism as mere "folk psychology" or methodologically suspect "conceptual analysis.".
  40. From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category. [REVIEW]Roger Smith - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (1):137-138.
  41. Cognition in Emotion: An Investigation Through Experiences with Art.Tone Roald - 2007 - Rodopi.
    Emotions are essential for human existence, both lighting the way toward the brightest of achievements and setting the course into the darkness of suffering. Not surprisingly, then, emotion research is currently one of the hottest topics in the field of psychology. Yet to divine the nature of emotion is a complex and extensive task. In this book emotions are approached thought an exploration of the nature of cognition in emotion; the nature of thoughts in feelings. Different approaches to emotions are (...)
  42. Solomon, RC and Higgins, K.-A Short History of Philosophy.T. Wilkerson - 1997 - Philosophical Books 38:35-36.
  43. Review of Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions by Richard and Bernice Lazarus. [REVIEW]Louis C. Charland - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (3):401-404.
  44. Thinking About the Emotions: A Philosophical History.Alix Cohen & Robert Stern (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Leading philosophers offer a rich survey of the development of our understanding of the emotions, discussing major thinkers from antiquity to the 20th century. Thinking about the Emotions is a fascinating and illuminating study of how philosophers have grappled with this intriguing part of our nature as beings who feel as well as think and act.
  45. Value and Emotion.Fabrice Teroni & Julien A. Deonna - 2015 - In Tobias Brosch & David Sander (eds.), The Handbook of Value. Oxford University Press. pp. 155-174.
    What is the role of emotions in elucidating the nature of value? For example, should dangerousness be understood in term of the fear response? What is the role of emotions in our getting access to values? For example, what may be the role of fear in becoming aware that a given animal is dangerous? What value do emotions have? For example, is fear of special value because it helps behaving appropriately towards its object? We shall take up these three questions (...)
  46. In Defence of “Emotion” Critical Notice.Louis C. Charland - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):113-154.
  47. The Cognitive Functions of Emotion.R. T. Allen - 2000 - Appraisal 3:38.
  48. Reviews-What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Paul E. Griffiths & Peter Goldie - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (4):642-648.
  49. Uncompromising Integrity: Motorola's Global Challenge by RS Moorthy, Richard T. DeGeorge, Thomas Donaldson, William J. Ellos, Robert C. Solomon, and Robert B. Textor. [REVIEW]J. Weber - 2000 - Business and Society 39 (2):236-238.
  50. Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions.Edwin E. Gantt - 2002 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):76.
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